Job Interview
“耐寒”人才挤爆招聘会 应聘者达万人
Pre-reading task
How should you get prepared for a job interview?
How should you behave yourself in a job interview?
Answer ?
Preparations for an interview
1. Know
 the exact time and place of the interview,
 the interviewer’s full name,
 the correct pronunciation and
 his or her title.
Preparations for an interview
2. Learn
 proper facts about the company such as:
 production, sales ,
 principal lines of business
 location
Preparations for an interview
3. Find out
 why the hiring manager and/or client
representative is interested in your
(strong points)
Preparations for an interview
4. Determine
whether and how the opportunity will impact your
 immediate
 and long-term career development
Preparations for an interview
5. Ask
 the right questions during the interview,
because your questions allow the hiring
manager to evaluate your professional and
personal needs.
Preparations for an interview
6. Put
 wear proper clothes
 greet your interviewer with a firm handshake
 an enthusiastic smile
Some “DOs” and “DON’Ts” – 1
 Arrive on time or a few minutes earlier.
 Fill out the application form, if presented, neatly and
Greet the interviewer by his/her last name with a title if
you are sure of the pronunciation. If not, ask the
employer to repeat it.
Give the appearance of energy as you walk.
 Be genuinely glad to meet the interviewer
Some “DOs” and “DON’Ts” – 2
 Make objective remarks about your present or former
 Be a good listener and a good communicator.
And if the interviewer steers the conversation into politics
or controversial issues, try to do more listening than
speaking since this could be a sensitive situation.
 Always conduct yourself as if you are determined to get
the job you are discussing.
Show enthusiasm. If you are not interested, your
responsiveness will still demonstrate your professionalism
Some “DOs” and “DON’Ts” – 3
1. Don’t over-answer questions.
2. Don’t inquire about salary, vacations, bonuses, retirement,
etc, in the interview, unless you are sure the employer is
interested in hiring you.
3. Don’t sit unless you are offered a chair. Sit upright, look
alert and interested at all times.
4. Don’t lie. Answer questions truthfully and frankly.
5. Don’t forget to bring a copy of your resume
Some “DOs” and “DON’Ts” – 4
6. Don’t answer questions with a simple “yes” or “ no”.
7. Don’t smoke, even if the interviewer does and offers you a
cigarette. Don’t chew gum.
You are now in a job interview for a position of sales. The
interview is taking place in a manager’s office. One plays a
role of an interviewee and the other an interviewer.
Different Perspectives
What you just talked about is the preparation from the
interviewee’s perspective.
Now let’s study the text to get the author’s view, which is
from the interviewer’s perspective, and see what qualities
an employer is looking for.
Now, let’s first work out the text structure.
How many parts can the text be divided into?
Where is the first part?
Harvey B. Marckay
• Harvey Marckay is chairman and chief executive
office (CEO) of Marvey Envelope Corporation, a
business he founded in Minneapolis in 1954.
Marvey Envelope employs 500 people and
manufactures 13 million envelopes per day.
Harvey is the author of Swim With The Sharks
Without Being Eaten Alive, which was on the
New York Times best seller list fro 54 weeks and
rated the No. 1 business book in the US for 1988.
Harvey B. Mackay
Sharks has been translated into 35 languages
and distributed in 80 countries around the
world. Fortune magazine refers to him as
“Mr. Make Things Happen”.
Chandler Bing in a job interview (Friends-821)
But how come you're not going?
Chandler: I can't. I've got job interview I got to get ready for.
I thought you already have a job.
Chandler: And people say you don't pay attention. No, no, this is a
much better job. It's vice-president the company that does data
reconfiguration and statistical factoring for other companies.
Wow. How do you know how to do that?
Chandler: That's what I do now.
Chandler Bing in a job interview (Friends-821)
Chandler: Hey, Phoebe. Fatty.
Hey, Chandler, why so fancy?
Chandler: Well, I got a job interview. It's kind of a big deal, too. It's
a lot more money, and I'd be doing data reconfiguration and
statistical factoring.
Phoebe: Wait, I think I know someone who does that.
Chandler: Me. I do that. So, seriously, do I, do I look okay? I'm a
little nervous.
Chandler Bing in a job interview (Friends-821)
Rachel: Oh, yeah, you really, you look great.
Phoebe: Just don't get your hopes up.
Chandler: Why not?
Phoebe: Well, the interview.
Chandler: What about it?
