Residential Smoke Alarm
Installation
Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center
University of Kentucky College of Public Health
and
Kentucky Department for Public Health
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
About This Course
• Developed by the KY Injury Prevention
and Research Center using information
provided by:
– US Consumer Product Safety Commission
– Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
– National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
– Other sources
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
About This Course (continued)
• Course Length: 2 hours
• Acceptable for KFS credit when taught or
overseen by a certified fire instructor
– Category C – 0000 (Alarms and Comm.)
• C 0100 if done as part of a Firefighter I training
program
– Use appropriate location code
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Administrative Issues
• One 10 minute break at mid-point of class
• Location of important facilities:
– Break room and vending machine(s) (if any)
– Restrooms
– Fire escape routes
• Training facility rules and procedures
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Course Objectives
• At the end of this course you should be
able to:
– Describe the two primary types of smoke
alarm sensors
– Describe the types of power systems used for
smoke alarms
– Differentiate between self-contained smoke
alarms and linked alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Course Objectives (continued)
• You should also be able to:
– Identify areas where smoke alarms should
and should not be installed in residences
– Identify the materials needed to properly
install smoke alarms and provide fire safety
education to residents
– Describe and/or demonstrate the alarm
installation and safety education process,
including related record-keeping
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Module I: Smoke Alarm
Technology
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
In This Module You Will Learn:
• What smoke alarms are
• Types of smoke alarm sensors
• Types of power systems used by smoke
alarms
• Maintenance of smoke alarms and
detectors
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
You Will Also Learn:
• The difference between centrally
controlled, independent and linked
alarms
• What nuisance alarms are and some
steps that can be taken to avoid them
• Some problems that affect smoke alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Smoke Alarms Are…
• Electronic devices designed to detect the
presence of a fire and sound an alarm
• They generally consist of:
– One or more sensors
– A triggering circuit
– An alarm amplifier and horn
– A power supply
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Purpose of Smoke Alarms
• Detect presence of combustion products
• Provide warning to persons in the
structure (and, in some cases, to remote
monitoring stations)
– Primary purpose of warning is to facilitate
escape of persons in the structure
– Secondary purpose is to initiate an early
response by fire suppression resources
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Smoke Alarms Are Used In…
• Industrial Facilities
• Storage and Shipping Facilities
• Office Buildings
• Retail Stores
• Residential Facilities and Private Homes
– In this course we will focus primarily on
residential smoke alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Types of Smoke Alarm Sensors
• There are two primary types of smoke
alarm sensors:
– Ionization sensors
– Photoelectric sensors
• Some alarms also include other types of
safety sensors, such as heat sensors, or
carbon monoxide sensors
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Ionization Sensors
• Best at detecting fast, flaming fires like grease
fires
• Detect combustion particles of .01 to 3 microns
(an average human hair is about 90 microns)
• Most sensitive to dark or black smoke
• Sensitive to steam, so they may produce false
alarms if installed near kitchens or bathrooms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
How Ionization Sensors Work
• Use a weak radiation source (Americium 241)
to ionize the air in a detector chamber
• The ionized air conducts an electrical current
• The detector circuit senses this current; if it is
present, the alarm does not sound
• Smoke particles interfere with the current flow;
when the current is reduced, the alarm sounds
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Ionization Sensor Illustration
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Photoelectric Sensors
• Best at detecting slow, smoldering fires like
furniture ignited by a cigarette
• Detect combustion particles of .3 to 10 microns
• Most sensitive to light gray smoke
• Not very sensitive to steam, so they are better
for use near kitchens or bathrooms
• Higher power requirements than ionization
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
How Photoelectric Sensors Work
• An LED creates a beam of infrared light in the
detector chamber
• The detector circuit senses this light; if it is
present, the alarm does not sound
• Smoke particles scatter the light, and reduce
the amount that reaches the detector; when the
amount of light is reduced, the alarm sounds
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Photoelectric Sensor Illustration
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Combination Alarms
• Some alarm systems use a combination of
both types of sensors
– Most often found in centrally controlled systems
– Occasionally found in self-contained alarms
– May also include other types of sensors, such as
heat, carbon monoxide, etc.
