THE ATTAINMENT OF CHILDREN IN
CARE
CORPORATE PARENTING BOARD
20th APRIL 2010
Children in Care – The Context
• England
• Lancashire
59,500 (March 2008)
1267 (August 2009)
Lancashire’s Virtual
School Roll
Primary Phase
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Not school age
Reception
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Total
= 269
= 44
= 45
= 49
= 45
= 55
= 77
= 51
= 635
Lancashire’s Virtual
School Roll
Secondary Phase
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Year 7
Year 8
Year 9
Year 10
Year 11
Year 12
Year 13
18+
Total
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
63
80
81
110
125
114
57
2
632
Schools and Children
• There are 647 schools in Lancashire
• 276 schools have Children in Care on roll.
• 163 Children in Care are educated in
schools outside Lancashire.
Key Stage 1 - % Children in Care
achieving at least Level 2.
England
Reading
Writing
Maths
2006
57%
52%
65%
2007
55%
51%
64%
2008
57%
50%
62%
2009
?
?
?
Lancashire
2006
2007
2008
2009
Reading
29%
62%
40%
58%
Writing
29%
62%
43%
50%
Maths
40%
62%
37%
65%
In 2008, compared to our statistical neighbours, in reading Lancashire
were 5th highest of 11, writing 7th highest of 11, maths 6th highest of
11.
Key Stage 2 - % Children in Care
achieving at least Level 4.
England
English
Maths
Science
2006
43%
41%
57%
2007
46%
43%
59%
2008
46%
44%
60%
2009
?
?
?
Lancashire
2006
2007
2008
2009
English
36%
40%
45%
44%
Maths
31%
42%
32%
44%
Science
50%
60%
47%
49%
In 2008, compared to our statistical neighbours, in English Lancashire
were 9th highest of 11, maths 5th highest of 11, science 5th highest
of 11.
Key Stage 4 - % Young People
in Care – GCSE results.
England
1 GCSE grades A*-G
5 GCSEs grades A*-G
5 GCSEs grades A*-C
2006
63%
41%
12%
2007
63%
43%
13%
2008
66%
43%
14%
2009
?
?
?
2006
66%
44%
1%
2007
70%
50%
10%
2008
70%
45%
13%
8%
2009
78%
49%
22%
12%
Lancashire
1 GCSE grades A*-G
5 GCSEs grades A*-G
5 GCSEs grades A*-C
1
5 GCSEs grades A*-C E+M
In 2008, compared to our statistical neighbours, 1 grade A*-G Lancashire were 5th
highest of 11, 5+A*-G 10th highest of 11, 5+A*-C 7th highest of 11
Reasons for the low
attainment
• 70% of children in are in care as a result of abuse or neglect. Many
have traumatic experiences prior to coming in to care. It should be
noted that 32% of children in care in Lancashire have statements of
Special Educational Need, against 3% of all children in Lancashire's
schools.
• Have attachment issues – distrust of adults, or over dependence on
particular adults.
• Move school, often several times.
• Have time out of school.
• Often do not have the benefit of an engaged parent (carer) ensuring
a good education for their child.
• Exhibit particular traits which limit their capacity to learn when in
school.
• Are confronted by stereotypes – the belief that children in care are
not successful and cannot be successful.
WHO MONITORS AND SUPPORTS
THE CHILDREN
• Each school has a Designated Teacher for children in care, a
statutory requirement from 1st September 2009. It is the
responsibility of this member of staff to support and monitor the
progress of each child who is in care at the school.
• Lancashire's Virtual School for Children in Care was created in 2008
(previously the Education of Looked After Children Team). The
Virtual School team consists of the Headteacher, 4 Education of
Children in Care Consultants, and an administration officer. The
main purpose of the team is to support and monitor the children's
progress.
• Each School Adviser and School Improvement Partner checks the
progress of the children in visits to the school which take place each
term.
• Three Learning Mentors are about to be appointed – one year
contracts, funding from the Schools Forum.
• Lancashire has “signed up” with the DCSF to become a Boarding
School Pathfinder – offering places for children in care at Boarding
Schools across the country.
