Live & Work in Bulgaria
Live & Work in Bulgaria
Summary
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Area - 110 994 sq. km
Population - 7 974 000
Capital - Sofia
Government type - Parliamentary republic
Religion: Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, Roman Catholic
1.7%, Jewish 0.1%, Protestant, Gregorian-Armenian, and other 4%
National Holiday- 3-rd of March
National currency - Bulgarian lev (BGN)
A rate of exchange BGN / € - 1.95 / 1
Industries Electricity, gas and water; food, beverages and tobacco;
machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products,coke, refined
petroleum, nuclear fuel
Exports Clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery and equipment, fuels
Imports Fuels, minerals, and raw materials; machineryand equipment; metals
and ores; chemicals and plastics; food, textiles
Structure of the National
Employment Agency
 Central office – Sofia
 9 Regional Employment
Service Directorates
 109 Local Labor Offices
 180 Branches
 www.az.government.bg
National Structure of EURES
Bulgaria
MANAGER
/central office/
3 assistants
/central office/
financial expert
Communications expert
IT - expert
EURES Coordinator
5 advisers
Plovdiv, Lovech, Burgas,
Montana, Veliko Tarnovo
3 EURES advisers to be trained in 2008
28 EURES assistants in the Local Labor Offices
In each of the 28 districts
Our activities
member states
Estonia
Poland
Slovakia
Chezch
Republic
Slovenia
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
Cyprus
number
Job offers
The Bulgarian EURES advisers
have received altogether about 450
job offers in 13 countries more than
4000 working places.
Bulgarian-English job fair for the
agricultural sector in Razgrad, July
2007
International information job fair in
the sphere of tourism in Bansko–
September 2007
Bulgarian- German job fair for
graduating students engineers in Sofia
–November 2007
Special services for the
employers
- We can organize interviews with the potential employees
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We can organize job fairs
-
We can do preliminary selection
If you want to employ a Bulgarian citizen, you can sent your job offer
through any of the Latvian EURES advisers to any of the EURES advisers in
Bulgaria (in English). It is translated into Bulgarian and is sent to the Central
office in Sofia (the EURES coordinator), from where it is sent to all the 109
Local labor offices and 180 branches, where the offer is put on a special
place outside so everybody can see it. Anyone who is interested in the job
offer can use our services.
Statistics about the registered
unemployed persons in October 2007
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Unemployment level (%) -6.73 %
Total number of the registered unemployed - 249 376 :
1. Women -151 397
2. Youths up to 24 - 24 098
3. Youths up to 29 - 48 024
4. Persons over 50 – 93 909
5. Long - term unemployed over 1 year - 144614
6. Persons with disabilities - 12 998
 7. University education - 6.4%.
 8. Illiterate persons unemployed -18718
Employment by sectors
More than the half of all employed persons work in the most dynamic economic sector “Services” 57.4% (1785.7 thousand persons), followed by the employed in the sector “Industry” - 34.5% (1072.1
thousand persons) and in the agriculture - 8.1% (252.2 thousand persons). The employed persons in the
member-states of the European Union are also most numerous in the sphere of the services, followed by
the industry and the agriculture.
Live & Work in Bulgaria
Labour market shortages
During 2007 job vacancies in the manufacture industry were
the mostly opened, followed by trade and repairs of automobile
and household appliances, education, agriculture branch,
construction – house builders, casing workers, house-painters,
carpenters, road constructors etc. In Bulgaria tourism is one of the
most rapidly developing sectors. Yet we need workers in hotel and
restaurant services - waiters, chefs and cooks, chambermaids.
Recently the Bulgarian labor market suffers from a significant
lack of highly-skilled professionals in the engineering and
technical field - engineers, IT specialists, information and
communication technology specialists, technicians. We also
suffer shortage of welders, electricians, experts in labor safety,
nurses and professionals speaking foreign languages.
Live & Work in Bulgaria
Labour market surpluses
In 2007 the biggest share of unemployed were people with
qualification in the field of engineering and technology, followed
by people specialized in field of economics, law, social
sciences, agriculture, education and humanities and art. A
little bit less are specialists in services, transportation, security
and life guard, health care and exact sciences.
Live & Work in Bulgaria
Contracts
The oficial minimum age for starting work in Bulgaria is 16 years. As an
exception people aged 15 and 16 may be hired with a special permission
from The Labour Inspection Office.
Employees in Bulgaria can be hired for a limited period of time or for a
permanent work , for a full time /in the most cases/ or for a part time work.
The full time working day is 8 hours per a day. Usually the employers
prefer to first hire workers with a contract with a probation period /the
probation period may not be longer than 6 months/. No matter for what
period the worker is hired, a labour contract is obligatory. The contract
should be concluded before the worker starts work. Within a 3-day period
the employer is obliged to send a Notification for each contract to the
National Revenue Agency /NRA/. The worker should be provided with
copies of the contract and of the NRA Notification.
The notice period for terminating a contract /either by the employee or
the employer/ is 30 days. By mutual consent – 7 days.
Live & Work in Bulgaria
Minimum and average salary
At present the guaranteed minimum salary per month in Bulgaria Is 180
lv (about 95 Euro), for 2008 it will be 110 EURO. The average salary is
460 lv per month (about 230 Euro).
Annual leave
Any worker has the right for a paid annual leave. The duration of the basic
paid annual leave is no less than 20 work days /if the worker has
completed 6 months length of service/.
The workers should use their annual leave in the year it belongs. They
may delay it only with a permission by the employer.
Live & Work in Bulgaria
Taxation
According to the Personal Income Tax Act a subject for taxation
in Bulgaria are :
-domestic individuals /that means persons whose permanent address
is in Republic of Bulgaria, or persons who reside in Republic of
Bulgaria more than 183 days in each 12 months, or persons for
whom Bulgaria is centre of their vital interests place/
- foreign individuals /all the other persons not included in the list of
the domestic individuals/. Foreign individuals are taxable on
income earned from sources in Bulgaria.
Wages for labour performed on the territory of Bulgaria are
taxable as a source from Bulgaria.
Since 2008 there’s going to be a flat rate -10%.
Live & Work in Bulgaria
Social insurance
According to the Bulgarian legislation insurance contributions are allocated
in:
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the Pensions fund –19%;
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the General sickness and maternity fund – 3.5%;
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the Work injury and occupational sickness fund – between 0.4 – 1.1%
/paid only at the expense of the employer/;
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the Unemployment fund – 3%.
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the Obligatory additional pension insurance /only for persons born after
1960/ - 4%;
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the Health insurance– 6%.
Live & Work in Bulgaria
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