• Combination alarms are more expensive and
have higher power requirements
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Smoke Alarm Power Sources
• AC power (“hard wired”) – linked to normal AC
wiring system
– Most have a battery backup in case AC power fails
• Batteries
– 9 volt carbon zinc (“general purpose”)
– 9 volt alkaline
– 9 volt lithium (“ten year battery”)
– Large rechargeable lead-acid or gel cells
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
AC Power
• Most dependable (at least if backup batteries
are maintained properly)
• Cost-competitive with battery power for new
construction but expensive to retrofit in older
buildings
• Normally used as the primary power source for
centrally controlled alarm systems
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Battery (DC) Power
• Fairly dependable if batteries are checked and
replaced consistently
• Inexpensive and easy to install, even in older
buildings
• Often used as the primary power source for
self-contained independent alarms
• Limited power for horns and auxiliary functions
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Smoke Alarm Maintenance
• Smoke Alarms require regular maintenance,
which includes:
– Maintenance of Power Supply
– Cleaning of Sensor and Air Passages
– Regular Testing
– Replacement of outdated Sensors or Alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Power Supply Maintenance
• For AC powered alarms:
– Check AC power supply monthly (or more often)
– Replace backup batteries as recommended by the
alarm manufacturer
• For battery powered alarms:
– Test alarm weekly (or as directed by manufacturer)
– Replace batteries:
• Every six months for general purpose or alkaline batteries
• When alarm signals low battery or fails test for lithium
batteries
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Cleaning Smoke Alarms
• For a smoke alarm to work properly, air must
be able to flow through the detector chamber
and the chamber must be free of dust and dirt
• A dirty detector chamber will:
– Reduce alarm sensitivity
– Increase the chance of a nuisance alarm
• Clean the detector by vacuuming the exterior of
the alarm with a vacuum nozzle
– If this isn’t an option, dust the outside of the
alarm housing
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Smoke Alarm Testing
• AC powered alarms should be tested monthly,
or more often if the manufacturer or codes
require
• Battery powered alarms should be tested
weekly, unless the manufacturer recommends
otherwise
• One of the most common reasons for failed
smoke alarms is a lack of regular testing
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Replacing Outdated Alarms
• The recommended service life for most smoke
alarms is ten years
– After that point, electronic failure becomes likely
• If an alarm system has separate sensors, the
sensors and other manufacturer-recommended
components should be replaced
• If the alarm is self-contained, the entire alarm
should be replaced
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Types of Alarm Systems
• Centrally Controlled Alarms
– Separate sensors and alarm horns linked to
a single central controller
• Independent Alarms
– Each alarm is self contained
• Linked Alarms
– Each alarm is self-contained, but alarms are
linked so that if one sounds, all sound
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Centrally Controlled Alarms
• Most commonly found in:
– Industrial and commercial buildings
– Multi-unit residential buildings
– Government and public buildings
• May activate fire suppression and
ventilation systems, elevator shut-off, etc.
• May be combined with intrusion alarm
and facility monitoring system
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Sensors for Centralized System
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm System Control Panels
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Self-Contained Alarms
• Most commonly found in single-family
dwellings and small apartment buildings
• Seldom linked to fire suppression or
external notification systems
• Linked independent alarms are becoming
more common in new construction
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Some Self-Contained Alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Nuisance Alarms
• Nuisance alarms occur when the alarm sounds
without a fire being present
– Often called “false alarms,” but in most cases
they’re not – the alarm does detect something
• Usually caused by exposing the alarm to
smoke, combustion products or steam
– From tobacco smokers
– From wood-burning stoves or fireplaces
– From kitchens and bathrooms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Reducing Nuisance Alarms
• Locate alarms and sensors away from areas
where they will be exposed to smoke, other
combustion products or steam
• Clean the alarm regularly
• Maintain the alarm power supply (low power
can sometimes trigger a true “false alarm”)
• Avoid activities that trigger the alarm
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Problems With Smoke Alarms
• Lack of Power
– Usually due to failure to test alarm and
replace battery as needed
• Electronic failure
– Rare, but it happens – testing is important!
