The Iraq war divided the Arabs, the Europeans, the Americans and
caused a structural damage to Iraq’s society, state, & infrastructure
1981: Israel
bombs Baghdad
nuclear reactor
Map of the Israeli Attack
BBC, June 7, 1981
Israel's Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
ordered the raid
Source: BBC, 5 June 2006,
Bill Kristol, Keeping
Iraq in the Cross Hairs
“Moments after the [1991] Persian
Gulf War was halted, Bill Kristol
got a call from columnist Charles
Krauthammer, and both were
fuming over what they saw as
unfinished business.”
Source: Washington Post, March 18, 2003; Page C01
“A Clean Break: A New Strategy for
Securing the Realm”
Prepared by the Jerusalem-based Institute for Advanced Strategic and
Political Studies' Study Group on a New Israeli Strategy Toward 2000
A report prepared in 1996 by a neoconservative study group led by Richard Perle for Israeli
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. We read in the report:
• …. “removing Saddam Hussein from
power in Iraq” is “an important Israeli
strategic objective in its own right.”
Participants in the Study Group on "A New Israeli Strategy Toward 2000:"
Richard Perle, American Enterprise Institute, Study Group Leader
James Colbert, Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs
Charles Fairbanks, Jr., Johns Hopkins University/SAIS
Douglas Feith, Feith and Zell Associates
Robert Loewenberg, President, Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies
Jonathan Torop, The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
David Wurmser, Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies
Meyrav Wurmser, Johns Hopkins University
“A free Iraq will help
secure Israel”
---U.S. President George W. Bush,
September 2004 (NPR, 9/30/2004)
“I'm going to get it right
for those soldiers
because it's important to
---U.S. Senator and Presidential Candidate
John Kerry, September 2004 (NPR,
“If you believe that the
State of Israel will be
more secure if the
United States fails in
Iraq, you and I have a
disagreement.” --Republican presidential candidate John McCain (JTA, 10/30/2007)
Iraq was invaded 'to protect Israel' US official
• Philip Zelikow, a member of the president’s Foreign Intelligence
Advisory Board (2001—03), executive director of the 9/11
Commission, and counselor to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
(2005-06), told a crowd at the University of Virginia on September
10, 2002, speaking on a panel of foreign policy experts assessing the
impact of September 11 and the future of the war on al-Qaeda:
“Why would Iraq attack America or use nuclear weapons against
us? I'll tell you what I think the real threat [is] and actually has
been since 1990 - it's the threat against Israel… And this is the
threat that dare not speak its name, because the Europeans don't
care deeply about that threat, I will tell you frankly. And the
American government doesn't want to lean too hard on it
rhetorically, because it is not a popular sell.”
Emad Mekay, “Iraq was invaded 'to protect Israel' - US official,” Asia Times Online, 31 March
John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt, The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy, New York:
Farrar, Straus and Giroux I, 2007, page 31
“The war was about
Israel’s security”
Group* Urges Pro-Israel Leaders' Silence on Iraq;
Memo Outlines Response If Hostilities Occur, Discourages Lecturing of
Americans on Middle East” The Washington Post, November 27, 2002:
• “You do not want Americans to believe that the war on Iraq
is being waged to protect Israel rather than to protect
• The memo coached: "(A)s an Israeli, most certainly don't
talk about why some Arab leaders and their people dislike
the United States. Americans don't want to be told by an
Israeli why we have problems in the Middle East or why
people hate us."
*the Israel Project, a group funded by American Jewish organizations and individual donors.
Israeli newspaper Haaretz
5 April 2003
• The U.S. war in Iraq was
conceived “by a small group of
25 or 30 neoconservatives,
almost all of them Jewish.”
under fire
for saying
Iraq war
CNN, March
11, 2003,
The War Began
March 19, 2003
under fire
for saying
Jews push
war with
CNN, March
14, 2003. ks/inde x.html on the World Wide Web.
“Jews,” “Israel,” and “America”
• Some times the words “Jews,” “Israel,” and
“America” are interchangeable in the minds of
many people in the Arab and Muslim worlds. For
example, amidst the bloody chaos and destruction
in U.S.-occupied Iraq, Scott Pelley of CBS
News’s 60 Minutes was reported going around
and asking Iraqis on the streets wondering if they
had nicknames for Americans. He found that
Iraqis “call American soldiers ‘The Jews,’ as in,
‘Don’t go down that street, the Jews set up a
• Source: Thomas Friedman, 2004, “Jews, Israel and America,” The
New York Times, October 24.
“From Israel's perspective, the
longstanding strategic threat of a
massive military attack from the
east led by Iraq through Jordan
no longer exists because of the
[Iraq] war.”
--- Jewish Anti-Defamation League
National Director Abraham H. Foxman,
August 2006 (ADL, 8/1/2006)
Israel’s 1957 secret plan
to partition Iraq
Indian journalist Rustom Khurshedji Karanjia
published the book The dagger of Israel (Bombay,
Blitz Publications, 1957).
.)61 ‫ ص‬،1980 ،‫ الطبعة األولي‬،‫ بيروت‬،‫ دار المسيرة‬،‫ شرح وتعليق بسام العسلي‬،‫ خنجر إسرائيل‬،‫ كرانجيا‬.‫ ك‬.‫(ر‬
In the book, Karanjia published a
secret Israeli plan involving,
among other things, the partition
of Iraq
Ze'ev Schiff, the military correspondent
of Israel’s leading newspaper Ha'aretz,
wrote on 2 June 1982:
• The “best” that can happen for
Israeli interests in Iraq:
• “The dissolution of Iraq into a
Shi'ite state, a Sunni state and
the separation of the Kurdish
part” (Ha'aretz 6/2/1982).
Oded Yinon's “A Strategy for Israel in the Nineteen Eighties”
Oded Yinon's article which appeared in Kivunim (Directions), the journal of the Department of Information of the World
Zionist Organization. Oded Yinon is an Israeli journalist and was formerly attached to the Foreign Ministry of Israel.
This essay originally appeared in Hebrew in KIVUNIM (Directions), A Journal for Judaism and Zionism; Issue No, 14-Winter, 5742, February 1982, Editor: Yoram Beck. Editorial Committee: Eli Eyal, Yoram Beck, Amnon Hadari, Yohanan
Manor, Elieser Schweid. Published by the Department of Publicity/The World Zionist Organization, Jerusalem.
Published by the Association of Arab-American University Graduates, Inc. , Belmont, Massachusetts, 1982 , Special
Document No. 1, (ISBN 0-937694-56-8),
“The plan operates on two essential premises. To survive, Israel must 1( become an imperial regional power, and 2(
must effect the division of the whole area into small states by the dissolution of all existing Arab states. Small here will
depend on the ethnic or sectarian composition of each state. Consequently, the Zionist hope is that sectarian-based states
become Israel's satellites and, ironically, its source of moral legitimation.”--Khalil Nakhleh
“All the Arab States east of Israel are torn apart, broken up and riddled with inner conflict even more than those of the
Maghreb… Lebanon's total dissolution into five provinces serves as a precedent for the entire Arab world including
Egypt, Syria, Iraq and the Arabian peninsula and is already following that track. The dissolution of Syria and Iraq later
on into ethnically or religiously unique areas such as in Lebanon, is Israel's primary target on the Eastern front in the
long run, while the dissolution of the military power of those states serves as the primary short term target…. Iraq, rich
in oil on the one hand and internally torn on the other, is guaranteed as a candidate for Israel's targets. Its dissolution is
even more important for us than that of Syria. Iraq is stronger than Syria. In the short run it is Iraqi power which
constitutes the greatest threat to Israel. An Iraqi-Iranian war will tear Iraq apart and cause its downfall at home even
before it is able to organize a struggle on a wide front against us. Every kind of inter-Arab confrontation will assist us in
the short run and will shorten the way to the more important aim of breaking up Iraq into denominations as in Syria and
in Lebanon. In Iraq, a division into provinces along ethnic/religious lines as in Syria during Ottoman times
is possible. So, three (or more) states will exist around the three major cities: Basra, Baghdad and Mosul, and Shi'ite
areas in the south will separate from the Sunni and Kurdish north. It is possible that the present Iranian-Iraqi
confrontation will deepen this polarization.”--Oded Yinon
Israel sees opportunity in possible US strike on Iraq
Israel promised support and assistance this week for a US war against Iraq
• “If the Americans do not do this now,” said Israeli
Deputy Defense Minister and Labor Party member
Weizman Shiry on Wednesday, “it will be harder to
do it in the future. In a year or two, Saddam Hussein
will be further along in developing weapons of mass
destruction. It is a world interest, but especially an
American interest to attack Iraq.”