Phoebe: You know. You don't make a very good first impression.
Chandler: What?
Phoebe: Oh, you don't know.
Chandler: Are you serious?
Chandler Bing in a job interview (Friends-821)
Phoebe: Yes. When I first met you, you were, like... It was, like...
Chandler: What is it that I do?
Phoebe: Well, it's just like you're trying too hard – always making
jokes, you know? You come off a little needy.
Chandler: Did you like me when we first met?
Rachel: Chandler, I'm not going to lie you.But I am going to run
away from you.
Chandler Bing in a job interview (Friends-821)
Chandler: I can't even believe this. I really come off that badly?
Phoebe: Oh, it's okay. You calm down after a while and then people
can see how really sweet and wonderful you really are.
Chandler: Oh, good, good. Because I'm sure this interview is going
to last a couple of weeks.
Phoebe: All right, don't freak out, okay? I, I will help you. How
long before you have to leave?
Chandler: An hour.
Chandler Bing in a job interview (Friends-821)
Phoebe: I can't help you.
Chandler: Phoebe...
Phoebe: All right, all right we'll just do our best, okay? So let's say
that I'm the interviewer and I'm meeting you for the first time.
Okay-- hi, come on in. I'm Regina Fellangi.
Chandler: Chandler Bing.
Phoebe: Oh, Bing. What an unusual name.
Chandler: Well, you should meet my uncle, Bada. I'll let myself out.
Chandler Bing in a job interview (Friends-823)
Chandler: I think you'll find if I come to work here that I don't
micromanage. I don't shy away from delegating.
Phoebe: Mm-hmm, that's good to know. But let's stop focusing on
what you don't do and focus on what you do do.
Chandler: What I do do... is manage to create an atmosphere of
support for the people working with me.
Phoebe: I see. Nice sidestep on the do do thing, by the way.
Chandler: Hardest thing I've ever done in my life.
Chandler Bing in a job interview (Friends-821)
Phoebe:You got to go! Okay, don't worry. You're ready.
Chandler: Really?
Phoebe: Absolutely. Just fight all your natural instincts and you'll be
Chandler Bing in a job interview (Friends-824)
Chandler: Also, I was the point person on my company's transition
from the KL-5 to GR-6 systems.
Interviewer: You must have had your hands full.
Chandler: That I did. That I did.
Interviewer: So, let's talk a little bit about your duties.
Chandler: My doodies? All right.
Interviewer: You'll be heading a whole division so you'll have a lot
of duties.
Chandler: I see.
Chandler Bing in a job interview (Friends-821)
Interviewer: But there'll be perhaps 30 people under you, so you can
dump a certain amount on them.
Chandler: Good to know.
Interviewer: We could go into detail....
Chandler: No, don't, I beg of you.
Interviewer: All right, then. We'll have a definite answer for you on
Monday but I think I can say with some confidence you'll fit in
well here.
Chandler: Really?
Chandler Bing in a job interview (Friends-821)
Interviewer: Absolutely. You can relax. You did great.
Chandler: I got to say thank you. I was really nervous. I've been told
I come on too strong make too many jokes and then it was really
hard to sidestep that doody thing. Doodies?.
Interviewer: Duties.
Chandler: Poo.
Interviewer: Poo?
Chandler Bing in a job interview (Friends-821)
Chandler: Oh, my God, this doesn't count, okay? The interview was
over. That was the real Chandler Bing in there. This is just some
crazy guy out in the hall. Call security! There's a crazy guy out
in the hall!
Interviewer: Poo?
Chandler: I'll look forward to your call.
Word Study
Let v. ( in the introduction part)
Let sb. into ( a secret of/that)
1. tell sb. a secret of/that
2. let sb. come into
1. I’ll let you into a secret that I’m being
sent abroad to stduy.
2. He let himself into the study with a spare
Text Analysis
 Part One
1. Did the job applicant answer all the questions at the interview?
2. What answer did the interviewer get from the job applicant?
3. What conclusion can you draw from his failure to answer all the
4. What can be the main idea for the first part?
A recent college graduate failed to answer the questions at an
interview because of a lack of preparation.
Text Analysis
• Part Two
What does the author mainly talk about in this part?
What are they?
Four pieces of advice on being a successful interviewee
Part 2 Question for Prepare to Win
• What conclusion can you draw from the 1st
• ---Success goes to those who are well
Part 2 Question for Never Stop Learning
• What conclusion can you draw from the 2nd
• ---One can never be too old to learn?
