Reading Pyramid Handbook Table of Contents
Reading Goal Record Sheet
Reading (Pyramid) Recording Sheet
Reading Pyramid Scoring Guide
Dewey Decimal Numbers for Kids
Multicultural Fiction Journal Sheet
Classic or Award Winner Journal Sheet
Realistic Fiction Journal Sheet
Adventure/Survival Journal Sheet
Science fiction or Fantasy Journal Sheet
Mystery Journal Sheet
Historical Fiction Journal Sheet
Fiction (Your Choice) Journal Sheet
Non-Fiction (Your Choice) Journal Sheet
Biography Journal Sheet Journal Sheet
Non-Fiction 000-299 Journal Sheet
Non-Fiction 300-399 Journal Sheet
Non-Fiction 500-699 Journal Sheet
Non-Fiction 700-799 Journal Sheet
Non-Fiction 800-899 Journal Sheet
Non-Fiction 900-999 Journal Sheet
Glossary
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1
2
4
5
6/7
8/9
10/11
12/13
14/15
16/17
18/19
20/21 & 28/29
22/23 & 26/27
24/25
30/31
32/33
34/35
36/37
38/39
40/41
42-48
The Pyramid Reading Challenge
Name ________________________________
Pack____________________________
Grade _________________
Year _____________
ZPD (Zone of Personal Development)_____
MULTI-CULTURAL FICTION
CLASSIC/AWARD WINNER (FIC)
REALISTIC FICTION
Journal pgs 6/7
Journal pgs 8/9
Journal pgs. 10/11
Pyramid # 1
Title ____________________
Title ____________________
Title ____________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Minimum
requirement:
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
3 books per term
Term __________________
Term __________________
Term __________________
Tcher Approv _____________
Tcher Approv _____________
Tcher Approv _____________
ADVEN/SURVIVAL (FIC)
SCI-FI/FANTASY (FIC)
MYSTERY (FIC)
Journal pgs. 12/13
Journal pgs. 14/15
Journal pgs. 16/17
HISTORICAL FICTION
Journal pgs. 18/19
Title ____________________
Title ____________________
Title ____________________
Title ____________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
Term __________________
Term __________________
Term __________________
Term __________________
Tcher Approv _____________
Tcher Approv _____________
Tcher Approv _____________
Tcher Approv _____________
YOUR CHOICE (FIC)
YOUR CHOICE (NON-FIC)
BIOGRAPHY
YOUR CHOICE (NON-FIC)
Journal pgs. 20/21
Journal pgs.22/23
Journal pgs. 24/25
Journal pgs. 26/27
YOUR CHOICE (FIC)
Journal pgs. 28/29
Title ____________________
Title ____________________
Title ____________________
Title ____________________
Title ____________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
Term __________________
Term __________________
Term __________________
Term __________________
Term __________________
Tcher Approv _____________
Tcher Approv _____________
Tcher Approv _____________
Tcher Approv _____________
Tcher Approv _____________
NON-FICTION (000-299)
Journal pgs. 30/31
NON-FICTION (300-399)
Journal pgs 32/33
NON-FICTION (500-699)
NON-FICTION (700-799)
NON-FICTION (800-899)
Journal pgs 34/35
Journal pgs 36/37
Journal pgs 38/39
NON-FICTION (900-999)
Journal pgs 40/41
Title____________________
Title ____________________
Title ____________________
Title ____________________
Title ____________________
Title ____________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Author__________________
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
Rdg Level _______________
Term __________________
Term __________________
Term __________________
Term __________________
Term __________________
Term __________________
Tcher Approv____________
Tcher Approv _____________
Tcher Approv _____________
Tcher Approv _____________
Tcher Approv _____________
Tcher Approv _____________
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Copyright 1998 All Rights Reserved
Term 1
Term 4
Did you meet your term 3 goals? ______________________________________
How many books will you read? _______________________________________
How will you select your books?_______________________________________
What did you do well and how can you improve?__________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
How often will you respond in this journal? _______________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
What reading strategies are you using? _________________________________
What types of books will you read this term? ______________________________
_________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
What new goals can you set? _________________________________________
How many pyramids can you realistically finish this year? ____________________
_________________________________________________________________
Term 2
Did you meet your term 1 goals? ______________________________________
Term 5
Did you meet your term 4 goals? ______________________________________
What did you do well and how can you improve?__________________________
What did you do well and how can you improve?__________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
What reading strategies are you using? _________________________________
What reading strategies are you using? _________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
What new goals can you set? _________________________________________
What new goals can you set? _________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
Term 3
Did you meet your term 2 goals? ______________________________________
Term 6
Did you meet your term 5 goals? ______________________________________
What did you do well and how can you improve?__________________________
What did you do well and how can you improve?__________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
What reading strategies are you using? _________________________________
What reading strategies are you using? _________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
What new goals can you set? _________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
What new goals can you set? _________________________________________
1
_________________________________________________________________
READING PYRAMID SCORING GUIDE
The Reading Pyramid will be assessed by each student’s Humanities teacher by term based upon the number of books read with journal writing and
reading goals recorded.
