Central America and
the Caribbean
The Panama Canal

The United States won control of the
Panama Canal and a ten mile area
surrounding the canal by supporting if not
encouraging Panama to seek
independence from Colombia.
The Panama Canal
The United States built and controlled the
Panama Canal due to a series of treaties
that turned control of the canal over to
Panama in 1999.
http://www.ared.com/kora/java/pcc/javaani.html
Native and Colonial Central
America

The Mayan people built a
great civilization in southern
Mexico and Central
America.

The Mayan created many
temple cities that were used
for religious rituals.

Each Mayan city was
independent from the others
and ruled by a god-king.
Spanish Rule Ends


Spain ruled Central
America until 1821
when Mexico won its
independence..
In 1823, the all of the
Central American
countries declared their
independence form
Mexico and entered
into an alliance called
the United Provinces of
Central America.
Caribbean Influences


The islands of the
Caribbean were
inhabited by the Taino
when Christopher
Columbus arrived.
He believed that they
would make good
workers but most of
them died quickly from
disease.
Slavery is Introduced in the
Caribbean



Africans were brought
to the Caribbean to
replace the Taino.
The slaves were
brought to work on the
sugar plantations.
The introduced African
population has helped
to shape the culture of
the islands.
Multi Cultured Caribbean
 By
the 1800s,
many European
countries had
claimed islands in
the Caribbean for
sugar production
Caribbean Independence

Haiti was a French
colony that
successfully won its
independence as a
rebellion of the
slaves, led by
Toussaint L’Ouverture
overtook the French
government on the
island.
Toussaint L’Ouverture
Other Successful Revolutions
 Jamaica,
Trinidad
and Tobago all
achieved full
independence from
Great Britain in
1962
Cultural Blends

Central America
–
–
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–
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Native American
Spanish
Catholicism
Rural populations
Spanish language
Problems Related to
Conquest
– Deforestation
– Inequitable economic
divisions
– Dislocation of people

Caribbean
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Mixed European
Native American
African
Catholicism
Protestantism
African religions
Urban populations
Spanish, English, and
Dutch languages
Problems Related to
Conquest
– Slavery
Economics
 Generally,
the common people in
Central America and the Caribbean
are poor due to the legacy of
colonialism.
– Commercial farming
– 10% of world coffee
– Bananas
– Forest products
Popular Culture
 Music-
– Calypso: Combination of African,
Spanish, and Caribbean island
elements, using steel drums,
guitars and improvised lyrics.
Reggae


Developed in
Jamaica in the
1960s, as a
combination of
Caribbean, African
and American
musical elements.
Reggae deals with
social and religious
issues.
Bob Marley
Tourism and Informal Economy

Caribbean:
– Rapid population growth is leading to high
unemployment.
– Schools are preparing students for tourism
industry and agriculture.
Informal Economy: Many in Central America
and the Caribbean work in informal economic
industries such as street vending, and shoe
shining as a way to make enough money daily
to eat.
Poverty in the Caribbean
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Central America and the Caribbean