Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
An English Song — See Who I am
Detailed Reading
Feminism and
Women’s Liberation
Barbie and Ken Dolls
Wiffle-ball
Hybrid Electric Vehicle
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
An English Song — See Who I am
Listen to the song and fill in the blanks with what you
hear.
Is it true what they
say,
Detailed
Reading
are we too blind to find a way?
Fear of the unknown
__________ clouds our hearts today.
Come into my world,
see through my eyes.
Try to _____________
understand ,
don’t want to lose what we have.
dreaming
We’ve been ___________
but who can ______
deny ,
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
it’s the best way of living
between the truth and the lies.
See who I am,
break through the surface.
Detailed Reading
Reach for my hand,
let’s show them that we can
free our minds and find a way.
The world is in our hands,
this is not the end.
soul
Fear is withering the ______
at the point of no ________
return .
We must be the change
We wish to see.
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
I’ll come into your world,
see through your eyes.
I’ll try to understand,
before we lose what we have.
Detailed Reading
We just can’t stop believing
__________
because we have to try.
We can rise above
their truth and their lies.
See who I am,
break through the surface.
Reach for my hand,
let’s show them that we can
free our minds and find a way.
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
The world is in our hands,
this is not the end.
I hear their _________
silence
preaching my ________
blame .
Detailed Reading
Will our __________
strength remain
if their________
power reigns?
See who I am,
break through the surface.
Reach for my hand,
let’s show them that we can
free our minds and find a way.
The world is in our hands,
this is not the end.
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Feminism and Women’s Liberation
A Brief Introduction
to Feminism
Detailed Reading
Two Famous Feminists
International Women’s Day
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
A Brief Introduction to Feminism
1: The term feminism can be used to describe a political,
cultural or economic movement aimed at establishing
Detailed Reading
equal rights and legal
protection for women.
2: It is also a movement that advocates gender equality
for women and campaigns for women’s rights and
interests.
3: The first feminist wave was in the nineteenth and
early twentieth centuries, which refers mainly to
women’s suffrage movements of the nineteenth and
early twentieth centuries (mainly concerned with
women’s right to vote).
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
4: The second was in the 1960s and 1970s, which
refers to the ideas and actions associated with the
Detailed Reading
women’s liberation
movement beginning in the
1960s (which campaigned for legal and social rights
for women).
5: The third extends from the 1990s to the present.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Two Famous Feminists
Detailed Reading
Betty Friedan
Bella Abzug
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Betty Friedan
influential
Detailed Reading
adj. 有影响的
The Feminine Mystique
《女性的奥秘》
intellectual
adj. 智力的, 有智力的
child-rearing
adj. 养孩子的
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Betty Friedan is often called “the mother of the
modern women’s liberation movement.” Her famous
book, The Feminine Mystique, changed America. Some
people say it changed
the world. It has been called one
Detailed Reading
of the most influential nonfiction books of the twentieth
century.
Friedan re-awakened the feminist movement in the
United States. That movement had helped women gain
the right to vote in the nineteen twenties. Modern
feminists disagree about how to describe themselves
and their movement. But activists say men and women
should have equal chances for economic, social and
intellectual satisfaction in life.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
1. What was Betty Friedan often called?
She was often called “the mother of the modern
Detailedmovement.”
Reading
women’s liberation
2. What was the result of the feminist movement in the
United States?
The feminist movement helped women gain the right
to vote in the 1920s.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
3. What was the situation for female workers fifty years
ago?
Detailed Reading
Female workers doing
the same jobs as men earned
much less money than men did
4. What was Betty’s attitude towards rearing children?
Child-rearing should be the responsibility of women,
men and society, not just the responsibility of
women.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
5. What did Betty’s book The Feminine Mystique mainly
attack?
The book mainly attacked the idea that women
Detailed Reading
could only find satisfaction through being married,
having children and taking care of their home.
6. What were the influences of Betty’s book?
More women began working outside the home. More
women also began studying traditionally male
subjects like law, medicine and engineering.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Fifty years ago, life for women in the United States
was very different from today. Very few parents urged
their daughters to become lawyers or doctors or
professors. Female workers
doing the same jobs as men
Detailed Reading
earned much less money. Women often lost their jobs
when they had a baby. There were few child-care centers
for working parents.
Betty Friedan once spoke to ABC television about her
support for sharing responsibility for the care of children.
“If child-rearing was considered the responsibility of
women and men or women and men and society, then we
really could pull up our skirts and declare victory and
move on.”
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Friedan completed more studies. She talked to other
women across the country. She met with experts about
the questions and answers. She combined this research
with observations and examples from her own life. The
result was her book, Detailed
The Feminine
Mystique, published in
Reading
nineteen sixty-three.
The book attacked the popular idea of the time that
women could only find satisfaction through being married,
having children and taking care of their home. Friedan
believed that women wanted more from life than just to
please their husbands and children.
The book said women suffered from feelings of lack
of worth. Friedan said this was because the women
depended on their husbands for economic, emotional and
intellectual support.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
The Feminine Mystique was a huge success. It has
sold more than three million copies. It was reprinted in a
number of other languages. The book helped change the
Detailed Reading
lives of women in America.
More women began working
outside the home. More women also began studying
traditionally male subjects like law, medicine and
engineering.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Bella Abzug
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Listen to the following passage and fill in the blanks
with the words you hear.
Detailed Reading
Today, we tell about
Bella Abzug. She was a member
of the United States Congress in the nineteen seventies.
She also was a well-known activist for _____________
civil rights and
women’s rights.
Bella Abzug was well known for many reasons. She
represented New York
was a lawyer and activist. She _______________
City in Congress. She spoke in a loud voice. And she
always wore large hats.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Miz Abzug ___________
supported women’s rights and civil rights.
opposed the
She had strong opinions on many ________
issues . She __________
American _____________
involvement in the war in Vietnam. She made
public her opinions on most important issues. In fact, she
________
Detailed Reading
was called one of the most outspoken
____________ members of
Congress.
Bella Abzug also acted on her ________
beliefs . She wrote
legislation to prevent _______
unfair treatment of women. She
presented the first bill for equal rights for homosexuals.
____________
majority of the members of
She often denounced the __________
Congress who were white males. She said they did not
know about the lives and problems of most people in
America.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
International Women’s Day
A Brief Introduction
Detailed Reading
Celebration of Women’s Day in China
Obama’s Speech on American Women
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
A brief introduction
International Women’s Day is
marked on the 8th of March every
year. It is a major Detailed
day Reading
of global
celebration of women. In different
regions
the
focus
of
the
celebrations ranges from general
celebration
of
respect,
appreciation and love towards
women to a celebration for
women’s economic, political and
social achievements.
Click the here!
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Celebration of Women’s Day in China
mark
display
blossom
stray
quake-hit
optimism
Detailed Reading
vt. 标志
n. 陈列
vi. 开花
v. 漂泊游荡
adj. 经历地震的
n. 乐观, 乐观主义
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
True or False
1. Gifts, especially flowers are very popular on women’s
day.
( T )
2. Many women are choosing to travel to a nearby place
with their families or friends.
( T )
3. If they don’t want to leave the city, there is no
entertainment closer to home.
( F )
There’s also entertainment closer to home, for
example, women in Beijing attended a special
“Cross Talk” performance.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
4. Women in Sichuan province celebrate their holiday with
the theme of reconstruction.
( T )
5. In Mianzhu, hundreds of videos are displayed showing
women’s hard working.
( F )
Hundreds of photos show women taking part in
reconstruction efforts.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
China has joined the rest of the world in marking
International Women’s Day. And people from all walks of
life have been taking part in activities.
Flowers are especially
popular on Women’s Day. And a
Detailed Reading
colorful display of flowers is on show in various flower
markets of the country
People are also marking the day with short trips. Since
“Women’s Day” falls on Sunday this year... many women
are choosing to travel with their families or friends.
A tourist from Qingdao said, “Cole flowers blossom in
March and some of my family members like taking pictures.
So I wanted to take my mom and other family members on
a fun, short trip.”
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
But for those who don’t like to stray too far from the
city, there’s also entertainment closer to home. Women
in Beijing attended a special “Cross Talk” performance
for women.
Detailed Reading
One audience member said, “We booked tickets
online. It’s quite a different feeling watching it on TV.”
People in the quake-hit areas of Sichuan province
celebrated the day with the theme of reconstruction.
Residents of Deyang city hosted a yangge dance
competition to express their hopes for a better tomorrow.
