Selso Uriegas
Miguel Quintanilla
Joe Patino
 Chapter Assessment /Answers
 Workbook /Answers
A program that allows
you to create
documents, listen to
music, or play games
on the computer
Software de
Programa que permite
escuchar música o
divertirse con juegos
en la computadora
Personal information
manager (PIM)
A program
responsible for
storing phone
numbers and
addresses and
creating schedules
administrador de
Programa que se
encarga de guardar
números telefónicos
y direcciones, y de
elaborar programas
de actividades
Integrated software
A program that
combines the basic
features of several
applications into one
Software integrado
Programa que
combina los
elementos básicos
de varias
aplicaciones en un
solo paquete
Office suite
A program that
combines several
programs and all of
their features
Suite de oficina
Programa que
combina varios
programas y todos
sus recursos
The minimum
equipment a
computer needs to
run an application
Requisitos de
Equipo mínimo que
una computadora
necesita para
ejecutar una
software that must
be purchased
before it can be
Software Comercial
Software con
derechos de autor
protegidos, que se
debe comprar para
poder usarlo
A copyrighted
software that can be
sampled before it is
Software con
protección de
derechos de autor
que se puede
probar antes de
software given away
for free
Software protegido
por derechos de
autor que se
distribuye de forma
Public Domain
A program
distributed for free
without a copyright
Software de Dominio
Programa que se
distribuye de forma
gratuita, sin
derechos de autor
To prepare to run
application software
by copying all or
part of the program
onto the computer’s
hard drive
Preparar la
ejecución de un
software de
aplicación copiando
un programa, o
parte de él, en el
disco duro de la
To remove a
program from a
Quitar un programa
de una
Software License
The document that
contains permission
for a buyer to install
and use a program
Licencia de
Documento que
contiene la
autorización para
que un comprador
instale y use un
To start an
application program
3 2 1
Poner en marcha un
programa de
To start an
application program
Poner en marcha un
programa de aplicación
To make an
application window
as large as possible
Aumentar al máximo
la ventana de una
To make an
application window
as small as possible.
Reducir al máximo la
ventana de una
Title bar
The top row of an
application window
where the program
name (and often the
name of the
document) is shown
Barra de título
Fila superior de una
ventana de
aplicación, donde
se muestra el
nombre del
programa y, en
muchos casos, el
nombre del
Menu bar
The bar generally
located below an
application’s title bar
where a set of
commands is listed
Barra de menús
Barra, por lo general
situada debajo de la
barra de título de
una aplicación,
donde se presenta
una lista de
Help menu
A set of directions for
program functions
Menú de Ayuda
Conjunto de
instrucciones sobre
las funciones de un
To move from one
part of a document
to another on the
Pasar de una parte
de un documento a
otra en la pantalla
Types of Application
Application software performs a specific job or task. For
example, some applications help astronomers research
stars. Others help doctors care for their patients. It is
important to choose applications that can do the jobs you
want done. The most common types of application
software include:
word processors for writing letters and reports
spreadsheets for working with numbers and doing math
databases for storing and finding information
presentation graphics for creating slide shows
telecommunications for using the Internet and e-mail
personal information manager (PIM) programs for storing
phone numbers and addresses and creating schedules
Application software falls into three basic categories: stand-alone programs, integrated
software, and office suites. These forms differ in their features (the tasks they do) and in
cost. Wise computer users choose the type of software that best fits their needs, Standalone Programs Software that specializes in one task is called a stand-alone program.
Because each program—such as a word processor, database, or spreadsheet—is
dedicated to just one application, stand-alone programs can have many useful and
advanced features. However, stand-alone programs may cost more than other forms of
application software.
Because they focus on one kind of job, stand-alone programs usually have many very
specialized features. Word processors, for example, give users tools to print labels and
Integrated Software Buying multiple stand-alone programs might require too much
memory in your computer or may cost too much. You might want to do more with the
software than a stand-alone program is capable of handling.
Integrated software programs combine the basic features of several applications into
one package. They are not as powerful or as complete as their stand-alone
counterparts, nor do they specialize in one application. However, integrated software
usually is less costly and is fairly easy to use. These programs let you do basic work in
several applications such as word processors, databases, spreadsheets, graphics, and
People use integrated software programs because the applications work in similar
ways. That is, you often can use many of the same commands. You also can use data
from one program in another. Popular integrated programs include AppleWorks® and
Microsoft Works.
Office Suites What if you need to use the advanced features of several stand-alone
programs? You might select an office suite. Although one suite may differ from another,
in general office suites combine several programs such as word processing,
spreadsheets, databases, and graphics. Like integrated software, the programs in office
suites have a common look and feel. But office suites contain more than the basic
software found in integrated programs. They contain the actual stand-alone programs
with all their features.