• Deliberately disabled alarms
– Usually due to nuisance alarms, but
may also be done to get alarm battery
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Ways to Reduce Problems
• Test alarms regularly
– Will identify lack of power or electronic
failure
• Replace batteries as needed
• Place alarms properly to avoid nuisance
alarms
•
Seal alarms to protect battery
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Other Potential Improvements
• Building codes requiring hard-wired (AC)
alarms with battery backup
• Use of long life lithium batteries (which
last up to ten years) instead of general
purpose or alkaline batteries
• Computerized sensors that help reduce
nuisance alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Module II: Installing
Smoke Alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
In This Module You Will Learn:
• Provisions of NFPA 72 – the National Fire
Alarm Code – that cover residential
smoke alarms
• Proper smoke alarm selection
• Locations where you should – and should
not – install residential smoke alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
You Will Also Learn:
• Methods for mounting the alarm
• The importance of the alarm instructions
• The importance of fire safety education
• Tips for doing an effective smoke alarm
installation and fire safety education visit
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
NFPA 72
• National Fire Alarm Code
• Developed by the National Fire Protection
Association (NFPA)
• Covers all types of fire alarm systems in
many different types of occupancies
– In this course we will focus on the standards
for residential smoke alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Provisions of NFPA 72
• At least one functional smoke alarm on
every occupied level of the home
– This includes basements
– It does not include attics, cellars and other
areas that are not generally occupied, but…
– You can put an alarm in an area where a fire
could easily start, even if the area is not
usually occupied – so long as that area is
not too hot, cold or dusty for the alarm
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Provisions of NFPA 72 (cont.)
• A smoke alarm should be installed
outside each separate sleeping area
– This does not mean that each bedroom must
have it’s own smoke alarm – one alarm in a
hallway between two adjacent bedroom
doors is acceptable (for existing structures)
– In new construction, alarms must be
installed in every sleeping room
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Provisions of NFPA 72 (cont.)
• If a smoke alarm is installed in or near a
kitchen the alarm must be photoelectric
or have a “silence” button (“hush” button)
– This is because ionization alarms are very
sensitive to steam
– This is also a good idea for alarms installed
near bathrooms, though the code doesn’t
actually require them to be photoelectric
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Provisions of NFPA 72 (cont.)
• All smoke alarms installed in homes
should be tested regularly
– Monthly, or more often if the manufacturer
recommends it; many manufacturers
recommend weekly tests
• All residential smoke alarms should be
replaced when they are ten years old
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Selection
• If you want to use an alarm with a long life
lithium battery, you will have to use an
alarm with an ionization sensor
– Photoelectric alarms require more power and
are not currently offered with lithium batteries
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Selection (cont.)
• If the power source is not a limitation, use
the type of alarm most suitable for the site
– Photoelectric alarms work best in or near
kitchens, bathrooms, laundry rooms and
other areas where steam may be present
– Both sensor types work well in other areas
– Use hardwired (AC powered) linked alarms
in new construction
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Location
• Installing smoke alarms in proper locations
is important
• Alarms that are installed in the wrong
location may:
– Not provide adequate warning of fire or smoke
– Fail prematurely due to heat, cold, etc.
– Produce nuisance alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Location (cont.)
• Install at least one alarm on each
occupied level of the house – including
the basement, if it is regularly occupied
• Install at least one alarm outside each
separate bedroom area
– You may need to install alarms inside a
bedroom in special circumstances, such
as where a resident smokes in bed
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Location (cont.)
Example of Separate Sleeping Areas
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Location (cont.)
• Do not install smoke alarms…
– In or near kitchens, bathrooms or laundry
rooms, if the alarm has an ionization sensor
– In attics, cellars or other areas that become
very hot, cold or dusty
– On un-insulated exterior walls or ceilings
that are not insulated from the roof
(the alarm will get too hot and/or cold)
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Location (cont.)