• “And as deputy defense minister, I can tell you that
the United States will receive any assistance it needs
from Israel,” he added.
Source: The Christian Science Monitor, August 30, 2002,
Gelb’s Idea of Partitioning Iraq
Leslie Gelb, former editor and columnist for The Times and president emeritus of the
Council on Foreign Relations, wrote in The New York Times of 11/25/2003:
• The United States should “move in
stages toward a three-state solution:
Kurds in the north, Sunnis in the
center and Shiites in the south.”
Senator Joseph R. Biden of Delaware, chairman of the Foreign
Relations Committee and candidate for the Democratic
presidential nomination, picked up the idea, while The New
York Times of 19 August 2007 dubbed it “The Biden-Gelb
On 27 September, the Senate passed a resolution (75-23) urging the Bush administration to support "a
political settlement among Iraq's major factions based upon the provisions of the Constitution of Iraq that
create a federal system of government and allow for the creation of federal regions." 9/30/07 ….
Heartland Eurasian Review of Geopolitics [originally created in China and Italy!?] apparently made and posted this map on its website,
When asked in January 2008 to clarify whether there was any
Israeli involvement in his decision to invade Iraq, President
“No, not at all. None
Bush said:
Source: The White House, 1/2/2008.
When asked by Nahum Barnea and Shimon Shiffer of the Israeli newspaper Yediot Ahronot to clarify whether there was any Israeli involvement in his decision to invade Iraq, President George W. Bush said “No, not at all. None whatsoever.”[1] Elsewhere in the same interview President Bush acknowledged that “one of the things in politics that happens often is people sometimes won't tell you really what's on their mind.”
[1] The White House, “Interview of the President by Nahum Barnea and Shimon Shiffer of Yediot Ahronot,” Oval Office, 2 January 2008,
Tariq Aziz [was a member of the Revolutionary Command Council, a leader of the
Ba'ath party, deputy prime minister, foreign minister]: 'Britain and the US killed Iraq.
I wish I was martyred':
"Bush and Blair lied intentionally.
They were both pro-Zionist. They
wanted to destroy Iraq for the sake of
Israel, not for the sake of the US and
At a moment when almost all
countries around the world were
offering sincere sympathy and
support to the United States after the
9/11 terrorist attacks, President Bush
addressed the world in these terms:
• “Every nation, in every region, now has a
decision to make. Either you are with us,
or you are with the terrorists.”
Lloyd Gardner and Marilyn
Young reported that President
George W. Bush said:
“I’m driven with a mission from God. God
would tell me, George, go and fight those
terrorists in Afghanistan. An I did, and then
God would tell me, George, go and end the
tyranny in Iraq.”
Lloyd Gardner and Marilyn Young, “Introduction,” in Lloyd Gardner and Marilyn Young, eds.
Iraq and the Lessons of Vietnam, Or How Not to Learn from the Past, New York: The new
Press, 2007, pp. 1-15, page 12.
March 19, 2008: President
Bush spoke at the Pentagon
to mark the fifth anniversary
of Operation Iraqi Freedom:
“The battle in
Iraq is noble,
necessary, and
March 19, 2008: President Bush spoke at the Pentagon to mark the fifth anniversary of Operation Iraqi Freedom:
The battle in Iraq is noble, necessary, and just.”
“Defeating the enemy in Iraq will make it less likely we will face this enemy here at home.”
“Because we acted against Saddam Hussein, the world is better and America is safer.”
“The ‘Surge’ Strategy Has Produced Dramatic Results In Iraq”
“The Stakes In Iraq Are Great”
“Political Progress Is Taking Place In Iraq” [10/2005: new constitution; 12/2005: election under new constitution]
The White House, 3/19/2008
The White House, 3/19/2008
President George W. Bush
speaks to members of the
Regimental Combat Team-2,
Marine Wing Support
Combat Patrol at Al Asad
Airbase, Al Anbar Province,
Iraq, Monday, September 3,
2007. White House photo by
Eric Draper, The White
Karen Hughes, Undersecretary
of State for Public Diplomacy
and Public Affairs , said she was
tired of seeing the president
presented as a “caricature.”
A representation of the stereotypical
view of US-Israel relations
The New York Times, 10/31/2007
President Bush told the AEI
neoconservatives: “You are
some of the best brains in
our country and my
government employs about
20 of you.” …"Employs" is
too weak a verb,” wrote
James Atlas.
The New York Times, May 4, 2003
Al-Majalla , 4/21/2001,
A representation of the stereotypical
view of US-Israel relations
“Israel has
f----- up
policy for
Oliver Stone,
The Jewish
Bullfighting toreador
Adapted from Work
by Ian Antonio,
“I know what America is.. America is
a thing you can move very easily,
move it in the right direction.”--Benjamin
Netanyahu, Israeli Prime Minister, 1996-99 & 2009-present, “Fibi Netanyahu,
In 2001, PM boasted of manipulating Oslo accords,” Tablet: A New Read on Jewish
Netanyahu, Israeli
Prime Minister,
1996-99 & 2009present, when asked
what 9/11 would
mean for AmericanIsraeli relations,
responded: "It's
very good."
Realizing his
maladroit gaffe, he
then added: "Well,
it's not good, but it
will generate
sympathy" for
Israel from the
United States:
It’s the case of
‘a minnow swallowing a whale’
‘the tail wagging the dog’
Etcetera “The U.S. can no longer afford $725 billion each year for defense,
Etcetera much of it borrowed. Given the poor return on our investment, it’s
"only by force can a Jewish
state in Palestine be
established or maintained"-US Army Lt. Col. Harold Hoskins, 1943
clear we need another strategy, one free of Zionist goals that
advance behind serial conflicts and the debt incurred to fund them.
We know what to do. What’s required is the leadership to do it.” Jeff
Gates, 12/29/2010,
A representation of the stereotypical view of US-Israel relations
Islamic world
A representation of the stereotypical view of US-Israel relations
The Israelis
The Americans
The Arabs
President Bush Middle East Tour
Protest Iraq
LONDON, Feb.15 -Several million
demonstrators took to the
streets of Europe and the
rest of the world today in a
vast wave of protest against
the prospect of a U.S.-led
war against Iraq.
Washington Post
Sunday, February 16, 2003
Madrid, Spain
Istanbul, Turkey
Sydney, Australia
Prague, Czech Rep.
