The 17th Torah Portion Reading
5th reading in the Book of Exodus
Exodus 18:1 – 20:23
Isaiah 6:1 – 7:6; 9:5-6
Matthew 6:1 – 8:1
The Shadows of the Messiah
Titles of Messiah
The Faithful Witness - Revelation 1:5; 3:14
The Bridegroom - John 3:29
The Mediator - 1 Timothy 2:5
Mediator of the New Covenant - Hebrews 9:15
The Giving of the Torah
“Mattan Torah”
Exodus 19:1 In the third month after the sons of
Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that
very day they came Into the wilderness of Sinai.
The Giving of the Torah
Just as Passover memorializes the exodus from
Egypt, Pentecost memorializes the giving of the
Torah at Mount Sinai.
To commemorate the day that He gave His Torah
to Israel, the LORD commanded the children of
Israel to observe the day of Shavuot as an
appointed time
The Giving of the Torah
Pentecost means "fifty." The festival is called
Pentecost because it comes fifty days after the
first day of Passover.
The Torah refers to it as the Festival of
Weeks (Shavu'ot) because it occur. Seven weeks
after the first day of Passover. Henceforth we will
use the Hebrew name of the festival: Shavuot.
One Accord
Exodus 19:2 When they
set out from Rephidim,
they came to the
wilderness of Sinai and
camped in the
wilderness; and there
Israel camped in front
of the mountain.
Purpose of Redemption
Exodus 19:3 Moses went up to God. The LORD
called to him out of the mountain, saying, "Thus
you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the
people of Israel."
Redemption Not Ultimate Objective
The redemption of Israel was merely a step on the way to
the ultimate objective of:
• A relationship with God (covenant)
• A divine revelation (Torah)
The same concept applies to the spiritual redemption we
receive through faith in Yeshua. The objective is not
merely our own personal salvation from condemnation.
God sent His Son to
• reconcile sinners to Him in relationship (new covenant)
• and to reveal Himself to them (Torah).
Final Redemption
The objective is not merely the ingathering of the
exiles of Israel and the defeat of Israel's enemies. The
final redemption looks towards:
• The initiation of a new covenant
• A new revelation of Torah.
Exodus = Final Redemption
Covenant at Sinai = New Covenant Messianic Era
Moses = Yeshua
Mount Sinai = Mount Zion
Giving of Torah = Going Out of the Torah
Gog and Magog and The Ingathering
Exodus 19:4 You yourselves have seen
what I did to the Egyptians, and how I
bore you on eagles' wings, and brought
you to Myself.
The New Covenant
Exodus 19:5 Now then, if you will indeed obey
My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall
be My own possession among all the peoples, for
all the earth is Mine.
Kingdom of Priests
Exodus 19:6 "And you shall be to Me a kingdom
of priests and a holy nation." These are the
words that you shall speak to the sons of Israel.
Believe in Moses
Exodus 19:9 The LORD
said to Moses, "Behold, I
will come to you in a thick
cloud, so that the people
may hear when I speak
with you and may also
believe in you forever.“
Then Moses told the words
of the people to the LORD.
The Third Day
Exodus 19:16 So it
came about on the third
day, when it was
morning, that there were
thunder and lightning
flashes and a thick cloud
upon the mountain and a
very loud trumpet
sound, so that all the
people who were in the
camp trembled.
The Torah of Messiah
The Messiah will teach a "New Torah," the
Torah of Messiah. The Messiah's "New Torah
will go forth" to all nations, as it says, ''A Torah
will go forth from Me, and I will set My justice
for a light of the peoples" (Isaiah 51:4).
Beneath the Torah’s Veil
Exodus 19:9-11 9 And the LORD said unto
Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that
the people may hear when I speak with thee, and
believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of
the people unto the LORD. 10 And the LORD said
unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify
them to day and to morrow, and let them wash
their clothes, 11 And be ready against the third
day: for the third day the LORD will come down
in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.
Friend of the Bridegroom
Exodus 19:17 And Moses brought the people out
of the camp to meet God.
