ICAO
Language Proficiency Requirements Implementation
- The Italian situation -
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
Professions
% of total candidates
Student pilot
4%
Controller
0%
Private pilot
12%
Military
1%
Helicopter pilot
8%
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
Commercial pilot
(aeroplane)
75%
Professions
Based on the risk analysis ENAC decided to postpone the
time limit for private pilots (with or without IR).
No significant event caused by italian private pilots and
involving their language proficiency is known so far.
Full compliance will be assured by Dec. 31/2011 also for
pilots holding private IR license involved in
international operations
(12% of population)
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
Italian candidates for Language Proficiency Test
(professional licenses)
ICAO 2 ICAO 3 ICAO 4 ICAO 5 ICAO 6 total
number of
candidates
% of total
candidates (Italy)
% of total
candidates
(globally)
36
0,52%
570
3420
2350
556
6932
8,22% 49,34% 33,90% 8,02% 100,00%
1,86% 15,00% 43,90% 29,28% 9,96% 100,00%
TEA failure rate worldwide: 17%
TEA failure rate in Italy: 9%
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
The younger you are, the higher your English level is–
but …
this is not true in Italy!
age
17-29
years
30-39
years
40-49
years
50-59
years
>59
years
number of candidates
910
1823
2572
1159
403
26,55%
37,45%
% of candidates (Italy) 13,25%
% of candidates
18,05%
(globally)
average score (Italy)
average score
(globally)
29,79% 31,78%
6867
100,00
16,88% 5,87%
%
16,73% 3,66%
4,23
4,42
4,48
4,36
4,13
4,39
4,38
4,32
4,04
4,07
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
total
TEA results by age
4,6
4,5
4,4
4,3
4,2
4,1
4
3,9
3,8
17-29 years
30-39 years
40-49 years
average score (Italy)
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
50-59 years
average score (globally)
>59 years
57 APPROVED TESTING CENTERS
Quality system
Security procedures
Administrators briefed on standardized testing procedures
89 CERTIFIED EXAMINERS
 curricula evaluation
 certification sitting
 2 simulated test under supervision
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
CHALLENGES - DIFFICULTIES
APPEALS TO CIVIL COURTS
ATTEMPTS OF CHEATING
COMPLAINTS TO TOP MANAGEMENT, POLITICS LEVEL, ..
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
200 helicopter pilots
applied to the Tribunal in order to
receive the exemption from the Language Proficiency Test,
assuming that their licenses already included the English
Aeronautical Radiotelephony Exam.
They thought they were not going to pass the Test and they were
afraid to loose their job.
The Tribunal rejected their appeal.
Only three of them haven’t gained level 4 so far.
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
The cheating issue
We should expect some people to try and cheat:
 Many resent the new ICAO English standards (“I’ve been
flying for twenty years and never had a problem”)
 The consequences of failure are high: pilots/controllers loose
their licenses if they are not ICAO level 4
 Pilots/controllers are educated, have status, money and
contacts (all the tools necessary to cheat)
 In some cultures there is a thin line between “cheating” and
“being resourceful”.
Stopping cheating completely is impossible.
All we can hope to do is to minimize cheating.
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
THE CHEATING ISSUE
Someone exhibited a false 6 level
Two helicopter pilots submitted a FAA false certificate, but it
was easy to discover the cheating. Their licenses were
suspended for infringement of Italian Law no. 566’88
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
THE CHEATING ISSUE
Someone corrupted the
examiner
The second rater realized that the answers given by some
pilots were absolutely the same, even in the words used.
Measures:
-Examiner certification voided
- tests delivered by the examiner invalidated
- test material withdrawn
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
THE CHEATING ISSUE
Someone applied for a level 6
given during a TRPC
Some italian pilots submitted a proficiency check
(incomplete) for revalidation of type rating with the box
LEVEL 6
YES
form
NO
The information sheet stated that was an “informal evaluation”
conducted by a TRE, not an assessment.
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
Good practices employed by TEA
People - Administrators/examiners are chosen carefully and
appropriately trained - circa 56 TEA test centers
Test Materials - stored in lockable cupboard within a
lockable room
Database – Unique login (only the administrator has access
Double-marking – it helps to control quality, but it has also
uncovered security breaches in Italy
Impersonation – the photograph of the candidate is taken
immediately before the test begins, in order to avoid that a
friend takes the test for you.
Certificates – the TEA certificates contain certain antifraud
measures
Certificate Validator – online verification site
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
MILITARY PILOTS
A special agreement was signed between ENAC and the
Italian Air Force, in order to give credits to military
pilots in obtaining a civil professional flight licence.
Now, a specific test of aviation english has been
developed by the “School of foreign languages” of the
Air Force (Loreto) and approved by ENAC.
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
MUTUAL RECOGNITION
Pilots holding an italian JAR FCL licence and
1. Undertaking a test approved by an EASA
member State
Accepted for andorsement in
the italian licence
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
MUTUAL RECOGNITION
Pilots holding an italian JAR FCL licence and
2. Undertaking a test approved by an non EASA
member State
Only for pilots employed by operators of that
country
2.a Such State is fully compliant and posted
enough information about it to ICAO web site
Accepted for andorsement in
the italian licence
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
MUTUAL RECOGNITION
Pilots holding an italian JAR FCL licence and
2. Undertaking a test approved by a non EASA
member State
2.b Such State is not fully compliant and/or
didn’t post the implementation plan updated to
ICAO
NOT Accepted for andorsement
in the italian licence
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
WHAT’S NEXT??
CHALLENGES
Only one language – expecially in IFR
communications. (lost of situational awareness)
To improve not only maintain the level of
proficiency gained – use of english language as
much as possible during duty hours
To audit all the testing centres every year
ICAO Regional Workshop on Language Proficiency
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 24 – 26 May 2011
Descargar

www.icao.int