Canadian Vocabulary Review
Canadian Shield
British and French
Clear-Cutting
Mercator Map
Appalachian Highlands
Muskegs
Free Trade
Robinson Map
Great Lakes – St.
Lawrence Lowlands
Province
Interdependent
Vancouver Island
Interior Plains
Ottawa
Nunavut
British Columbia
Western Mountain
Region
Samuel de Champlain
Acid Rain
Quebec
Arctic North
French Colonists
Bilingual
1763 Treaty of Paris
War Hawks
John A. Macdonald
Dominion
French Explorers
Lord Durham
Fossil Fuels
French and Indian
War
Quiet Revolution of
Quebec
British Parliament
Reserve
Constitution of 1982
Great Britain
Tariff
Projection
Canadian Indians
Heritage
Distortion
Canadian Shield
The largest of the 6 physical regions of Canada.
The oldest part of North America
* dense forests
* muskeg
Appalachian
Highlands
Northern most part of the Appalachian Mountains
*not good for farming
*fishing is important
Great Lakes –
St. Lawrence Lowlands
Southern most part of Canada
* Flat and fertile land
* St. Lawrence River – sometimes called the
“Mother of Canada”
* Most Canadians live in this region
Interior Plains
Has some of the best farmland in Canada.
*- Its deep, fertile soil was created
by glaciers
* - the Mennonites from Russia were the first
immigrants to move into this region
Western Mountain
Region
A region of rugged mountains.
Not many people have settled in this
region.
Arctic North
A region of frozen plains and icecovered islands.
* Glaciers are still present
War Hawks
A group of Americans who
wanted Canada to become a
part of the United States.
Lord Durham
1838 – Wrote a report urging more selfgovernment for the Canadian colonies. He
believed this would keep the Canadians
loyal to Britain.
British Parliament
1867 – Passed a law that united
Canada into one nation
Great Britain
Conquered the lands of New France
during the French and Indian War.
1791 – Divided its Canadian lands into
the colonies of Ontario and Quebec
Canadian Indians
Oldest members of Canada.
Most were hunters
British and French
The largest groups of people in Canada
today tension remains between the
British and French Canadians.
Muskegs
Flat, swampy areas of spongy ground
* Canadian Shield
Province
A division of Canada,
similar to a state in the United States
Ottawa
The capital of Canada,
in the province of Ontario
Samuel de Champlain
He started the colony New France in the
Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowlands.
French Colonists
They were attracted to Canada by fur
(there was a great demand for beaver fur)
John A. Macdonald
His goal was to build a railroad
across all of Canada.
Fossil Fuels
Fuels formed over millions of year ago
Reserve
An area of land set aside by the
government for indigenous people to live.
Tariff
A special fee charged on imported goods.
Heritage
Something that comes from one’s ancestors
French Canadians want to preserve
their heritage
Clear-Cutting
Practiced by logging companies.
Cutting down all trees in an area.
Free Trade
Trade with no tariffs or taxes on
imported goods
Interdependent
Doing business with another country
in order to be successful
Nunavut
The homeland of the Inuit's “Our Land”
Acid Rain
Environmental problem. It kills
plants and trees. Also can kill fish,
plants and harm the water supply.
Bilingual
Canada – French and English
Having two official languages in one
country
Dominion
A self-governing area
French and Indian War
Britain and France fought over land in North America.
Britain won!
Constitution of 1982
Gave Canada two official languages (English and
French). It also gave Canada a federal system of
government similar to that of the United States.
Projection
The way mapmakers show the round
earth on a flat sheet of paper
Distortion
On a map, an error in size, shape,
distance, or direction
Mercator Map
Most useful for showing direction
Robinson Map
Most useful for comparing the sizes of
places
Vancouver Island
Greatly effected by a gold rush in 1858
British Columbia
Have trading partners and a strong link to
some Pacific Rim countries
Quebec
Has laws that promote French culture and
languages. Many French Canadians want to
make Quebec a separate country.
1763 Treaty of
Paris
Gave Great Britain
complete control over
Canada
French Explorers
Came to Canada looking for furs
Quiet Revolution in
Quebec
It helped make French the official
language in Quebec
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