And in the city of Mianzhu, hundreds of photos
showing women participating in reconstruction efforts
also express the optimism of the local population.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Obama’s Speech on American Women
peaks and valleys
upward
Detailed Reading
daring
Indomitable
ridicule
assumption
crack
reflect on
statistics
victim
domestic
bend
高潮和低谷
向上的
大胆的
不屈不挠的
嘲笑, 奚落
臆断
裂缝
思考
统计数据
受害人
家庭的
弯曲
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
1. In Obama’s opinion, what does the story of America
look like?
The story of America
is one of hope and progress, of
Detailed Reading
an upward journey.
2. What is the reality of American women’s life at present?
It is a reality marked by unfairness, by hardship for
too many women.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
3. What is the fundamental truth reflected by the facts and
figures?
Detailed Reading
The fundamental
truth is that full gender equality
has not yet been achieved.
4. Can you mention some famous women in Chinese history?
5. What is the reality of Chinese women’s life at present?
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
The story of America’s women, like the story of
America itself, has had its peaks and valleys. But as one of
our great American educators once said, if you drew a line
through all the valleys
and
all the peaks, that line would
Detailed
Reading
be drawn with an upward curve. That upward curve —
what we call progress — didn’t happen by accident.
It came about because of daring, indomitable women.
Women like Abigail Adams, who brought on the ridicule of
her husband John by advising him to “remember the ladies”
in our founding documents. Women like the pioneers and
settlers who, in the words of one, said, “I thought where
he could go, I could go.” Women like Dorothy Height and
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Sylvia Mendez and Betty Friedan and Gloria Steinem and
Sandra Day O’Connor and Madeline Albright, upending
assumptions and changing laws and tearing down
barriers.
Women Detailed
like Reading
Hillary Rodham Clinton, who,
throughout her career, has put millions of cracks in
America’s glass ceiling. It’s because of them — and so many
others, many who aren’t recorded in the history books —
that the story of America is, ultimately, one of hope and
one of progress, of an upward journey.
But even as we reflect on the hope of our history, we
must also face squarely the reality of the present — a
reality marked by unfairness, marked by hardship for too
many women in America. The statistics of inequality are
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
all too familiar to us — how women just earn 77 cents for
every dollar men make; how one in four women is the
victim of domestic violence at some point in her life; how
women are more than
half
the population, but make up
Detailed
Reading
only 17 percent of the seats in Congress, and less than 3
percent of Fortune 500 CEOs.
These, and any number of other facts and figures,
reflect the fundamental truth that in 2010, full gender
equality has not yet been achieved; that the task of
perfecting America goes on; and that all of us, men and
women, have a part to play in bending the arc in America’s
story upward in the 21st century.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
peaks and valleys
Detailed Reading
After Reading
高潮和低谷
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
upward
After Reading
向上的
Detailed Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
daring
After Reading
大胆的
Detailed Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Indomitable
After Reading
不屈不挠的
Detailed Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
ridicule
After Reading
嘲笑, 奚落
Detailed Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
assumption
After Reading
臆断
Detailed Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
crack
After Reading
裂缝
Detailed Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
reflect on
After Reading
思考
Detailed Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
statistics
After Reading
统计数据
Detailed Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
victim
After Reading
受害人
Detailed Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
domestic
After Reading
家庭的
Detailed Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
bend
After Reading
弯曲
Detailed Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Barbie and Ken Dolls
A Brief Introduction
Detailed Reading
Celebration of Barbie’s 50th Birthday
A Song — Barbie Girl
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
A brief introduction
Barbie is a fashion doll
manufactured by the
American
toyDetailed
Reading
company Mattel, Inc. and launched in
March 1959. Ken (also known as Ken
Carson) is a Mattel toy doll introduced
in 1961 as the fictional boyfriend of
toy doll Barbie. Similar to his female
counterpart, Ken had a fashionable
line of clothing and accessories.
Barbie was one of the first toys to
Click the here!
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
have a marketing strategy based extensively on
television advertising, which has been copied widely by
other toys. It is estimated that over a billion Barbie
Reading
dolls have been soldDetailed
worldwide
in over 150 countries.
Click the here!
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Celebration of Barbie’s 50th Birthday
Barbie, the blond bombshell with the minuscule
Detailed Reading
waist and long plastic
legs, turned 50 on Monday.
Barbie fans around the world celebrated their idol’s
birthday with various activities.
The city of Hamburg in northern Germany marked
Barbie’s big day in style. The birthday cake came in
Barbie’s favorite color, and a Barbie doll looking like
German chancellor Angela Merkel was unveiled at the
event.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
In Tokyo, Mattel Inc, the world’s No. 1 toy company
and maker of Barbie, threw a birthday bash for the 50year-old icon as part of the company’s extensive
worldwide campaign to promote Barbie.
Detailed Reading
Candles were lit on Barbie’s birthday cake and
Japanese girls dressed up in Barbie-inspired outfits
formed another highlight of the celebrations.
The famed F.A.O. Schwartz toy store in Manhattan
also marked Barbie’s 50th birthday.
“Growing up she was anything you wanted to be.
Growing up, that was so neat to see her in so many
different things. She wasn’t just pretty. She is so smart
that it makes me think I can do anything too, just like
Barbie did.”
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
“I just think she’s fun. She’s a good toy for kids.
There are so many different kinds of Barbies. Every type
of girl you were, you could always find the Barbie that
matched you.”
Detailed Reading
Barbie hit toy stores in 1959 as a miniature teenage
fashion model, wedged into a zebra-striped bathing suit,
with her strawberry blond hair tied up in a pony tail and
her eyes painted with sapphire blue shadow.
Over the years, Barbie has tried to ditch the blond
model stereotype. She’s been reinvented as a modern
career woman, and has held more than 75 jobs in
addition to being an Olympic athlete, an astronaut and a
U.S. presidential candidate.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
A Song — Barbie Girl
Hi? Barbie
Hi Ken!
Detailed Reading
do you wanna go for a ride?
Sure ken.
Jump in.
I’m a Barbie girl, in a Barbie world
Life in plastic, it’s fantastic.
You can brush my hair, undress me everywhere.
Imagination, life is your creation.
Come on Barbie, let’s go party!
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
I’m a blond bimbo girl, in a fantasy world,
Dress me up, make it tight, I’m your dolly.
You’re my doll, rock’nd roll, feel the glamour in pink,
Reading
Kiss me here, touchDetailed
me there,
hanky panty.
You can touch, you can play, if you say: “ I’m always
yours”
I’m a Barbie girl, in a Barbie world
Life in plastic, it’s fantastic.
You can brush my hair, undress me everywhere.
Imagination, life is your creation.
Come on Barbie, let’s go party!
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
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After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Make me walk, make me talk, do whatever you please,
I can act like a star, I can beg on my knees.
Detailed Reading
Come jump in, bimbo friend, let us do it again.
Hit the town, fool around, let’s go party
you can touch, you can play, if you say:“ I’m always
yours”
you can touch, you can play, if you say:“ I’m always
yours”
Come on Barbie, let’s go party!
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
I’m a Barbie girl, in a Barbie world
Life in plastic, it’s fantastic.
You can brush my hair, undress me everywhere.
Detailed Reading
Imagination, life is
your creation.
Come on Barbie, let’s go party!
Oh, I’m having so much fun!
Well Barbie, we are just getting started.
Oh, I love you Ken.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Wiffle-ball
Wiffle-ball is a variation of the sport of baseball
designed for indoor or outdoor play in confined areas. The
Reading
game is played usingDetailed
a perforated,
light-weight, rubbery
plastic ball and a long, plastic bat. The Wiffle ball was
invented by David N. Mullany of Fairfield, Connecticut in
1953 when he designed a ball that curved easily for his 12year-old son.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
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Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
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Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Hybrid Electric Vehicle
A hybrid vehicle combines a conventional propulsion
system with a rechargeable energy storage system (RESS)
to achieve better fuel economy than a conventional
Detailed Reading
vehicle. Ferdinand Porsche in 1900 developed the first
hybrid automobile in the world. The hybrid-electric
vehicle did not become widely available until the release
of the Toyota Prius in Japan in 1997, followed by the
Honda Insight in 1999. While initially perceived as
unnecessary due to the low cost of gasoline, worldwide
increases in the price of petroleum caused many
automakers to release hybrids in the late 2000s; they are
now perceived as a core segment of the automotive
market of the future.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Part Division of the Text
Further Understanding
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Further Understanding
For Part 1 Questions and Answers
For Part 2 True or False
For Part 3 Blank Filling
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Part Division of the Text
Parts
Para(s).
