US Country Studies
General Facts
A federal constitutional republic
50 states (cover 6 time zones)
9.83 million km²
307 million people
white 79.96%, black 12.85%,
Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and
Alaska native 0.97%, native
Hawaiian and other Pacific
islander 0.18%
3rd largest country both by land
area and population
The First Americans
Between 34,000 and 30,000 B.C
Little of the evidence found can
be reliably dated before 12,000
B.C
Artifacts indicate that life was
probably already well established
in much of the Western
Hemisphere by some time prior
to 10,000 B.C.
species of large game vanished plants, berries and seeds
first attempts at primitive
agriculture appeared
Central Mexico 8,000 B.C. –
corn, squash, beans
By 300 B.C. signs of early village
life
First mounds 600 B.C. –
Adenans
Hokoham
Hopewellians
Temple Mound culture
Cahokia, east of St. Louis
Anasazi
as many people lived in the
Western Hemisphere as in
Western Europe at that time -about 40 million
The First Europeans
1001 – Norse
1492 – Columbus
1497 – John Cabot
1513 – Juan Ponce de Leon
1534 – Jacques Cartier
1565 – Pedro Menendez – St.
Augustine - the first permanent
European settlement
1578 – Humphrey Gilbert colonize the "heathen and
barbarous landes"
1585 –Walter Raleigh –Roanoke
Island
1607 - Jamestown
Settling in America
Trade
Freedom of religion
Political freedom
Economic reasons
The Original 13 Colonies
Virginia
Massachusetts
Maryland
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New Hampshire
North and South Carolina
New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Delaware
Georgia
Virginia
Jamestown
The London Company
Trade with Europe
“He who will not work shall not
eat”
Plantations: tobacco, cotton,
sugar, peanuts
Massachusetts
Pilgrims in 1620 on the
Mayflower
First group seeking religious
freedom
The Mayflower Compact
- vote about the laws
- accept what the majority chose
William Bradford
1621 - Thanksgiving
1630 - The Puritans
Fur trading, fishing, shipbuilding
Maryland
Proprietary colonies
1634 - Lord Baltimore
1649 – Act of Toleration
Rhode Island
Roger Williams
1636
Separation of church and state
Connecticut
1636 – Thomas Hooker
The Fundamental Orders of
Connecticut
- legislature
- governorship
- fair taxation
New Hampshire
1623
Political, religious, economic
reasons
The Carolinas/New York/New
Jersey
Proprietary colonies
1729 – royal colony
1664 – the English Navy
Quaker groups
Pennsylvania/Delaware/Georgia
1681 –William Penn
Holy Experiment
1682 - Delaware part of
Pennsylvania
1703
1732 – James Oglethorpe
Democracy and government
Direct and representative
democracy
Governors
- Veto laws
- Appoint some government
officials
2 assemblies: the King appointed
the members of the upper house
Only men with property and
sometimes with certain religious
qualifications could vote
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZINHFyVDp3s
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US Country Studies