Seoul, South Korea
London, United Kingdom
Rome, Italy
New York, USA
Population: 28.9 million (2009 est.)
Ethnic groups: Arab 75%-80%,
Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman,
Assyrian, or other 5%
Religions: Muslim 97% (Shi'a 60%65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or
other 3%
Languages: Arabic, Kurdish (official
in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a
Turkish dialect), Assyrian (NeoAramaic), Armenian
Iraq's oil sector provides over 90% of
government revenue and foreign
exchange earnings
GDP per capita (PPP): $3,600 (US
GDP per capita: $46,400 (2009 est.)
Border countries: Iran 1,458 km,
Jordan 181 km, Kuwait 240 km,
Saudi Arabia 814 km, Syria 605 km,
Turkey 352 km
Source: CIA
of Iraq
U.S.-Led Coalition Air and Ground Forces
Deployed Against Iraq in the 1991 Gulf War
John E. Peters and Howard Deshong, Out of Area or Out of Reach: European Military Support
for Operations in Southwest Asia, National Defense Research Institute, Prepared for the Office of
the Secretary of Defense, RAND, 1995, pages 23-24,
In the wake of the US
invasion of Iraq in 2003
Iraq did not even control its airspace,
shorelines, or a third of its territory.
Iraq was still recovering from:
• The Iran-Iraq war 1980-88
• The Gulf war of 1991
• The no-fly zone war 1991-03
• CIA Covert Operations 1995-96
Professor Doug Rokke, the US army
physicist in charge of cleaning up depleted
(Sanctions killed some 1.7 million Iraqis
uranium in Kuwait told film maker John
between 1990-2000, WRMA 12/31/00)
Pilger (The Secret War on Iraq, 12/20/2002):
• Depleted uranium 1991– present “I am like most people in southern
– Some have said that the DU used Iraq. I have 5,000 times the
in Iraq makes the Agent Orange
recommended level of radiation in my
used in Vietnam look like
“orange juice.”
• UN/US Sanctions 1990-2003
Geography of the Iraq War
1. Basic geography of
2. The “what” of the
3. The “why” of the
4. What shall be done?
Source: CIA
“The conventional wisdom about Nixon-Kissinger
relationship was that they worked as equals, or even
that Kissinger was the teacher and Nixon the student”
p. 135
“When I returned to government service in 2001, I
invited Henry [Kissinger] to join the Defense
Policy Board. He was routinely involved in
advising me on national security issues. I also
arranged for him to be able to meet regularly and
privately with President Bush” p. 206
“Fifteen days after 9/11, the President asked me to
join him in the Oval Office alone… He asked that I
take a look at the shape of our military plans on
Iraq… ‘Dick told me about your son’, he [Bush]
said… What happened to [my son] Nick [who suffers
from drug addiction]—coupled with the [9/11]
wounds to our country and the Pentagon—all started
to hit me. At that moment, I couldn’t speak… I had
not imagined I might choke up in a meeting with the
President of the United States” p. 425-426
"I think that Donald Rumsfeld will go
down as one of the worst secretaries
of defence in history”—Senator John
Sentinel, 2011
In the book My Year in Iraq
(Simon & Schuster, 2006),
Ambassador L. Paul Bremer
III wrote, “Among my own
assignments during almost
three decades and as an
American diplomat, I’d been
Secretary of State Henry
Kissinger’s chief of staff and
ambassador-at-large for
counterterrorism under
President Ronald Reagan,
jobs that had taken me to
almost every capital in the
region. Every one but
Baghdad.” Page 4
As the senior American in
Baghdad, I would be
President George W.
Bush’s personal envoy. My
chain of command ran
through Secretary of of
Defense Donald Rumsfeld
and straight to the
president. I would be the
only paramount
authority figure—other
than dictator Saddam-Iraqis had ever known.
Page 4
Like Adolf Hitler, Saddam was
convinced destiny had chosen
him for greatness… On May 9
[2003], my last day of
preparation at the Pentagon, Don
Rumsfeld had given me my
marching orders in a memo…
Undersecretary Douglas Feith
had shown me a draft order
for the ‘De-Baathification of
Iraqi Society.’ He had
underscored the political
importance of the decree.
‘We’ve got to show all the Iraqis
that we’re serious about building
a New Iraq. Page 39
In early May [2003],
before we left for Iraq,
[Senior Advisor for
defense and security
affairs, Walt] Slocombe
had began discussions
with top Pentagon
officials, including
Deputy Secretary of
Defense Paul Wolfowitz,
about the policy
implications of Saddam’s
army having melted away.
Page 54
On May 9, 2003, the day before our
departure, I sent a memo to
Secretary Rumsfeld, copied to
Wolfowitz, DOD’s policy office
and the General Counsel,
summarizing these discussions and
the tentative conclusion that we
should formally dissolve
Saddam’s army as well the
security and intelligence services
as a prelude to establishing Iraq’s
new security services … and
because we have to take into
account the ethnic make-up and
the history of the country,
assembling a New Iraqi Army
(NIA) would not be easy. Page 54
The “exiles” comprised the small Iraqi Leadership Council
(ILC) who had been selected during a conference of several
hundred Iraqis in London in December 2002, which in turn
had been a product of the Iraqi Liberation Act that President
Bill Clinton had signed into law in 1998. This law made it
U.S. policy to support efforts to “… remove the regime
headed by Saddam Hussein.” Page 42….
On Friday [May 16, 2003] afternoon, we were expecting
seven Iraqi representatives to meet us in the palace
conference room where I held staff meeting. The group,
whom we had come to refer to as the G-7, included:
•Ahmad Chalabi, of the Iraqi National Congress,a Shiite
•Ayad Allawi, leader of the Iraqi National Accord, also a
secular Shiite, was Chalabi’s chief rival
•The two Kurds were Massoud Barzani, head of the
Kurdish Democratic Party, and his sometime ally and
sometime rival, Jalal Talabani of the Patriotic Union of
•The ILC also included Naseer Chaderchi, a respected
seventy-year-old Sunni lawyer, who led the small, secular
National Party
•The other Shiite Islamist party, the Supreme Council for the
Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI), was represented by Dr.
Adel Mahdi and Hamid al-Bayati, reportedly because the
party’s most senior leader in Baghdad, Abdul Aziz Hakim,
was ill. I suspected Hakim’s illness might be “diplomatic,”
since he was known to be distrustful of the Coalition’s
motives. Page 46
On May 19, I sent a memo to
Secretary Rumsfeld detailing our
recommendations for the dissolution
of the Iraqi Defense Ministry and its
‘related entities.’… At the Pentagon
on May 22 [2003], Feith carefully
reviewed our draft order, which
would formally abolish Saddam’s
security and intelligence services.
He asked us to clarify some of the
wording, which we did to his full
satisfaction…. Later that day, when
Rumsfeld authorized me to proceed,
I informed the president of the plan
in a video teleconference. On
Friday, May 23, 2003, I signed CPA
Order No. 2, “Dissolution of
Entities” Page 57
It was after 11:00 P.M. when Brian
McCormack and I got into my
armored SUV for the run back
to the Green Zone. Our
convoy, as usual, consisted of
two “up-armored” Humvees
sheathed in tan slabs of
hardened steel, a leadarmored Suburban, our
Suburban, another armored
Suburban following, and two
more Humvees. Overhead,
we had a pair of buzzing Bell
helicopters with two
Blackwater snipers each.
Page 245
Simon & Schuster, 2006
For the last time, and again in the
sweltering heat of Baghdad
summer, I took off from the
Green Zone for the twentyminute flight to Baghdad Airport.