Main Ideas
1
1~6
The author didn’t expect to
become an engineer as she was
growing up.
2
7~9
The author realizes that she has
succeeded because she was not
limited by the common belief
that women can’t be good at
math and science.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Parts
Para(s).
3
10~11
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Main Ideas
The author urges us to focus on
the flexibility and power of our
brain, not gender differences.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Questions and Answers
1. What toys did the author have in her childhood?
She had a complete miniature kitchen, a herd of toy
ponies and several Barbie and Ken dolls.
2. What did the author experience in order to get her
college degree?
She had to take a lot of math and science classes.
She also had to work with a team of students as
part of a national competition.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
3. How were her school performances?
She got A’s in all her classes, including multivariable
calculus and differential equations.
4. What was the summer program mainly for?
The summer program was mainly to interest girls in
engineering.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
5. Why did the author apply for the summer program?
The author applied for the summer program
because she wanted to be away from her parents
and be independent for a while.
6. What do some of the studies say about women?
Studies say that in the aspect of math, women are
inferior to men.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
True or False
1. The author was educated to do what she is best at.
( T )
2. The author’s experience showed that people could
learn better if they are good at it.
( F )
The author found out that if a subject is difficult to
learn, she would try her best to be good at it, and
she would enjoy it more.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
3. The algebra teacher in middle school often judged
( F )
students by their academic performance.
The teacher didn’t judge students by their scores
and he considered bad scores as indications that
students should learn more.
4. The author felt comfortable while sitting in the
( F )
engineering library.
The author often felt panic and worried.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
In this part, there are several comparisons or contrasts.
Fill in the blanks with necessary information to make
logic sentences showing comparison or contrast.
1. Little girls loving dolls is just the same to ____________
little boys
loving videogames .
____________________
2. Some people favor the right side of the brain, while
others ______________
the left side .
3. We should ignore _______________________________________
hard and fast conclusions about the
human
_____________
brain . Instead, incredible flexibility should
be focused on.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
4. In spite of agreeing that women can’t learn physics
well, ______________________________________________________
the possibility that our brains are more powerful
than
imagined should be considered.
________________
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Carolyn Turk works in a profession that has
traditionally been a career for men. Here she talks about
how she came to do so and how her success just goes to
show that a woman can learn anything a man can.
A Woman Can Learn Anything a Man Can
Carolyn Turk
When I was a kid, everything in my
bedroom was pink. I have two sisters and
we had a complete miniature kitchen, a
herd of My Little Ponies and several
Barbie and Ken dolls. We didn’t have any
toy trucks, G. I. Joes or basketballs.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
We did have a Wiffle-ball set, but you would have
been hard-pressed to find it in our playroom.
Tomboys we weren’t.
So some people may find it ironic
that I grew up to be a mechanical
engineer. In fact, I am the only female
engineer at my company. In order to
get my college degree, I had to take a
lot of math and science classes. I also had to work with
a team of students as part of a national competition to
convert a gas-guzzling SUV into a hybrid electric
vehicle — that’s where I learned how to fix cars.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
I’m proud to say that I got A’s in all my classes, including
multivariable calculus and differential equations. I’ve
always been pretty good at math and design, but I didn't
understand where that could take me. I was expected to
go to college, but no one ever told me I’d make a good
engineer someday.
When I was in high school, I didn’t know the first
thing about engineering. I couldn’t have distinguished a
transmission from an alternator.
The car I drove
needed some work but I was afraid to take it to the
mechanic. Because honestly, the mechanic could have
shown me an electric can opener and said, “This is part
of your car and it’s broken — pay me to fix it,” and I
wouldn’t have known any better.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
At the end of my junior year of high
school, I heard about a summer program
designed to interest girls in engineering.
The six-week program was free, and
students were given college credit and a
dorm room at the University of Maryland.
I applied to the program, not because I wanted to be
an engineer, but because I was craving independence and
wanted to get out of my parents’ house for six weeks.
I was accepted to the program and I earned six
engineering credits. The next year I entered the
university as an engineering major. Five years later I had
a degree and three decent job offers.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
I can’t help shuddering when I hear about studies
that show that women are at a disadvantage when it
comes to math. They imply that I am somehow abnormal.
I’m not, but I do know that if I hadn’t stumbled into that
summer program, I wouldn’t be an engineer.
When I was growing up I was told, as many students
are, to do what I am best at. But I didn’t know what that
was. Most people think that when you are good at
something, it comes easily to you. But this is what I
discovered: just because a subject is difficult to learn, it
does not mean you are not good at it. You just have to
grit your teeth and work harder to get good at it.
Once you do, there’s a strong chance you will enjoy
it more than anything else.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
In eighth grade I took algebra. On one test I got only
36 percent of the answers correct. I failed the next one,
too. I started to think, Maybe I’m just no good at this. I
was lucky enough to have a teacher who didn’t take my
bad grades as a judgment of my abilities, but simply as an
indication that I should study more. He pulled me aside
and told me he knew I could do better. He let me retake
the
the tests, and I pulled
my grade up to an A.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
I studied a lot in college, too.
I had moments of
panic while sitting underneath the buzzing fluorescent
lights in the engineering library on Saturday afternoons,
when I worried that the estrogen in my body was
preventing me from understanding thermodynamics.
But the guys in my classes had to work
just as hard, and I knew that I couldn’t
afford to lose confidence in myself. I
didn’t want to choose between my
femininity and a good career.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
So I reminded myself that those studies, the ones
that say that math comes more naturally to men, are
based on a faulty premise: that you can judge a person’s
abilities separate from the cultural cues that she has
received since she was an infant.
No man is an island.
No woman is, either.
Why are we so quick to limit
ourselves?
I’m not denying that most
little girls love dolls and most little
boys love videogames, and it may be
true that some people favor the right
side of their brain, and others the left. But how relevant
is that to me, or to anyone, as an individual?
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Instead of translating our differences into hard and fast
conclusions about the human brain, why can’t we focus
instead on how incredibly flexible we are? Instead of
using what we know as a reason why women can’t learn
physics, maybe we should consider the possibility that
our brains are more powerful than we imagine.
Here’s a secret: math and science don’t come easily
to most people. No one was ever born knowing
calculus.
A woman can learn anything a man can, but
first she needs to know that she can do it, and that
takes a leap of faith. It also helps to have selective
hearing.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
We did have a Wiffle-ball set, but you would have been
hard-pressed to find it in our playroom.
1. Translate this sentence into Chinese.
我们确实有一套空心棒球,但是很难在我们的游戏室找到。
2. Analyze the sentence pattern.
This sentence is a concessive clause with an emphatic
“did”.
For example:
1) We did surf the Internet for necessary information,
but we didn’t find anything significant.
2) Contemporary women do enjoy lots of rights, but
complete gender equality is still a dream to be realized.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Tomboys we weren’t.
1. Paraphrase the sentence.
We weren’t boyish girls.
2. Analyze the sentence pattern.
这个句子是个倒装句,起到的是强调“tomboys”这
个宾语的作用。倒装句有很多用法。
例如:Little did he say at the meeting.
Out rushed the girl.
So happy did he feel.
Playboys they weren’t.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
The car I drove needed some work but I was afraid to take
it to the mechanic.
1. What does “work” here refer to?
It refers to necessary repair or maintenance the car
needed.
2. Why was the author afraid to do so?
Because she didn’t know anything about engineering,
not to mention how to fix a car.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
I can’t help shuddering when I hear about studies that
show that women are at a disadvantage when it comes
to math.
1. Translate this sentence into Chinese.
听到有研究表明女性学数学处于劣势,我不禁不寒而
栗。
2. Why did the author shudder?
Because the studies clearly indicate that a normal
woman can’t beat a man in the aspect of math,
only abnormal ones could do well in math, but the
author is really good at math.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Once you do, there’s a strong chance you will enjoy it
more than anything else.
1. Analyze this sentence.
once “一旦…”, 表示时间和条件。例如:
Once you understand this rule, you will have no
further difficulty.
Once you decide to take action, there is nothing
you will be afraid of.
2. Translate this sentence into Chinese.
一旦你学好了,你就很可能喜欢上它,从中得到无与
伦比的乐趣。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
3. In your opinion, what kind of enjoyment could the
author gain from this process?
Open-ended.
Tips: a sense of accomplishments
a strong sense of self-confidence
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
I had moments of panic while sitting underneath the
buzzing fluorescent lights in the engineering library on
Saturday afternoons, when I worried that the estrogen in
my body was preventing me from understanding
thermodynamics.
