Thematic Unit: Love
Poetry
“Daily” by Naomi Shihab Nye
Haiku poetry by Chora, Chiyo, Basho, and Issa
“My Papa’s Waltz” by Theodore Roethke
“Combing” by Gladys Cardiff
“Harlem” by Langston Hughes
English I
ECHS
C. Edge
Reading Skills and Strategies:
Poetry
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Look for punctuation in the poem telling you
where sentences begin and end.
Do not make a full stop at the end of a line if
there is no period, comma, colon, semicolon, or
dash there.
If a passage of a poem is difficult to understand,
look for the subject, verb, and complement of
each sentence.
“Daily”
Naomi Shihab Nye
Quickwrite, p. 494
“Daily”
by Naomi Shihab Nye
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Catalog poem –
The repetition of items in the list creates a
rolling rhythm when the poem is read
aloud.
Poetry Analysis of the Poem
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What is the poem about?
Number of Stanzas?
Number of Lines per Stanza?
Speaker?
Rhyme Scheme?
Examples of repetition?
Examples of imagery?
Examples of symbolism?
Daily
Naomi Shihab Nye
Identify the repetitive images and
language in ll. 16-18.
These shriveled seeds we plant,
corn kernel, dried bean,
poke into loosened soil,
cover over with measured fingertips
These T-shirts we fold
into perfect white
squares
These tortillas we slice and fry to crisp strips
This rich egg scrambled in a gray clay bowl
How does this catalog of images
This bed whose covers I straighten
affect the poem’s rhythm?
smoothing edges till blue quilt fits brown blanket
and nothing hangs out
This envelope I address
so the name balances like a cloud
in the center of the sky
This page I type and retype
This table I dust till the scarred wood shines
This bundle of clothes I wash and hang and wash again
like flags we share, a country so close
no one needs to name it
The days are nouns: touch them
The hands are churches that worship the world
Daily
Naomi Shihab Nye
These shriveled seeds we plant,
corn kernel, dried bean,
poke into loosened soil,
cover over with measured fingertips
These T-shirts we fold
into perfect white
squares
These tortillas we slice and fry to crisp strips
This rich egg scrambled in a gray clay bowl
This bed whose covers I straighten
smoothing edges till blue quilt fits brown blanket
and nothing hangs out
This envelope I address
so the name balances like a cloud
in the center of the sky
This page I type and retype
This table I dust till the scarred wood shines
This bundle of clothes I wash and hang and wash again
like flags we share, a country so close
no one needs to name it
The days are nouns: touch them
The hands are churches that worship the world
What might the metaphor in l.
21 mean?
Daily
Naomi Shihab Nye
These shriveled seeds we plant,
corn kernel, dried bean,
poke into loosened soil,
cover over with measured fingertips
These T-shirts we fold
into perfect white
squares
These tortillas we slice and fry to crisp strips
This rich egg scrambled in a gray clay bowl
This bed whose covers I straighten
smoothing edges till blue quilt fits brown blanket
and nothing hangs out
This envelope I address
so the name balances like a cloud
in the center of the sky
This page I type and retype
This table I dust till the scarred wood shines
This bundle of clothes I wash and hang and wash again
like flags we share, a country so close
no one needs to name it
The days are nouns: touch them
The hands are churches that worship the world
What might the metaphor in l.
22 mean?
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The images in this poem come from the
speaker’s everyday life.
She reveals her wonderment by giving
each image a special role in her day and
poem. Some of the simple things are
compared to awe-inspiring concepts.
“Daily” by Naomi Shihab Nye
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Write a catalog poem or paragraph that
lists images of things in your daily life that
are miracles or make you happy to be
alive.
Take notes on important elements of Diego Rivera's The Grinder: subject,
colors, shapes, the feelings it evokes, the story you see in it.
Question #1, p. 498
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When you think of images in the world
that give you joy or that fill you with
wonder, do you look at ordinary things, as
Nye does? Talk over your responses to the
poet’s source of wonder and joy.
Question #2, p. 498
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What do Nye’s particular images tell you about
her life and where she lives?
Images of planting corn and beans and frying
tortillas suggest that Nye lives in the American
southwest; images of housework suggest that
she has a home and a family to care for; images
of typing suggest that she writes.