The Chinooks landed behind
several camouflaged C-130s, one
of which was designated to fly
me out of Iraq….After a ninetyminute flight, we landed at the
military airport in Amman,
Jordan. I called Francie, who
by now had seen news reports
of the early transfer of
sovereignty. “I’m safe and
free,” I said. “And I’m coming
home.” Pages 394 and 396
Simon & Schuster, 2006
I suppose the best place is to begin
at the beginning and to thank my
wonderful agent, Marvin Josephson.
It was he, on a visit to Baghdad,
who first suggested that I write
this book. So readers disappointed
that I have followed his advice
should take their grievance to
Marvin. To me, however, Marvin
was gift. I thank him for his help
identifying a publisher and
willingness to give sound advice on
the book as the writing proceeded.
And I am further indebted to him
for suggesting that I engage
Malcolm McConnell as my
collaborator on the project. Page
Simon & Schuster, 2006
Smoke rises from explosions during the first
few minutes of a massive air attack on
March 20, 2003 in Baghdad [GETTY]
Some media treat March 19, 2003 as the beginning of the
war, but the conflict for ordinary Iraqis never ended in March
1991 following Iraq's defeat and exit from Kuwait. They [the
Iraqis] would endure 12 years of punitive sanctions which
the UN estimates killed nearly 1.7 million Iraqis.
“War is hell, but for Hollywood it has been a Godsend, providing
the perfect dramatic setting against which courageous heroes win
the hearts and minds of the movie going public. The Pentagon
recognises the power of these celluloid dreams and encourages
Hollywood to create heroic myths; to rewrite history to suit its
own strategy and as a recruiting tool to provide a steady flow of
willing young patriots for its wars....'Give a nineteen-year-old kid
an automatic weapon, and it takes him four days to become
God’” -- Watch “Hollywood and the war machine” at
US Human Cost of the Iraq War
Over 4,398 dead and over 31,762 wounded in Iraq
93 dead and
722 wounded
from Indiana
US dead and wounded in Iraq by state, 3/2003-3/2010
Iraqi Human
Cost of the War
“Over 1000,000 Iraqi
citizens have died as a
result of the conflict
which started in 2003” --The British Opinion Research Business, January
See also the impact of sanctions:
4.7 million Iraqis were
made refugees within
the country or across
the borders---United Nations News
Centre, October 2007,
No available estimates of Iraqi wounded
At the end of 12/2007, the
number of Iraqi “detainees”
stood at 51,133--- UN Assistance
Mission for Iraq, December 2007,
Iraq’s cultural heritage
(National Library and Archives,
National Museum, and other
significant cultural heritage
sites) was looted
Documented civilian deaths from violence
95,755 – 104,460
Confusion about the numbers produced by the project can be avoided by bearing in mind that: )1( IBC’s
figures are not ‘estimates’ but a record of actual, documented deaths.; (2) IBC records solely violent deaths;
)3( IBC records solely civilian )strictly, ‘non-combatant’( deaths.; )4( IBC’s figures are constantly updated
and revised as new data comes in, and frequent consultation is advised.
Source: Iraq Body
Falluja doctors report rise in birth defects:
Doctors in the Iraqi city of Falluja are reporting a high level of birth defects, with some blaming
weapons used by the US after the Iraq invasion. BBC, 3/4/2010,
Financial Cost
“The Iraq War Will Cost Us $3 Trillion, and Much More
As we head toward November [2008], opinion polls say that voters' main
worry is now the economy, not the war. But there's no way to disentangle
the two. The United States will be paying the price of Iraq for decades to
come. The price tag will be all the greater because we tried to ignore the
laws of economics -- and the cost will grow the longer we remain”
“Three trillion dollars is a
lot of money. In fact, for
one sixth of that money,
Linda J. Bilmes, a former chief financial officer at the Commerce Department, teaches at
the US could put its entire
Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government. Joseph E. Stiglitz, a professor at
Columbia University, served as chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers under President social security system on a
Bill Clinton. They are co-authors of "The Three Trillion Dollar War: The True Cost of the Iraq sound financial basis for
the next 75 years.” BBC,
Conflict. The Washington Post, 3/9/2008,
Iraq war costs U.S. more than $2 trillion: study
(Reuters) - The U.S. war in Iraq has cost $1.7 trillion with an additional
$490 billion in benefits owed to war veterans, expenses that could grow
to more than $6 trillion over the next four decades counting interest, a
study released on Thursday said. Reuter, 3/14/2013,
US House Oversight Subcommittee
on National Security
Hearing on Wartime Contracting
• There 280,000 contractors in Iraq and
Afghanistan (80 percent of the foreign
nationals)—a ratio of 1 contractor per soldier
deployed (C-Span, 8/21/2009)
• “the State Department continues to award the company, formerly
known as Blackwater, more than $400 million in contracts to fly its
diplomats around Iraq, guard them in Afghanistan, and train security
forces in antiterrorism tactics at its remote camp in North Carolina”
(The New York Times, 8/21/2009)
U.S. Planning
to Slash Iraq
Staff by as
Much as Half
An American flag
flies in front of the
United States
Embassy in Baghdad.
New York Times,
February 7, 2012
“BAGHDAD — Less than two months after American troops left, the State Department is preparing to slash
by as much as half the enormous diplomatic presence it had planned for Iraq, a sharp sign of declining
American influence in the country.
Officials in Baghdad and Washington said that Ambassador James F. Jeffrey and other senior State
Department officials were reconsidering the size and scope of the embassy, where the staff has swelled to
nearly 16,000 people, mostly contractors.
The expansive diplomatic operation and the $750 million embassy building, the largest of its kind in the
world, were billed as necessary to nurture a postwar Iraq on its shaky path to democracy and establish normal
relations between two countries linked by blood and mutual suspicion. But the Americans have been
frustrated by what they see as Iraqi obstructionism and are now largely confined to the embassy because of
security concerns, unable to interact enough with ordinary Iraqis to justify the $6 billion annual price tag.”
New York Times, 2/7/2012
SYNOPSIS: These extraordinary times--unprecedented in modern
history--are marked by a worldwide depression and regional wars
involving all the major imperial powers. This book exposes the roots of
the crisis in the unsustainability of the United States' military-driven
empire building based on a volatile speculative economy, and influenced
by Zionist policy makers committed to the colonialist state of Israel. It
offers a critical study of the collapse of the empire and a profound
indictment of the respectable and prestigious personalities either
responsible for the debacle, or for its continuance. Petras provides clear
insight into how the ramifications of the world depression and regional
wars that originated in Washington and on Wall Street are extending
throughout the world, provoking popular challenges especially in Latin
America, while reinforcing the belligerency and increasingly fascistic
nature of the state of Israel. He demonstrates how unending wars and a
deepening capitalist depression have demolished the ideology of free
market neo-liberalism and forced to the forefront the need for structural
changes. He points out how the collapse of the capitalist free market and
the need for large-scale, long-term interventions by the state have once
again raised the question of whose interests states are presently
promoting, and whose interests in actuality they should serve. Both in
the United States and Latin America, center-left regimes are proposing
economic reforms to try to save the capitalist system. However the
deepening crisis is raising the prospect of mass support for 21st Century
socialism, which focuses on public investment, ownership and control.