1. What does the part “the estrogen in my body was
preventing me from understanding thermodynamics”
refer to?
This part means being a woman may prevent the
author from understanding a subject which is
usually regarded as a male subject.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
2. Translate this sentence into Chinese.
星期六下午坐在工程图书馆吱吱作响的荧光灯下学习
时,我也有过恐惧的时候,担心我体内的雌激素妨碍
我理解热动力学。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
No man is an island. No woman is, either.
1. What does “No man is an island” refer to?
This statement was said by an English poet named
John Donne, which means no one can live an
isolated life without being affected by others.
2. What does “No woman is, either” mean?
In this sentence, by changing the famous quotation,
the author consciously ignores the fact that “man”
refers to all the human beings, the author focuses on
“woman”.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
3. Can you make an example by using this technique?
Open-ended.
For example: There is no perfect man in the world,
not to mention a perfect woman.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
So I reminded myself that those studies, … that she has
received since she was an infant.
1. What does “cultural cues” refer to?
Cultural cues refer to indirect suggestions as to
how to behave appropriately picked up through
observing others, in short, exterior atmosphere or
nurture.
2. What do the studies indicate?
They indicate that a woman’s ability is dependent
on her nature, not on her nurture or her efforts.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
3. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
因此我提醒自己,宣称男性天生更能学好数学的研
究是基于一个错误的前提,那就是认为人们可以脱
离一个人从孩提时代就受到的社会的文化熏陶而径
直判断她的能力。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
I’m not denying that most little girls love dolls and most
little boys love videogames, and it may be true that
some people favor the right side of their brain, and
others the left. But how relevant is that to me, or to
anyone, as an individual?
Analyze the sentence structure.
I’m not denying that … but … 这个句型意思是“不能否
认…但是…”例如:
I’m not denying that Internet provides us with a virtual
free access to countless information, but its obvious
disadvantages should not be neglected.
与此类同的句型还有:
There is no denying that … but …
No one can deny the fact that … but …
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
A woman can learn anything a man can, but first she needs
to know that she can do it, and that takes a leap of faith. It
also helps to have selective hearing.
1. What does “takes a leap of faith” mean?
It refers to “taking the risk of being wrong”.
2. What does “selective hearing” mean?
It means that when people give your advice, you
should decide by yourself on which one you would
follow or ignore.
3. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
但是女人首先需要知道她能学会,而这需要有敢冒风
险而为的精神,同时听别人的话也得有所选择才行。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
ironic: adj. humorously sarcastic or mocking
我如此拼命要守住的这个秘密,却被他们这么漫不经
心的对待。
How ironic is it to have something I tried so
desperately to keep secret treated so casually.
It is sadly ironic that in these
modern times it still takes weapons
to prevent war.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
CF: sarcastic, satiric & ironic
这三个词都是形容词, 都有“讽刺的”之意。
sarcastic 指运用讥讽的、嘲笑的(方法、方式)。
Must you always be so sarcastic when I ask you
anything?
每当我问你时,你有必要总是这样嘲笑吗?
satiric 指喜好讽刺的、含有讽刺的。
Gulliver’s Travels is a satiric book.
《格利弗游记》是一部讽刺小说。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
ironic 指讽刺的、具有讽刺意味的。
It was ironic that he should have been invited to
play for the Scotland team on the very day that he
broke his legs.
具有讽刺意味的是他正好在跌断腿的那一天收到了要
为苏格兰队踢球的邀请。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
convert: vt. change the nature, purpose, or function
of something
The room was converted from a kitchen to a lavatory.
Many kinds of clean energy are converted into
electricity, since they cause less environmental
pollution.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
CF: reform, convert & revise
这三个词都是动词,都有“改良”、“改变”之意。
reform 指为除掉不完善、不圆满的东西而做的激烈变革。
The Chinese government has reformed the pattern
of economic construction.
中国政府改革了其经济建设的模式。
convert 指为了能适应新的用途或目的,而改变某一事物的
性质或状态。
They converted the study into a nursery when the
baby was born.
婴儿出生时他们把书房改成了育婴室。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
revise 指先仔细考虑和检查,找出需要改正、改善的地方,
然后进行必要的变动。
The dictionary has been completely revised.
这部词典已彻底修订过了。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
distinguish: vt.
1) recognize the difference between (people or things)
People who cannot distinguish between colors are
said to be color-blind.
这对双胞胎长得很像, 无人能分辨出
谁是谁。
The twins are so alike that no one
can distinguish one from the other.
2) deserve to be noticed by doing sth. very well
She distinguished herself by her patience and
bravery.
Peter first distinguished himself by winning a junior
tournament at Wimbledon.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
credit: n.
1) praise; approval; recognition
He got all the credit for the discovery.
事情是我做的, 她却受到称赞。
She was given the credit for what I had done.
2) recognition by a college or university that a course of
studies has been successfully completed
He received full credit for his studies at a previous
school.
Our music teacher will give us extra credit if we
write a report on the performance.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
3) belief or confidence in the truth of sth.
该商店改变了人们对网上购物的看法,赢得了大家的
信任。
The store has received credit for changing
people’s opinions about buying over the Internet.
We believe our good credit and products with high
quality would win your trust.
Collocation:
be a credit to sb.
give sb. credit
deserve credit
为…增光
对…表示肯定
值得表扬
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
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Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
apply:
1) vi. make a formal request
Whoever has interest in it can apply for membership.
If you do have difficulty in finance,
you can apply for student loans.
2) vt. put to or adapt for a special use
他以极大的热情投入到新的工作中去。
He applied himself to his new duties with great energy.
We should not only know the theory but also be aware
of how to apply it in practice.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
crave: v. have a strong desire for sth.
The tired old man craved for rest.
All the men present are not hesitant to give her
the admirations she craves.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
decent: adj.
1) proper; acceptable
We must provide decent housing for the poor.
The hospital has no decent equipment.
2) not likely to shock or embarrass others; modest
第一次见面时得体的衣着会给人留下好
印象。
A decent dressing at first meeting will
leave a good impression.
That one isn’t decent. You should wear
an evening dress, not a pair of jeans.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
3) satisfactory; quite good
A decent job, an affectionate wife and several
lovely kids are all that a man dreams of and
strives for.
在那家公司工作挺不错。
They’re a decent firm to work for.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
disadvantage: n. the quality of having an inferior or less
favorable position
没有适当的公共交通工具是很不方便的。
The lack of decent public transport is a great
disadvantage.
His lack of education was a disadvantage when he
looked for a job.
But in the contest for really marketable skills,
government will often be at a disadvantage.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Collocation:
at a disadvantage
处于不利地位,处于不利
情况之下
put someone at a disadvantage 使某人处于不利地位
take someone at a disadvantage 攻其不备
to someone’s disadvantage
对某人不利,对某人造成
损害
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
imply: vt.
1) express or state indirectly
The ads imply that by buying such products the
consumer will gain something else such as
happiness, respect and love.
I don’t wish to imply that you are wrong.
2) suggest as a logically necessary consequence
自由不一定包含着责任。
Freedom does not necessarily imply responsibility.
Would that imply the end of China’s era of rapid
growth?
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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CF: indicate, imply & infer
这三个词都是动词, 都有 “暗示” 之意。
indicate 指以某种方式明确地 “指示”、“表示”。
imply 一般指通过非语言方式“暗示”、“暗指”等。
infer 指根据事实或推理进行 “推断”、 “推定(一个想
法)”、“得到某事物的结论”之意。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form
where necessary.
1. From all evidence presented I ______
infer that Smith is guilty.
2. His silence __________
implies agreement.
3. He put up his hand to __________
indicate his agreement.
4. Her refusal to answer __________
implied her guilt.
5. Am I to ______
infer from your remarks that you think I’m not
telling the truth.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
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Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
abnormal: adj. not normal; not typical or usual or regular
It was regarded as abnormal for a boy to be
interested in ballet.
Global warming produces many abnormal weather
conditions on a large scale.
NB: 英语中有很多前缀, “ab”就是一个前缀,它起源于古拉
丁语,意思是off或away from,通常词典上用“脱、离、
脱离”加以解释。前缀ab-仅有一种变体,即abs-,它用
在以c, q和t开头的词干前面,具有同样的释义。例如:
abnormal (ab+normal) 非常规的
abort (ab+ort, ort=be born) 夭折、中止
abuse (ab+use) 滥用
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
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stumble into
1) fall into by accident, be involved into by accident
不一会儿他绊跌到捕熊人设的陷阱里。
In a moment he stumbled into a trap set by a
bear-catcher.
