The construction
industry
Innovation
Construction Innovation: A
Revolution: UK Prospective
Prof. Nash Dawood
Centre for Construction Innovation
Research
University of Teesside
London
Lecture Content
• What is innovation?
• A brief introduction to the UK industry.
• Construction industry traditional business
processes.
• Problems with the traditional processes.
• Process re-engineering and application of
IT.
• UK Government Initiatives
• Finally: The Teesside contribution.
Innovation
• Bring in novelties.
• Finding faster and cheaper ways of doing
the same thing.
• Doing something differently or use
entirely different materials.
The UK Construction Industry
• Around £60 Billion/year turnover.
• Employ 1.4 Million People.
• Highly influenced by the general economy (Boom
and Bust), weather, etc and therefore quite risky
business.
• Very difficult work condition
• Significant impact on the environment
The UK Construction Industry
• Public Perception is often:
• One of Lazy, shovel-learning,
• Cheating Cowboys who bodge, rather than
build.
• In reality, the vast of construction activities is
carried out by professional to the highest
standard.
Traditional Construction processes
Architect and
professional advisors
Client
Contractor seek bid
Prep. of
design and tender
document
Tender
Appraise
of Tender
Final
payment
Interim
payment
Construct works
Place order
What are the Problems
• Adversarial and Fragmented processes.
• Very little time spent on design
development.
• Minimum communications and interactions
between the construction team.
• High out-turn compared to initial cost.
• Poor site construction planning.
UK Proposed Annual Targets
Accident
Defects
Predictability
Productivity
Construction time
Profit & Turnover
Capital
Reduce
20%
10%
10%
20%
Increase
Source: M4I
The Construction Revolution
•
•
•
•
Modernisation.
Client Satisfaction.
Team work.
Innovative processes,
products and tools.
• Whole life cycle
approach.
The Innovation
• Processes re-engineering and benchmarking (using Lean Thinking Philosophy)
• Information Technology as enabling tools for
processes improvements.
• Products developments.
• Safer and well planned construction sites
• More environmentally friendly sites
Processes re-engineering
Design and Product Development
Costing
Teaming with the supply
chain
Implementation (site activities)
Maintenance
Comparisons of traditional and
proposed processes
Range of
options
Client-Arch-Stru.-Env.-Others
Conventional Processing
Range of
options
Time
Parallel processing
Time
Advantages new processes:
satisfying clients needs
• What are their needs?
– Projects delivered,
– More reliably,
– To higher quality,
– Fully meeting their functional requirements,
– Engagement - through enhanced,
understanding,
– Influence - through meaningful interaction.
Advantages of new processes:
Time Compresion
• Replace Sequential Processing by
Interactive Concurrent Processing.
• Enable application of principles of
concurrent engineering.
• Improve planning of construction site
procedures.
Reduce time from “order” to “delivery”
UK Government Research Initiatives
• Getting industry and academia to work together
(50% contribution from Industry)
• Construction as Manufacturing Process (CMP
Initiative)
• Partners in Innovation (PII)
• Meeting Client needs through Standardisation
(MCNS)
• Responsive mode (100% Government)
The Teesside Contribution
• The Virtual Construction Site: A Strategic
Construction Planning (VIRCON).
• Re-engineering Work-face information
• Development of Intelligent VR systems
for facilitating Outline design
• International Network on VR Applied to
Construction Process and Products (NET-VR)
• Standardisation of brickwork
construction
Research Projects can be found on
the university web site:
• Http\\www.tees.ac.uk\research\
• Click: environment or civil engineering
Conclusions
• In order to be a world class player, the UK
construction industry needs to change. The
revolution is happening.
• Process innovation is the key to any
technological development.
• Development and use of standard products and
processes.
Conclusions
• IT revolution is here to stay and the
construction industry should capitalize on its
benefits
• Teesside is playing a major role in advancing
the construction revolution and contributing to
the wealth creation in the UK.
This concludes the presentation
Thanks YOU
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