THE AUTHOR: James Petras is a Bartle Professor (Emeritus) of
Sociology at Binghamton University, New York. He is the author of 64
books published in 29 languages, and over 560 articles in professional
journals, including the American Sociological Review, British Journal of
Sociology, Social Research, Journal of Contemporary Asia, and Journal
of Peasant Studies. He has published over 2000 articles in
nonprofessional journals such as the New York Times, the Guardian, the
Nation, Christian Science Monitor, Foreign Policy, New Left Review,
Partisan Review, Temps Moderne, Le Monde Diplomatique, and his
commentary is widely carried on the internet.
Source: The James Petras Website, 8/21/2009
U.S. debt overpowers National Debt Clock
• NEW YORK (AP) -- The National Debt Clock in
New York City has run out of digits to record the
growing figure. As a short-term fix, the digital dollar sign on the billboard-style
clock near Times Square has been switched to a figure -- the "1" in $10 trillion. It's marking
the federal government's current debt at about $10.2 trillion. The Durst Organization says it
plans to update the sign next year by adding two digits. That will make it capable of tracking
debt up to a quadrillion dollars. The late Manhattan real estate developer Seymour Durst put
the sign up in 1989 to call attention to what was then a $2.7 trillion debt.
CNN, October 30, 2008,
U.S. national debt clock in Times Square, New York.
Ghraib Top interrogators attended an
prison "anti-terror" training camp in
Israel and their boss received an
from Israeli Defense
Baghdad award
Minister Shaul Mofaz—Robert
Moral Cost
On February 7, 2002,
President Bush signs
an executive order
that says Common
Article 3 of the
Geneva Conventions
does not apply to
Qaeda and Taliban
captives. NYT, 12/8/07
Fisk, The Independent, 5/26/ 2004
U.N. expert says torture in Iraq worse than under Saddam, USA Today, 9/21/2006
“Bush Makes Final [Sneak] Visit to Iraq
A man, apparently a journalist, threw two
shoes at President Bush during a news
conference in Baghdad”---The New York Times,
December 14, 2008--
“Hitting someone with a shoe is a strong insult in Iraq. It means the
person is as low as the dirt underneath the sole of a shoe, and the
actions of Muntader al-Zaidi, a correspondent for an independent
Iraqi television station, were condemned by Prime Minister Nuri
Kamal al-Maliki, the Iraqi government and other reporters at the news
conference. Mr. Bush was unhurt and made a joke afterward, but the
shoes have overshadowed other news coverage of the trip, including
an attempt to showcase the new security agreement.” NYT,
Video: Bush Dodges Shoes
on Visit to Iraq:
Iraqi reporter shouting:
"This is a goodbye kiss
from the Iraqi people,
you dog."
No diplomacy
Biden: That SOB Saddam is rolling
over in his grave
• Vice President Joe Biden celebrated the 2009
Independence Day with US troops, including his
soldier son Beau, at their base near Baghdad, giving
a speech that mocked Saddam Hussein…. “We did
it in Saddam's palace and I can think of nothing
better… That SOB is rolling over in his grave right
Alarabiya, 7/4/2009,
Haaretz, 7/4/2009,
The United Nations Compensation
Commission (UNCC)
• The United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) was created
in 1991 as a subsidiary organ of the UN Security Council. Its mandate
is to process claims and pay compensation for losses and damage
suffered as a direct result of Iraq's unlawful invasion and occupation
of Kuwait.
UNCC received approximately 2.7 million claims seeking approximately US$352.5 billion
So far UNCC awarded approximately US$52.4 billion in respect of approximately 1.55
million of these claims.
So far UNCC paid a total of US$26 billion to individuals, corporations, governments and
international organizations.
“Iraqi parliamentarians are demanding Israel pay billions of dollars in reparations for a 1981
Israeli attack on an Iraqi nuclear reactor, Baghdad's daily al-Sabbah reported Thursday
[2/12/2009]. “Iraq MPs seek reparation for 1981 Israeli attack on nuclear reactor,” Haaretz,
“Marines Cast
as 'Mongols' in
Corporal Edward Chin, an ethnic
Chinese from Burma, told
CNN's Paula Zahn (4/10/2003):
"They wanted a flag on his head,
the American flag."
Iraq ranked at
the bottom of the
149 countries on
the Global Peace
Index 2010,
Baghdad ranked
at the bottom of
the 221 cities of
the world's best
quality of living
cities in 2010,
U.S. Occupation Aljazeera
and Iraqi Resistance
98.8 percent of the inmates in American detention centers
in Iraq are Iraqis. The New York Times, 11/22/07
92.7 percent of coalition casualties in Iraq are Americans, CNN, 11/22/07
“Agreement Between the United States of America and the Republic of Iraq On the
Withdrawal of United States Forces from Iraq and the Organization of Their Activities
during Their Temporary Presence in Iraq”
“Signed in duplicate in Baghdad on this 17th day of November, 2008, in the English and Arabic languages, each text being equally authentic”
“Article 4: Missions: “The Government of Iraq requests the temporary assistance of the United States Forces for the
purposes of supporting Iraq in its efforts to maintain security and stability in Iraq, including cooperation in the conduct
of operations against al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups, outlaw groups, and remnants of the former regime.”
Article 12: Jurisdiction: “The United States shall have the primary right to exercise jurisdiction over members of the United
States Forces and of the civilian component for matters arising inside agreed facilities and areas; during duty status
outside agreed facilities and areas; and in circumstances not covered by paragraph 1.”
Article 21: Claims: “With the exception of claims arising from contracts, each Party shall waive the right to claim
compensation against the other Party for any damage, loss, or destruction of property, or compensation for injuries or
deaths that could happen to members of the force or civilian component of either Party arising out of the performance of
their official duties in Iraq.”
Article 24: Withdrawal of the United States Forces from Iraq: “All the United States Forces shall withdraw from all Iraqi
territory no later than December 31, 2011”
Article 26 Iraqi Assets: “the United States shall ensure maximum efforts to: a. Support Iraq to obtain forgiveness of
international debt resulting from the policies of the former regime. b. Support Iraq to achieve a comprehensive and final
resolution of outstanding reparation claims inherited from the previous regime, including compensation requirements
imposed by the UN Security Council on Iraq.”
Article 27: Deterrence of Security Threats: )1( “In the event of any external or internal threat or aggression against Iraq
that would violate its sovereignty, political independence, or territorial integrity, waters, airspace, its democratic system
or its elected institutions, and upon request by the Government of Iraq, the Parties shall immediately initiate strategic
deliberations and, as may be mutually agreed, the United States shall take appropriate measures, including diplomatic,
economic, or military measures, or any other measure, to deter such a threat… Iraqi land, sea, and air shall not be used
as a launching or transit point for attacks against other countries.”
Source: The New York Times, 11/19/2008,
Dr. Dhari: Forthcoming Election
is Formality
Dr. Sheikh Harith al-Dhari Secretary General of the Association of Muslim Scholars in Iraq (HEYET) stated his
suspicion over the transparency and fairness of the elections scheduled for Iraq in the seventh of March.
Sheikh al-Dari in an interview with the agency of Quds Press told that the results of these elections were pre-prepared by
the U.S. administration and distributed to political allies in Iraq...
He stressed that the Association of Muslim Scholars in Iraq (HEYET) will not be part of the forthcoming legislative
elections, nor of the political process which is under brutal occupation.
Prof. Dr. Harith al-Dari described the current political process as a way to legalize the occupation and the confirmation
of American hegemony over Iraq saying: "We will not be a party in the electoral process and in the political process as
long as the occupation exists in Iraq. It is a principle we abide by it and we will be at the same position till the
withdrawal of the occupation. Because realities on the ground proved that the political process is not the right path to the
security of Iraq and its liberation. But it has been and still the U.S. project to achieve the wishes of America and its
allies. "
Sheikh Dari drew attention to the current political process saying: “It is fully built on the quota system and the
constitution is biased and far from many communities in Iraq. Then the so-called security pact came to mortgage Iraq to
decades and even centuries.