We stumble into a situation requiring
more wisdom than we possess.
2) step into accidently
As young people stumble into society,
they often face confusion and illusion.
If he hadn’t stumbled into this project, he would
not have been promoted.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
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come to
1) reach a state
After all those years, it comes to nothing.
If it comes to a fight, you can count on me.
2) be realized or be remembered
他灵机一动, 计上心来。
The solution came to him in a flash.
I’ve forgotten her name, but maybe it’ll come to me
later.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
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Collocation:
come through
度过
come down
失去财富或地位
come across
偶然遇到或找到
Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form
where necessary.
1. With the collapse of his company, he has really come
______
______ in the world.
down
came across my old college roommate in town today.
2. I ______________
3. Everybody breathed a sign of relief when Bob come
______
through operation.
_________
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Global Reading
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indication: n. a sign, remark, event, etc. that shows
what is happening, what someone is
thinking or feeling, or what is true
目前迹象表明市场将持续薄弱。
The present indications are that the market will
continue to be weak.
The quality of postgraduate education is an
important indication of education level in a unit.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
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Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
panic: n.
1) an overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety
I got into a panic when I found the door was locked.
The thought of flying fills me with panic.
2) sudden mass fear and anxiety over unexpected events
There was an immediate panic when the alarm
sounded.
受灾地区发生的一系列余震引起人们的恐慌。
A series of aftershocks have hit the affected areas,
causing panic.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Global Reading
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CF: alarm, panic & terror
这三个词作为名词时,都有 “恐惧”之意。
alarm 表示由于突然意识到将要来临的危险而产生的惧怕。
She stared at her husband in alarm.
她吃惊地瞪着自己的丈夫。
panic 表示被其征服的、非理性的,且常常无缘由的
恐惧、恐慌。
The government didn’t want to start a panic on the
Stock Exchange.
政府不想在股市制造恐慌。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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After Reading
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terror 表示极度惊恐、畏惧或引起恐怖的人或事, 还可以
表示使人感到害怕的某一想法、经历。
She awakened in terror as the flaming roof came
crashing down.
当燃烧的屋顶轰然塌下来的时候,她从惊恐中醒来。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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underneath: prep./adv. under or below an object or a
surface; at a lower place or level
她在一堆文件里搜寻,终于在底下找到了他的信。
She searched through the pile of papers and found
his letter underneath.
Entire villages disappeared
underneath the mud essentially
in some places.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
confidence: n. firm trust, feeling of certainty
Don’t put too much confidence in what the papers
say.
He answered the questions with confidence.
Collocation:
have confidence in
对…有信心
inspire confidence in
激起对…的信任
gain sb’s confidence
获得某人的信任
in confidence
必须保密
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
faulty: adj. containing a fault or defect; imperfect or
defective
此次灾难的原因并不在于组织工作不当,而是由于
某种其他失误。
The causes of the disaster are due not to faulty
organization but to some other mistake.
The study relied on people’s memory of what they
ate, which can be faulty.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Global Reading
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After Reading
Supplementary Reading
limit: vt.
1) place limits on (extent or access)
Limit the time you spend in front of the computer
screen.
How can I limit when the software connects to the
Internet?
2) confine or restrict within a boundary or
bounds
I limit you to two visits to the pub a day.
The doctor limited the patient to one
cigarette a day.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Global Reading
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After Reading
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deny: v.
1) say that (sth.) is not true
我不能否认我对该工程抱有巨大热情。
I can not deny my enthusiasm for the project.
Hardly anybody can deny that pets are friends of
people.
2) refuse to give sb., or prevent sb. from having
The Government continued to deny workers rights
which have been internationally recognized.
She was angry at being denied the opportunity to
see the boss.
Pattern:
There is no denying (the fact ) that… 无可否认…
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
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Sky
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
favor:
1) n. an act of gracious kindness, approval or support
Not everyone was in favor of this project.
A favor or gift, usually in the form of money, is given
in return for service.
2) vt. tend to be in support of, be partial to
Most people, in fact, favor the lessening of prejudice.
你赞成他的开发计划吗?
Do you favor his development plan?
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Unit 66 Women,
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Collocation:
owe sb. a favor
欠某人的情
return a favor
还某人的情
in favor of
同意, 支持
gain/win favor
得到赞同, 得到嘉许
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Unit 66 Women,
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Global Reading
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relevant: adj. connected with what is being discussed,
etc.
你能提供哪些和这份工作最紧密相关的技能?
What skills could you offer that are most relevant to
this job?
If you see products from
endangered species on sale,
inform the relevant authorities.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Sky
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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incredibly: adv. not easy to believe
Working on an assembly line can be incredibly boring
and tiring.
Creative work can be incredibly hard since it produces
potential dangers.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Global Reading
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flexible: adj.
1) that can bend easily without breaking
Are you saying that there is a kind of plastic thin
enough and flexible enough to make this realistic?
这种物质弹性很好,能够拉伸成任何你想要的外形。
This substance is very flexible and stretches to any
shape you want.
2) easily changed to suit new conditions
Flexible management of library work is a new
subject in the era.
As a flexible actor, he can perform, sing, dance and
play several kinds of musical instruments.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
selective: adj.
1) using or based on selection
The final list would be decided
after the selective training of
latest recruits.
By using a selective weed-killer, he managed to get
rid of the weed without hurting other plants.
2) tending to choose carefully
Personally I believe that selective reading should
be combined with extensive reading.
You should be selective about the files you keep.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
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Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
leap:
1) n. a light, self-propelled movement upwards or
forwards; an abrupt transition
Even a small loss of output can
lead to a big leap in the price.
That’s one small step for a man,
one giant leap for mankind.
2) v. jump vigorously; move quickly
My heart leapt for joy at the news.
The youngest children were not able to make the
imaginative leap into someone else’s mind.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Collocation:
非常快地
by leaps and bounds
冒险举动
a leap in the dark
信仰不可捉摸
leap of faith
立刻抓住机会
leap at chance
CF: jump, leap & bound
这三个词都是动词,都有“跳”之意。
jump 是普通用语,指从地面或其他平面上双脚跳起,也指从
一个地方跳到另一个地方。
leap 比较正式和优雅,指以爆发力腾空跳起,或跳出很长距
离。
bound 强调跨步大,速度快,也还有弹回的意思。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Global Reading
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Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form
where necessary.
jumped up.
1. She was so excited that she __________
2. The ball struck the earth and __________
bounded across the field.
3. Some monkeys can ______
leap four or five meters from one
tree to another.
leap the stream, they will bridge it.
4. If you can’t ______
jumped out of its hole.
5. The mouse __________
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Sky
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
faith: n. trust; strong belief; unquestioning confidence
I still have faith in John despite his shortcomings.
I haven’t much faith in this medicine.
Collocation:
break faith with
背弃,不守信
keep faith with
信守,不背弃
in good faith
真诚地,善意地
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
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Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Useful Expressions
Word Completion
Dictation
Listening Practice
Writing Practice
Sentence Translation
Talk about the Pictures
Proverbs and Quotations
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Writing Practice
A Brief Introduction
Several Steps to Follow
A Sample
Homework
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
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Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Useful Expressions
1. 把…改成
convert… into…
2. 对…一无所知
don’t know the first thing about…
3. 把…区分开来
distinguish… from…
4. 渴望独立
be craving independence
5. 不禁不寒而栗
can’t help shuddering
6. 处于劣势
at a disadvantage
7. 在…方面
when it comes to…
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Unit 66 Women,
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8. 偶然闯进
stumble into
9. 轻而易举地把它学好
it comes easily to somebody
10. 咬紧牙学好它
grit your teeth to get good at it
11. 极有可能
there’s a strong chance that
12. 把成绩提高到A
pull the grade up to an A
13. 恐惧的时候
moments of panic
14. 基于
be based on
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Unit 66 Women,
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15. 文化熏陶
cultural cues
16. 人不是孤岛
No man is an island
17. 毫无疑问, 不可否认
There’s no denying that…
18. 与…相关联
be relevant to
19. 不容改变的结论
hard and fast conclusions
20. 生来就懂
be born knowing
21. 有敢冒风险而为的精神
take a leap of faith
22. 有所选择地听别人的话
have a selective hearing
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
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Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Word Completion
Complete each of the following sentences with the
proper form of the word in brackets.
1. In the past century, only a small number of women
would choose ______________
engineering as their major in colleges.
(engineer)
2. He was _______________
distinguished from other boys by his height.