Office suites generally cost more than integrated software, but usually they are
cheaper than buying the stand-alone programs separately. Some popular office suites
Microsoft Office (with Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook, and Access in the Windows
Corel WordPerfect Office (with WordPerfect, Quattro Pro, Paradox, Corel
Presentations, and Corel CENTRAL)
Lotus SmartSuite (with WordPro, Lotus 1-2-3, Approach, Freelance Graphics, and
eir computers, and their budgets.
The type of application software you choose
depends on what you want it to do, how much you
are willing to spend, and how easy the programs are
to learn. It also depends on whether the software will
work on your computer and how much space each
program will take up on your hard drive. You might
want to match the software you use at home with
the programs you use at school so you can easily
work on documents in both locations.
Most computers are sold with some application
software installed. But a computer may not have the
software you need. Your software needs may also
change over time. Then you can consider upgrading
your existing software or buying new programs to
make your computer a more useful tool.
Obtaining Application
Each software program has minimum system
requirements. The computer must meet the minimum
hardware and software needs of the program for it to
work properly.
To get the most from your computer, it is important to
choose software that will work with the following:
your type of computer (Macintosh or PC compatible)
microprocessor speed
operating system (such as Linux, Mac OS X, or Windows
available amount of memory (RAM)
available hard drive space
special equipment, such as a modem or CD-ROM drive
Some application software is already loaded on new computers. You can also obtain additional software in
multiple forms.
Commercial Software Companies own the copyrights to the application software they sell to the public.
This prevents you from legally copying it to sell it to others, giving it away, or sharing it. Commercial software
is copyrighted software that you must buy before using it.
Shareware Copyrighted software that you can use on a try-before-you-buy basis is called shareware. If you
decide to keep using it after that, you must pay a registration fee to the company. You are also allowed to
copy shareware and give it to your friends. They, then, must follow the same process to acquire the software.
Freeware Some companies give away their copyrighted software for free. This is known as freeware. The
companies allow users to install the program as long as they do not resell it to other people.
Public Domain Software On occasion, program authors allow you to use programs, share them, give them
away, or even alter them to meet certain needs. This is called public domain software. Beware, the quality of
these programs can vary widely, and they may contain more errors than other types of software.
Installing and Uninstalling Programs Application software must be installed, or prepared to run on a
computer, before it can be used. You must copy it from a location such as a disk, a CD, or the Internet to the
computer’s hard drive.
Most programs come with an installation, or setup, program that prompts you to load the software onto the
computer. Companies that make commercial software often provide printed or online guides, or telephone
support, to help solve users’ problems.
To delete a program from the computer, you must run a special removal program to properly remove, or
uninstall, it. Otherwise, parts of the program can remain on the computer and may interfere with its
Buying copyrighted software usually permits the buyer to
install and use that software on only one computer. This
permission is contained in a document known as the software
license. Users agree to the terms of the license, usually during
the installation process.
Software Piracy People who copy copyrighted software to
install on other computers, give away, or sell are guilty of
copyright violation and stealing, called software piracy.
Violating a copyright and pirating software are both morally
wrong and illegal. These activities discourage the authors of
good software from writing new and better programs
because they may not get paid for their work. Pirated
software cannot be registered, so users do not get the
support services they may need.
Using application software
Most application software runs in your computer’s operating system. Two popular operating
systems are Mac OS for the Apple Macintosh or Microsoft Windows for IBM-compatible
computers. Your operating system and application software often have similar commands
for starting and ending a program and for conducting basic tasks. This makes learning a new
program fairly easy.
Starting a Program When a computer is turned on, it typically starts its operating system.
You can then launch, or start, any application installed on the computer. You can launch an
application in two ways:
desktop icon
Menu In Windows, clicking the Start button displays a list of programs installed on the
Desktop Icon Desktop icons are on-screen symbols that stand for a computer function or
program. Because they are shortcuts to programs, it is helpful to customize your PC or
Macintosh desktop to include icons for the programs you use most often.
A launched application appears in a frame called a window.
You can work in any size window, but it is usually best to
maximize the window, or make it as large as it can be.
Sometimes you will want to use another program without closing
the first one. You can minimize a program window, or make it as
small as possible, so it remains out of the way while you use the
other program. The largest portion of an application window is
the space for your work. The rest of the window contains many
Title Bar The top row of an application window is called the
title bar. The title bar shows the program’s name and, in some
cases, the name of the document you are working on.
