States of the
USA
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List of states
The following sortable table lists each of the 50 states of the United States of
America with the following information:
The official state name or names
The common state name
The United States Postal Service (USPS) two-character state abbreviation[1]
(also used as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
Standard 3166-2 country subdivision code)
The date the state ratified the United States Constitution or was admitted to
the Union
The United States Census Bureau estimate of state population as of 2006-0701[2]
The state capital
The most populous incorporated place or census-designated place within the
state as of 2006-07-01, as estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau[3]
An image of the state flag
Some of the 50 United States of America
Official State
Name
Common
USPS
Date
Population
Capital
Most
Populous
City
State of Alaska
Alaska
AK
1959-01-03
00,670,053
Juneau
Anchorage
Florida
FL
1845-03-03
18,089,888
Tallahassee
Jacksonville[5]
Georgia
GA
1788-01-02
09,363,941
Atlanta
Atlanta
Louisiana
LA
1812-04-30
04,287,768
Maine
ME
1820-03-15
01,321,574
State of
Florida
State of
Georgia
State of
Louisiana
État de
Louisiane
State of Maine
State of New New
Hampshire
Hampshire
State of North
North Carolina
Carolina
Commonwealth
of
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Baton Rouge Baton Rouge[6]
Augusta
Portland
NH
1788-06-21
01,314,895 Concord
Manchester[9]
NC
1789-11-21
08,856,505 Raleigh
Charlotte
PA
1787-12-12
12,440,621 Harrisburg
Philadelphia
Origin of states' names
British
Some states on the Atlantic coast originated from British colonies named after British
monarchs: Georgia, the Carolinas, Virginia, and Maryland. Others, also former British
colonies, take their names from places in the British Isles: New Hampshire, New Jersey,
and New York. Pennsylvania, meaning "Penn's woods," in Latin, takes its name from the
father of its founder, William Penn. Delaware is named after Thomas West, Lord De La
Warr, an early colonist and governor of the Jamestown Colony.
Native American
Many states' names are those of Native American tribes or are from Native American
languages: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Connecticut, the Dakotas, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas,
Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio,
Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wisconsin and others. Additionally, the name of
Idaho was presented as a Native American word by eccentric lobbyist George M. Willing,
though it was later revealed that he likely made it up. Indiana means literally "land of
Indians".
Spanish
Because they are on territories previously controlled by Spain or Mexico, many states in
the southeast and southwest have Spanish names. They include Colorado, Florida,
Nevada, Montana, and, ultimately of Native American origin, New Mexico. California is
also believed to be of Spanish origin, though this is not entirely clear (see Origin of the
name California).
French
Because it was previously a French colony, Louisiana is named after Louis XIV (the
King of France at the time). Maine may also be named after the historical French
province of Maine, although another theory derives "Maine" from "mainland,"
differentiating it from the outlying islands. Vermont is derived from the French term for
"green mountains", a reference to its mountainous but forested terrain.
Other
Formally referred to as the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Rhode
Island likely gained its name through the supposed similarity of Aquidneck Island (the
body of land known as Rhode Island, which contains the city of Newport and the towns
of Portsmouth and Middletown) to the Greek Isle of Rhodes, however as it was
originally an offshoot of the Dutch colony of Nieu Netherlands, it is more likely the
name is an Anglicization of the Dutch name for the place, "Rhodt" or simply "Red
Island," which probably referred to the color of the soil there. Providence Plantations,
which makes reference to the mainland that surrounds Narragansett Bay, was named
by its religious founders for God's divine providence. The state of Washington was
named after George Washington. Arizona may come from a Basque term, or it may be
of Native American origin. The name Hawaii came from Hawaiʻiloa, legendary
discoverer of the Hawaiian islands.[16]
Origin unknown
The origin of Oregon is not certain, although various theories exist, but is most likely to
be of Native American origin.
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Maine
Flag of Maine
Seal
Nickname(s): ThePine
Tree State
Motto(s): Dirigo
The rocky coast around Kennebunk.
Penobscot
Narrows
Bridge,
carrying
U.S. 1
Boothbay Harbor
State of Rhode Island
and Providence Plantations
Flag of Rhode Island
Seal
Nickname(s): The , Little Rhody
Motto(s): Hope
Map of Rhode Island
A historic side street in Newport
Block Island bluffs, Rhode Island
The Rhode Island state quarter with
a laiborne Pell Newport Bridge
West Virginia
Seal
Nickname(s): Mountain State
Motto(s): Montani semper
liberi
Shaded relief map of the Cumberland Plateau
and Ridge-and-valley Appalachians.
The summit of Spruce Knob is
often covered in clouds.
Harpers Ferry
Charleston is West Virginia's most populous city
The New River Gorge Bridge
The Veterans Memorial Bridge
Bituminous coal seam in
southwestern West Virginia
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New Hampshire
Lake Winnepesaukee
Virginia
Virginia - topographic map
Richmond was the
capital of the
Confederacy.
Patrick
Henry's
speech on
the Virginia
Resolves.
The
Pentagon,
headquart
ers of the
US
Departme
nt of
Defense in
Arlington.
Richmond skyline crossing the
Manchester Bridge
Florida map, with
major roads/cities.
Florida taken from NASA Shuttle
Mission STS-95 on October 31,
1998
The beach at Bahia Honda in the
Florida Keys
1997 -Tornado in Downtown Miami
Largest cities and towns
Orlando
Miami
Fort Lauderdale
Tampa
West Palm Beach
Jacksonville
St. Petersburg
South Carolina
Seal
Nickname(s): The Palmetto State
Motto(s): Dum spiro spero (While
I breathe, I hope) and
Animis opibusque parati (Ready in
soul and resource)
Live oaks overarching the streets
in historic neighborhoods on East
Bay Street, Georgetown.
Map of South Carolina
This historic home is at "The
Battery," a neighborhood/park area
at the Downtown Historic District of
Charleston
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Alaska
Official language(s)
Spoken language(s)
Capital
Largest city
English[1]
English 85.7%,
Native North American 5.2%,
Spanish 2.9%
Juneau
Anchorage
Alaska (Russian: Аляска (Alyaska) is an exclave and a state of the United States
of America located west of Canada in the extreme northwest portion of North
America. It has the largest area, the highest mountain, the most lakes and the
smallest
population. The name "Alaska" came from the Aleut alaxsxaq,
.
meaning "the mainland“.
The area that became Alaska was bought from Russia on October 18,
1867, for $7,200,000.
Alaska's interior has an extreme subarctic climate.
Summer temperatures may reach into the 80s°F (near 30
°C), while winter temperatures can fall below −60 °F (-51
°C).
The climate in the extreme north of Alaska is a polar climate
with long, very cold winters and short, cool summers. Even
in July, the average low temperature is above freezing at 34
°F (1 °C).[7]
Miners and prospectors climb the Chilkoot Trail during the
Klondike Gold Rush
Anchorage is the largest city in Alaska.
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Florida
Maine
New Hampshire
Alaska
South Carolina
Virginia
West Virginia
Rhode Island
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The Last Frontier
Mother of Presidents
The Sunshine State
The Pine Tree state
Mountain State
The Little Rhody
Palmetto State
The granite state
Home Task:
Explain the nickname of Alaska
Give your own nickname for it
Pennsylvania
Flag of
Seal
Pennsylvania
Nickname(s): Keystone State,
Quaker State,
Coal State, Oil State,
Motto(s): Virtue, and
Farming near Klingerstown,
The skyline of Philadelphia,
The skyline of Pittsburgh
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US States