(distinguish)
3. By doing some part-time jobs, they become somewhat
more _______________
independent from their parents. (independence)
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
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Supplementary Reading
4. Recently many researches show that environmental
pollution and global warming lead to many ___________
abnormal
behavior conducted by wild animals. (normal)
panicked when they realized they were
5. The children ___________
lost. (panic)
6. There is no denying
_________ that English is a most widespread
language in the world. (deny)
7. The ____________
flexibility of our plan enabled us to deal with
unexpected difficulties effectively. (flexible)
__________ about the files you keep.
8. You should be selective
(select)
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Global Reading
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After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Listen to the following passage and fill in the blanks with
the words you hear.
Today we live in a world that _________
continually stresses to us
that, “All men are created equal.” While this sounds great
inspection tells us that this is far
at face value, further _________
from realistic and sadly may never be. One can examine
any ______
aspect of society whether it be race, religion,
language, level of education, sexual orientation or
economic status and notice that there are numerous
_________
characteristics and factors that enable others to treat
differently . This truth may not be pleasant or
others _________
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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make one feel all warm and fuzzy inside, however it is our
disappointing it may be. Even if
society’s reality, however ____________
the statement above as to the equality of all men were
true, how about women? Clearly women have made
tremendous progresses towards equality in recent
__________
decades; however we still live in a society in which the
measured in their physical appearance
worth of women is ________
and not their intellectual contribution or talents. It is not
__________
an unknown secret that many women are paid considerably
less than men for doing the same type of work. What
effect does this obvious gap between men and women
have on our nation’s female population? The effect of this
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
is the unconscious
__________ understanding that women are inferior
to men in our society. This inequality between men and
women is not something new to our country or even the
world for that matter. However, it is a phenomenon that is
rarely discussed.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
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Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Listening Practice
1. What was Eleanor Roosevelt’s regret?
She wished that she had been prettier.
2. Why do women care so much about their physical
appearances?
Because physical appearances matter, and beauty is
powerful. And people are still moved by beauty.
3. What did the speaker say about Aristotle’s statement?
It is not fair, but it’s true, since beautiful people
are better treated by others.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
4. What did the experiments conducted by the psychologist
indicate?
We human beings are born with sensitivity to physical
beauty.
5. How did the author feel about beauty’s power?
We shouldn’t feel guilty just because we are attracted
and moved by physical beauty.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
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Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
The Power of Beauty
One of the most successful, influential and beloved
women in American history, Eleanor Roosevelt once said
that she had one regret: she wished she had been prettier.
Who hasn’t felt the same way? We are all too aware of our
physical imperfections. To overcome them, we spend
billions of dollars every year — on cosmetics, diet products,
fashion and plastic surgery.
Why do we care so much about how we look? Because
it matters. Because beauty is powerful. Because even when
we learn to value people mostly for being kind and wise
and funny, we are still moved by beauty. No matter how
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
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Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
much we argue against it or pretend to be immune, beauty
exerts its power over us. There is simply no escape.
Aristotle said, “Beauty is a greater recommendation
than any letter of introduction.” It’s not fair, but it’s true.
We simply treat beautiful people better than we do others.
Attach a photograph of a beautiful author to an essay, and
people will think that it is more creative and more
intelligently written than exactly the same essay
accompanied by the photo of a homely author.
Our sensitivity to physical beauty is not something we
can control at will. We are born with it. Experiments
conducted by psychologist Judith J. Langlo is showed that
even small infants prefer to look at attractive faces. Before
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Unit 66 Women,
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Supplementary Reading
they have met a single supermodel, before they have
watched a single TV show, before they have opened up a
single fashion magazine, they are drawn to the same faces
which adults have judged to be attractive.
There are more important things in life than beauty.
But as Nancy Etcoff says, “We have to understand beauty,
or we will always be enslaved by it.” if you aim to be wise
and kind and funny, it doesn’t mean that you can’t also try
your best to look beautiful. There’s no reason to feel
guilty about being moved by beauty’s power. It moves us
all.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
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Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
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A Brief Introduction
A questionnaire is a series of questions asked to
individuals to obtain statistically useful information about
a given topic. When properly constructed and responsibly
administered, questionnaires become a vital instrument
by which statements can be made about specific groups
or people or entire populations.
There are no hard-and-fast rules about how to design
a questionnaire, but there are a number of points that
can be borne in mind:
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Before Reading
1:
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
A well-designed questionnaire should meet the
research objectives.
2: It should obtain the most complete and accurate
information possible.
3: A well-designed questionnaire should make it easy
for respondents to give the necessary information
and for the interviewer to record the answer.
4:
It would keep the interview brief and to the point
and be so arranged that the respondent(s) remain
interested throughout the interview.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
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Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Several Steps to Follow
There are several steps involved in the development of
a questionnaire:
1. Decide the information required.
2. Define the target respondents.
3. Choose the method(s) of reaching your target
respondents.
4. Decide on question content.
5. Put questions into a meaningful order and format.
6. Develop the final survey form.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
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Before Reading
Global Reading
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After Reading
Supplementary Reading
A Sample
Please answer the following questions related to your
experience with a self-access language learning program.
Circle the number that can best describe your opinion:
1. This
2. This
3. This
4. This
5. This
6. This
statement
statement
statement
statement
statement
statement
is
is
is
is
is
is
completely not suitable for me.
always not suitable for me.
somewhat not suitable for me.
somewhat suitable for me.
generally suitable for me.
completely suitable for me.
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Unit 66 Women,
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Supplementary Reading
After participation in this program, I find:
1. This program helps me improve my listening ability a lot.
1-2-3-4-5-6
2. After this program, listening is much easier for me.
1-2-3-4-5-6
3. I can see my improvement in listening ability clearly.
1-2-3-4-5-6
4. I can do better at catching and following what teachers
say in class.
1-2-3-4-5-6
5. I can do better at catching what my classmates say in
class.
1-2-3-4-5-6
6. I can do better at listening to some English broadcasting
programs.
1-2-3-4-5-6
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
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Supplementary Reading
Homework
Design a questionnaire about the social status of women in
your part of the country.
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Unit 66 Women,
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Half the
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Sentence Translation
1. The thought of answering other people’s telephones,
typing other people’s work and watching other people
take credit for my ideas and opinions would throw me
into week-long bouts of depression.
每当我想起给别人回电话、打字,看到我出的主意和
见解却让别人去受益时,常常整个星期都会闷闷不乐。
2. I steeled myself to travel the road that would lead me
to a better understanding of who I was and of what I
wanted out of life.
我坚定地走下去,这条路将使我更好地了解自己,更好
地认清自己生活的目的。
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Unit 66 Women,
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3. And it’s not so much the results of the action that have
reshaped me (although that’s important, too) as it is the
realization that I have within myself what it takes to do
what I set out to do.
此外,给我带来新的生活的,与其说是自己努力取得
的结果(虽然这也很重要),不如说是由于意识到自
己具有潜在的能力可以做自己想做的事。
4. 如今我感到自己更能主宰自己的命运,不再如风中的旗帜,
随风飘荡。
I feel more in control these days and less like a flag
on a breezy day, blowing this way or that depending
on the wind.
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5. 某一门课程难学,并不意味着你就不擅长它。你得咬紧牙
加倍努力干,才能学好它。一旦你学好了,你就很可能喜
欢上它,从中得到无与伦比的乐趣。
Just because a subject is difficult to learn, it does
not mean you are not good at it. You just have to
grit your teeth and work harder to get good at it.
Once you do, there’s a strong chance you will enjoy
it more than anything else.
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6. 我申请参加这个暑期班,这倒不是因为我想当工程师,而
是因为我渴望独立,想离开父母的房子自己单独生活六周。
I applied to the program, not because I wanted to
be an engineer, but because I was craving
independence and wanted to get out of my parents’
house for six weeks.
7. 但有时,每当意识到别人对自己的期待时,我又会由于自
我怀疑和对未来捉摸不定而感到心情沉重。
But sometimes, after realizing what was expected
of me, I would be weighed down by self-doubt and
uncertainty.
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Unit 66 Women,
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Talk about the Pictures
Supplementary Reading
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Unit 66 Women,
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Unit 66 Women,
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Unit 66 Women,
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Unit 66 Women,
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Unit 66 Women,
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Unit 66 Women,
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Unit 66 Women,
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Proverbs and Quotations
1. Frailty thy name is woman!
— William Shakespeare, English playwright and poet
弱者,你的名字是女人!
—— 英国剧作家,诗人 威廉·莎士比亚
2. The test for whether or not you can hold a job should
not be the arrangement of your chromosomes.
