The Future of
the Special Library
Computers in Libraries
Washington, D.C.
March 16, 2005
R. James King
Ruth H. Hooker Research Library
U.S. Naval Research Laboratory
These slides represent the work and opinions of
the presenter and do not necessarily constitute
official positions of the Naval Research
Laboratory (NRL) or the U.S. Navy.
References to any specific commercial products
by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or
otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or
imply its endorsement, recommendation, or
favoring by NRL or the U.S. Navy.
“No sensible decision can be
made any longer without taking
into account not only the world
as it is, but the world as it will
-Isaac Asimov
Quick historical perspective
 Description of NRL Research Library
 Vision of future through three new units:
– Information Resources & Services
– Naval Research Results
– Digital Library Development
Other future trends
Evolution of Scholarly Communication
Oral teaching, students of the greats
Manuscripts to extend voice and life of teaching
Type from printing presses in 18th century to speed
creation and dissemination
Digital and web to restore wide dissemination
The Navy and Marine Corps’
Corporate Research Facility
Main Campus - Washington, D.C.
3,000 Federal Employees [1,500 Scientists & Engineers]
1,000 On-site contractors
130-acre Campus 116 Buildings
Subject Focus
Physics, Chemistry, Electronics, Oceanography,
Meteorology, Space Sciences
Remote Campuses
Stennis, MS; Monterey, CA; and Office of Naval Research
Innovation in the NRL Library (Pre-Web)
Punched Card Batch Circulation System
Searching of Online Databases
Integrated Online Library Catalog
Network/Dial-in Access to Library Catalog
Automated Reports Catalog
*Lending of Microcomputer Software
Self-service CD-ROM searching in Library
*Prototype Research Reports Imaging System
*InfoNet Campus-wide Information System
* = cutting edge service
Innovation in the NRL Library (Web era)
*Library Web site created
*TORPEDO introduced w/APS journals
Contents-to-Go e-mail alerts introduced
*Web-based Library Catalog released
All InfoNet resources migrated to Web
*Web of Science released to NRLA members
TORPEDO Ultra v2 and InfoWeb v2
NRL Online Bibliography introduced
TORPEDO Ultra surpasses 5M articles
* = cutting edge service
NRL Research Library
Mission & Vision
The Ruth H. Hooker Research Library exists to
enhance & support NRL scientists in
accomplishing their research objectives
across a range of ongoing Navy and DoD
programs through a mix of information
“Your Partner in Research”
Information Resources & Services
Providing access to all published information…
•Journals (including digital transition)
•Books & Conference Proceedings
•Reference Tools
•Reference Services
Journal Collection
• Print journals (1800-present, 1,682 titles)
• Online journals (1683-present, 2,574 titles)
• TORPEDO Ultra (1895-present, 2,200 titles)
• Directly deal with 180 individual journal
publishers with 50+ content licenses per year
Journal Collection Evolution
FY91 FY92 FY93 FY94 FY95 FY96 FY97 FY98 FY99 FY00 FY01 FY02 FY03 FY04 FY05
Print journal
Online journal
Potential Future of Journal
Mix of Open Access and For Fee Journals
 More targeted subscriptions with fees/access based
upon specific subgroups within organization
 Larger consortial agreements to provide larger
potential pool of titles with broader cost
 Archival subscription for core, shared access for
important, and Document Delivery for rest
Books & Conference Proceedings
Books/Proceedings – 46,000 print titles with
8,700+ eBooks
Primary conference proceedings publishers
are SPIE, MRS, AIP, and IEEE
RFIDs on entire book/reference collection
Reference Tools
Print reference – 3,000 titles (Who’s Who,
encyclopedia, handbooks, citation indexes, Chemical
Abstracts, etc.)
Online reference/databases – 3,000 titles
(INSPEC, Web of Science, SciFinder, Scopus, etc.)
