Recording & Learning Vocabulary
Basic questions to ask yourself …..
Do you want …..
to waste your time?
a below-average vocabulary?
to find it difficult to read in comfort?
to forget words you thought you'd learned?
to fail in English exams?
to fail an interview because of poor English?
Chris Snuggs
Thursday, 06 January 2011
Recording & Learning Vocabulary
There's more!!
Do you want …..
to learn efficiently?
an above-average vocabulary?
to stop worrying about exams?
to become a successful international
business negotiator?
If so, here's what you have to do ……….
Chris Snuggs
Thursday, 06 January 2011
Recording & Learning Vocabulary
What you have to do …
STEP ACTION
1
2
COMMENT/DETAILS
hear/read word/phrase
work out what it means
3
query meaning if necessary
4
ensure pronunciation is correct
5
repeat
6
record clearly by hand
7
transfer to computer
use a dictionary if appropriate
asking questions AIDS memorisation
ask teacher to repeat
out loud to oneself (or silently if embarrassed)
keep notes in organised structure
give translation, example, pronunciation
write down with associated words
8 to 12
revise specifically after
1, 2, 4, 8 & 16 days
two-column self-testing
13
devise specific revision techniques
A/B card file
working with a partner
reading books and magazines
14
reinforce generally by
watching TV
listening to radio (LW 198)
Chris Snuggs
Thursday, 06 January 2011
Recording & Learning Vocabulary
PRONUNCIATION
What you have to do ….
 ask teacher to repeat it
 repeat it yourself, loudly or silently
 exaggerate the stress
 use it in a phrase
 write it down with the stress pattern
Recording the stress pattern, e.g; for the word "container":
Container: o O o - conTAIner - container - container - container - con
Or indeed:
TAIner (o O o)
con
Do the same with: "photographer":
Chris Snuggs
tainer
oOoo
Thursday, 06 January 2011
Recording & Learning Vocabulary
COPYING TO COMPUTER
What you have to do ….
 GET A GOOD DICTIONARY!!
 set up an organised system
 use Excel or a database
 don't write just the word itself: add synonyms, words in the same group
 use your system regularly
Chris Snuggs
Thursday, 06 January 2011
Recording & Learning Vocabulary
an example of recording vocabulary
PART OF
SPEECH
DEFINITION
oOo
adjective
first, opening
to write one's initials
drag
-
verb
to pull
with difficulty
Life can be a real drag.
a police dragnet
caterpiller
Oooo
noun
metamorphoses
into butterfly
caterpiller tracks
DATE
WORD
STRESS
03-sept
initial
03-sept
VOWEL
03-sept
03-sept
SYNONYM
ANTONYM
03-sept
03-sept
Plants grow in the garden.
plant
noun
verb
-
industrial
machinery
He accused the police of
planting the evidence.
Where is the
plant manager?
03-sept
03-sept
ASSOCIATED WORDS
& USES
bride
Chris Snuggs
-
"i" as in
"eye"
noun
female
getting married
groom
Thursday, 06 January 2011
Recording & Learning Vocabulary
Understanding the origin of words:
Most words have a history. Knowing a word's history helps make it easier to
remember. Here are some examples:
"deliberate"
- libra in latin = a pair of scales
- this is also familiar from the astrological sign Libra
- something "deliberate" has been weighed and considered before being done
"sincere"
- in latin, "sin" = "without" and "cera" = "wax"
- a statue sold with no breakages or chips, and so no repairs with wax,
was of good value
- the word "sincere" thus came to mean "genuine", "true", "honest"
Chris Snuggs
Thursday, 06 January 2011
Recording & Learning Vocabulary
to deduce
make a deduction
to abduct a child
an abduction
to produce
production
Chris Snuggs
to educate
to deduce
to introduce
to produce
to reduce
to seduce
to educate
education
educative
duct
lat ducere = to lead
an air duct
as in a
ventilation system
an aqueduct (which
leads water somewhere)
to abduct
to conduct
to induct
to seduce
a seduction
seductive
to conduct electricity
an electrical conductor
to conduct onself
good conduct
to induct = teach
(to introduce or
lead someone to)
Graphical aids to learning
to introduce
an introduction
an introductory offer
to reduce
to make a reduction
a viaduct,
e.g. a road
over a valley
now do the
same for the
latin word:
"tractare"
Thursday, 06 January 2011
Recording & Learning Vocabulary
Ordering, Sequencing, Hierarching
Here's another example …..
platinum
emerald
common
aluminium
rare
iron
bronze
silver
metals
sapphire
marble
stones
limestone
masonry
alloys
lead
precious
brass
gold
ruby
diamond
slate
You’re told to learn these words. How do you go about it?
Chris Snuggs
Thursday, 06 January 2011
Recording & Learning Vocabulary
Sort your words first!!!! - Ordering, Sequencing, Hierarching ….
MINERALS
Metals
Rare
Common
Stones
Alloys
Precious
Masonry
gold
aluminium
brass
diamond
granite
platinum
copper
bronze
emerald
limestone
silver
iron
steel
ruby
marble
sapphire
slate
lead
Chris Snuggs
Thursday, 06 January 2011
Recording & Learning Vocabulary
The Origin of words - learn the ROOTS!!
ROOT
MEANING
EXAMPLE
DEFINITION
agri
field
agronomy
field crop rotation and management
anthropo
man
anthropology
the study of humans
astro
star
astronaut
one who travels in interplanetary space
bio
life
biology
the study of life
cardio
heart
cardiologist
doctor specializing in heart conditions
chromo
colour
chromatology
the study of colours
demos
people
democracy
government by the people
derma
skin
epidermis
outer layer of skin
dyna
power
dynamic
characterized by power and energy
geo
earth
geology
study of the earth
etc
Copy and enhance this table ……… then make a table of SUFFIXES.
Chris Snuggs
Thursday, 06 January 2011
Recording & Learning Vocabulary
Practising and Learning your words ….
Make up some practice cards to test yourself or to work with a partner,
for example:
Chris Snuggs
Side A
Side B
symbiosis
ooOo
the intimate living together
of two
species for
mutual benefit
Thursday, 06 January 2011
Recording & Learning Vocabulary
Practising and Learning your words ….
Use the two column method, for example to practise words in the "tractare" family:
to take back or withdraw a
statement
to retract a statement
to grow smaller
to contract
a person critical of
someone else
a detractor
to remove or take out something
to extract
to take one number away from
another
to subtract
person or company engaged to
do a job
Chris Snuggs
contractor
Thursday, 06 January 2011
Recording & Learning Vocabulary
General practice reinforces vocabulary learning!
 You MUST read English regularly:
 magazines: "Time", "Business Week",
"The Economist", "Asia Review" etc
 biographies
 novels, including crime stories
 You MUST check news websites
every day:
 BBC
 International Herald Tribune
 CNN
 SKY NEWS
 TIME Magazine
 You MUST try to listen to BBC Radio 4 regularly on LW 198.
 You MUST watch TV regularly: news and other programmes, but also
videos that can be borrowed ……
Chris Snuggs
Thursday, 06 January 2011
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Diapositive 1