Mood, Tone,
and Style
…to support the author’s
purpose
MOOD
MOOD is the overall feelings or
emotions that are created FOR
THE READER.
The “power of the pen” can move
mountains.
Authors “move” their readers’
moods through their choice of
words and level of detail.
MOOD EXAMPLE
During the holidays, my mother's house was
glittered with decorations and hummed
with preparations. We ate cookies and
drank cider while we helped her wrap
bright packages and trim the tree. We felt
warm and excited, listening to Christmas
carols and even singing along sometimes.
We would tease each other about our
terrible voices and then sing even louder.
Mood: Content, happy. How do we know?
Words like "warm, excited, glittered” are
used by the author.
MOOD EXAMPLE
After New Year's the time came to put
all the decorations away and settle
in for the long, cold winter. The
house seemed to sigh as we boxed
up its finery. The tree was dry and
brittle, and now waited forlornly by
the side of the road to be picked up.
Mood: Dreary, depressed. How do we
know? "cold, sigh, brittle, forlornly"
MOOD
You can identify the mood by
looking at the description of the
setting and the character’s
feelings.
To identify the mood try to answer
the following question:
How did this paragraph, this
passage, this story make the
character or make you feel?
Words to describe Mood
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Cheerful
Relieved
Gloomy
Bleak
Uncertain
Bittersweet
Relaxed
Lazy
Hopeless
Tense
Joyful
Peacful
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Furious
Disappointed
Dreamy, foggy
Content
Satisfied
Angry
Motivated
Inspired
Confident
Eerie
Scary
Threatening
Exciting
Mood: “The Witch of
Blackbird Pond”
How would you describe the
mood of this passage?
a. Excited
b. Calm
c. Melancholy
Evidence?
TONE
TONE is simply the author’s attitude
toward his/her subject.
You can recognize the tone/attitude by the
language/word choices the author uses
and details from the selection.
Tone must be inferred through the use of
descriptive words.
Words to describe Tone
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Bitter
Serious
Witty
Playful
Tender
Sympathetic
Haunting
Mysterious
Suspenseful
Mocking
Disgusted
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Tasteful/distasteful
Nonchalant
Angry
Attached/Detached
Innocent
Poignant
Compassionate
Humorous
Gore-y
Serious
Sarcastic
Sentimental
Tone: “Boy:Tales of
Childhood”
How would you describe the tone
[attitude] of this author?
a. disgusted
b. approving
c. angry
Evidence?
What is STYLE ?
 Every author has his or her
own style – that is, his or
her own way of
communicating ideas.
 When you read several
books by the same author,
you become accustomed to
the author’s style of writing
and sometimes you look for
authors with a similar style.
STYLE
STYLE is the way the author uses words,
phrases, and sentences.
The author’s
1) personal word choice/vocabulary,
2) types of sentences,
3) point of view from which the text is told,
4) imagery
5) and dialogue.
These 5 components will reveal his/her style.
STYLE
So, when analyzing an author’s style, we
need to consider:
 point-of-view,
 formal or informal writing,
 organization/structure of text,
 level of complexity in the writing, and
 overall tone.
By using these features in writing, different
meanings of the content (what the
story/text is about) are shown to the
audience.
Style: Which Point of View?
First person: (I, me, my)
I went to the store today. When I was in the cereal aisle, I bumped into an
old friend and had a nice conversation.
Second person: (you; instructions/directions)
You should work on getting your room cleaned. First, pick up the clothes on
the floor. Then, you need to run a vacuum and dust the tables.
Third person – limited: (he/she/it/they/them told thru 1 character)
He could tell from the expression on her face that what he had said upset
her. If only he knew, though, what she was really thinking.
Third-person Omniscient (‘all knowing’):
(he/she/it/they/them told by the author; all characters’
feelings/thoughts are revealed)
She refused to look at Jamie again and instead stared at the
statue.
“Come on!” exclaimed Jamie impatiently. “It’s time to go.”
Sara ignored Jamie and continued to gaze upon the statue wishing
she, too, could be so still and at peace.
Style: Formal vs. Informal
Formal:
Dear Sir,
After examining your job description, I feel I am an excellent
candidate. I have many years of experience performing these
specific duties. My résumé is attached. Please read it over at
your convenience and contact me if you have questions.
Sincerely,
Andrew Meyer
Informal:
Hey, Sara! What's going on tonight? Call me before you guys
leave, okay?
--Beth
STYLE: Organization of Text
Writing is organized in various
ways, depending upon the
author’s purpose: to inform,
to entertain, to express a
belief/opinion, to persuade.
(Remember these?)
STYLE
 When analyzing style, you must
look at a piece of writing
FROM the overall structure of
the text TO the small details
and word choices. Be an
editor, a critic, to answer the
question: how would I
describe this author’s writing
style?
Style: “Future Tense”
How would you describe the writing style of this author?
How does it compare with the writing style of “The Time
Machine”.(use word choice and imagery to help you
answer this question).
Style: “The Time Machine”
How would you describe the writing style of this
author?
Style
 There may be as many
styles as there are
writers. Think about your
favorite authors? Why do
you like their books? Is it
because of their style of
writing? . . . And so, how
would you describe their
style of writing?
Style
 Descriptive?
 Thoroughly-developed?
 Academic?
 Formal?
 Informal?
 Business-like?
 Personal?
Your turn!!!
 You will read One Ordinary
Day with Peanuts and Rip
Van Winkle, as you do you
will be responding to the
Close Read questions.
Write your answers on a
sheet of paper with the
correct heading and
complete sentences.
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Style, Tone, and Mood