• Do not install smoke alarms…
– In the “dead air zones” that occur within two
feet of any corner of a room or hallway
– In the “dead air zone” that is found within
four inches of the edge of any ceiling, or the
top edge of any wall
– In any area where air flow is restricted or
there is a very strong draft or air flow
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Location (cont.)
DEAD AIR
ZONE
Acceptable mounting
locations for smoke alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Example of
the “dead air
zone” at the
boundary
between a
ceiling and
a wall
Alarm Location (cont.)
Proper Installation Location
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Preferred Placement of Alarms
• Whenever possible, install smoke alarms
on ceilings
– Near the center of the room is usually best
– If the room has an arched, vaulted or gabled
ceiling, put the alarm at or near the highest
point of the ceiling
– Do not install smoke alarms within four inches
of a wall or within two feet of a corner
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Wall Installation of Alarms
• Ceiling installation is preferable, but if it
isn’t practical, smoke alarms may be
installed on a wall
– Install alarms in the narrow area at least four
inches, but not more than twelve inches,
below the ceiling
– Remember: do not install a smoke alarm on
an un-insulated exterior wall
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Tips For Placing Alarms
• Try to place the alarm where a resident
can reach it for testing and cleaning
– This may not always be practical in rooms
with high ceilings
• Always test the alarm before you attach it
to the ceiling or the wall
– It is much easier to replace a defective alarm
or battery before the alarm is installed
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Mounting Smoke Alarms
• There are two common methods of
mounting smoke alarms to ceilings or
walls
– Using screws (generally supplied with the
alarm)
– Using industrial grade double-sided tape
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Mounting - Screws
• This is the preferred method of mounting
the alarm
– It is recommended by the manufacturer
– Screws will not lose strength over time
• Screws are usually included in the smoke
alarm package
– Masonry anchors are also usually included
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Mounting – Screws (cont.)
• Mounting process:
– Place the alarm base or mounting plate on
the ceiling or wall
– Mark screw locations and remove the base
or mounting plate
– Drill pilot holes or masonry anchor holes
– Insert masonry anchors (if needed)
– Place alarm base or mounting plate
– Insert and tighten screws
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Mounting - Tape
• Should be used only if screw mounting is
not practical
– On very hard surfaces, such as ceramic tile
– If a resident refuses to allow the use of screws
• Double-sided mounting tape must be
purchased separately from alarms
– Use only heavy-duty industrial type tape
– Even this tape may eventually fail
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Mounting – Tape (cont.)
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Mounting – Tape (cont.)
• Mounting process:
– Locate and mark position where alarm will
be placed
– Remove tape from roll and stick the exposed
side of the tape to the alarm base or
mounting plate (use plenty of tape)
– Remove the backing from the other side of
the tape
– Press the alarm against the surface
and hold it in place for at least 30 sec.
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Sealing the Alarm Case
• Some smoke alarms have small plastic
pins that can be used to lock the case
– This makes it harder to remove the battery
– If the pin is glued in place, it becomes nearly
impossible to remove – or change – the battery
• The alarm instructions will explain how to
use the locking pin (if the alarm has one)
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
View of Locking Pin in New Alarm
Pin notch
must be
broken out
Locking pin
must be
removed
from battery
compartment
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
View of Locking Pin in Use
Locking pin installed in smoke alarm case
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Why Lock or Seal the Case?