Standards for terms 1 - 6
Students will read at least 3 books in the 6 weeks of each term, with journal and goal writing.
√ If a student read 4 or more books in the 6 weeks of a term, wrote in journal and set their goal, they would receive a “4”.
√ If a student read 3 books in the 6 weeks of a term, wrote in journal and set their reading goal, they would receive a “3”.
√ If a student read 2 books in the 6 weeks of the term, wrote in their journal, set their goal, they would receive a “2”.
√ If a student read 1 book in the 6 weeks of the term with some journal writing and set their goal, they would receive a “1”.
√ If a student did not have any evidence of reading (i.e. did not have journal, pyramid, etc.) they would receive a “0”.
Term Deadlines:
Term 1 ___________________
Term 2 _________________
Term 3 _______________
Term 4 ___________________
Term 5 _________________
Term 6 _______________
Pyramid Fast Facts:
Δ Students will not be able to carry over to the following term additional books over 4 in order to assure that the student is reading all year long.
Δ There will be rewards for meeting and exceeding standard… to be announced!
Δ The completion of ONE pyramid is required. Anything above and beyond may be rewarded with Reading Celebrations.
Δ In order to participate in any Reading Celebrations, students must have met standard.
Δ Student book entries on the Reading Pyramid must be within their personal ZPD (Zone of Personal Development). For example: a student with a ZPD
range of 4.0 - 5.5 should not be reading a book that is 3.5. Students may read a measure above their ZPD range.
Δ Students should not expect to complete several books just a few days before the end of a term. This rush is not viewed as responsible reading and
journal writing.
Δ The fiction genre and non-fiction Dewey decimal distinctions are to be followed. If a student is struggling to understand or find books within these
different areas, please ask for help.
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Dewey Decimal Numbers for Kids
000
000
020
030
060
070
GENERALITIES
Computers, Loch Ness, Bigfoot, UFOs,
Aliens
Libraries
Encyclopedias & World Record Books
Museums
Newspapers
100
130
150
170
PHILOSOPHY
Ghosts, Witches & the Supernatural
Optical Illusions, Feelings
Emotions, Values, Animal Rights
200
220
290
RELIGION
Bible Stories
Mythology, World Religions
300
300
SOCIAL SCIENCES
Social Issues - immigration, racism,
World Cultures
Almanacs
Government
Money, Working
Court System, Famous Trials
Armed Forces – Army, Navy, Air Force,
etc.