Secretary General clarified that the U.S. administration does not comply with provisions of the humiliated Agreement
signed by the current government at end of 2008, as America will not withdraw from Iraqi cities during 2009 and will
not withdraw from Iraq in 2011. It has also not committed to defending Iraq's borders and sovereignty...
He pointed out that Iran is now roaming in Iraq in full view and eyes of the world, even it occupied al Fakka oil well that
is Iraqi oil without doubt. When it is asked about America, she said that it is an internal matter, as if Iran and Iraq are
one thing!! . .
Prof. Dr. Harith al-Dari concluded his statement saying that the "next election will be a formality and seats will be
deployed by U.S. forces to allied forces, which would extend the security agreement. So do not count on anyone to these
elections and should not pay attention to the media in the Arab world." AMSI, 3/6/2010,
Guide to groups competing in Iraqi polls
STATE OF LAW COALITION--This alliance is led by Prime Minister Nouri Maliki and purportedly cuts
across religious and tribal lines.
IRAQI NATIONAL ALLIANCE (INA)--This mainly Shia alliance is seen as one of the biggest rivals to
the prime minister's coalition.
KURDISTAN ALL--The Kurdish coalition is dominated by the two parties administering Iraq's northern, semiautonomous Kurdish region.
AL-IRAQIYYA (IRAQI NATIONAL MOVEMENT)--This alliance includes national VicePresident Tariq al-Hashemi, a Sunni Arab, former prime minister Iyad Allawi, a secular Shia, and senior Sunni politician
Saleh al-Mutlaq. They ran on a nationalist platform.
UNITY OF IRAQ COALITION--This group brings together a range of significant political figures,
including Interior Minister Jawad Bolani and a leader of the Sunni anti-al-Qaeda militia in al-Anbar province, Ahmad
IRAQI ACCORD FRONT/AL-TAWAFUQ FRONT--The Iraqi Accord Front, an alliance of parties
led by Sunni politicians, participated in the December 2005 elections but has since been weakened by splits and
defections. It includes the Speaker of parliament Ayad al-Samarrai.
TRIBAL LEADERS--Tribal leaders were courted by major parties as it was thought they would play an
important role in the election. Some of Iraq's Sunni tribal leaders sprang to prominence when US forces began backing
local sheikhs against al Qaeda in 2006.
MINORITIES--Smaller minorities, including Turkmen, Christians, Yazidis, Sabeans, Shabak and others, were
thought likely to ally with bigger electoral lists in areas where they were not dominant.
BBC, 3/8/2010,
Iraq election turnout 62%,
officials say
Voting to elect 325-member parliament.
About 19 million eligible voters out of 28 million
Around 6,200 candidates from 86 factions competing
200,000 security personnel on duty in Baghdad
Key issues: Security, services and disqualification of
alleged Baathists
• Previous votes: Jan 2005 (transitional national assembly),
Oct 2005 (constitution), Dec 2005 first post-invasion
parliament, Feb 2009 (local elections)
BBC, 3/9/2010,
Iraq coalition talks 'open
to all' - Iyad Allawi
The leader of the secular alliance that narrowly won Iraq's
parliamentary election has offered to work with all parties to
form a coalition government.
Iyad Allawi said his Iraqiya bloc would start by talking with the rival
State of Law alliance of Prime Minister Nouri Maliki, which it beat
by two seats.
Mr Maliki has refused to accept the result and said he would
challenge the count through the
Both the UN and US envoys to Iraq have said the 7 March poll was
There is concern that a challenge to the result could be lengthy and
divisive, endangering progress towards greater stability.
Sectarian violence erupted in Iraq as politicians took months to form
a government after the last parliamentary election in 2005.
Police on Saturday raised the death toll to at least 52 from twin
bombings a day earlier near a restaurant in the town of Khalis, 80km
(50 miles) north of Baghdad. More than 70 people were injured in the
blasts. BBC, 3/27/2010,
Iyad Allawi has
appointed a member
of his bloc to begin
coalition talks
Talabani, Hill discuss
political moves and talks
among winning blocs
Baghdad (NINA) – President Jalal Talabani discussed on Thursday evening, Apr. 1, with
American Ambassador to Iraq, Christopher Hill, the on going political moves and talks
among political blocs that won the election.
In the meeting, Talabani stressed, “The necessity to provide suitable ground for joint work
and constructive cooperation toward entrenching genuine partnership in the coming
He pointed out to the efforts being exerted to activate and expand dialogue among political
forces toward consolidating national unity.
They also discussed the Iraq-American relations on all levels.
For his part, Ambassador Hill asserted his country’s resolve to go ahead in supporting Iraq’s
political and democratic process. / End
NINA, 4/1/2010,
Video: The secret files:
Washington, Israel and the Gulf
WETA, Washington.
1 videocassette (VHS) (60 min.), DS63.2.U5 S34 1992, Scheduled to be shown
• Discusses how secret agreements and
documents, since declassified, helped to shape
U.S. foreign policy which led to our
involvement in the Persian Gulf War of 1991.
• The video reveals that in a 1943 secret memo to President Franklin D. Roosevelt,
special envoy to the Middle East US Army Lt. Col. Harold Hoskins, warned against
the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine: “… Not only you as President but the
American people as a whole should realize that, if the American government
decides to support the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine… they are
committing the American people to the use of force in that area, since only by
force can a Jewish state in Palestine be established or maintained.”
Video: Unfinished Business
An expose on the U.S. government’s
overt and covert attempts to oust
Sadam Hussein from power in Iraq
By Peter Jennings, ABC News, 1997
• The Anti-Saddam Comic
)VO( “According to the
Rendon group's own
records, which we have
obtained, Rendon spent
more than $23 million in the
first year of its contract
alone. Rendon organized a
traveling photo exhibit of
Iraqi atrocities. He produced
videos and radio skits that
ridiculed Saddam Hussein,
even an anti-Saddam comic
book. The mission to
eliminate the Iraqi dictator
began as a covert public
relations campaign.”
The CIA considered even
depicting Saddam as gay
“According to the Washington Post's security blog,
some of America's spooks believed that shooting a fake
video of Saddam cavorting with a teenage boy might
destabilise his regime in the runup to the US-led
invasion in 2003. "It would look like it was taken by a
hidden camera. Very grainy, like it was a secret
videotaping of a sex session," the Washington Post
quoted one former CIA official as saying.
Nor was the Saddam sex tape the only idea floating
around the more bizarre corners of the CIA's Iraq
Operations Group. Other ploys involved interrupting
Iraqi television with a false newsflash that would
announce Saddam was handing over power to his hated
and feared son Uday. The presumed idea was to shock
the Iraqi people into rising up against their leaders and
thus make the invasion a lot easier.
Perhaps thankfully, the tape and fake news broadcast
were never made and the Post reported that top CIA
brass repeatedly rejected the ideas.” The Guardian,
Video: Paying the Price: John Pilger exposes the devastating
effect that UN sanctions have had on the children of Iraq. 2000
In a hard-hitting special report, award-winning journalist and filmmaker John Pilger
investigates the effects of sanctions on the people of Iraq and finds that ten years of
extraordinary isolation, imposed by the UN and enforced by the US and Britain, have killed
more people than the two atomic bombs dropped on Japan.
