Direct Object Pronouns
- Direct objects receive the
action of the verb.
- She bought a t-shirt.
- She bought it.
me
nos
te
os
lo-it, him (m,s) los-them (m,pl)
la-it, her (f,s) las-them (f,pl)
Unos ejemplos
Yo estudié el español.
Yo lo estudié.
Ella compró una falda.
Ella la compró.
Ella tiene los examenes.
Ella los tiene.
Ella lleva las faldas.
Ella las lleva.
Direct object pronouns
Direct object pronouns can be used for
people as well.
Ella invita a Juan.
Ella lo invita.
Nosotros invitamos a los amigos.
Nosotros los invitamos.
¿Cómo se usa?
First, translate the sentence.
She bought a computer.
Ella compró una computadora.
Then, look at the noun in the sentence.
Ella compró una computadora.
Noun
Then see which direct object pronoun the
noun can be turned into (lo,la,los,las)
Direct object pronouns
Ella compró la computadora.
noun
La computadora turns into “la” since it’s
feminine and singular.
La goes before the conjugated verb.
Ella la compró.
Un poco más
• When you have two verbs we know the
first one is conjugated and the second one
follows in the infinitive. Where would you
put the direct object pronoun in this case?
Do you have options? Have we seen this
before?
• Ex. I want to buy the shirts.
La Regla
• The rule is when you have two verbs in a
row you have an option to place the direct
object pronoun before the conjugated form
of the verb or attach it to the infinitive.
• Yo las quiero comprar.
• Yo quiero comprarlas.
Una Práctica-Traduzcan
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Mrs. Neumann hits (golpear) the ball (el balón).
Mrs. Neumann hits Dylan.
Mrs. Neumann is going to hit Dylan.
The class brings cookies.
I have the pen.
She has the tests.
Jessica has the book.
Joey eats the soup.
Clara sees Mrs. Neumann.
I bought the coats.
We are going to buy the boots.
They have to wear socks.
Olivia is able to buy the flowers.
Dylan and Joey want to win the game.
Las Respuestas.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Señora Neumann lo golpea. (el balón)
Señora Neumann lo golpea. (Dylan)
Señora Neumann lo va a golpear. (Dylan)
La clase las trae. (las galletas)
Yo la tengo. (la pluma)
Ella los tiene. (los exámenes)
Jessica lo tiene. (el libro)
Joey la come. (la sopa)
Clara la ve. (Mrs. Neumann)
Yo los compré. (los abrigos)
Nosotros vamos a comprarlas. (las botas)
Ellos los tienen que llevar. (los calcetines)
Olivia las puede comprar. (las flores)
Dylan y Joey quieren ganarlo. (el partido)
Direct object pronouns
Sentences can contain both an indirect
object pronoun and a direct object
pronoun.
She gave me the book.
She gave me it.
When the sentences involves an
indirect object pronoun…
The direct object pronoun goes before the
verb, but after the indirect object pronoun.
Direct object pronoun
Ella me la compró.
Indirect object pronoun
They bought me it. (a t-shirt)
Translate: They bought me a t-shirt.
Ellos me compraron una camiseta.
Camiseta is singular and feminine, so what
pronoun will you use?
Where does it go?
In between the IOP and verb
Ellos me la compraron.
IOP
DOP
Hagan Ahora- Traduzcan
No olviden los objetos indirectos
Me- me
1. She bought me the pizza.
Ella me compró la pizza.
2. We bought you the notebook.
Te- you
Le- him,her
Nos- us
Les- them
Nosotros te compramos el cuaderno.
3. They copied (copiar) the homework for her.
Ellos le copiaron la tarea.
4. My mom bought them the sneakers.
Mi mamá les compró los tenis.
5. She bought us the skirts.
Ella nos compró las faldas.
Practice: change the nouns into
pronouns and translate the
sentence…lo,la,los,las
1. They bought me it. (a t-shirt).
2. We bought you it (a coat).
3. They bought me them (the socks).
4. The girls bought you them (the skirts).
Practice: change the nouns into
pronouns and translate the
sentence…lo,la,los,las
1. They bought me it (a t-shirt/ una camiseta).
Ellos me la compraron.
2. We bought you it (a coat/ un abrigo).
Nosotros te lo compramos.
3. They bought me them (the socks/ los calcetines).
Ellos me los compraron.
4. The girls bought you them (the skirts/ las faldas).
Las muchachas te las compraron.
La práctica II
1. He saw her.
Él la miró.
2. We saw them.
Nosotros los miramos.
3. Maria and Tomás studied it (Spanish).
María y Tomás lo estudiaron.
4. The students studied it (tecnología)
Los alumnos la estudiaron.
Descargar

Hagan ahora: ¿Cómo se dice?