China DAISY Workshop 2008
25-26 May 2008, Beijing
Profile of DAISY Users around
the World
Hiroshi kawamura
DAISY Consortium
Mayu Hamada
Assistive Technology Development Organization
DAISY Users are those who are..
Blind or low vision
Deaf or hard of hearing
Difficulty to handle printed books
With cognitive disabilities (include Dyslexia, ADHD, Autism etc)
With intellectual disabilities
with psychiatric disabilities
In temporary situation (include traveler)
With age concerned reading difficulties
Using languages which doesn’t have written scripts (include
indigenous population)
*Please note that use cases depends on each person and
situations. It is really diverse and this presentation is just from
my own experiences. There are more different use cases
around the world.
Blind or low vision
• Easy to navigate by headings, sentences,
pages etc..
• speed up and slow down of audio with no
audio distortion
• stop and start with single button
• bookmarking
• text searching
• optimizing visual presentation including font
size, line height and color contrast
• most books are contained on a single
medium (CD, flash card, etc.)
• last point read is retained for multiple books
• Reading with refreshable braille
Deaf or hard of hearing
• Sentence highlighted as audio goes
• Able to repeat same sentence again and again
• People who has sign language as a first
language may use for easy reading
• Have potential to synchronize sign language
motion picture in future
(deaf and hard of hearing group send requirements for
including motion picture in next spec to DAISY
Consortium’s requirements gathering)
Difficulty to handle printed books
• Play / Pause by single click
• Don’t need to hold a book
• Read book with any assistive technology which
you can use with PC (Joystick, voice recognition
• Scanning (manipulating by single button)
Autism spectrum
• Listening to the same sentence again and again with
exactly the same sound
• Customizing visual presentation to make it fit to the
preferences (color, font size etc..)
• Some people who can’t touch paper because of the
sensory issues
• Can record preferred voices and sounds (e.g. mother's
voice, friend's voice, teacher's voice etc..)
• Can include familiar items, such as photos with familiar
faces and places
• Can customize the existing books
• Some people with autism spectrum are very good at
DAISY book creation especially in the mark-up part
• Change line height, font, font size
• Change color of text, highlight, background
• Can listen to correct pronunciation (e.g. ruby for
Chinese characters in Japan. Foreign languages)
• With highlight, easily see the breaking position of
the word or sentences (especially for the languages
written without spaces between words )
• Can edit layouts (change vertically or horizontally lined
text, margin etc)
• Can concentrate to the information itself rather
than using energy to the phonological processing
• Navigation by sentence (you will often go back and
listen to the same sentence again to make sure)
• With highlighting, avoid skipping words
and lines or missing reading position
• Can correct misreading
• Adjusting audio speed
• Getting attention
Intellectual disability
• Can edit text for easy reading
• Can use preferred input and output such
as touch panel, game controller and more
psychiatric disabilities
some people have following tendencies
• Difficulty to keep concentration
• Feeling isolated and lonely
• Getting addicted easily
• Misunderstanding or being confused easily
Create or modify DAISY books
• Recording familier voices
• Adding pictures with familier faces or places
• Using their own words
• Right to the point
Age concerned reading difficulties
• Aged population may have multiple
disabilities will make use of DAISY in
many ways (including Parkinson's
• Children before learning how to read can
enjoy books
• Can access information
• Can learn how to read and write
who requires structured access to oral legacy in
languages without a written script
Use case
• Ainu tribe in Japan don’t have written script. There are few
people who can use original Ainu language and they are
• Japanese phonetic character set is not enough
• There is a ongoing project on networking of indigenous
knowledge. Ainu tribe in Japan and Morgan tribe in Thailand
is going to start exchange with making use of DAISY
Tsunami preparedness manual of
persons with psycho-social
disabilities in Urakawa
• Bethel’s house In Urakawa town Japan, around
150 persons with psycho-social disabilities are
living in community
• They started to create their own manuals in
DAISY format
– best meet the members needs
– Feel safe and secure after knowing how to evacuate
HIV/AIDS manual in India
• After a research on the awareness level
among persons with disability on
• 1000 copies of the book were
distributed to various organizations for
persons with disability
HIV/AIDS Manual Production Workshop
in south Africa
• “…the myth of “virgin cleansing” includes a
commonly held myth that raping a disabled
woman can cure a man of AIDS. This is most
definitely false. “
“United Against the Stigma of HIV and Disability”, Disabled
People South Africa Resource Manual for Disability and
HIV/AIDS Training, [2006], p
• People with diverse disability groups (Blind, Deaf,
Dyslexia, Mental health, Quadriplegic, Autism,
&c.) attended the DAISY Seminar in

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