The UN Security Council imposed the sanctions and demanded the destruction of Saddam
Hussein's chemical and biological weapons under the supervision of a UN Special
Commission (UNSCOM). Iraq is permitted to sell a limited amount of oil in exchange for
some food and medicine.
Pilger takes the former Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations, Denis Halliday,
back to the crippled country for the first time since he resigned in protest over the sanctions
back in September 1998. Together, they reveal an extraordinary portrait of life in a country
with a decaying infrastructure and a population that Pilger says is being held hostage to the
compliance of Saddam Hussein.
Pilger has brought back disturbing evidence that the "holds" on humanitarian supplies have
paralyzed the country and devastated millions of people, many dying from curable diseases
because life saving drugs are only available intermittently. He also finds that the breakdown
of the clean water system and health facilities are having a tragic effect on young children,
contributing to an alarming rise in their mortality rate.
Pilger also exposes the suffering caused to the civilian population by the illegal bombing
campaign being conducted by US and Britain in the "no-fly zones" in northern and southern
Video: Hijacking catastrophe:
9/11, fear, & the selling of
American empire
• This film discusses how the events of September 11, 2001 have
influenced United States politics, from advancing a pre-existing
military agenda to curtailing civil liberties and social programs. Places
the Bush administration’s justifications for the war in the context of
the struggle by neo-conservatives to increase American power
globally by means of force. Contends that the administration has
deliberately manipulated intelligence, political imagery, and fear to
garner support for American military intervention.
• Written & directed by Jeremy Earp & Sut Jhally; Produced by Jeremy Earp; Edited
by Kenyon King; Includes the full 64 min. version, an abridged 34 min. version, and
161 min. of additional footage, 2004.
Iraqi Exodus: The Iraq War and the
Middle East’s Refugee Crisis
• This Wide Angle report travels to the front lines of the staggering
refugee crisis that continues to unfold in the Middle East as Iraqis flee
their war-torn hometowns to live either as exiles in neighboring
countries or dislocated within Iraq’s borders. The situation in Syria
and Jordan, where refugees cope with their new surroundings amidst
government pressure and rising resentment from the local population,
are spotlighted. In addition, Aaron Brown speaks with regional
leaders about how the catastrophe is impacting the Middle East—and
these millions of homeless Iraqis whose hope of return grows dimmer
with each passing year. HV 640.5 .I75 I73 2008 (57 mn).
Think Tanks
• In political strategy, a think tank is a
group or an institution or a committee
of experts organized to undertake
intensive research and to give advice,
especially to a government . Because
they often receive funding from
private donors, think tanks escape
academic and government scrutiny
and accountability.
The Neoconservative
Branch of the Israel Lobby
Key neoconservative figures
Compare/contrast the
views of the
neoconservatives (who
support Israel) and the
conservatives (who oppose
Pat Buchanan: Hitler wasn't a
threat to U.S.
CNN - David Duke vs. Blitzer
Irving Kristol, Norman Podhoretz, Paul Wolfowitz, Richard Perle, Douglas Feith, Lewis
"Scooter" Libby, John Bolton, Elliott Abrams, Robert Kagan, Michael Ledeen, William
Kristol, Frank Gaffney Jr. Source: The Christian Science Monitor, June 2005
• “If there is an intellectual movement in
America to whose invention Jews can lay
sole claim, neoconservatism is it.”
– Source: Forward (Volume 109, Issue 31,583), January 6, 2006, page 12.
The Power of
• In the past our politicians
offered us dreams of a better
world. Now they promise to
protect us from nightmares.
Leo Strauss Fathered the Neoconservatives
• Edward Rothstein wrote:
• “Could any tyrant have plotted a more patient, thorough and ruthless path to power?
Leo Strauss, the political philosopher who died in 1973, might have seemed just a
harmless German-Jewish emigre, teaching Plato and Machiavelli at the
University of Chicago.
• But according to recent critics, he was actually preparing an intellectual putsch,
which would take place 30 years after his death and culminate in the war in
Iraq. His students and followers, these critics say, learned their lessons well and like
good soldiers began a long march through a variety of institutions, seeking control.
They maneuvered into foundations, institutes and departments of state and war.
Then they began their shadow rule, leading the nation into foolhardy war.” …
• Leo Strauss was “a believer in the use of ''noble lies'' to manipulate the
masses.” Strauss has been linked to “Paul Wolfowitz, the former deputy secretary of
defense; and Richard Perle, former chairman of the Defense Policy Board”
[emphasis added]…..
• The New York Times, 10 July 2006.
Leo Strauss: the intellectual father of the Neo-Cons/Leo-Cons..The
child of middle-class Orthodox Jews, Strauss converted to Zionism
while still in his teens... He advocated Zionism as a kind of “honest
The neoconservatives “carry around literary or political magazines, not the Bible; they wear
tweed jackets, not the petrol blue suits of Southern televangelists. Most of the time, they profess
liberal ideas on social and moral questions. They are trying neither to ban abortion nor to impose
school prayer. Their ambition lies elsewhere." By "elsewhere" is meant the world of Washington
politics and power…” President Bush told them: “You are some of the best brains in our country
and my government employs about 20 of you.” …"Employs" is too weak a verb,” wrote James
Leo Strauss, Leo Strauss: The Early Writings, 1921-1932, translated and edited by Michael Zank,
State University of New York Press, 2002, page 64.
The New York Times, May 4, 2003
“I wish to say that the founder of Zionism, Herzl, was fundamentally a conservative man, guided in his
Zionism by conservative considerations. The moral spine of the Jews was in danger of being broken by
the so-called emancipation which in many cases has alienated them from their heritage, and yet not
given them anything more than merely formal equality; it had brought about a condition which has
been called “external freedom and inner servitude”… Political Zionism is problematic for obvious
reasons. But I can never forget what it achieved as a moral force in an era of complete dissolution. It
helped to stem the tide of “progressive” leveling of venerable, ancestral differences; it fulfilled a
conservative function.” Leo Strauss’ Letter to the Editor of National Review, January 5, 1956,
Neoconservative Political Strategy
• In his book Breaking Ranks, Norman Podhoretz pinpoints the focus of
the neoconservative branch of the Israel lobby: )1( “The inextricable
connection between the survival of Israel and American military
strength” )page 351(, and )2( therefore supporting Israel means
supporting “the [U.S.] defense appropriations out of which aid to
Israel had to come” )page 357(.
The neoconservatives reinforce the belief that America is “the only force for good”
The neoconservatives praise Theodore Roosevelt’s "big stick" and some of Woodrow
Wilson's ideals
The neoconservatives assert inspiring myths (true or not) that everyone could believe
The neoconservatives preach the myths in public without necessarily having to believe it in
The neoconservatives talk about universalism to cover up their particularism
Norman Podhoretz, Breaking Ranks: A political Memoir (New York: Harper & Row Publishers,
1979), pages 357 and 351. See also Adam Curtis, The Power of Nightmares: The Rise of the
Politics of Fear, A 2005 BBC film,
The Project for the New
American Century Think Tank
• “Established in the spring of 1997, the Project
for the New American Century is a non-profit,
educational organization whose goal is to
promote American global leadership. The
Project is an initiative of the New Citizenship
Project (501c3); the New Citizenship Project's
chairman is William Kristol and its president is
Gary Schmitt.”
