How Near Are You to
English?
Rui Feng, MA, MEd, CCNA
University of Alberta
[email protected]
Iris Hong Xu, PhD
Edmonton Public School Board
[email protected]
Alberta, Canada
Shortest Distance and Hintrances
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International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)
correct Chinese equivalents
incorrect Chinese equivalents
18 language translators
roots-finding consciousness or sectionalism
in loco parentis
deception by authority
learning strategies
financial benefits
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What Is Taught and Caught?
Change in performance (Gagné, 1965)
 English, all to Chinese?
 Chinese, some to English?
 English
 Chinese
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Science Textbook (G8)
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Words in Their Contexts
No.
New
Words
Context
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Pump
~ing petroleum to the surface
out of the ~
is ~ed into the bottom
18
Heat
the mixture is ~ed … to change into a gas
the ~
is ~ed … to vaporize
2
2
17
Tower
a two-~ structure
the shorter/ the taller ~
3
3
14
Vaporise
to change into a gas (~)
mixture will ~
to ~ every part of the mixture
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W
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Some Samples
‘chamber’, not ‘champer’
 ‘waxy’, but ‘waxes’
 asphalt, 沥青,or 柏油
 hydrocarbon, 碳氧化合物,or 烃 (氢,
not氧)
 kerosene, 煤油,or 火油
 vehicle, 机械器具,or 运输工具
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How to Learn New Words?
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HEAT
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PUMP
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Pumping petroleum to the surface is only the first step.
What comes out of the pump is crude petroleum, a raw material.
Then the mixture of hot vapours is pumped into the bottom of the taller tower.
TOWER
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In any distillation, the mixture is heated so that at least one part begins to change into a
gas (vaporize).
The gas travels up and away from the mixture and the heat.
In the shorter tower, the petroleum is heated strongly enough to vaporize every part of
the mixture.
Fractional distillation is done in a two-tower structure, as shown in Figure 1.18.
In the shorter tower, the petroleum is heated strongly enough to vaporize every part of
the mixture.
Then the mixture of hot vapours is pumped into the bottom of the taller tower.
Fractionating towers are a common sight in the oil-producing regions of Canada.
What raw materials enter the short tower?
What processed materials leave the tall tower?
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An ESL Programme in Canada
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All is money-talk
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Thirteen weeks
$35, application fee
$100, registration fee
$3700, tuition ($1850 non-international)
$280, student fee
$150, books and supplies
$1000 every month
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What They Learned?
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13 from China (out of 25)
Extensive reading class
One page, 30 new words
Level 1, 3 in total
$12,000 full year
Could not paraphrase
Translated
learning their Chinese, using English
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What to Read Extensively?
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5 new words only
the material is too difficult
Why students are enrolled
because of financial benefits
Do students themselves know how to read
extensively?
If the students do not know the answers, did
anybody within the programme ever tell
them?
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What the Teacher Tried
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The model
The materials
The method
• The most effective way
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The man
Other questions:
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the best method?
Can the students learn from the best method?
Do students themselves know their own best method to use?
Does the management allow the best method?
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Efficiency and Effectiveness
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Gongfu
• The best stroke
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Daoism
• The truth
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Phenomenology
• The essence
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Hidden Agenda
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IPA is to be reduced.
Use of English-Chinese dictionaries reduced.
English-English dictionaries used.
Chinese translations created more synonyms in the English language
Sectionalism needs to be supplemented with globalism.
Do not ask ‘What does that mean?’ in English.
View authority with adequate reason.
Find for oneself the most effective and efficient learning strategies.
Information with high value is very costly to obtain (Chen, 2005).
Constantly expands his or her knowledge base.
Be watchful of expensive programmes and seek and ye shall find.
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EAC-JSAC 2005 ALBERTA CONFERENCE