Part 2 Question for Believe in Yourself--• What conclusion can you make from the 3rd
• ---People should get confidence and set a
goal in life.
Part 2
Question for Find a Way to Make a
• What conclusion can you draw from the 4th
• ---One should try to do something different
in his favour.
Michael Jordan (1963---)
• The American professional basketball
player was born on Feb. 17, 1963, in
Brooklyn, New York. Many people
regarded him as the greatest player in
Basketball history. Jordan led the Chicago
Bulls to six NBA championships (19911993, 1996-1998). His widespread appeal to
fans helped make basketball one of the
world’s most popular spectator sports.
Michael Jordan (1963---)
• Jordan’s popularity
has spread well
beyond scoring titles,
championships, and
other aspects of the
NBA. He has become
one of the most
recognized individuals
in the world.
Michael Jordan
Roger Bannister (1929---)
He was a British physician and the first
athlete in history to run a mile in less than 4
minutes. Bannister was born in Harrow,
England. In 1946 He went to Oxford
University to study medicine, developed all
his spare time to the track and
Roger Bannister (1929---)
Basically, it was widely assumed that to run
the distance of a mile in under 4 minutes
was impossible for a human being.
Bannister believed it was possible, and used
his knowledge as a physician to give him as
much as possible. At a meeting in 1954, he
set a world record finishing the race in a
time of 3 minutes 59 point four seconds.
Roger Bannister (1929---)
~ Record was broken within 2 months by
Australian athlete John Landy, who set a
record of 3 minutes 58 seconds. Bannister
went on to race Landy to decide who the
world best miler was----Bannister won. He
will always be remembered as the man who
ran the miracle mile.
Text Analysis
 Part Three Paras. 28-31
Everyone should make his or her own tracks in whatever he or
she does.
Language Study
1. applicant: n. ~ (for sth.)
a person who applies for sth., esp. a post
One vacant position availabe may draw dozens of applicants.
- applicable (to sb/sth)
- application
- applied
Language Study
• Check with (L.9)
1. consult 咨询,联系
• I want to check with my lawyer before I
sign the paper.
2. Agree with 符合, 核对无误
The figures check with the bank statement.
Language Study
2. Grill (L.11):
1) vt. (infml) question intensely;
When the policeman grilled the two drivers involved in a car
accident, a large crowd of passers-by clustered.
vt./vi. cook under or over direct heat
They grilled lamb, beef and fish at the barbecue party.
bake: usu. bread or cake, not meat or poultry
barbecue: usu. Outdoors
roast: usu. in an oven
Language Study
3. Mock (L.11):
1) adj (attrib) not real; substitute
a mock exam ,
a mock interview
2)vt. vi.~(at sb /sth) make fun of(sb/sth)
It’s wrong to mock (at) the disadvantaged.
Language Study
4.follow up (L.15):
1) take further action on sth;
Please follow up your visit to him with frequent calls.
2) investigate sth closely
The local government was commanded to follow up
the gas explosion.
Language Study
5.prospective (L.20): adj. (esp. attrib) likely to become or be
The chief function of direct-mail advertising is to familiarize
prospective buyers with goods.
College students are prospective buyers of this line of products.
- perspective
Language Study
6. as I see it (L.21): in my opinion
As I see it, a wider gap between the poor and the rich is sort of
attributed to corruption.
7.(as) the saying goes (L.23): as the proverb runs
As the saying goes, “Once bitten, twice shy.”
Language Study
8. Endeavor (L.30):
1).vi. try ( to do sth. )
Our central government has endeavored to increase farmers’
income by exempting tax.
2). n. an effort or attempt to do sth.
Schools should make every endeavor to relieve students of
their burden and pressure.
-attempt (more fml than try)
Language Study
Odd (L.31)
n. probability that sth will (not) happen
可能性, 机会
1. If you drive a car carelessly, the odds are that
you’ll have an accident.
2. The odds (that he will win the race) are against
/on him (10 to 1).
3. The odds against/ on his winning the race are 10
to 1.
Language Study
• Lengthen/ Shorten the odds
=Increase/Decrease the odds (US)
--- More physical exercises lengthen the odds
that you can have a better sleep.
Language Study
• Make no odds--- make no difference
---I don’t mind whether he comes or not, it
makes no odds to me.