Menu Bar A menu bar lists sets of commands. In Windows, the
menu bar usually is located below the title bar. On a Macintosh,
it appears at the top of the screen. You can click a menu’s
name to see its options. For example, clicking Help on the menu
bar allows you to access options in the Help menu. This menu is a
set of
Application software lets you create new
documents, save them for future use, or work on
documents you have saved. You can close the
application when you are done working. Most
applications have a File menu, which includes these
New—creates a file into which you can enter data
Open—finds a document that was previously saved
as a disk file and displays it in a window
Save—saves the document in the current window to
a disk file
Close—closes an open file
Exit or Quit—closes the application and removes its
window from the screen
Some tools allow you to scroll, or move from
one part of a window to another. The scroll
bars usually appear at the right side of the
window and at the bottom. Boxes appear
in these bars to show whether you are at
the beginning or end of the file or
somewhere in the middle. You can move
from one place to another by either
dragging these scroll boxes or clicking the
scroll arrows at each end of the scroll bars.
1. This type of software is used for creating slide shows.
C. presentation graphics
2. This type of application software
specializes in one task
B. stand-alone program
3. This type of software combines several complete
programs—such as a word processor, a spreadsheet, a
database, and others—into one package.
A. office suite
4. To work with a software program, your
computer must meet the program’s
A. system
5. This is copyrighted software that you can use on a trybefore-you-buy basis.
A. shareware
6. You can freely use, give away, or even alter this
type of software.
D. public domain software
7. Before you can use commercial software, you usually must
agree to the terms contained in this document.
A. license
8. In Windows, if you click the Start button, you can
see a list of these.
B. programs
9. The top row of an application window is called the _____.
B. title bar
10.Which command finds a document that was previously
saved and displays it?
B. Open
11. Any software program can run on
any computer, regardless of the
computer’s type, components, or
operating system.
B. False
Companies own the copyrights to the
software programs they sell to the
A. True
12. Companies own the copyrights to the
software programs they sell to the public.
A. True
13. Freeware is so called because it is given
away for free and never sold.
A. True
14. Because no one owns the copyrights to
them, public domain software is the highest
quality software available.
B. False
15. When you install a program, you
copy it from a disk, a CD, or the
Internet to your computer’s hard drive.
A. True
16. Software piracy is legal, because it
encourages more people to share and
use software products.
B. False
17. Desktop icons can act as shortcuts
to the programs installed on your
A. True
18. An application’s title bar contains a
list of commands that are available in
the program.
B. False
19. A program’s menu bar is located at
the bottom of the application’s
B. False
20. One way to move from one part of an
application window to another is by scrolling.
A. True
The stand-alone program because it has
advanced features and focus on one in
a time.
The office suite would be the best one
for a friend because it has basic
How much space for the software, will
work on the computer.
Hardware is a part of the computer,
software helps you on the browser and
other applications.
Because they are shared , give away or
alter them.
The give away, sell copyrighted software
like pirating software.
To see all of your applications and to see
the applications you are using>
Maximizing, to focus on one window and
minimizing, to do more than one
To continue working on it when you get
1. Personal
information Manager
2. Integrated
3. Office suite
C. Software that
stores phone #’s and
to create schedules
f. To delete a
program from the
D. Software that
combines several
different applications
4. Shareware
5. Freeware
6.Public Domain
7. Uninstall
J. copyrighted
software that is given
away without cost.
B. uncopyrighted
that is given away
without any cost.
Software that you
can try before
G. Software that
combines several
8. Maximize
I. To make a window as
large as possible.
9. Minimize
E. To make a window
as small as possible.
10. Scroll
H. Move from one
place in the
window to another.
Which of the following items is now an example
of application software?
Operating System
Which of the following types of application
software combines the basic features of
several applications?
Integrated software
3. Which of the following type of software must
be purchased in advance?
Commercial software
4. Which of the following type of software is
available on a “try it before you buy” basis?
Share ware
Which of the features allows the user to launch
an application?
Desktop Icon
Which of the following tools allows the user to
move from on part of the window to another?
Why should you check a program system requirements before
purchasing it?
To see if it would work or there is any spam.
2. Why is it important to uninstall a program no longer used?
So you will no longer get software commercial.
What is the difference between the new and open commands
in the following?
New isn’t all black and has no files and open you can get your
saved files.
Why does an application window include tools such as scroll
bars, scroll boxes and scroll arrows?
To see more of your windows.
What is the Menu Bar?
The bar located below an application’s
title bar.
The action to move from one part of a
document to another on the screen.
What is to Minimize?
To make an application window as
large as possible.
To make an application window as
small as possible.