Future Perfect
Use the future perfect to express
what will have happened by a
certain time.
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Present perfect is the equivalent of the
helping verb “will have” plus the
-ED
participle in English
At the end of July, we will have visited NYC
8 times.
When the movie comes out, I will have read
the book.
When you graduate, you will have been in
school 13 years.
You can also use the future perfect to
speculate about something that happened in
the past.
• Laura no me llamó.
¿Qué la habrá
pasado?
• Laura didn’t call me.
What could have
happened to her?
• Se habrá enterado de
que no ibas.
• Perhaps she found
out you were not
coming.
Future perfect is a compound
verb, which means that the verb
is actually made up of two
words.
To form the present perfect tense, use
the present tense of HABER and a past
participle:
HABER – To have
Habré
Habremos
Habrás
Habréis
Habrá
Habrán
+
Past Participle
+
For –AR verbs: add
–ADO
For –ER verbs: add
–IDO
For –IR verbs: add
–IDO
At the end of July, we
will have visited NYC
8 times.
Al fin de julio,
habremos visitado
NYC 8 veces.
In five years, I will have
learned a lot about
genetics.
Dentro de 5 años,
habré aprendido
mucho sobre
genética.
When you graduate,
you will have been in
school 13 years.
Cuando graduas,
habrás asistido
escuela por 13 años.
Regular Past Participles = -ED
DUCHAR
COMER
VIVIR
DUCH AR
ADO
COMER
IDO
VIVIR
IDO
showered
eaten
lived
Some participles we will use are
irregular and will require a
spelling change.
They fall into two groups.
-ER and –IR verbs that have two vowels
together in the infinitive form (except for verbs
that end in –UIR) have a written accent on the
“I” of the participle:
CAER
TRAER
LEER
CAER
Í DO
IDO
TRAIDO
ÍEDO
R
LEIDO
ER
ÍDO
fallen
brought
read
Other verbs include: creer, oír, reír, sonreír.
Some verbs have irregular
past participles.
Remember the crazy
acronym?
REVV MAC PHDD
R
E
V
V
Romper
Escribir
Ver
Volver
Roto
Escrito
Visto
Vuelto
Broken
Written
Seen
Returned
M
A
C
Morir
Abrir
Cubrir
Muerto
Abierto
Cubierto
Died
Opened
Covered
P
H
D
D
Poner
Hacer
Decir
Devolver
Puesto
Hecho
Dicho
Devuelto
Put/Placed
Done/Made
Said
Returned
Or… you can sing my song!
To the tune of “Happy Birthday”
Dicho, Hecho, Puesto
Roto, Vuelto, Visto
Devuelto, Escrito
Abierto, Muerto
¡Cubierto!
NEGATIVE
WORDS
OBJECT
Place __________
_________,
__________
PRONOUNS and __________
REFLEXIVE
PRONOUNS before
_________,
_________
the conjugated form of HABER:
LO
Susi y Mari habrán escrito el cheque .
Susi y Mari LO habrán escrito.
Object
Pronoun
HABER
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IDO