Haiku Poetry
Miura Chora
Chiyo
Matsuo Basho
Kobayashi Issa
Quickwrite, p. 499
Haiku poetry
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Japanese poetry form
17 syllables
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Line one = 5 syllables
Line two = 7 syllables
Line three = 5 syllables
Presents images of everyday life
Usually contains a seasonal word or
symbol (kigo)
Presents a single moment of discovery or
enlightenment (satori)
Poetry Analysis of the Poem
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What is the poem about?
Number of Stanzas?
Number of Lines per Stanza?
Speaker?
Rhyme Scheme?
Examples of repetition?
Examples of imagery?
Examples of symbolism?
Haiku 1
Miura Chora
Get out of my road
and allow me to plant
these bamboos, Mr. Toad.
What does this haiku reveal about the speaker’s view of living
creatures?
Haiku 2
Chiyo
A morning glory
Twined round the bucket:
I will ask my neighbor for water.
In haiku, comparisons are suggested, but not stated directly.
What comparison is suggested in this haiku?
Why does the speaker need to get water from the neighbor?
Haiku 3
Matsuo Basho
The old pond;
A frog jumps in:
Sound of water.
What might the speaker be doing?
Traditional haiku contain kigo, or words associated with a
season. The Japanese would know, for example, that snow
indicates winter and evening showers mean that it is
summer. Here, the word frog suggests spring.
Haiku 4
Kobayashi Issa
A dragonfly!
The distant hills
Reflected in his eyes.
Punctuation in a haiku—colons, dashes, or exclamation
marks—indicate a shift in subject or mood. Ask students to
practice reading the haiku aloud, capturing the change in the
speaker’s mood after his surprise at seeing the dragonfly.
Question #1, p. 507 “Haiku” and
“Fog”
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All of these poems contain images of moments and
miracles in nature. What image in the haiku, in “Fog,”
and in “in Just-” did you find most striking, original, or
powerful?
Question #2, p. 507 “Haiku”
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One of the characteristics of a haiku is that it presents a
moment of discovery or revelation. In your own words,
describe the moment frozen in each of the haiku in this
group of poems.
Question #3, p. 507 “Haiku”
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In Chiyo’s haiku, the plant is a “morning
glory.” How could these words also
describe what the poet experienced at her
morning encounter?
Question #7, p. 507 “Haiku”
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Inside each of the haiku there is a person. Put yourself in each
person’s shoes, one by one. Consider:
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In the first haiku, do you wait for the toad to move, or do you
poke it?
In the second haiku, do you ever use that bucket again?
In the third haiku, what do you think you were doing the minute
before the frog jumped in?
In the fourth haiku, how long are you able to see the hills?
“My Papa’s Waltz”
By Theodore Roethke
Quickwrite, p. 561
“My Papa’s Waltz” by Theodore
Roethke
Elements of Literature—rhyme
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Rhyme – the repetition of accented vowel
sounds, and all sounds following them, in
words that are close together
Approximate rhyme – rhymes that do not
rhyme exactly, but appear to
Rhyme scheme – the pattern of rhyme in
a poem
Poetry Analysis of the Poem
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What is the poem about?
Number of Stanzas?
Number of Lines per Stanza?
Speaker?
Rhyme Scheme?
Examples of repetition?
Examples of imagery?
Examples of symbolism?
My Papa’s Waltz
Theodore Roethke
The whiskey on your breath
Could make a small boy dizzy;
But I hung on like death:
Such waltzing was not easy.
5
10
15
We romped until the pans
Slid from the kitchen shelf;
My mother’s countenance
Could not unfrown itself.
The hand that held my wrist
Was battered on one knuckle;
At every step you missed
My right ear scraped a buckle.
You beat time on my head
With a palm caked hard by dirt,
Then waltzed me off to bed
Still clinging to your shirt.
Listen for the waltzing rhythm created
by the words in this poem.
The/ whis/key/ on/ your/ breath
da
DA
da DA da
DA
Could/ make/ a/ small/ boy/ diz/zy
da
DA
da
DA
da DA da
Identify the rhyme scheme of the
poem.
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What kind of work does the father do?