— Bella Abzug, American congresswoman
and social activist
测试是否可以拥有一份工作不应该是人的染色体安排。
—— 美国众议员和社会活动家 贝拉·阿布朱格
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3. If we mean to have heroes, statesmen and philosophers,
we should have learned women.
— Abigail Adams, Former American first lady
advocate of women’s rights
如果我们说必须要有英雄、政治家和哲学家,我们也应
该有有学问的妇女。
—— 美国前第一夫人,妇女权利倡导者,
阿比盖尔·亚当斯
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4. When women thrive, all of society benefits, and
succeeding generations are given a better start in life.
— Kofi Annan, Former UN general secretary
当妇女成功时,全社会都受益,后代们的生活将有一个
更好的开端。
—— 联合国前秘书长 科菲·安南
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5. Women have served all these centuries as looking-glasses
possessing the magic and delicious power of reflecting
the figure of man at twice its natural size.
— Virginia Woolf, English novelist and feminist
这么些世纪以来,妇女担任了一面有魔力、魅力十足镜
子的角色,在它的映射 下,男人们是如此的高大。
—— 英国小说家和女权主义者
弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫
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6. The history of men’s opposition to women’s
emancipation is more interesting perhaps than the story
of that emancipation itself.
— Virginia Woolf, English novelist and feminist
男子的反对妇女解放的历史可能比解放本身更有趣。
—— 英国小说家和女权主义者
弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫
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Unit 66 Women,
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Sky
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Culture Notes
Reading
Comprehension Task
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Supplementary Reading
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Unit 66 Women,
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Culture Notes
Adult Education
A Brief Introduction
Adult Education in America
Teenage Mothers
A Brief Introduction
Teenagers and Pregnancy In America
Midlife Crisis
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A Brief Introduction
Adult
education
is
the
practice of teaching and educating
adults. This often happens in the
workplace, through “extension” or
“continuing education” courses at
secondary schools, at a college or
university. Other learning places
include
folk
high
schools,
community colleges, and lifelong
learning centers.
Click the here!
Supplementary Reading
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Unit 66 Women,
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Adult Education in America
Millions of Americans take part in adult education
programs. Some adults are completing high school,
college or graduate school work. They attend classes
designed especially for working people on weekends or
at night. Other adults take classes by mail or on their
computers. For example, the University of Arizona
Extended University is one of many colleges now
providing such courses.
Other adults learn job skills like computer science
or wood-working. Still other adult students learn to
read or improve their English.
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Some adult students are not trying to finish their
education or learn job skills. Instead, they want to
explore new interests. They want to learn to speak a
foreign language, play a musical instrument or take
good pictures. They attend continuing education
programs at a community college or public school. For
example, Montgomery College in Rockville, Maryland,
offers many classes. They teach adults how to build a
house or how to write their memories.
An agency in the federal government’s Department
of Education supervises public adult education
programs. The Departments of Agriculture and Defense
offer many subjects for adults. So do private companies,
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labor unions and organizations. These subjects include
the arts, science and business.
Adult education classes meet in schools, public
libraries and business offices. They also meet in
religious centers or shopping centers. Classes in nature
sciences and sports often take place outside.
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Unit 66 Women,
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A Brief Introduction
A Teenage mother is defined as a
teenaged or under-aged girl (usually
within the ages of 13–19) becoming
pregnant and giving birth to babies. The
term in everyday speech usually refers
to women who have not reached legal
adulthood, which varies across the
world, who become mothers.
Being a young mother in an
industrialized country can affect one’s
education. Teen mothers are more
likely to drop out of high school.
Click here!
Supplementary Reading
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Unit 66 Women,
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Young motherhood in an industrialized country can
affect employment and social class. The correlation
between earlier childbearing and failure to complete
high school reduces career opportunities for many
young women.
Click here!
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Unit 66 Women,
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Teenagers and Pregnancy In America
More than seven hundred thousand teenagers a year
get pregnant in the United States. The teen pregnancy
rate has fallen thirty-eight percent since the early
nineteen nineties. And the National Campaign to Prevent
Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy says the teen birth rate
has fallen by almost as much. Six out of ten pregnant
teenagers in two thousand six gave birth.
The nonprofit campaign says these changes have been
driven by decreases in sexual activity and increases in
contraceptive use. But it points to recent findings that
reductions in teen sex and increases in contraceptive use
have leveled off. And the teen birth rate is rising for the
first time in fifteen years.
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Unit 66 Women,
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Eight out of ten pregnancies in teenagers are
unplanned, compared to half of all pregnancies nationally.
A two thousand one UNICEF report on teenage births in
rich nations showed that the United States had the highest
rate. But, as a New York Times columnist just noted, the
United States did not have the highest rate of sexually
active teens. A few others had higher rates. Denmark had
the highest. Yet its teen birth and teen abortion rates were
much lower than America’s.
Part of the debate over what to do about teen
pregnancy is how to deal with sex education. Some people
argue for an expansion of “abstinence-only” programs.
These center on the message that young people should not
have sex until marriage. Other people argue that while this
may be a good message to teach, it should not be the only
one taught in schools.
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Unit 66 Women,
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Midlife Crisis
A new study shows that unhappiness in middle age,
also known as midlife crisis, is a universal experience.
Two economists did the study: Andrew Oswald of the
University of Warwick in England and David Blanchflower
at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire. They used
information collected earlier on two million people from
eighty nations. They found that people around the world
seem to share an emotional design in life. That design,
they say, is shaped like the letter U. Levels of happiness
are highest when people are young and when they are old.
In the middle, however, most people’s happiness and life
satisfaction levels drop.
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Professor Oswald says some people suffer from midlife
depression more than others. But, he says, it happens to
men and women, to single and married people, to rich and
poor and to those with and without children.
Generally speaking, people reach their lowest levels
between the ages of about forty and fifty-five. But then, as
they continue into old age, their happiness starts to climb
back up. What the research does not show is why all this
happens. Professor Oswald says one possibility is that
people recognize their limitations in middle age and give up
on some long-held dreams. Or perhaps people who are
happier live longer, and this is responsible for a growing
percentage of happy older people. Or, he says, maybe
people have seen others their age die and they value more
their own remaining years.
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Listen and Discuss
Father leaves for work in the morning after breakfast.
The two children take the bus to school, and mother stays
home cooking and cleaning until father and the kids return
home in the evening. This is the traditional picture of a
happy family living in Britain. But is it true today?
The answer is no! The past 20 years have seen
enormous changes in the lives and structure of families in
Britain.
The biggest change has been caused by divorce. As
many as 2 out of 3 marriages now end in divorce, leading to
a situation where many children live with one parent and
only see the other at weekends or holidays.
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There has also been a huge rise in the number of
women with children who work. The large rise in divorces
has meant many women need to work to support
themselves and their children. Even where there is no
divorce, many families need both parents to work in order
to survive. This has caused an increase in childcare
facilities, though it is very expensive and can be difficult to
find in many areas.
In addition, women are no longer happy to stay at
home raising children, and many have careers earning as
much or even more than men, the traditional breadwinner.
There has also been a sharp increase in the number of
single mothers, particularly among teenagers. Some people
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have blamed this increase for the rise in crime. They feel
the lack of a male role model has damaged these children
in society.
However, these changes have not had a totally
negative effect. For women, it is now much easier to have
a career and good salary. Although it is difficult to be a
working mother, it has become normal and is no longer
seen as a bad thing for the children.
As for children themselves, some argue that modern
children grow up more independent and mature than in
the past. From an early age they have to go to child
minders or nurseries, and are used to dealing with
strangers and mixing with other children.
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Questions for discussion:
1. What did the traditional family in Britain look like?
What did a traditional family in China look like in your
opinion?
2. What are some significant changes modern families
have according to the passage?
3. Can you list some great changes Chinese families
experience in modern society?
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Unit 66 Women,
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When you find yourself tied down to doing a job
that just isn’t you, it is easy to wish to be able to start
off along a completely new path. Unfortunately, this is
often easier said than done, the path stony and
difficult to follow. For Muriel Whetstone, however, It
turned out to be a journey well worth the effort.
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Beginning Anew
Muriel L. Whetstone
I dreaded Sundays. I began living for the weekend
at 8:30 Monday mornings. I felt bitter towards my boss.
The thought of answering other people’s telephones,
typing other people’s work and watching other people
take credit for my ideas and opinions would throw me
into week-long bouts of depression. I hated my job. I
hated my life. I hated myself for not having the courage
to change either one.
