5 Themes of Geography:
Caribbean Presentation
PowerPoint Created By:
Mrs. Kavalow-Huie’s Period 8 Class
Group 1
88° W to 58° W
11° N to 26° N
South of Florida
East of Mexico
Surrounded by Caribbean Sea, Gulf of
Mexico, and Atlantic Ocean
Place – Physical
• Temperature is in the 70's year round
• Average rainfall is 80 inches per year
• Houseyards - Small properties less than half
an acre in the Caribbean
• Dry basin in western Hispaniola
• Hurricanes - Storm of heavy rain and fierce
wind beginning in July
• Tropical fruit trees for example coconut trees
• Intertropical Convergency Zone
• Tropical Rainforests
Place - Human
• Caribbean English - Slang influenced form the
diverse culture
• Religion blended from Umbanda, Macuba,
Candomble, and Voodoo
• Languages spoken are...
• Spanish, spoken mainly in Cuba and the
Dominican Republic
• French, spoken in Haiti and French Guiana
• English, spoken mainly in Jamaica, Belize, and the
• Dutch, spoken in Suriname
Place – Human (Continued)
• Music: Reggae, Calypso, Merengue, and Zouk
• Maroon Societies - Made up of runaway slaves
• Creolization - Blending of African and European cultural
• Ra-Ra - Type of music in Haiti that mixes funk and reggae
music with saxophones and bamboo trumpets
• Rastafarian religion - Believing "Jah" was the living force
and "Ganja" should be consumed regularly
• African Diaspora - Blended slaves from Africa with
Caribbean culture.
• Folk Music
• Famous Musician – Bob Marley – Took a political stance –
famous for music
Movement – People
• Imported Slaves
• Left because of limited economic opportunity
• Went to England France Netherlands and north
America ( US and Canada) for jobs in cities
• Circle migration flow
• Parents leave, work hard, save money and return
• Chain migration
• Move to a new country one family member at a
Movement – People (Cont.)
• Rural to urban migration because of
mechanized agriculture offshore
industrialization, and rapid population growth
• Moved to Caribbean looking for farm work
looking for House yards- provided a cheaper
way of living
• Asian Migration
• Maroons- runaway slaves that formed their
own communities
Interaction Between Humans
and the Environment
• Built natural parks to increase wildlife
and awareness
• Europeans cut down Caribbean forests
to make room for sugarcane fields
• Several Dams were
built on islands to
supply people with water
• Mangrove swamps were
cleared to make beaches
Interaction Between Humans
and the Environment
• Because soil easily eroded they
produced strategies such as, clearing
new land, abandoning old land and
conserving soil, and maintaining
• Climate too dry to support agricuulture
so they produced salt and raised goats
Interaction Between Humans
and the Environment
• Residents of Montserrat had to
evacuate at certain times due to
volcanic activity
• Savannas were used for farming
because they are good for farming
• Limestone base in Cuba results in fertile
red clay soil
Region - Physical
• Isolated proximity
• Isolation protects cultural diversity
• Limited economic opportunities
• Neighboring the United States
• Dependency on U.S
• Connections to transnational organizations
Region - Physical
• Greater Antilles
• Islands that have the bulk of the region’s
• Arable Lands
• Refuge for run away slaves and subsitence
Region - Physical
• Lesser Antilles
• Two-arc group of small islands formed
from the Virgin Islands to Trinidad
• Areas rage from mountains to volcanoes to
sedimentary basins
Region - Physical
• Rimland States: Costal Area
• Starts in Belize
• Follows the coast line of Central America
through northern South America
• Descriptions
• Belize (Limestone)
• Guianas (rolling hills)
Region - Physical
• Antillean Islands
• Islands that begin with Cuba and end with
• Provide many marine resources such as:
• Fish
• Turtle
• Manatee
• Lobster
• Crab
Region - Cultural
• Plantation America
• Begins halfway up the coast of Brazil,
continuing through Guianas and the
• Ruined the cultural capacity of the region
Region - Cultural
• Neo-Africa
• Slaves were brought in because of African
• Caused a new wave of African citizens to
the Caribbean
Region - Political
• Cuban-style socialism
• Democratically-elected leader
• Socialist-like gov’t
Region - Political
• Monroe Doctrine
• Made the Caribbean part of its “Sphere of
• Caused neocolonialsim
Region - Political
• Dependent Territories
• Rely upon one central government
• I.E – France, England, Spain
• Many choose to stay this way for
• Benefits
• Economic Benifits
Region - Political
• Porto Rico
• Commonwealth
• Considered Part of the U.S.
• Food Stamps and Welfare
Region - Political
• Social Developments
• Many regions such as these have different
levels of education and the status of
Region - Economic
• Free Trade Agreement of the Americas
• Supposed to unify the economies of all of
the regions of America
Region - Economic
• Offshore Banking
Specialized services
Tax Exempt
$ through fees
Caused problems
• Allowed money laundering
• Corruption
• Illegal Funds
Region - Economic
• Free Trade Zones
• Removed tariffs from items traded
• Created duty and tax free industrial centers
• Caused GDP to rise 15%
Region - Economic
• Caribbean Community and Common
• Represented the former English Colonies
• Industrialized countries
• Created the Caribbean Development Bank
Region - Economic
• “Zero Option”
• Removed their economy from the Soviet
• Changed transportation
• Blackouts
• Change in strategy for farmers
• Factories worked sparatically because of
lack of fuel and energy

5 Themes of Geography: Caribbean Presentation