1 From : Search For My Tongue English •Language a little simple and childlike Poem written in two languages Gujarati •Poetic language Ideally would •Internal rhymes Could link with: only need lines •No sense of poetry 1-17 + Gujarati •Complex imagery •Presents from – expressing •Extended difficulties •written to suggest a metaphor – lack of education coping with two cultures/ twolanguage languages as plant Last section = •Implies frustration at •Poet able to express transliteration •Unrelated – specific language references being unable to express sophisticated ideas ones thoughts 2 ‘Presents from my Aunts in Pakistan Pakistani A poem which talks about how Salwar kameez denim and corduroy difficult it is to Candy striped glass bangles a sitting room try to cope with two different An apple green sari cardigans from M& S culture at the Camel skin lamp a cot in my grandmother’s same time. dining room ‘I was there of no fixed nationality’ Indian gold jewellery A tin boat Mirror work English: Could link with:Words or phrases which emphasis the conflict:Bangles snapped, drewMy blood Search for Fretwork at the Shalimar gardens tongue – confusion over Each language satin-silken top alien in the sitting room My costume clung to me and I was aflame Hurricane – living in one culture yet harking The jewellery was stolen from the car – it did not belong – she feels she does not back to another belong. from 3 : ‘Unrelated Incidents’ Tom Leonard Poem Glaswegian v RP [ Received Pronunciation] discusses •Widny wahnt mi ti - wouldn’t want me to how some people are •Yooz doant no thi trooth – you don’t know the truth inclined to Assumption:Viewpoint. SET make assumptions •A strong regional Expresses his OUT Links with:based on the dialect might anger at this LIKE way other •Search formake My –someone frustration over lack of An people speak. assume that what communication due to language AUT is being said is Throughout OCUE the truth (anger)/ dialect used – viewpoint we•Half-Caste sense his NOT this is thi six a clock news thi man said n thi reason a talk wiya BBC accent iz coz yi widny wahnt mi ti talk aboot thi trooth wia voice lik wanna yoo scruff. if a tokaboot thi trooth lik wanna yoo scruff yi widny thingk annoyance My Business – unusual layout/structure at•Not the fact this happens it wuz troo. English weather 4 Picasso Half-Caste: John Agard Tchaikovsky Structure: How it’s written. Viewpoint 1. Wake up call to •Only Anger and audience frustration that the punctuation forward slashes 2. Puts forward his term is being used argument at all. Using the •In dialect Possible links: references (Picasso, 3. Challenges •Irregular verses Tchaikovsky, preconceptions weather) he forces Unrelated – tone/ dialect •No rhyme the reader to acknowledge the Use of 1st Person •Delivery:term is •Adopts to the spoken word meaningless. Notcalypso My + style Unrelated – structure/ layout •Anger when he has to stop after ‘ah rass’ •Direct address to audience – challenging – but still dry humour ‘Not My Business’ Niya Osundare Form: Verse and refrain 5 Based on actual historical events Possible links: between 1993 – 1998 under General Abacha in Nigeria ‘This Room’ – clear Language Features:culture. But only three refrains because they take him away settingbefore in different he can get to it •the violence of the beating Moral: Whereas many of the others inusthe cluster Makes think about ourselves express problems REMEMBERING •Sacked for no reason another culture. Think about what human •violence of attacks •the total surprise at the end Specific cultural references: •Names of the victims •What he’s eating beings are capable of Puts us directly into a different culture (violent language) 6 Hurricane Hits England: Grace Nichols It now almost becomes a physical connection. Then we get the moment when she connects with Possibleand links: the ‘hurricane’ reconnects with Guyana. ‘Presents’ – in that ‘O why is my heart unchained’ Theme: An unexpected event reconnects the author with her past life and her true identity. ‘break the frozen lake’ Events described in the third person at the start of the poem. ‘shake my poem the poet does not foundations’ Suggests that to connect: in this one the poet does. Meaning freed/released I can now be myself where ever I am start with author not connected with where she is. The questions become st/ 3rd person narrative This Room – 1 more direct as her Then she gently begins to question confidence increases – the hurricane. There is a sense of her ‘Talk to me ….Tell me being respectful towards it. …What is the ……? ‘This ‘ThisRoom’ Room’Imtiaz Imtiaz Dharker Dharker 77 The claustrophobia, gloom and dark atmosphere Could link with:- Is replaced by space, light, empty air The bed- scene of Unlike most of the The ordinary and dreamt and After actual Love other poems in the domestic Love – in its celebration of join in. nightmares – and cluster this one is Even she has left another culture…….. CELEBRATORY dark corners are her feet – stuck on illuminated and the ground – and or liberated. has joined the celebrations. …….with another poem where the tone is negative rather than so positive. A poem full of the joys of life where everything joins in. ‘Love After Love’ Derek Walcott Poetic Devices:•mixture of end-stopped/ enjambed lines •most ‘classic’ poem Christian imagery in the bread and wine references 8 In comparison to some of the other poems this is a very personal piece. Walcott celebrates his own history and culture. After all the searching Walcott writes about that moment when you stop taking a role and become yourself. Phrases which show he has discovered his true identity:…love again the stranger who was yourself. …..feast on your life. Phrases which suggest he has been roleplaying:- …..greet yourself in your own mirror …peel your own images from the mirror June 2007 • How does Sujata Bhatt show that identity is important in ‘from Search for my Tongue’? Compare the methods she uses with the methods another poet uses to show that identity is important in one other poem.