PRESENT PERFECT: for past actions that have just ended or have no clear ending point in the past.
In Spanish: HABER + PAST PARTICIPLE: -ar verbs ending in –ado
-er/-ir verbs ending in –ido
Here’s the verb HABER conjugated:
yo
he
nosotros/as
hemos
tú
has
usted ha
él/ella ha
vosotros/as
ustedes
ellos/ellas
habéis
han
han
cerr ar>> ado = cerrado
comer>> ido= comido
vivir>> ido = vivido
NOTE: As in English, in Spanish there are irregular past participles that you have to memorize.
Verbs with irregular past participles:
INFINITIVE
PAST PARTICIPLE
ABRIR
ABIERTO
DECIR
DICHO
ESCRIBIR
ESCRITO
FREIR
FRITO
HACER
HECHO
MORIR
MUERTO
PONER
PUESTO
REVOLVER
REVUELTO
ROMPER
ROTO
VER
VISTO
VOLVER
VUELTO
In English our present perfect is formed like this:
to have + verb ending in –ed ex: I have walked.
Irregular: I have spoken.
However, sometimes present perfect in Spanish translates
into English as our past: you walked, you spoke, you didn’t
walk, you didn’t speak, did you walk?, did you speak?
¿Los jovenes han parado de bailar?
Have the kids stopped dancing?
No,no han parado de bailar.
Todavía están bailando.
¿Ya ha terminado de cantar la niña?
Has the girl finished singing yet?
No, no ha terminado. Todavía está cantando.
¿El perro ha comido su comida?
Did the dog eat his food?
Never put any word between
No, no la ha comido. Está
the form of haber and the past
comiendo la tarea en su lugar. participle.
¿Se ha dormido?
Did he fall asleep yet?
No, no se ha dormido. Está pensando.
¿Se ha relajado el ratón?
Has the mouse relaxed?
No, no se ha relajado. Sigue corriendo.
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Regular –ar verbs