At odds --- in disagreement
--- He’s been at odds with his brother since I
got to know him.
---Her story of the accident was quite at odds
with his.
Language Study
• Odds and ends 零星东西
---He took away something good, but left
odds and ends on the table.
Expressions for Unemployment
1. I got fired. 我被炒鱿鱼了。
2. I got the boot. 我被开除了。
3. I got the ax. 我被开除了。
4. I got sacked./ I got the sack.我被开除了。
5. They kicked me out. 他们把我踢出来了/把我开除了。
6. My boss showed me the door yesterday.
7. I was canceled. 我被开除了。
8. I was laid off. 我被解雇了。
9. The boss told me that I don‘t have to come in tomorrow, or any
other day. 老板告诉我说,我明天或以后都不必来公司了。
10. My boss told me to find a "better" job.老板叫我“另谋高就”
Language Study
9. do one’s homework (L.37): make preparations beforehand
Do your homework before you go for a job interview.
Language Study
10. Incidentally (L.49): adv.
1) by the way
2) in an incidental way
Some people, and incidentally that includes you and me, dream
about a villa.
Some inventions are said to have been made incidentally.
Language Study
11. Bracket (L.52): n.
a group or a category that has a particular range
The occupation requires pretty girls in the 18-25 age bracket.
They are in the average income bracket.
( ) round brackets = parenthesis
[ ] square brackets = brackets
{ } brace brackets
< > angle brackets
The bookshelf is supported by brackets.
Language Study
12. Chuckle (L.55):
vi. 1) laugh quietly or to oneself
n. 2) quiet or partly suppressed laugh
Do you chuckle to yourself when reading something amusing?
a dry chuckle
give a chuckle to oneself
The baby chuckled at/over the sight of sweets.
utter a
giggle: (at sb or sth) laugh
lightly in a nervous or silly way
grin: draw back the lips and
bare the teeth 露齿而笑
beam: smile
snigger: a
snicker 暗
Language Study
13. make a/no/some/a great/ difference (to sb or sth)
(L.76): have an effect; change the situation or outlook 对
1. Cultural backgrounds make a difference to the way of
2. It makes no difference to us which side may win or loss.
-make a /no/some difference between
---Few factories make no difference between local
workers and migrant ones.
Language Study
14. Courteous (L.83):
adj. polite and respectful, well-mannered
The guides’ being courteous, sincere and helpful has earned
their travel agency a good name.
-courtesy (by courtesy of the author…)
- discourteously
Language Study
15. blurt (L.89) vt.
To utter suddenly and impulsively:
She blurted out the news before she considered the effect.
He blurted out the bad news before I could stop him.
- blur: make indistinct and hazy in outline or appearance;
- blunt: having a dull edge or end; not sharp.
Language Study
16. Pry (L.91): ~( into sth)
try to look into private facts about a person
It’s rude to pry into one’s privacy.
I know this is prying, but how much do you spend traveling?
pry into other people’s affairs/another’s secrets
Language Study
17. in the neighborhood of (L.97): about
The young couple anticipate buying a house in the neighborhood
of 600,000 yuan,.
Some people choose to live in the neighborhood of Shanghai.
Language Study
18. beyond anyone’s/one’s wildest dreams (L.105):
more than anyone/one can ever imagine
It’s beyond anyone’s wildest dream that her marriage has
ended up in divorce.
Language Study
19. Sparkle (L.106): vi.
~( with sth): shine brightly with flashes of light
Her eyes ~d with excitement in our exclusive interview.
Her diamond necklace ~d in the candle-light, which made her
even more attractive.
-glitter All that glitters is not gold.
-glimmer a glimmer of light
-twinkle the twinkling stars in the night sky
-flash a flash of lightening
-glow the glow from the stove
-flicker the flicker of a candle
Language Study
20. From one’s/the standpoint (of) (L.107): from one’s/the
viewpoint (of)
From the standpoint of customers, the cheaper a product is, the
From a historical standpoint, that might be the only solution.
1. In groups of four or five or three or …
2. Find an interesting recruitment advertisement in
English in a newspaper or online (position, job
responsibilities description)
3. Make a ppt. presentation about your preparations as
an applicant for the position
-- make a professional resume (Unit 2) ;
-- write an application letter (Unit 3);
– collect necessary info. about the organization,
and, etc.