Naval Research Results
Capturing the NRL Research portfolio…
•Research Reports
•NRL Published Research Results
•Reports Reference Services
Research Reports
 Print (unclassified and classified) –
600,000 reports
 Digitized (SIPRnet) – 200,000 reports
 Microfilm – 1.5M reports
Focusing on digitizing all 80k NRL reports
(currently have 30k digitized)
Capturing corporate knowledge
Manage a new form of information, the quasipublished corporate document
Volume necessitates a mix of automated and
manual processes
Merge the unpublished and published information
Embed rights language into documents
NRL Online Bibliography
NIH Proposal
Require all NIH grant recipients to deposit
final draft of article into PUBMED Central
 PUBMED will make article available to
public 6 months after publication unless
publisher allows sooner
 Zerhouni’s motivation: Research Portfolio
Open Access
Goal: To provide free access to all scholarly
literature to enhance research
Journal Focus: Changing journals to free
public access through author fees or ‘brief’
embargo windows
Institution Focus: Capturing all prepublished literature created by an institution
or on behalf of a funding body
Digital Library Development
Creating the NRL Digital Library…
•Digital Content Management
•Web Services Development
TORPEDO Ultra Digital Archive
2,100+ journals from 13
 6,000 tech reports
 4.0M+ articles locally
 Full content search across
journals & reports
 Integrated citation linking
 Convera RetrievalWare
Concept Searching
Sources of TORPEDO Ultra Content
Agency publications
– NRL tech reports and press releases
In-house digitizing projects
– Cooperative efforts with AIP, APS, OSA
Data licensed from publishers
– Journals (AIP, APS, Elsevier, IEEE/IEE, IoP, Kluwer)
– Conference proceedings
– Standards
Publishers in TORPEDO Ultra
Loaded or in process
Academic Press
Cell Press
Acoustical Society of
American Institute of
Institute of Physics
American Physical Society • Materials Research Society
American Meteorological • Optical Society of America
• Wiley
Two possible paths for Integrated
Library Systems
Realizing previous goal of completeness:
Source of/participation in Single Search
Easier integration/organization of digital content
Intelligent linking of content
Union and Virtual Catalogs
Continued marginalization:
– Legacy repository for print-based materials
– Print-based serials check in
– Circulation module for print-based materials
NRL Master Journal Database
Core journal info:
– Title(s) and subject(s)
– Formats and holdings
– Full content links
Current and planned uses:
Source/engine of eJournal pages on Web
Administration of journal subscriptions
Navy-wide union catalog of journals
Foundation for linking services
Navy Journal Information
Management System (N-JIMS)
Web-based, dynamic union catalog of
journal information
 Expands service to be comprehensive
 Simplify inter-organizational data sharing
 Provides linking services
Naval Knowledge Network Plans
Expansion of existing NRL products/services
– Web site with Navy Library Directory
– N-JIMS and TORPEDO Ultra
– Table of Contents Alerting Services
Integration of various applications
– Single search, intelligent linking, etc.
– Web-based Subject Bibliography
– N/MCI compliant Library Catalog
Wireless Standards
802.11b “Wi-Fi”
802.15 “Bluetooth” & PAN
Up to 20Mbsp
802.16 “Wi-Max”
Radio Frequency ID (RFID)
MESH Networks
NRL RFID Implementation
Deployed 50,000+ digital tags to book and
reference collection
Finished initial tagging in ~6 months
Allows shelf reading in a couple days
Checks for weeding candidates, mis-shelved,
holds, and ‘missing’ material with one pass
Equipment needed:
– Self-checkout upgrade
– Cataloging station
– Handheld reader with ‘triage’ cart
NRL Wireless LAN Deployment
NRL Networking deployed ‘hot spots’ in
conference center, cafeteria, and library
 Will run on external network allowing
access to Internet, but not to internal LAN
 Library purchasing wireless-enabled laptops
 Equipment deployed but not yet activated
The Future… Location
e911 – location information coded into all phones
OnStar – location and situation based response to
Instant Messaging – ability to know when at computer
Interactive cell phones – instant virtual interest
matching service
The Future… Flexible displays
The Future… Convergence

Future of the Special Library