• It usually isn’t a good idea to lock the
case of a smoke alarm that uses alkaline
or general purpose batteries
• It may be a good idea to lock or seal the
case of a smoke alarm that uses long life
lithium batteries, to prevent the battery
from being removed to disable the alarm
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Smoke Alarm Instructions
• Smoke alarms are packed with detailed
instructions
– These instructions often include sections in
different languages
• You should read and understand the
instructions before installing an alarm
– You may have to explain the instructions to
residents in non-technical terms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
The Importance of Education
• Smoke alarms only do one thing – they
detect fire or smoke and sound an alarm
• In order for smoke alarms to be effective,
residents must also be educated
• They must learn:
– How to maintain and test the alarm
– What to do if the alarm sounds
– How to prevent fires
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Education – Alarm Maintenance
• Smoke alarms require testing and care
• The instructions packed with most smoke
alarms are long and complex – many
people will not read or understand them
• If you install a smoke alarm for someone,
you should educate them about how to
test and maintain the alarm
– Simplify the information when needed
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Education – Escape Planning
• A smoke alarm will not help someone
who doesn’t know what to do when the
alarm sounds
• Every home should have a fire escape
plan – and practice it at least yearly
• Explain the need for a fire escape plan
and how to develop one
– Provide details and examples
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Education – Fire Prevention
• The most effective way to survive a
residential fire is to avoid having one
– Smoke alarms are effective, but they are no
substitute for fire prevention
• Providing fire safety education is an
effective way to reduce the risk of fire
deaths
– Be detailed; provide information about
“how” as well as “why” to be safe
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Providing Effective Education
• To provide effective education, you must…
– Take time to talk - simply handing someone a
fist full of brochures is not effective
– Give specific examples of ways to be safe:
NOT GOOD: “You should be careful so you don’t
have a cooking fire.”
GOOD: “Why don’t you get a kitchen timer that
you can set when you put something on the
stove, so that you don’t forget that you have
something cooking?”
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Using Educational Materials
• Brochures and printed handouts can help
you explain important safety information
– Use them to supplement, not replace, a
discussion – go through them as you talk and
explain the information in them
• Printed materials are also good because
residents can refer to them later
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Tips for Doing Installations
• Take all the tools, supplies, educational
materials and alarms that you may need
• Small teams work very well
– One person provides fire safety education
while one or more others install the alarm(s)
• Allow plenty of time to do the job properly
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Tips for Doing Installations (cont.)
• Have a legible address and/or directions
to the places where you will install alarms
– Phone numbers are also very handy
• Wear a uniform or other identification
• Never talk about what you see in a home
• Do any required paperwork as soon as
you finish doing the installation
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Module III: The Smoke Alarm
Installation and Fire
Education (SAIFE) Project
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
In This Module You Will Learn:
• What the SAIFE Project is
• Smoke alarms used by the project
• Educational materials used by the project
• Project requirements for smoke alarm
installation and resident education
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
You Will Also Learn:
• Forms used to document smoke alarm
installations
• Reporting requirements
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
The SAIFE Project
• SAIFE = Smoke Alarm Installation and
Fire Education
• Project is funded by a grant from the US
Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC)
– Nation Center for Injury Prevention and
Control (NCIPC) is the funding center
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
The SAIFE Project (cont.)
• The Kentucky Department of Public
Health is the state-level funding source
• The Kentucky Injury Prevention and
Research Center (KIPRC) is responsible
for conducting the project
– KIPRC is a joint partnership between the
Kentucky Department for Public Health
and the University of Kentucky
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
SAIFE Project Objectives
• Install smoke alarms in homes that do
not have functional smoke alarms
• Provide fire safety education to the
residents of these homes
• Provide fire safety education to other
people in project communities
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
SAIFE Project Objectives (cont.)
• Collect information about the percentage
of homes with working smoke alarms
before and after the project is conducted
in a community
• Determine whether alarms installed by
the project remain functional several
months after they are installed
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Installation Requirements
• When installing smoke alarms as part of
this project:
– Only those alarms needed should be used,
but the home should meet the standards of
NFPA 72 when the installation is complete
– The residents should receive education in
fire prevention, escape plans and alarm care
– The installation must be documented
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Project Smoke Alarm
• The standard smoke alarm used by the
SAIFE project in Kentucky is the FireX
Model C (4651), which has:
–
–
–
–
–
Ionization sensor
Test / Hush button
Long life lithium battery
Lighted power and alarm indicator
Ability to lock the case if desired
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
FireX Model C Smoke Alarm
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Project Education Materials
• The following printed materials are used
for fire safety education:
–
–
–
–
–
Smoke Alarms Save Lives! card (yellow card)
E.D.I.T.H. Exit Drills in the Home (brochure)
Ten Tips for Fire Safety (brochure)
how to prevent fires (booklet)
Smoking Can Be Hazardous to Your Health…
and Your Home card (blue card)
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Examples of Printed Materials
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Smoke Alarms Save Live!