<-- prepare for the possible questions and how
to answer them, etc. >
4. Pretend as interviewers and ask three classmates
from any other groups to compete for the post you
have presented on:
1. Ask all the relevant questions to the applicants
2. Comment on their performance
3. Choose the best one for the post
5. Prizes for the best presentation on interview
preparation and the most successful interviewee!!!
 Come on! Just practise!
Exercise for Unit 3
1. The _____ expressed his great disappointment with all the
A. interview
B. interviewer
C. interviewee
D. applicant
2. The company is_____to sharpen its competitive edges for a larger
share of the market.Which of the following is not acceptable?
A. endeavoring B. straining
C. striving
D. exerting
3. I don’t wish to ______in any way, but may I ask if it is true that you
have sold your old house?
A. pry
B. survey
C. impose
4.Before I could stop her, she____her secrets out.
D. violate
Exercise for Unit 3
5. It’s such a fine day and the lake____in the sunshine.
A. squeezes
B. sprinkles
C. sprays
D. sparkles
6. Salespersons often try to learn about the needs of the_____buyers
to make themselves more persuasive.
A. perspective
B. prospective
C. preventive
D. restrictive
7. They exerted themselves day and night to meet the ____.
A. deadline
B. deadlock
C. death-blow
D. decade
8. British gentlemen rank as the most ____men in the world.
A. compassionate B. intimate
C. courteous
D. sympathetic
Exercise for Unit 3
9. The responsible entrance guard____anyone who acts suspiciously.
A. inquires
B. grills
C. explores
D. probes
10. I must go now. ____, if you want that book, I’ll bring it next
A. Accidentally B. Similarly C. Accordingly
D. Incidentally
11. The businessman lives a simple life, but he makes
_____donations to the people in need.
A. generous
B. genuine
C. lucrative
D. beneficial
12. Some young people want to_____everything new, but just can’t
afford the time and energy.
Exercise for Unit 3
13. An individual bird can____the call of its own species.
A. acknowledge
B. check
C. identify
D. curb
14. Up to now, they have only discussed the issue from a western
____.Which of the following is not suitable?
A. perspective
B. standpoint C. opinion
D. viewpoint
15. The journalist____her interview with the victim with a donation.
A. brought up
B. picked up
C. followed up
D. held up
16. “ Hello,” he extended his greeting with a broad____
A. laugh
B. smile
C. giggle
D. chuckle
Exercise for Unit 3
17. The ancient village, picturesque beyond anyone’s____dreams,
has drawn millions of visitors from both at home and abroad
A. greatest
B. wildest
C. boldest
D. biggest
18. When the old man____his last will,his strong accent made it
really hard for his lawyer to take down every word.
A. dictated
B. devastated C. despised
D. detected
19. You must________before you deliver a speech.
A. put in a word
B. make plans
C. cheer up
D. do your homework
Exercise for Unit 3
20. ____,“Once bitten, twice shy.”
A. As I see it
B. In my opinion
C. From my standpoint
D. As the saying goes
21. Once you decide to ____what you believe is right, never give up
A. pay off
B. retreat from C. go after D. press for
22. The privately-run factory endeavored to repay society by ____
laid-off workers.
A. dragging on B. pressing on
C. drawing on D. taking on
Exercise for Unit 3
23. This new house is too expensive, quite out of my price_____.
A. list
B. offer
C. bracket
D. brand
24. He is hunting for a job with a monthly salary in the
neighborhood of 5000 yuan.
A. nearby
B. below
C. above
D. approximately
25. We’ve seen a short excerpt from the film”Central Station”.
A. plot
B. outline
C. abstract
D. clip
26. You may make embarrassing mistakes during your contact with
your foreign business associates.
A. workmates B. colleagues
C. partners
D. companions
Exercise for Unit 3
27. Hundreds of students are fascinated by her elaborate patterns
and color schemes.
A. superficial
B. obscure
C. intricate D. transparent
28. Edward’s wife has found him her most benign, her best
company all these years.
A. considerate B. kindly
C. optimistic D. caring
29. The management of the enterprise failed to communicate with
the workforce, causing a decline in the productivity.
A. government B. executive C. manager
D. administration
Exercise for Unit 3
30. The invention of the computer has made a difference to the way
0 entertainment.
of life, work and
A. obstructed
B. changed
Answer: 1-5 BDADD
16-20 BBADD
C. hampered D. hindered
11-15 ABCCC
21-25 CDCDD
26-30 CCBDB

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