Drugs, Environmental Issues, Titanic,
Police, Firefighters
Schools
Transportation,
Holidays, Folktales, Fairy Tales
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
380
390
400
410
420
430
440
450
460
490
LANGUAGES
Sign Language
Dictionaries, Grammar
German Language
French Language
Italian Language
Spanish Language
Hieroglyphics, Japanese Language
500
500
510
520
530
540
550
560
570
580
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
600
610
620
630
640
650
660
670
680
690
SCIENCE AND MATH
700
Science Experiments, Science Sets,
710
Mathematics
720
Stars, planets, astronomy, space
730
Physical Science - force & motion, electricity,
740
magnetism, light
750
Chemistry, Atoms & Molecules, Rocks and
760
Minerals
770
Volcanoes, Earthquakes, Weather,
780
Hurricanes, Tornadoes
790
Dinosaurs, Prehistoric Animals, Fossils
Forests, Rain Forests, Deserts, Mountains,
Oceans, Evolution
Plants, Flowers & Trees
800
Animals & Insects
810
820
Worms, Invertebrates
860
Corals, Sea Invertebrates
890
Seashells, Snails, Octopus
Insects, Spiders
900
Fish, Frogs, Toads, Reptiles, Amphibians,
Snakes
Birds
Mammals of the Land and Ocean, Whales
PEOPLE USING SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY
Inventions
Human body, Health
Rockets, Trains, Cars, Trucks
Farming, Farm Animals, Cats, Dogs, Pets,
Horses
Cookbooks, Sewing
Secret Codes
How Food is made
Paper Making
Woodworking
Building
5
910
920
930
940
950
960
970
980
990
ARTS and RECREATION
Art Appreciation, History of Art
Houses, Buildings
Origami, Paper Crafts
Drawing, Crafts,
Painting
Printing
Photography
Music
Sports, Games, Magic, I Spy,
Camping, Fishing, Racing,
Hunting
LITERATURE
Poetry, Plays, Jokes & Riddles
Shakespeare
Poetry in Spanish
Japanese Poetry, Haiku
GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY
Explorers, Atlases
Flags, People (Biography)
Archeology, Ancient Civilizations
Knights, Castles, World War I & II,
European Countries
Asian & Middle Eastern Countries
African Countries
North & Central American
Countries, Native American
Tribes, American History, States
South American Countries
Pacific Islands, Australia, Hawaii,
Arctic, Antarctica
Glossary
Alliteration
Repetition of the same sound at the beginning of two or more words that are next to each other
or near each other.
Antagonist
A character or force against which another character struggles. (The bad guy or thing)
Catastrophe
The action at the end of a tragedy, could be the resolution to the conflict.
Character
An imaginary person that inhabits a literary work. Literary characters may be major or minor,
static (unchanging) or dynamic (capable of change).
Characterization
The means by which writers present and reveal character. Although techniques of characterization
are complex, writers typically reveal characters through their speech, dress, manner, and actions.
Climax
The high point of a story. It is followed by an ending called a resolution, or denouement.
Comedy
A type of drama in which the characters experience reversals of fortune, usually for the better. In
comedy, things work out happily in the end.
Complication
One part of the problem or conflict in a story. Complication builds up, accumulates, and develops
the primary or central conflict in a literary work.
42
Glossary
Conflict
(Problem) A struggle between opposing forces in a story or play, usually resolved by the end of
the work. The conflict may occur within a character as well as between characters.
Connotation
The associations called up by a word that goes beyond its dictionary meaning. Poets, especially,
tend to use words rich in connotation.
Denotation
The dictionary meaning of a word.
Dialogue
Conversations or discussion in literature.
Exposition
The first stage of a fictional or dramatic plot, in which necessary background information is
provided.
Fable
A brief story with an explicit moral provided by the author. Fables typically include animals as
characters.
Falling action
In the plot of a story or play, the action following the climax of the work that moves it towards its
denouement or resolution.
Fiction
An imagined story, whether in prose, poetry, or drama.
Figurative language
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal
meaning of their words. Examples include hyperbole or exaggeration,, simile and metaphor, etc.
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Glossary
Flashback
An interruption of a work's chronology to describe or present an incident that occurred prior to the main time
frame of a work's action.
Foreshadowing
Hints of what is to come in the action of a play or a story.
Image
Word painting, or creating imaginary pictures with words. Imagery helps readers form pictures in their
minds.
Irony
In verbal irony, characters say the opposite of what they mean. In irony of circumstance or situation, the
opposite of what is expected occurs. In dramatic irony, a character speaks in ignorance of a situation or event
known to the audience or to the other characters.
Literal language
A form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote.