• Yellow card stock printed on both sides
• Front is an explanation of the project;
back lists simplified instructions for
testing and maintaining FireX Model C
smoke alarms
• Give to all residents who receive alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Smoking Can Be Hazardous…
• Blue card stock printed on both sides
• Front contains an explanation of the
dangers of smoking-related residential
fires; back gives specific guidelines for
preventing smoking-related fires
• Use in homes with a smoking resident
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
10 Tips for Fire Safety
• NFPA brochure
• A broad overview of home fire safety;
some of the information in this brochure is
repeated in more detail in other materials
• Give to all residents who receive alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
E.D.I.T.H.
• NFPA brochure (also called fire drills in
the home and fire drills – the great escape)
• Explains why a home escape plan is
needed, and how to make and practice
one
• Give to all residents who receive alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
how to prevent fires
• NFPA booklet
• Includes fire prevention information
designed for older adults
• Restates some of the information covered
in other materials
• Use in homes with an elderly resident
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
When Using These Materials…
• Give them to residents one at a time – not
in a handful (which can be confusing)
• Explain the information in each item
before giving the next item
• If several residents are present, try to
involve all of them in the education
process
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Good Education Saves Lives
• Smoke alarms are important, but by
themselves they are not enough
• Good fire safety education saves lives
– Take the time to provide the best fire safety
education that you can – if the alarms you
install ever sound, knowing what to do will
make the difference for those in the home
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Documenting Alarm Installation
• It is important that all smoke alarm
installations be documented
• This provides:
– Statistics that can be used to help justify
continued funding for the program
– Proof that all groups and types of individuals
are being served fairly
– A record of the work invested in the
project
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Alarm Installation Record Form
• Three-part form
– One copy for resident, one for installing
agency and one for KIPRC
• Two major sections on form
– Top portion is filled out (and waiver signed) by
person requesting alarms
– Bottom portion is filled out by installing
agency
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Enrollment and Installation Record
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Resident Portion of Form
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Local Coordinator Portion of Form
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Alarm Installer Portion of Form
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Completing Installer Entries
• Determine the total number of residents in the
home and list that number in “# of residents”
• Determine how many residents are 65 or older
and list that number in “# over 65”
• Determine how many residents are 12 or
younger and list that number in “12 or younger”
• If the household has had a fire at any time in the
past, check “yes” and write the date
of the fire in the blank provided
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Completing Installer Entries (cont.)
• Fill in the number of smoke alarms that you
installed in the residence
– If you install alarms in two or more apartments in a
structure, list each apartment on a separate form
• Fill in the date and time when you installed the
alarms
• Sign the bottom of the form
Please gather all of the requested
information and print or write legibly.
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Reporting Requirements
• Local agencies participating in the SAIFE
project must report the following
information to KIPRC
– Percentage of homes with working smoke
alarms before and after the installation project
– Number of alarms installed
– Number of homes served
– Number of individuals who receive fire
safety education
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Reporting Requirements (cont.)
• Local agencies must also report other
project-related activities such as public
service announcements (PSAs) and other
media activities
• A six-month follow-up on some of the
installed alarms is also required
• Information from the installation forms is
used for part of this reporting
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Summary and Review
• In this class you have learned…
– Types of smoke alarm sensors and power
supplies
– The difference between self-contained,
linked and central station alarms
– Smoke alarm testing and maintenance
– How to minimize nuisance alarms
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Summary and Review (cont.)
• You have also learned…
– Where smoke alarms should – and should
not – be installed in a home
– NFPA 72 requirements for residential alarms
– Methods for installing smoke alarms
– How and why to lock smoke alarm cases
– Why fire safety education is important
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Summary and Review (cont.)
• And you have learned…
– What the SAIFE project is
– What the requirements are for participating
local agencies
– What alarms and materials are used by the
project
– How to complete the required installation
paperwork
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
Questions or Comments?
Residential Smoke Alarm Installation
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Residential Smoke Alarm Installation