EDW647: Internet For Educators
EDW647: Internet for Educators
EDW647
Internet For Educators
Dr. Roger Webster
Department of Computer Science
Millersville University
717-872-3539
[email protected]
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
July 21, 2008
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Topics for the Week
Topics for the Week
Local hardware and software systems
 Introduction to the Internet
The World Wide Web
The Internet Explorer & Web Browsers
Search Engines
This workshop will show educators
how to access and use the
Internet. The Internet is a
worldwide computer network made
up of thousands of separate
computer systems at universities,
corporations, government
agencies, and other organizations.
Participants will be able to
communicate and exchange
information around the world via
email, the World Wide Web, and
other Internet software tools.
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Email -> GMail
FaceBook and Social networking groups
FTP - File Transfer Protocol
Building and Designing a blog or www page
Connecting to the Internet – DSL, Cable modems
Concluding Remarks
July 21, 2008
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
EDW647 Internet For Educators Syllabus
I. Description:
This workshop will show educators how to access and use the Internet. The
Internet is a worldwide computer network made up of thousands of separate
computer systems at universities, corporations, government agencies, and other
organizations. Participants will be able to communicate and exchange information
around the world via email, the World Wide Web, and other Internet software tools.
There is a wealth of information (from science to history to current events)
available on the Internet that educators can use in their classrooms and
professional activities. Information is available in many multimedia forms
including hypertext, graphics, video, and sound. Participants will learn how to
search the Internet for such information and how to involve their students in
"Navigating and Using the Internet.".
Intended for all teachers K-12. Course Credits: 3 s. h.
Prerequisites: Prior computer use (familiar with Windows, mouse, files).
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
July 21, 2008
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
EDW647 Internet For Educators Syllabus
II. Course Objectives:
The participant who successfully completes the course will:
•Understand what the Internet is and what information is available.
•Be able to navigate and find world wide web information.
•Be able to use Internet tools that assist in searching for information.
•Be able to transfer information from the Internet to their personal computer.
•Be able to access and download educational materials, such as lesson plans and
software, through the Internet.
•Be able to send and receive electronic mail around the world to teachers and others.
•Be able to participate in electronic discussion groups.
•Be able to connect to remote computers around the world through the Internet.
•Be able to use the Internet effectively.
Enrollment Limits: The course will be limited to 20 - 25 students, due to current available laboratory space.
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
July 21, 2008
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
EDW647 Internet For Educators Syllabus
IV. Course Outline
1.
2.
What is the Internet?
•
Computer Networks
•
Brief History of the Internet
•
What information is available on the Internet?
Graphical and Hypertext Access to the Internet
•
The World Wide Web
•
Client-Server Model (http protocol)
•
WWW or URL addresses
•
Using the Internet Explorer Browser
•
Configuring your browser (personal preference settings).
•
Adding, editing, organizing Bookmarks or Favorites.
•
Saving Bookmarks/ Favorites out to a file.
•
Cache memory area.
•
History feature
•
How Search engines work.
•
How to use the search engines effectively.
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
July 21, 2008
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
EDW647 Internet For Educators Syllabus
1.
2.
Electronic Mail
•
How Email Works
•
Header, Message, Signature
•
Messages
•
Send
•
Read
•
Reply
•
Forward
•
Edit
•
Address Books Contact lists
Electronic Discussions Social Networking
•
FaceBook
•
Setting up an account
•
Using Facebook
•
Social Networking
•
Groups
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
July 21, 2008
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
EDW647 Internet For Educators Syllabus
1.
2.
3.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
•
FTP software and commands
•
How to Use FTP to get software.
•
Uploading and downloading files.
•
File formats (*.exe, *.zip, *.hqx, *.doc, *.html, *.bin)
•
Text files vs Binary files
•
Finding FTP Sites
Building and Designing a Simple blog or WWW Web Page.
•
Creating a simple blog or WWW home page.
•
HTML (HyperText Markup Language).
•
Graphics - jpg. gif, tiff, others.
How to Access the Internet.
•
Commercial Internet Providers
•
Use of Modems and other connections.
•
DSL vs Cable Modems vs dial up connections.
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
July 21, 2008
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Objectives for Monday

Introductions



Course structure (Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday)
Class structure (lecture, hands on labs, discussions)
Professional Objectives



Level of experience
Current usage of the Internet
How do you intend to use this in your class?

