Songs of Ancient Heroes:
An Introduction to the Ancient &
Dark Age of Britain
Anglo-Saxons
449-1066 C.E.
The History of England:
A History of Invasions
Prehistoric Britain
Prehistoric Britain
► Late
Neolithic
(2500 C.E.)
settlements
expanded
along the
Thames River
Celtic Invasion (Brythons)
Roman Occupation
Roman Occupation
Hadrian’s Wall
Roman Occupation
Roman Amphitheater
Roman Occupation
Garden at the Palace of Fishbourne
Roman Occupation
Roman Spa at Bath
Roman Occupation
Remains of the Monumental Arch at
Richborough
Roman Occupation
The Cult Room at Lullingstone Roman Villa
Roman Occupation
Roman walls of London outside the Museum of
London
Roman Occupation
Anglo-Saxon Invasion
Many scholars
believe that the
history of Britain
begins with
Anglo-Saxon
Invasion.
Anglo-Saxon Invasion
**Did you know?**
Ambrosius Aurelianus
Anglo-Saxon Britain
Culture: The People
Anglo-Saxon Britain
Culture: Justice
Anglo-Saxon Britain
Culture: Government
Anglo-Saxon Britain
Religion: Paganism
**Did you know?**
Remnants of Paganism in today’s society
► Samhain
(pronounced sow-en)
 Ending of the Celtic year
 Ritual known as Ancestor Night or Feast of the Dead
(“Los Dios de Muertos”)
► Feasts
are made in remembrance of dead ancestors and as an
affirmation of continuing life
 Belief that the “veil” between the worlds is thinnest on
this night – excellent time for divinations
 A time for settling problems, throwing out
old ideas and influences.
 We call it . . . .
**Did you know?**
Remnants of Paganism in today’s society
► What
Christian holiday do the following
facts remind you of?
 The winter holiday became known as
Saturnalia. The festival was characterized by
gift-giving, feasting, singing and downright
debauchery, as the priests of Saturn carried
wreaths of evergreen boughs in procession
throughout the Roman temples.
**Did you know?**
Remnants of Paganism in today’s society
► What
Christian holiday do the following
facts remind you of?
 Eostre was the Anglo-Saxon goddess of dawn
 Rabbits were a symbol of new life
Anglo-Saxon Britain
Religion: The Reintroduction of Christianity
Anglo-Saxon Britain
Religion: The Reintroduction of Christianity
 Boar: sacred to
Ingui/Freyr and
offered protection
during combat
 Cross: symbol of
Christ
Anglo-Saxon Britain
Famous Anglo-Saxons
Venerable Bede
Anglo-Saxon Britain
Famous Anglo-Saxons
King Alfred the Great
Anglo-Saxon Britain
► Anglo-Saxon
England was born
in warfare,
remained a military
society, and came
to an end in 1066
because the
Normans were
militarily superior.
Other Invasions
The Angles are from
Englaland and their language
was called Englisc - from
which the words England
and English are derived.
Old English (450-1100 AD)
► The
invading Germanic tribes spoke similar
languages, which in Britain developed into what
we now call Old English.
► Old English did not sound or look like English
today. Native English speakers now would have
great difficulty understanding Old English.
► Nevertheless, about half of the most commonly
used words in Modern English have Old English
roots. The words be, strong and water, for
example, derive from Old English.
► Old English was spoken until around 1100.
Germanic Family of Languages
History of English
Old English Word of the Day
► http://www.doe.utoronto.ca/wofw/wofw.ht
ml
Another Cool Site
► http://www.ucalgary.ca/UofC/eduweb/engl4
01/index.htm
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Songs of Ancient Heroes