44
Glossary
Metaphor
A comparison of two different things to show a likeness between them that does not
use like or as.
Monologue
A speech by a single character without another character's response.
Narrative poem
A poem that tells a story.
Narrator
The voice and implied speaker of a fictional work, to be distinguished from the actual
living author.
Onomatopoeia
The use of words to imitate the sounds they describe. Words such as buzz and crack
are onomatopoetic.
Parody
A humorous, mocking imitation of a literary work, sometimes sarcastic, but often
playful and even respectful in its playful imitation.
Personification
The endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate or living
qualities. An example: "The yellow leaves flaunted their color gaily in the breeze."
Wordsworth's "I wandered lonely as a cloud" includes personification.
45
Glossary
Parody
A humorous, mocking imitation of a literary work, sometimes sarcastic, but often playful and even respectful in
its playful imitation.
Personification
The endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate or living qualities. An example: "The
yellow leaves flaunted their color gaily in the breeze." Wordsworth's "I wandered lonely as a cloud" includes
personification.
Plot
The actions or events in a short story, novel, or play.
Point of view
The angle of vision from which a story is narrated. A work's point of view can be: first person, in which the
narrator is a character or an observer, respectively; objective, in which the narrator knows or appears to know
no more than the reader; omniscient, in which the narrator knows everything about the characters; and limited
omniscient, which allows the narrator to know some things about the characters but not everything.
Props
Articles or objects that appear on stage during a play.
Protagonist
The main character of a literary work. (The GOOD guy or thing)
Recognition
The point at which a character understands his or her situation as it really is.
Resolution
The sorting out or unraveling of a plot at the end of a play, novel, or story. See Plot
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Glossary
Reversal
The point at which the action of the plot turns in an unexpected direction for the protagonist.
Rhyme
The matching of final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words.
Rhythm
The recurrence of accent or stress in lines of verse.
Rising action
A set of conflicts and crises that constitute the part of a play's or story's plot leading up to the climax.
Satire
A literary work that criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies.
Setting
the time and place in which a story, poem, or play takes place. A setting can be a forest ,a house, a city, the
present, the past ,the future, etc..
Simile
A figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though. An example: "My love
is like a red, red rose."
Sonnet
A fourteen-line poem in iambic pentameter.
Stage direction
A playwright's descriptive or interpretive comments that provide readers (and actors) with information about the
dialogue, setting, and action of a play.
Staging
The spectacle a play presents in performance, including the position of actors on stage, the scenic background, the
props and costumes
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Glossary
Style
The way an author chooses words, arranges them in sentences or in lines of dialogue or verse, and develops ideas and
actions with description, imagery, and other literary techniques. See Connotation, Denotation, Diction, Figurative
language, Image, Imagery, Irony, Metaphor, Narrator, Point of view, Syntax, and Tone.
Subject
What a story or play is about; to be distinguished from plot and theme.
Symbol
An object or action in a literary work that means more than itself, that stands for something beyond itself.
Syntax
The grammatical order of words in a sentence or line of verse or dialogue. The organization of words and phrases and
clauses in sentences of prose, verse, and dialogue.
Tale
A story that narrates strange happenings in a direct manner, without detailed descriptions of character.
Theme
the main idea or topic in a piece of writing. (ex. struggle against nature, struggle against societal pressure, crime does
not pay, overcoming adversity, friendship is dependant on sacrifice, importance of family, Yin and Yang -when all is well,
something bad may happen and balance it out- Love is the worthies of pursuits, death is part of the life cycle, sacrifices
bring reward, human beings all have the same needs, etc.)
www.life123.com/parenting/education/children-reading/12-most-common-themes-in-literature.shtml
Tone
The implied attitude of a writer toward the subject and characters of a work.
Tragedy
A type of drama in which the characters experience reversals of fortune, usually for the worse. In tragedy, catastrophe
and suffering await many of the characters, especially the hero.
Tragic flaw
A weakness or limitation of character, resulting in the fall of the tragic hero.
Understatement
A figure of speech in which a writer or speaker says less than what he or she means; the opposite of exaggeration.
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