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Unit 66 Women,
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When most of my friends were planning college
schedules and partying into the night, I was changing dirty
diapers and walking the floor with a crying baby. At 19
years old I was the mother of two, and a pitifully young
wife. Everything I did for years, every decision I made,
was done with my family in mind.
And then I turned 29, and 30 was only a breath away.
How long could I live like this? Certainly not until I
retired. I began to feel that if I didn’t do something soon,
something quickly, I would die of unhappiness. I decided
to follow my childhood dream: I was going to get my
undergraduate degree and become a full-time journalist.
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Unit 66 Women,
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I quit my job on one of my good days, a Friday. Almost
at once I was filled with anxiety. What would I tell my
husband and what would be his reaction? How would we
pay our bills? I must be crazy, I thought. I was too old to
begin again. I prayed, Lord, what have I done? I wondered
if I was experiencing some sort of early mid-life crisis.
Perhaps if I crawled back to my boss on my hands and
knees and pleaded temporary madness, he’d give me my
job back. I spent that entire weekend in the eye of an
emotional storm.
But while I was feeling uneasy about the bridge I’d
just crossed, I also began to feel a renewed sense of
hopefulness about the possibilities on the other side.
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I had had a long love affair with the written word that
was separate and apart from any of my roles. What we
shared was personal: It belonged to me and would
always be mine despite anything going on outside of
me. I wasn’t quite sure what my journey would involve,
but I was positive who would be at the other end. I
steeled myself to travel the road that would lead me to
a better understanding of who I was and of what I
wanted out of life. I shared my mixed feelings with my
husband. He was as worried as I was, but he was also
warmly supportive . And so I stepped off the bridge and
onto the path, nervous but determined. I soon
discovered that I loved to learn and that my mind
soaked up knowledge at every opportunity.
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My decision at those times felt right. But sometimes,
after realizing what was expected of me, I would be
weighed down by self-doubt and uncertainty.
I was older than a few of my instructors and nearly
all of my classmates. I felt like an outsider practically
that entire first semester. Finally I met a group of older
female students who were, like me, making a fresh
start. We began to share our experiences of returning
to school, dealing with husbands, lovers, children and
bills that had to be paid. Over time we have become
sisters, supporting ourselves by encouraging and
supporting one another.
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I eventually had to seek employment to help with
expenses. In fact, I’ve had more jobs in the couple
of years than I care to count. Many times I’ve had to stir
a pot with one hand while holding a book with the other.
More than a few times I’ve nearly broken under the
pressure. I’ve shed tears on the bad days, but smiles are
plentiful on the good ones.
However, I would not take back one tear or change
one thing about the last couple of years. It hasn’t been a
snap: From the beginning I knew it would not be.
And
it’s not so much the results of the action that have
reshaped me (although that’s important, too) as it is the
realization that I have within myself what it takes to do
what I set out to do. I feel more in control these days and
less like a flag on a breezy day, blowing this way or that
depending on the wind.
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I no longer dread Sundays, and Wednesdays are just
as pleasant as Fridays. Now I get credit for my ideas,
and my opinions are sought after. I love my new career. I
love my life again. And I can clearly see a new woman
waiting patiently just a little way down the road,
waiting for me to reach her.
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live for: regard as one’s main reason for living
He lived for his art.
她努力的目标就是可以有自己的公寓。
She lives for the day when she can have an
apartment of her own.
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take/get/gain credit (for sth.): get honor, praise or
approval
I don’t think they will try to take the credit for what
you have done. They are decent people.
她并没有真正得到对她成功的赞誉。
She doesn’t really get the credit for her success.
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Unit 66 Women,
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depression: n. being depressed; low spirits
专家说孩子们如果如此感觉将处在失败和沮丧的危险中。
Specialists say children who feel this way are in danger
of failure and depression.
He committed suicide during a fit of depression.
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crisis: n. a point or moment of great danger, difficulty, or
uncertainty
If we’re not at a crisis, we’re coming to a crisis.
2008年的经济危机沉重地打击了冰岛。
Iceland was heavily hit by the economic crisis of 2008.
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Unit 66 Women,
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plead: v. give (sth.) as an excuse for an action; ask in a
begging way
他跪在地上,恳求宽恕。
He was on his knees, pleading for forgiveness.
She appeared on television to plead with the
kidnappers.
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temporary: adj. lasting or meant to last for a limited
time only
我正在申请一个临时签证以便访问加拿大。
I am applying for a temporary visa to visit Canada.
The boss hired some temporary workers.
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renew: vt. start (sth.) again; give new energy to
During the interview, he renewed his criticism of the
party leadership.
她能够以新的活力和热情处理这个任务。
She was able to handle the task with renewed vigor
and enthusiasm.
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personal: adj. not of one’s public or professional life;
private
他的私生活对于他的同事而言是个谜。
His personal life is a mystery to his colleagues.
Men dreamed of going to work in their own personal
helicopters.
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involve: vt. include or affect
许多人参加了罢工。
The strike involved many people.
Great love and great achievements involve great risk.
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positive: adj. completely certain
She is not sure where music will take her, but she is
positive that the piano will be a big part of her future.
你肯定他就是你昨天看到了那个人吗?
Are you positive he’s the man you saw yesterday?
Collocation:
be positive of/about
对…很肯定
positive criticism
建设性的批评
think positive
往积极的方面去想
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steel: vt. make (esp. oneself) hard, unfeeling, or
determined
He takes a deep breath, clenches his jaw, lifts his
head proudly and steels his heart against the biggest
disappointment in his life.
我必须狠下心来逼自己躺进冰冷的床单里。
I had to steel myself to go to bed between icy sheets.
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Unit 66 Women,
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supportive: adj. giving encouragement, help, etc. to
people in difficulty
Happy people tend to be more supportive of other
people in their life.
尼克一贯支持和信任我的工作。
Nick has always been supportive and trusting of my
work.
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Unit 66 Women,
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soak up: learn quickly and easily; absorb
The dry earth soaked up the rain.
青少年更容易吸收新的信息。
It’s easier for young people to soak up new
information.
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at every opportunity: whenever possible
我尝试一有机会就讲法语。
I try to speak French at every available opportunity.
Although he was very busy at work, he tried to do
more housework at home at every opportunity.
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weigh down: make (sb.) worried, etc.
她由于担心和劳累过度而疲于奔命。
She was weighed down by worry and overwork.
The responsibilities of the job are weighing her down.
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practically: adv. almost; nearly
Griffith has practically no money to live on.
事实上现在所有工作对妇女都开放。
Practically all jobs are open to women nowadays.
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expense: n. an amount of money spent
今年我们最大的支出是我们的暑假。
Our biggest expense this year was our summer holiday.
We went on holiday at my father’s expense.
Collocation:
household/medical expenses 家庭/医疗支出
spare no expense
不惜代价
at great/little expense
花大价钱/没花多少代价
at sb’s expense
由某人付费
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
stir: vt. move around and mix
Stir the sauce gently until it begins to boil.
她停下来搅拌着咖啡里的牛奶。
She paused to stir some milk into her coffee.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
plentiful: adj. more than enough
在夏季,草莓很多。
Strawberries are plentiful in the summer.
You can find plentiful supplies of fresh fruit and
vegetables here in winter.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
in control: having the power to command, influence, or
direct
She may be old, but she’s still in control of all that
is happening.
是谁在管理这个项目?
Who’s in control of the project?
Collocation:
out of control
失去控制
under control
在控制中
lose control of
失去(对…的)控制
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
seek after: try to find or get
The local government is seeking after the solutions
to the current problems.
他们是一群寻求成功的年轻毕业生。
They are a group of young graduates seeking after
success in life.
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
How long could I live like this? Certainly not until I retired.
Translate the sentences into Chinese.
这样的生活我能维持多久?肯定不会到我退休之时。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
And it’s not so much the results of the action that have
reshaped me (although that’s important, too) as it is the
realization that I have within myself what it takes to do
what I set out to do.
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
此外,给我带来新的生活的,与其说是自己努力取得的
结果(虽然这也很重要),不如说是由于意识到自己具
有潜在的能力可以做自己想做的事。
Unit
Unit 66 Women,
Women, Half
Half the
the Sky
Sky
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Analyze the sentence pattern.
“it is not so much… as it is…” 这个句型的意思是
“与其说…还不如说…”. 例如:
It is not so much advice as approval that he seeks.
他所寻求的与其说是忠告,不如说是赞扬。
It is not so much the cold as the rain which makes the
climate unpleasant.
与其说是冷,不如说是雨使气候令人不快。
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