The Internet vs. the Web (how it works)

URL


Browsers


lab
Lab


lab
Search Engines


lab
Incorporate your finding into a brief lesson plan – how ill you use what you have learned
Discussions
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
July 21, 2008
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
The Internet








Changed society – Information age – YouTube generation
Email and instant messaging have caused a major shift in the way people
communicate
Online stores have changed our shopping and social habits
Music download – controversy of intellectual property
FaceBook
Dangers – access to online databases – identity theft
Access to anything
Email – the good he bad – 24 hour society
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
July 21, 2008
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
The Internet – How Does it Work?

Collection of local, regional, national. And international computer networks linked
together to exchange data and distribute processing tasks

Think of the Internet as a network of interconnected communications lines creating a
sort of highway for transporting data


The main routes of the Internet (analogous to interstate highways) are referred to as the
Internet backbone – across states, countries, continents, oceans (AT&T, Comcast, Verizon
etc.)
Date traveling from the US can arrive in England in less than 60 ms (60 thousands of a sec)

Communication links include telephone lines, cable television, cellular telephone
systems, personal satellite dishes …

This data network runs seamlessly over PCs. MACs, PDAs, servers, routers –
primarily due to a protocol (language – or a set of rules for transmitting date
electronically) called TCP/IP
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Computers, Servers, and the Internet
Most of the information that is
accessible on the Internet
is stored on servers
Servers are owned &
maintained by
governments, schools,
universities, corporations,
small business, even
individuals
Servers are computers that
have special server
software to locate and
distribute data requested
by Internet users
server
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
The Resource and Services of the Internet

Web sites

Email

Search engines

Downloads and uploads (e.g. music)

Instant Messaging – voice conferencing, web cam (Skype, Yahoo Messenger, MSN …)

Online Shopping

P2P file sharing (enabled by software such as limewire, Kazaa, BitTorrent …)

Generation of the YouTubers

FaceBook, Bulletin boards (SIG, usenet, forums, newsgroups …)

Blogs (WeB LOG)

News and broadcasting
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
The World Wide Web (Web)

one of the (most fantastic) resources on the Internet

hyperlinked and cross-referenced information available for
public access

information located on various computers (called servers)

the Web is a collection of files that reside on computers, called
Web servers.
 Web servers are connected to each other through the
Internet
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
The World Wide Web (Web)
The World Wide Web (WWW) is not equal to The Internet.
Who Invented the WWW?
Tim Berners-Lee @ European Particle Physics (CERN) lab in Geneva,
Switzerland 1992-93
Developed the Notion of Hyperlinked documents called web pages.
Three Standards:
URL - Uniform Resource Locator
http - HyperText Transport Protocol
HTML - HyperText Markup Language
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Access to Internet and the World Wide Web
Accessing the Internet: Internet Service Providers (ISPs)

e.g. Comcast, Verizon, PDT …
Information - flow of packets
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
ISPs
router
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Web Addresses and URLs

Each computer on the Internet has an unique identification number, called an IP
(Internet Protocol) address

The IP addressing system currently in use on the Internet uses a four-part number.

Each part of the address is a number ranging from 0 to 255, and each part is
separated from the previous part by a period, for example: 106.29.242.17.