John 3:28-29 28 Ye yourselves bear me witness,
that I said, I am not the Christ, but that I am
sent before him. 29 He that hath the bride is the
bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom,
which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth
greatly because of the bridegroom's voice: this
my joy therefore is fulfilled.
The Wedding at Mount Sinai
Exodus 19:17 And Moses brought the people out
of the camp to meet God, and they stood at the
foot of the mountain.
Healings at Sinai
Exodus 19:17 And Moses brought forth the
people out of the camp to meet with God; and
they stood at the nether part of the mount.
Resurrections at Mount Sinai
The voice of God stripped
the souls out of the people
who heard it, as it says,
"Let not God speak to us,
or we will die" (Exodus
20:19). After hearing the
first commandment, the
people all fell to the ground
The First Trumpet
Exodus 19:19 And
when the voice of the
trumpet sounded long,
and waxed louder and
louder, Moses spake,
and God answered him
by a voice.
The Last Trumpet
Isaiah 27: 13 It will come about also in that day
that a great trumpet will be blown, and those
who were perishing in the land of Assyria and
who were scattered in the land of Egypt will
come and worship the LORD in the holy
mountain at Jerusalem.
Sinai and the Second Coming
Exodus 19:20
came down on
Mount Sinai, to
the top of the
The Ten Commandments
Exodus 20: 1 Then God spoke all these words.
One Accord
I am the Lord Your God
You shall have no other gods
Do not take the name in vain
The Sabbath
Honor your father and mother
You shall not murder
You shall not commit adultery
You shall not steal
You shall not bear false witness
You shall not covet
Exodus 20:2
Exodus 20:3-6
Exodus 20:7
Exodus 20:8-11
Exodus 20:12
Exodus 20:13
Exodus 20:14
Exodus 20:15
Exodus 20:16
Exodus 20:17
I am the LORD
Exodus 20:2 I am the
LORD your God, who
brought you out of the
land of Egypt, out of
the house of slavery.
No Other Gods
Exodus 20:3 You shall
have no other gods
before Me.
The LORD’s Name
Exodus 20:7 You shall
not take the name of the
LORD your God in vain,
for the LORD will not
leave him unpunished
who takes His name in
The Sabbath
Exodus 20: 10 The
seventh day is a
Sabbath of the LORD
your God.
Father and Mother
Exodus 20: 12 Honor
your father and your
mother, that your days
may be prolonged in the
land which the LORD
your God gives you.
Exodus 20:13 You shall
not murder.
Exodus 20: 14 You
shall not commit
Exodus 20: 15 You
shall not steal.
False Witness
Exodus 20:16 You
shall not bear false
witness against your
Exodus 20:17 You
shall not covet.
From Shavuot to Pentecost
Exodus 20: 18 All the people perceived the
thunder and the lightning flashes and the sound
of the trumpet and the mountain smoking; and
when the people saw it, they trembled and stood
at a distance.
Acts 2:2-6 2 And suddenly there came a sound from
heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all
the house where they were sitting. 3 And there
appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and
it sat upon each of them. 4 And they were all filled
with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other
tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. 5 And
there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men,
out of every nation under heaven. 6 Now when this
was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and
were confounded, because that every man heard them
speak in his own language.
The Mediator
Exodus 20:19
Then they said to
Moses, "Speak to
us yourself and we
will listen; but let
not God speak to
us, or we will die."
From Sinai to Zion
Exodus 20:21-22 So the people stood at a
distance, while Moses approached the thick cloud
where God was. Then the LORD said to Moses,
"Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, 'You
yourselves have seen that I have spoken to you
from heaven.'"
The Messianic revelation will be more perfect
than the revelation at Sinai. Then it was but
momentary, a glimpse; in the new age it will be
permanent and continuous. All we see now is the
mirrored reflection; then it will be the reality we
see. The least in those days shall be greater than
the greatest of these.
(Levertoff, Love and the Messianic Age)
Hebrews 12:26 And His voice shook the earth
then [at Mount Sinai, but now He has
promised [in Haggai 2:6], saying, "Yet once
more I will shake not only the earth, but also
the heaven."
The Signature

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