Story Literary Elements
Some basics that every good story
must have ….
Essential Questions
 What are the elements of literature?
 How does setting effect a story?
 Types of Conflict
 What is mood?
 What is tone?
 Theme!
 What is perspective (POV)?
 What is purpose?
Every story needs characters
Or Creatures
The protagonist is the “good guy”
The antagonist is the “bad guy”
or force
Direct and Indirect
 Direct-when an author tells us about the
 Indirect-what we INFER about the character
 Things to focus on:
Physical appearance/Personality
Background/personal history
Does character change?
Great stories have a conflict
Man vs. Man
Man vs. Nature Man vs. Society Man vs. Machine Man vs. Himself
A hint about what will happen
next is called foreshadowing
For example, if you hear this:
Then you know someone’s about to get eaten!
The time and place of the story is
the setting-place and time
How does Setting Affect the
Lets start with change in place
-There are different laws in different
For example: A story takes place in the
U.S. with a 16 year old getting his/her
driver’s license. If the story were moved to
Canada it would have to change to an 18
year old because the driving age is 18 in
Canada. This would change the story.
Setting Affect Continued…
 What is The Hunger Games took place in
1492? The year 1? In Asia?
 What would be different if The Westing
Game was set in 2015? In the desert?
The short version:
 Setting effects HOW the story plays out
– Example: Country vs. City
 How characters look, act, and behave
– Example: Women in 1900 vs Now
 And can change the mood/ have symbolism
The climax is the most exciting
The point of view is the
perspective of the story
“That rotten wolf
tried to eat us!!!!”
“I was framed! I
just wanted to
borrow a cup of
There are a few types of POV
 1st person- I-told from one person’s POV
 3rd person-Told from the outside
– Limited: Can only show the reader what is
being said and done.
– Omniscient: The narrator knows and tells the
readers what characters are thinking or feeling
(things that are not outwardly expressed)
An Author’s Purpose
 Why the author wrote the piece
– IT is as easy as P.I.E.
• Persuade
• Inform
• Entertain
 Just like when you speak you have a tone,
authors’ have a tone.
 Tone is the attitude the author has or how
the author is speaking
– Sarcastic
– Funny
– Serious
Example: Frozen vs. Frozen
How to find Tone
 What sort of music would be playing in the
 As the definition above indicates, writers
use words to set the tone. Take a look at the
descriptions in your story. Try to visualize
the scene and hear the characters voices.
Example of Tone
Gentlemen: I received your letter today by post, in regard to
the ransom you ask for the return of my son. I think you
are a little high in your demands, and I hereby make you a
counter proposition, which I am inclined to believe you
will accept. You bring Johnny home and pay me two
hundred and fifty dollars in cash, I agree to take him off
your hands. You had better come at night, for the
neighbors believe he is lost, and I couldn’t be responsible
for what they would do to anyone they saw bringing him
Very respectfully,
Would it Change if I told you…
 This letter was written by the boy’s father
after the reader already knows what a pain
the little boy is ( he tries to scalp one of his
captors while pretending to be an Indian).
Tone Words
 Bitter
 Serious
 Witty
 Playful
 Tender
 Sympathetic
 Haunting
 Mysterious
 Suspenseful
 Mood is the overall atmosphere of a piece
of literature
 The mood is created by the setting, the
characters, and their actions
Identifying Mood
 Identifying the mood of a piece of writing
will depend on the number of descriptive
words you know to answer the question:
 How did this paragraph, this passage, this
story make the character or you feel?
During the holidays, my mother's house
glittered with decorations and hummed with
preparations. We ate cookies and drank
cider while we helped her wrap bright
packages and trim the tree. We felt warm
and excited, listening to Christmas carols
and even singing along sometimes. We
would tease each other about our terrible
voices and then sing even louder.
Mood Words
 Cheerful
 Relieved
 Gloomy
 Bleak
 Uncertain
 Bittersweet
 Relaxed
 Indolent
 Hopeless
 A central message, concern, or insight into
life expressed through a literary work
 Can be expressed by one or two sentence
statement about human beings or about life
 May be stated directly or implied
 Interpretation uncovers the theme
Whether you’re the reader, or the
writer, a great story includes all
these literary elements!!!
point of view

Story Literary Elements