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The Dewey Decimal System:
So Simple, Even a Caveman
Can Do It!
Wendy Cope
MEDT 6463
Summer 2010
Clipart.com School Edition, 2010
This presentation, intended for high school
students as part of their media center
orientation, will reintroduce or reinforce the
logic behind the basic organization of the
media center as well as to encourage
students to ask themselves and school library
media specialists questions when searching
for books and other materials in the library.
Wendy Cope
MEDT 6463
Summer 2010
My Hero…Melvil Dewey
The Dewey Decimal Classification
(DDC) is the most widely used
library organization system in the
world.
The system groups books by topic
by dividing them into 10 main
classes or categories. Each of
those categories is further split
into 10 categories, each division
becoming more and more specific.
He developed the DDC when he
was just 21 and a student assistant
librarian at Amherst College.
Dewey’s Design
How DO you classify
all knowledge?
Our hero…
Dewey created the 10 main classes
by thinking like a caveman.
What questions would a caveman
ask?
000s: General Information
•Encyclopedias
•Reference Books, Almanacs
•Guinness Book of World Records
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Numbers are
on the spine
of the book
Library Journal, 2009
031
GLE
001.9
KAL
100s: Philosophy and Psychology
Who am I?
Man thinks about himself.
Click cover for book review
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155.2
JON
155.9
GOO
200s: Religion and Mythology
Who made me?
Man thinks about God.
Click cover for book review
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297
GOR
201
RAU
300s: Social Sciences
Who is the person in the next cave?
Man thinks about other people and the issues they face.
Click cover for book review
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301.451
CLE
362.29
WOR
400s: Language
How can I make that man understand me?
Man communicates with others through words.
Click cover for book review
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422
HOU
419
COS
500s: Natural Science
How can I understand nature and the
world about me?
Man gets curious about the natural
world—both living and nonliving things.
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530
STR
569.9
STE
600 s: Technology
How can I use what I know about nature?
Primitive man observed the natural world, then created
based on that knowledge: developing tools and machines,
cooking techniques, and medicine, for example.
614.5
ZAH
614
ADE
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700s: Fine Arts and Recreation
How can I enjoy my leisure time?
With all the free time created by technology,
the caveman begins to create art, music,
dance, and sports to express himself.
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709
GRE
781.642
CAR
800s: Literature
How can I give my children a record of
man's heroic deeds?
Man became a storyteller, creating fables, poetry, and plays
about his ancestors and the people he knew. Later, man recorded
these stories for all people to read.
Click cover for book review
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811
MOR
823
GRE
900s: Geography, History, Biography
How can I leave a record for men of the
future?
Man began to write about events that had
occurred everywhere, and about people
who had participated in these events.
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909.82
KAU
954.02
PRE
Quick Review: Dewey Decimal System
• 000 General Knowledge
• Almanacs, Encyclopedias, Dictionaries
• 100 Psychology & Physiology
• Who am I?
• 200 Religion
• How did I get here? Who made me?
• 300 Social Sciences & Folklore
• Who is the caveman next door?
• 400 Languages & Grammar
• How do I communicate with him/her?
• 500 Math & Science
• What can I know about the natural world?
• 600 Medicine & Technology
• What can I do/make with what I know about the natural world?
• 700 Arts & Recreation
• What can I do for fun? How can I express myself?
• 800 Literature
• How can I tell my children about how great we are?
• 900 Geography & History
• How can I tell future generations about what we accomplished?
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Test Your Knowledge!
Which book would be in the 700s?
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•Monkeys and Their Habitats
500s Natural Science
•Dreams and Nightmares: What Our
Sleep Says About Us 100s Philosophy and
Psychology
•Baseball’s Greats
700s Arts and Recreation
Test Your Knowledge!
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Where can you find a book on
handheld digital devices like
cell phones or iPods?
•200s
Religion
•400s
Languages
•600s
Technology…right!
Test Your Knowledge!
Match the books with their Dewey class
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Heroes of Mythology
300s
The Rise of
Methamphetamines
900s
The Aftermath of 9/11
200s
Your Assignment:
ELA9LSV1 The student participates in student-to-teacher,
student-to-student, and group verbal interactions.
• Split into 10 teams.
• Draw a Dewey Main Class slip.
• Go to your section of the collection to look at
the types of books in that main class.
• Create a caveman skit to illustrate your Dewey
main class. Be sure to give examples of at
least 3 types of books in your section.