WHAT ARE WE DOING TO IMPROVE
THE ATTAINMENT LEVELS (1)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A detailed action plan has been implemented which includes:
– Improving data management including tracking and monitoring;
– Improving the quality of provision;
A comprehensive training programme is being provided for Designated
Teachers.
Training for Social Workers, including 2 conferences with teaching staff from
Lancashire's schools.
A new electronic Personal Education Plan is now in place for all children in
care.
Individual support has been provided for pupils including 1-1 tuition at Key
Stage 2 and GCSE tuition at Key Stage 4.
Training on Maths support has been provided at Key Stage 2.
Individual targets have been set with schools for all children in care in Year
6 and Year 11.
Pupil progress has been monitored through the Virtual School team and
School Improvement Partners.
Exclusions have been monitored and intervention has taken place where
appropriate.
Training for carers on educational issues is taking place.
WHAT ARE WE DOING TO IMPROVE
THE ATTAINMENT LEVELS (2)
• A £500 Personal Education Allowance is available for each child in
care who is under achieving. This is funded from the Care Matters
Grant.
• Children in care are top priorities for the 2 latest DCSF initiatives,
One to One Tuition, and Extended Services Disadvantage Subsidy.
• A laptop and wireless internet connection has been provided for all
children in care in Years 7 to 13.
• A website for children in care to access to support their learning has
been created - http://vle.webed.lancsngfl.ac.uk.
• For those young people in care who go to university, Lancashire
pays all Tuition Fees, all Accommodation Fees, and awards an
annual Bursary. (Student Services)
• Residential taster sessions for Looked After Children have taken
place at the University of Central Lancashire (Preston) and
Lancaster University.
How It Can All Come
Together!!
A hobby, a PEA, a residential
visit to Lancaster University, a
possible career!
REPORT FROM THE SHADOW
CORPORATE PARENTING BOARD
25th MARCH 2010
There were two aims to the day
a) To consider issues surrounding NEET
b) b) To suggest ways of reducing NEET.
The numbers of children and young people
in care, and attainment results were
examined.
NEET National Data
2009
•
•
•
•
•
•
Number of 16 – 18 year olds = 1,293,000
In education = 579,000 (45%)
Work Based Learning = 127,000 (10%)
Training = 187,000 (14%)
Jobs without training = 201,000 (15%)
NEET = 209,000 (16%)
LANCASHIRE NEET
(16-18), FEB 2010 FIGURES
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hyndburn
Burnley
Chorley
Ribble Valley
Wyre
Lancaster
South Ribble
Pendle
Preston
Rossendale
Fylde
West Lancs
Total
LAC, Care Leavers
290
321
136
29
159
298
160
209
417
134
99
118
2368
76
13.4%
9.4%
12.0%
2.4%
6.5%
7.7%
2.7%
9.3%
9.3%
9.3%
8.4%
6.6%
7.2%
38%
Three Categories of
NEET
• 22% Undecided NEET – unsatisfied with
present opportunities.
• 40% Open to Learning NEET – likely to
participate in education.
• 38% Sustained NEET – face many
barriers, low attainment, negative
experiences of school, poor adult role
models.