What evidence is there in the story?
He works with his hands doing manual
labor.
p. 563, Question 1
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How do you think the speaker feels about
his father and the rough waltz?
p. 563, Question 2
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How does the mother feel about the
waltz? How would you explain her
reaction?
p. 563, Question 3
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How would you interpret line 3, “But I
hung on like death”?
p. 563, Question 4
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Death is a word that usually has
connotations of loss and sadness. Which
other words and images in the poem have
negative connotations? Which have
positive connotations? You could prepare
your response by making a chart like the
one below.
p. 563, Question 5
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How would you express the poem’s
message, or theme? (Hint: Does the
poem say anything about love?)
p. 563, Question 6
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The title promises music, and Roethke
delivers a three-beat waltz rhythm and a
regular rhyme scheme. Scan the poem to
show its meter. What is the rhyme
scheme? Read the poem aloud. Do you
think it sounds happy or sad?
“Combing”
By Gladys Cardiff
Quickwrite, p. 566
“Combing” by Gladys Cardiff
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Repetition –
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Alliteration –
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Assonance –
Poetry Analysis of the Poem
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What is the poem about?
Number of Stanzas?
Number of Lines per Stanza?
Speaker?
Rhyme Scheme?
Examples of repetition?
Examples of imagery?
Examples of symbolism?
Bending, I bow my head
And lay my hand upon
Her hair, combing, and think
How women do this for
Each other. My daughter’s hair
Curls against the comb,
Wet and fragrant—orange
Parings. Her face, downcast,
Is quiet for one so young.
I take her place. Beneath
My mother’s hands I feel
The braids drawn up tight
As a piano wire and singing,
Vinegar-rinsed. Sitting
Before the oven I hear
The orange coils tick
The early hour before school.
She combed her grandmother
Mathilda’s hair using
A comb made out of bone.
Mathilda rocked her oak-wood
Chair, her face downcast,
Intent on tearing rags
In strips to braid a cotton
Rug from bits of orange
And brown. A simple act,
Preparing hair. Something
Women do for each other,
Plaiting the generations.
Repetition
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Find examples of alliteration in this poem:
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Find examples of assonance in this poem:
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Plaiting or braiding is the act of tying
strands of hair together into one bigger
strand. The bigger strand is obviously
stronger than the individual hairs are.
What do you think this symbolizes in this
poem?
What other activity in the poem could be
seen in a similar way?
Question 1, p. 568
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What gifts are giving in “Combing”?
Question 4, p. 568
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What do you think the poet means in
“Combing” when she refers in the last line
to women “plaiting the generations”?
Question 5, p. 568
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What other things do family members do
that tie or braid generations? What other
gifts do parents give children?
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Scansion –
Rhythm –
Meter –
Feet –
Common types of feet:
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iamb –
Trochee –
Anapest –
Dactyl –
Spondee –
“Harlem”
by Langston Hughes
Quickwrite, p. 590
Poetry Analysis of the Poem
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What is the poem about?
Number of Stanzas?
Number of Lines per Stanza?
Speaker?
Rhyme Scheme?
Examples of repetition?
Examples of imagery?
Examples of symbolism?
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Tone –
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Figure of speech –
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Simile –
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Metaphor –
What happens to a dream deferred?
5
10
Does it dry up
like a raisin in the sun?
Or fester like a sore—
And then run?
Does it stink like rotten meat?
Or crust and sugar over—
like a syrupy sweet?
Maybe it just sags
like a heavy load.
Or does it explode?
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What does Hughes compare a dream to?
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How would you describe his tone?
Question 3, p. 596
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The word deferred in line 1 of “Harlem”
means “delayed,” “postponed,” What is
the dream that is being postponed here?
Question 4, p. 596
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What are the five similes that Hughes uses
to restate the first question—that is , what
does he compare a “dream deferred” to?
Question 5, p. 596
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What final metaphor is implied with
Hughes uses the word explode – what are
we to understand that the dream might
become? Why might a “dream” deferred
one day explode?
Question 9, p. 596
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“Harlem” was published in 1951. What
conditions still exist that make this poem
relevant to people’s lives today?
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Thematic Unit: Love Poetry “Daily” by Naomi Shihab Nye