Although each computer connected to the Internet has a unique IP address, most
Web browsers use domain name addressing to locate Web sites and pages.
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Parts of the URL
Anatomy of a URL address -
http://www.disney.com/index.html
http://
is the Internet protocol to use (WWW)
www.
is the name of the computer system
.disney
is the domain name
.com
is the type of institution
index.html
the file to transfer to web browser
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Parts of the URL
KNOW YOUR URL ->
http://www.vulgarpornograpy.com
http://
is the Internet protocol to use (WWW)
www.
is the name of the computer system
. vulgarpornograpy
is the domain name
.com
is the type of institution
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Parts of the URL
KNOW YOUR URL ->
http://www.whitehouse.com
is NOT
http://www.whitehouse.gov
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Parts of the URL
KNOW YOUR URL ->
http://www.uva.edu/~rjwack/history/GeorgeWBush.html
http://
is the Internet protocol to use (WWW)
www.
is the name of the computer system
.uva
is the domain name Univ. of Virginia
.edu
is the type of institution
/~rjwack
user account of r.j.wack
history
folder
GeorgeWBush.html
file he created
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Parts of the URL
URL Suffixes:
.com
business or corporation
.gov
government agency
.org
non-profit institution
.edu
educational institution
.net
network provider
.k12
k-12 schools
.mil
military organizations
.tv
tv ads
.us
country codes (.fr .de .se .it .ru .ca .au .jp .uk)
For ex. www.state.pa.us (license plates)
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Browsers

the software you use to connect your computer to the Web server is your Web
browser
 Common Web browsers are Netscape Navigator/ Internet Explorer/ Mozilla
 These browsers use a standard Graphical User Interface (GUI) design

accessing the World Wide Web/ Information: browsers



A browser fetches and displays Web pages
Uses html tags embedded in a document to correctly display text, title, colors, headings,
links, and graphics
Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Netscape
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Browser Window
Menu
standard toolbar features
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Browsers

Let’s explore browsers

IE, Firefox – what are some differences?




Bookmarks -> Organizing, Heirachical
Cache –>How and Why? Setting and deleting.
History
Cookies -> How and Why?
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Search Engines

Information Inundation

search engines (google.com, msn.com. Yahoo.com, ask.com … what else?)


Web site that provides a variety of tools to help you find information
Queries

includes keywords - result is based on the most frequently accessed Web site or the Web
site in which your keyword appears the most

search operator is a word or symbol that describes a relationship between keywords and
thereby helps you create a more focused inquiry

Advanced searches

Operators (AND, OR, NOT)

quotation marks

wildcards: medic*

define: terminology

different languages
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Search Engines

Bookmark your findings for the following:




Other search engines that will be useful to you
5 news sites
5 information sites
5 books that you want to read – based on your interests and hobbies
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Lab

Bookmark the following

10 useful additional sites that will helpful in general for your classes

5 useful sites from which you can use diagram and images that are useful

5 useful sites geared especially towards educators and education

5 sites that are geared only for your discipline
 Try to find some that have software geared towards your discipline

Incorporate your findings in the labs into brief lesson plan(s) – how will you use what
you have learned so far?
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Web Addresses and URLs






Domain Name Servers help us match IP addresses to a Web site name
Click on ‘Start’ button on lower left hand site of screen
Click on‘Run’ button from the menu
Type in ‘cmd’ on the prompt screen
Type in ‘ipconfig’
Write out the ‘IP Address’ on the space above
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Part of a URL and Traceroute

http://www.traceroute.org/#USA

/#USA - what does this do for us?

Let’s trace the path of a packet from California to Pennsylvania (to your machine in
particular)

How long did it take your packet to arrive?
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Discussions
URLS to try:
-www.crayola.com
-www.Discoverychannel.com
-www.Nasa.gov
-www.Whitehouse.gov
-www.Dell.com
www.Gateway.com
-www.Google.com
-www.teachers.net
-www.sitesforteachers.com/
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
EDW647: Internet For Educators
Discussions
URLS to try:
URLS to try:
-www.yahoo.com
-www.educationindex.com
-www.necc.org
www.scsite.com/tdc2/
-www.nsf.gov
-school.discovery.com
-www.ed.gov
-www.weather.com
-www.k-12world.com
-www.teachersfirst.com
-www.loc.gov
-www.mii.org
-www.nea.org
-www.apple.com/education
-www.nsta.org
-www.google.com
Dr. Roger Webster & Dr. Nazli Mollah
Adapted from Computer Concepts, New
Perspectives, Thompson Course Technology
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