• Caveman it up to share with the class!
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Edition, 2010
References
Adelman, M. (2006). Forensic medicine (inside forensic science) (1 ed.). United States of America: Chelsea House Publications.
Retrieved June 22, 2010, from
http://www.titlewave.com/cover?FLR=20577SX&SID=0edb585d546108f87e52404ebe4889e8&type=cover
At issue series - are conspiracy theories valid? (hardcover edition) (At Issue Series) (1 ed.). (2006). Farmington Hills, MI:
Greenhaven Press. Retrieved June 21, 2010 from
http://www.titlewave.com/cover?FLR=28012S4&SID=067006cdfdd68559fcd8ebfc1c50fc4c&type=cover
Carlin, R. (2005). Country (American popular music). New York: Facts on File. Retrieved June 22, 2010, from
http://www.titlewave.com/search?SID=067006cdfdd68559fcd8ebfc1c50fc4c
Cleaver, E. (1999). Soul on ice. New York: Delta. Retrieved June 22, 2010 , from http://www.amazon.com/Soul-Ice-EldridgeCleaver/dp/038533379X
Clipart.com School Edition Demo. (n.d.). Clipart.com School Edition Demo. Retrieved June 19, 2010, from http://schoolsdemo.clipart.com/search/index?realign=&a=d&q=caveman&k_mode=all&k_exc=&q_color=1&q_bw=1&q_gif=1&q_jpeg=1&
q_eps=1&q_wmf=1&q_psd=1&q_png=1&cid=&date=&pubid=&isadv=1&srch=Searching...
Costello, E. P. (1995). Signing: how to speak with your hands. United States and Canada: Bantam. Retrieved June 17, 2010 from
http://www.titlewave.com/cover?FLR=12029J7&SID=0edb585d546108f87e52404ebe4889e8&type=cover
Dewey Caveman Story. (n.d.). Media Technology Anacortes School District. Retrieved June 17, 2010, from
mte.anacortes.k12.wa.us/library/dewey/deweystory.htm
Espeland, P., & Gootman, M. E. (2005). When a friend dies: a book for teens about grieving & healing (Revised ed.). Minneapolis
(MN): Free Spirit Publishing. Retrieved June 20, 2010, from
http://www.titlewave.com/cover?FLR=30515V5&SID=47d9999cf7204f6c11e5156704f04add&type=cover
Greenberg, J., & Jordan, S. (2007). Andy Warhol, prince of pop. New York: Laurel Leaf. (Original work published 2004). Retrieved
June 23, 2010, from
http://www.titlewave.com/cover?FLR=33164V1&SID=0edb585d546108f87e52404ebe4889e8&type=cover
Guinness world records 2010. (2009). New York: Planeta Publishing. Retrieved June 20, 2010 from http://ecx.imagesamazon.com/images/I/51kAeUvRPKL._SL500_AA300.
Hotel Denouement at the Lemony Snicket wiki. (n.d.). Lemony Snicket wiki. Retrieved June 24, 2010, from
http://snicket.wikia.com/wiki/Hotel_Denouement
Isaac Asimov faq. (n.d.). Welcome to AsimovOnline. Retrieved June 24, 2010, from
http://www.asimovonline.com/asimov_FAQ.html#others11
References, Continued
Kaufman, M. (2009). 1968 (New York Times). New Milford: Roaring Brook Press. Retrieved June 22, 2010, from
http://www.titlewave.com/cover?FLR=04729X5&SID=0edb585d546108f87e52404ebe4889e8&type=cover
Melvil Dewey biography. (n.d.). OCLC. Retrieved June 19, 2010, from www.oclc.org/dewey/resources/biography/
Mora, P. (2010). Dizzy in your eyes: poems about love. New York: Knopf Books For Young Readers. Retrieved June
22, 2010, from
http://www.titlewave.com/cover?FLR=06544T7&SID=0edb585d546108f87e52404ebe4889e8&type=cover
Ninth Grade Literature and Composition Georgia Performance Standards. (n.d.). georgiastandards.org. Retrieved
June 20, 2010, from
https://www.georgiastandards.org/Standards/Georgia%20Performance%20Standards/Grade-9.pdf
Preston, D., & Preston, M. (2007). Taj mahal: passion and genius at the heart of the moghul empire. New York:
Walker & Company. Retrieved June 22, 2010, from
http://www.titlewave.com/cover?FLR=28903T2&SID=0edb585d546108f87e52404ebe4889e8&type=cover
Stefoff, R. (2009). Modern humans (humans: an evolutionary history). New York: Benchmark Books. Retrieved June
22, 2010, from
http://www.titlewave.com/ebookpreview?SID=0edb585d546108f87e52404ebe4889e8&inside_view_for=048
26RX&flrid=52216M9
Strathern, P. (1999). Einstein and relativity: the big idea (big idea series) (1st Anchor Books ed ed.). New York:
Anchor. Retrieved June 20, 2010, from
http://www.titlewave.com/cover?FLR=22017H3&SID=0edb585d546108f87e52404ebe4889e8&type=cover
Turner. (2009, August 10). Dewey's Not Dead. Dewey's Not Dead. Retrieved June 24, 2010, from
http://deweysnotdead.blogspot.com/
Worth, R. (2009). Illegal drugs: condone or incarcerate? (controversy!). New York: Benchmark Books . Retrieved
June 22, 2010 from http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?url=search-alias%3Dus-stripbookstree&field-keywords=illegal+drugs+condone+or+incarcerate&x=8&y=17
Yuvienko, J. (n.d.). Dewey Decimal System Animated. Slideshare. Retrieved June 17, 2010, from
www.slideshare.net/joelogs/dewey-decimal-system-animated.
