Direct and Indirect Object
Pronouns
Direct Object Pronouns

me
nos
te
os
lo, la
los, las
The object that DIRECTLY receives the
action of the verb is called the Direct Object.
 What? Who?

I saw you.
DO: you
Te vi.

I called her.
DO: her
La llamé.

She bought it. DO: it
Lo compró.
– The teacher gave you pesos.
– Bill Gates sent me a million dollar check.
– My parents bought my little sister a used car.
– Julia told everyone the big secret.
Indirect objects





The Indirect Object tells us where the Direct
Object is going to.
The Indirect Object is the person or thing to
whom or for whom the action is performed:
you, me, my little sister, everyone.
The teacher gave you pesos!
Pesos: Direct Object
You: Indirect Object
Here are the forms!

The “indirect objects” are:
me
nos
te
os
le
les
Some common verbs that are
used with indirect object
pronouns

Indirect objects are
used together with
verbs such as:
– Dar (to give)
– Enviar (to send)
– Comprar (to buy)
– Decir (to tell)
– Regalar (to give a gift)

She gave the dress me.
 Me dio el vestido.
 I sent the letter to you.
 Te envié la carta.
 They bought the scarf for us.
 Nos compraron la bufanda.
 She told me lies.
 Me dijo las mentiras. (irregular preterite verb)
 I gave the turtles to y’all.
 Les regalé las tortugas.
Other verbs: (add to your
notes)
Otros:
To writeEscribir
To explainExplicar
To offerOfrecer
Two guidelines
1.
2.
The Indirect Object tells us where the DO
is going. It answers “what” or “who”.
The Indirect Object answers the question
“to whom?” or “for whom?” the action of
the verb is performed.
You bought the candies for Melina.
 Tú compraste los dulces para Melina.
 You bought them for Melina.
Tú_______
los compraste para Melina.
 You bought the candies for her.
 Tú _______
compraste los chocolates (a
le
Melina).
 In Spanish, you can clarify who by writing the
person’s name at the end of the sentence
even thought it might sound repetitive. You
cannot do this for Direct Object pronouns.

Práctica
We sent the girl a doll.
Nosotros enviamos la muñeca a la niña.
We sent it to the girl.
Nosotros la enviamos a la niña.
We sent the doll to her.
Nosotros le enviamos la muñeca.
What if you want to say “We sent it for/to her?”
I do!

Bill Gates sent me a million
dollar check.
Bill Gates me lo envió.

Note that the indirect object
precedes the direct object.

Think “indirect, direct
object”: I DO.
Double trouble.
In all of the examples,
there are two objects.
That is, someone is giving
something to someone.
 The something is the
direct object and the
someone (the recipient)
is the indirect object).

Say what?


Look at the first examples and
identify the objects:
The teacher gave you an A.
– Recipient: you
– Thing received: an A

The teacher gave it to you.

My parents bought my little
sister a used car.
– Recipient: my little sister
– Thing received: a used car

My parents bought it for her.

She gave the dress to me.
 Ella me lo dio.
 I sent the letter to you.
 Yo te la envie.
 They bought the squirrel for us. (la ardilla)
 Ellos nos la regalaron.
 She told me the lie.
 Ella me la dijo.
 I gave the chocolates to you all.
 Yo se los di. * special rule
L+L=S+L

No, it’s not algebra class!

If a sentence has two objects
that both start with L, the first
one changes to SE.
Yo envié una carta a mi hermana.
 Yo la envié a mi hermana.
 Yo ____ la envié. (se)
 El maestro dio tarea al estudiante.
 El maestro se la dio. (le la)
 Carmen envió unas cajas de ropa a su
amiga.
 Carmen se las envió.
 Mis padres regalaron un coche a mi
hermana.
 Mis padres se lo regalaron.

An example, please.
Sure! Let’s simplify this sentence: Yo
envié una carta a mi hermano.
 You could say either:
– Yo la envié a mi hermano.
… or:



Yo le envié una carta.
But you could also say:
– Yo se la envié.
– Note how the “le” changes to “se”; you
can’t say “le la” because both objects
start with an “l.”
Let’s practice a few!

El maestro dio tarea al estudiante.

El maestro ___ ___ dio.

El maestro se la dio.
– La = la tarea (direct object)
– Se = al estudiante (indirect object)
¡Otro, por favor!

Carmen envió unas cajas de
ropa a su amiga.

Carmen ___ ___ envió.

Carmen se las envió.
– Las = las cajas (DOP)
– Se = a su amiga (IOP)
Uno más y acabamos.

Mis padres regalaron un
coche a mi hermana.
 Mis padres ___ __ regalaron.
 Mis padres se lo regalaron.
– Lo = un coche
– Se = a mi hermana (not “me)
Las respuestas
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Me lo da.
Te la envío.
Nos la compraron.
Me la dijo.
Os los regalé.
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Indirect Object Pronouns