1
From : Search For My Tongue
English
•Language a little
simple and childlike
Poem written in
two languages
Gujarati
•Poetic language
Ideally would
•Internal rhymes
Could link with: only need lines
•No sense of poetry
1-17 + Gujarati •Complex imagery
•Presents
from
– expressing •Extended
difficulties
•written
to suggest
a
metaphor –
lack
of education
coping
with two cultures/ twolanguage
languages
as plant
Last section =
•Implies frustration at
•Poet
able to express
transliteration
•Unrelated
–
specific
language
references
being unable to express
sophisticated ideas
ones thoughts
2
‘Presents from my Aunts in Pakistan
Pakistani
A poem which
talks about how Salwar kameez
denim and corduroy
difficult it is to
Candy striped glass bangles
a sitting room
try to cope with
two different
An apple green sari
cardigans from M& S
culture at the
Camel skin lamp
a cot in my grandmother’s same time.
dining room ‘I was there of no fixed nationality’
Indian gold jewellery
A tin boat
Mirror work
English:
Could
link
with:Words
or phrases
which
emphasis the conflict:Bangles
snapped,
drewMy
blood
Search
for
Fretwork at the Shalimar
gardens
tongue – confusion over
Each
language
satin-silken top alien in the sitting room
My costume clung to me and I was aflame
Hurricane
–
living
in
one
culture
yet
harking
The jewellery was stolen from the car – it did not belong – she feels she does not
back to another
belong.
from
3
: ‘Unrelated Incidents’ Tom Leonard
Poem
Glaswegian v RP [ Received Pronunciation]
discusses
•Widny wahnt mi ti - wouldn’t want me to
how some
people are
•Yooz doant no thi trooth – you don’t know the truth
inclined to
Assumption:Viewpoint.
SET
make
assumptions •A strong regional
Expresses his
OUT
Links
with:based on the dialect might
anger at this
LIKE
way other
•Search formake
My –someone
frustration over lack of An
people speak. assume that what
communication due to language
AUT
is
being
said
is
Throughout
OCUE
the truth (anger)/ dialect used
– viewpoint
we•Half-Caste
sense his NOT
this is thi
six a clock
news thi
man said n
thi reason
a talk wiya
BBC accent
iz coz yi
widny wahnt
mi ti talk
aboot thi
trooth wia
voice lik
wanna yoo
scruff. if
a tokaboot
thi trooth
lik wanna yoo
scruff yi
widny thingk
annoyance
My Business – unusual layout/structure
at•Not
the fact
this happens
it wuz troo.
English
weather
4
Picasso
Half-Caste: John Agard
Tchaikovsky
Structure:
How it’s written.
Viewpoint
1. Wake up call to
•Only
Anger
and
audience
frustration that the punctuation
forward slashes
2. Puts forward his
term is being used
argument
at all. Using the
•In dialect
Possible links: references (Picasso,
3. Challenges
•Irregular verses
Tchaikovsky,
preconceptions
weather)
he forces
Unrelated – tone/
dialect
•No rhyme
the reader to
acknowledge the
Use of 1st Person
•Delivery:term is
•Adopts
to the
spoken
word
meaningless.
Notcalypso
My + style
Unrelated
– structure/
layout
•Anger when he has to stop after ‘ah rass’
•Direct address to audience – challenging – but still dry humour
‘Not My Business’ Niya Osundare
Form: Verse and
refrain
5
Based on actual historical events
Possible
links:
between
1993 – 1998
under General
Abacha in Nigeria
‘This Room’ – clear
Language Features:culture.
But only three refrains
because they take him away
settingbefore
in different
he can get to it
•the violence of the beating
Moral:
Whereas many of the others
inusthe
cluster
Makes
think
about
ourselves
express problems REMEMBERING
•Sacked for no reason
another culture.
Think about what human
•violence of attacks
•the total surprise at the end
Specific cultural references:
•Names of the victims
•What he’s eating
beings are capable of
Puts us directly into a
different culture (violent
language)
6
Hurricane Hits England: Grace Nichols
It now almost becomes a
physical connection.
Then we get the moment
when she connects with
Possibleand
links:
the ‘hurricane’
reconnects
with Guyana.
‘Presents’
– in that
‘O why is my heart unchained’
Theme: An unexpected event
reconnects the author with her
past life and her true identity.
‘break the
frozen lake’
Events described in
the third person at
the start of the poem.
‘shake my
poem
the poet does not
foundations’
Suggests that to
connect: in this one the poet does.
Meaning freed/released
I can now be
myself where
ever I am
start with author not
connected with where
she is.
The questions become
st/ 3rd person narrative
This
Room
–
1
more direct as her
Then she gently begins to question
confidence increases –
the hurricane. There is a sense of her
‘Talk to me ….Tell me
being respectful towards it.
…What is the ……?
‘This
‘ThisRoom’
Room’Imtiaz
Imtiaz
Dharker
Dharker
77
The claustrophobia, gloom and dark atmosphere
Could link with:- Is replaced by
space, light, empty air
The bed- scene of
Unlike most of the
The ordinary and
dreamt
and After
actual Love
other
poems
in the
domestic
Love
– in
its celebration
of join in.
nightmares – and
cluster this one is
Even she has left
another culture……..
CELEBRATORY
dark corners are
her feet – stuck on
illuminated
and
the ground – and
or
liberated.
has joined the
celebrations.
…….with another poem where the
tone is
negative rather than so positive.
A poem full of the joys of life where everything joins in.
‘Love After Love’ Derek Walcott
Poetic Devices:•mixture of end-stopped/
enjambed lines
•most ‘classic’ poem
Christian
imagery in the
bread and wine
references
8
In comparison to
some of the other
poems this is a
very personal piece.
Walcott celebrates
his own history
and culture.
After all the searching Walcott writes about that moment when
you stop taking a role and become yourself.
Phrases which show he
has discovered his
true identity:…love again the stranger who
was yourself.
…..feast on your life.
Phrases which suggest he has been roleplaying:-
…..greet yourself in your own mirror
…peel your own images from the mirror
June 2007
• How does Sujata Bhatt show that identity
is important in ‘from Search for my
Tongue’? Compare the methods she uses
with the methods another poet uses to
show that identity is important in one other
poem.
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