Review:
Teen Spirit: One World, Many Paths
Library Journal (July 1, 2004)
This is not only a worthwhile book for adolescents and their
parents and teachers but also a fascinating example of
contemporary interchange between the Internet and printed
communication. As Pastor Paul, Raushenbush receives teens'
letters and questions on Beliefnet.com, and this book uses
these exchanges as jumping-off points for gently illuminating
discussions on topics of interest to teens. The text is charmingly
dotted with quizzes and FAQs as well as quotations from world
scriptures; Pastor Paul is clearly Christian but supportive of
other religions. This excellent book should provide adults with
a first source for the manner and matter of answer that
adolescents are seeking. Copyright 2004 Reed Business
Information.
•
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Back
Review: Word Histories and Mysteries:
from abracadabra to Zeus
Library Journal (January 1, 2005)
The 400 alphabetically arranged entries here illustrate the diversity from which the
English language draws its vocabulary, particularly from the prehistoric base that
linguists call Proto-Indo-European. As a result, the editors aim to demonstrate links
between the ancient base and modern English. Examples include describing how
pairs of words like "flour" and "flower," as well as "housewife" and "hussy" each
evolved from the same Indo-European word. Typical entries span one or two long
paragraphs and are spiced with anecdotes when possible. The entries take a
detailed, scholarly approach, sometimes explaining broader linguistic ideas along
with the history of a word. The entry for cattle, for example, discusses the sound
shift from "ch" to "c," and the entry for baby-sit defines the process of backformation of nouns. Other scholarly resources include the introduction, which
summarizes highlights of the history of English; a glossary of linguistic terms; and a
chart indicating the dozens of languages that developed from Indo-European.
Bottom Line Given the depth of the individual entries, this offers a more scholarly
approach than other books of common word origins, such as Stewart Edelstein's
Dubious Doublets. An overall quality resource, this is recommended for academic
and larger public libraries.-Marianne Orme, Des Plaines P.L., IL Copyright 2005 Reed
Business Information.
•
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Review: Dizzy In Your Eyes
• Kirkus Review (December 15, 2009)
• A lovely collection of poems about the uncertainties of teenage love in all its
greatness and through all its varied forms of expression. Mora explores the
first love between a girl and a boy, the filial love between a daughter and her
father, the fraternal love between sisters, the love of family, friends and
teachers, picturing each variation as a strong force that strikes, blesses,
empowers and beautifies the lives of the ones touched by its light. The poet's
voice is multifaceted: tender, humorous and joyful but also profound, as when
she immerses her readers in the solitude and sadness of a day of school in an
unknown country, with an unknown language (Spanish is the love-object here).
The author employs an extraordinary diversity of poetic forms, from blank
verse to a tanka, a cinquain to an anaphora, a haiku to a triolet and more,
short notations adding a learning component for budding poets. The poems
are complemented by abstract designs, the circles, rectangles and other
geometric shapes repeating pleasingly. A must read for lovestruck teens,
whether they're poets or not. (Poetry. 12 & up)
• http://www.titlewave.com/list?SID=0edb585d546108f87e52404ebe4889e8
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The Caveman’s Guide to the Dewey Decimal System