Stability and those who
attained no qualifications (1)
Student
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
Time in care
3 years
11 years
10 years
3 years
1 year
6 years
1 year
1 year
7 years
Placements
1
5
6
8
5
6
2
6
3
Number of schools
5
4
4
3
2
4
2
3
3
Stability and those who
attained no qualifications (2)
Student
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
I
Time in care
4 years
3 years
2 years
1 year
7 years
14 years
1 year
3 years
2 years
Placements
4
7
2
7
5
14
6
3
8
Number of schools
3
2
2
2
5
4
1
1
3
The 14-19 Agenda in
Lancashire - Addressing the
needs of all learners
Ian Phillips
14-19 Adviser
Transformation
‘plans to transform opportunity for young
people through changes to curriculum,
qualifications and the organisation of
education and training, so that every
young person will be able to pursue a
course of study that would meet their
needs and aspirations and prepare
themselves for success in life. ‘
14-19 Reform: Structure
14-19
Partnerships
IAG
Services
+ Standards
ECM
Machinery
Of
Government
Qualifications
Reform
NEET /
Participation
14-19
Curriculum
Funding
QUALITY
Employer
Engagement
14-19 Reform: Curriculum
The whole curriculum
Apprenticeships
The
Diploma
A Levels
GCSEs
KS4
Engagement
programme
Secondary
Curriculum
Review
Functional
Skills
Foundation
Learning
Project/
Extended
Project
Progression
Pathways
Apprenticeship,
employment
and HE
4 National Frameworks for Learning
General
GCSEs
AS/A Levels
Functional Skills in all learning routes
Foundation Learning
Unless there is clear evidence of need, or where young people are studying in
informal non-accredited provision, all publicly funded qualifications for young
people will fall within one of four routes:
Progress and progression routes across
14 -19, as part of a learners entitlement
Diploma Framework
FL Framework
Apprenticeship
Framework
Principal Learning
Subject / Vocational
NVQ
Skills, Knowledge and
Understanding central to
chosen line of learning
Knowledge and
Understanding central to
Learner aspiration & progression
(National Vocational Qualification)
Knowledge and Understanding
central to chosen occupational area
Generic Learning
Functional Skills
FS in Mathematics, English and ICT
•PLTS/PSD
• Project
Stand alone qualifications in
FS in Mathematics,
English and ICT
Key Skills
Additional Specialist Learning
• Optional units
• Broaden and deepen learning
• Facilitate progress to other levels
10 days min. Work Experience
Personal and Social
Development
• Work Experience/WRL
• Quals that accommodate spiky profiles
• Quals that broaden and deepen learning
in a level or at higher levels
• Clear progression choices and routes
(Functional Skills)
Technical Certificate
Sector specific
Diplomas: Roll out
Phase
Diploma area
Availability
Phase 1 ICT, Health and Social Care, Engineering, Creative and
Media and Construction and the Built Environment.
September
2008
Phase 2 Land-Based and Environmental, Manufacturing, Hair and
Beauty, Business Administration and Finance and Hospitality
and Catering
September
2009
Phase 3 Public Services, Sport and Leisure, Retail, Travel and
Tourism
September
2010
Phase 4 Science, Humanities and Languages
September
2011
Diplomas in Lancashire
• 13 Diploma programmes running from
September 2009 - 270 learners
• 50 Diploma programmes running from
September 2010 – September 2010
• A further 20 are scheduled to start from
September 2011
• 100 Diploma Groups
Dave McHale
• Care 2 Work initiative. This is a national
initiative, run by the National Care
Advisory Service. This works to form local
links with industry to provide
apprenticeship opportunities. Care 2 Work
hopes to make a pledge to young people –
to guarantee a learning opportunity,
possible an apprenticeship.
Charlotte Iddon – Future
Horizons
• Lancashire Local Authority has 43,000 employees the
second largest employer in Lancashire after the NHS.
Future Horizons is a pre-apprenticeship programme for
16-18 NEET and / or looked after young people. In the
first pilot 15 out of 18 achieved positive outcomes.
Currently there are 47 on the programme, with a further
60 – 80 places to be offered in 2010-11. Apprenticeships
are for all ages, Lancashire have 300+ individuals who
have been successful in the last 5 years.
WorkStart
• There are 2 further initiatives – Work Start
which is a Public Sector Work Trial. There
have been 99 placements to date, of these
65 have secured long term employment
after engaging with WorkStart.
• WorkStart+ offers a 6 month training
contract paid to develop further
employability skills.
Young People's Input
The young people present suggested the following
as being helpful and beneficial –
• Having a "Trusted Adult" who they could go to
with any topic, and to give them encouragement.
• Access to the YMCA and Children's Rights.
• Training for school staff, to understand the
issues children in care face, and "not to exclude
on the first instance".
Concerns
•
•
•
•
Lancashire does not have a "Reduction of
NEET Strategy".
There are a significant number of initiatives,
and a massive amount of information. Coordination is needed.
"Silos" still exist, and there is evidence of some
reluctance to share information.
Lack of resources for early intervention ie
Primary School age.
Quick Wins or Actions
•
•
•
•
•
Personal Education Plan to include a section on
employment interests.
PEP to continue post 16.
Establishment of Education Champions in Residential
Units (Children's Homes).
More training for Foster Carers, covering a range of
educational and career issues (for the young people).
Disseminate information about the SEAL programme
to schools – (Social and Emotional Aspects of
Learning).
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