• Source:
Signatories of the Letter Calling for the
removal of Saddam Hussein’s regime
from power in Iraq
Elliott Abrams
Richard L. Armitage
William J. Bennett
Jeffrey Bergner
John Bolton
Paula Dobriansky
Francis Fukuyama
Robert Kagan
Zalmay Khalilzad
William Kristol
Richard Perle
Peter W. Rodman
Donald Rumsfeld
William Schneider, Jr.
Vin Weber
Paul Wolfowitz
R. James Woolsey
Robert B. Zoellick
Neocons’ Letter to President Clinton
(January 26, 1998)
• “We urge you to seize that opportunity,
and to enunciate a new strategy that
would secure the interests of the U.S. and
our friends and allies around the world.
That strategy should aim, above all, at the
removal of Saddam Hussein’s regime
from power. We stand ready to offer our
full support in this difficult but necessary
Neocons’ Letter to Newt Gingrich,
Speaker of the House, and Trent Lott
Senate Majority Leader
May 29, 1998
• We recommended [to Clinton] a substantial change
in the direction of U.S. policy: Instead of further,
futile efforts to "contain" Saddam, we argued that
the only way to protect the United States and its
allies from the threat of weapons of mass destruction
was to put in place policies that would lead to the
removal of Saddam and his regime from power.
President Clinton Signed
The Iraq Liberation Act of
October 31, 1998
• “This is in our interest and that
of our allies within the region” ----President Clinton
Neocons’ Proposal of Rebuilding
America’s Defenses
September 2000
• The Neocons indicated that to speed up
the process of transformation they had in
mind they need:
• “some catastrophic and catalyzing
event – like a new Pearl Harbor.”
[One year later, 9/11 provided the ‘catalyzing event’ used by the neoconservatives to ‘justify’ the Iraq war]
Neocons’ Letter to President Bush
(September 20, 2001)
• …. "But even if evidence does not
link Iraq directly to the [9/11] attack,
any strategy aiming at the eradication
of terrorism and its sponsors must
include a determined effort to remove
Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq"
Vice President Cheney Kicked off the
campaign for Iraq war on 8/26/2002
6. 8/26/2002: “The risks of inaction are far greater than the risk of action,” Cheney
told a meeting of the Veterans of Foreign Wars.
5. 8/16/2002: reported: “Israel To U.S.: Don't Delay Iraq Attack”
4. 8/13/2002: Israeli Prime Minister Sharon told the Foreign Affairs Committee of the
Knesset that Iraq “is the greatest danger facing Israel.”
3. 6/8/2002, former Israeli Prime Minister Barak wrote in the Washington Post: Bush
“should, first of all, focus on Iraq and the removal of Saddam Hussein.”
2. 5/12/2002: Israeli Foreign Minister Peres appeared on CNN to say that “Saddam
Hussein is as dangerous as bin Laden”
1. 4/14/2002: former Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu came to Washington to brief
U.S Senators and the editor of the Washington Post on the removal of Saddam.
Mearsheimer & Walt, p 234
Bernard Lewis:
Dick Cheney’s intellectual and political mentor on the Middle East
• US Vice President Dick Cheney considers Bernard Lewis his intellectual and
political mentor on the Middle East when he said “You simply cannot find a greater
authority on Middle Eastern history -- from classical Islamic civilization, to the
Ottoman Empire, to the modern period -- than this man [Lewis Bernard] and his
works.”… After listening to Bernard Lewis’ advice on “the history and the way
forward in the Middle East” following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990,
Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney said “I decided that day that this was a man I
wanted to keep in touch with, and whose work I should follow carefully in the years
ahead. Since then we have met often, particularly during the last four-and-a-half
years, and Bernard has always had some very good meetings with President Bush…
More than three decades ago, at the height of a secular era, he wrote a prescient
article titled The Return of Islam. In the 1970s he studied the writings of an obscure
cleric named Khomeini, and saw the seeds of a movement that would deliver
theocratic despotism. In 1990, he wrote The Roots of Muslim Rage, which
anticipated the terrorism of that decade. And in this new century, his wisdom is
sought daily by policymakers, diplomats, fellow academics, and the news
[1] Dick Cheney, “Vice President's Remarks at the World Affairs Council of Philadelphia
Luncheon Honoring Professor Bernard Lewis,” Park Hyatt Philadelphia at the Bellevue,
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1 May 2006,
The White House,
Bernard Lewis and the Iraq War
“When Saddam Hussein invaded and occupied Kuwait in 1990, … Almost every
Middle expert in the country was invited to Washington and was asked his comments
on the situation. That was my first meeting with high-level official Washington, and
more important, my first meeting with Dick Cheney, at that time Secretary of Defense.
We met on subsequent occasions over the years… The general feeling was that this
…could be ‘another Vietnam’… I told them that I thought that the war, when it came,
would be ‘quick, cheap and easy.’… The prompt and effective American response not
only saved Kuwait but also Saudi Arabia, which was threatened and whose rulers relied
entirely on American action to save them. Indeed, a quip at the time was that the
marching song of the Saudi Arabian armed forces was ‘Onward Christian Soldiers.’ …
I was invited to Cheney’s home twice after 9/11 to dine with him and a small group of
staff. My task was to talk about the Middle East and Islam and I found them a receptive
audience asking excellent questions… I was invited to meet President George W. Bush
on three occasions’—Source: Notes on a Century: Reflections of a Middle East
Historian, Bernard Lewis with Buntzie Ellis Churchill, Viking, New York, 2012, pages
324, 326, 330, 331 .
Jacob Weisberg regards Bernard Lewis, who received the National Humanities Medal from
President Bush in 2006 and the Irving Kristol Award from his disciples at the American
Enterprise Institute in 2007, as “the most significant intellectual influence behind the invasion
of Iraq.”[1]
[1] Jacob Weisberg, “Party of Defeat: AEI’s Weird Celebration,” Slate, 14 March 2007, accessed 30 June 2007,
The Iraq war is one of the
noblest things this country
has ever attempted abroad
• Thomas L. Friedman wrote in an “Editorial
Desk” of The New York Times (November 30,
2003): “this [Iraq] war is the most important liberal,
revolutionary U.S. democracy-building project since
the Marshall Plan… it is one of the noblest things
this country has ever attempted abroad and it is a
moral and strategic imperative that we give it our
best shot.”
Paul Wolfowitz:
“Jerusalem Post’s Man of the Year”
• Paul Wolfowitz is “the principal author of the
doctrine of preemption, which framed the war in
Iraq” [and which became Bush Doctrine]….. he was
declared the Jerusalem Post’s Man of the Year )the
Jerusalem Post emphasized that “of course the
year we are speaking of is the Jewish year”) in
2003 after U.S. forces invaded and occupied Iraq as
he advised Bush to do so at a meeting in Camp
David on September 15, 2001.
• The Jerusalem Post, September 26, 2003.
Shadia Drury documents [father of neoconservatives] German-Jewish émigré Leo Strauss’s
understanding of the three types of men: the wise, the gentlemen, and the vulgar:
The wise are the lovers of the harsh unadulterated truth. They are capable of looking into the abyss without
fear and trembling; for they recognize neither God nor moral imperatives. They are devoted above all
else to their own pursuit of the ‘higher’ pleasures, which amount to consorting with their ‘puppies’ or
young initiates.
The second type is the gentlemen, who are lovers of honour and glory. They are the biggest dupes for the
conventions of their society, or the ‘illusions of the cave’, in Straussian lingo. Gentlemen are the true
believer in God, honour, and moral imperatives; as a result, they are ready and willing to embark on acts
of great courage and self-sacrifice on a moment’s notice.
The third type is the vulgar many who are lovers of wealth and pleasure. They are selfish, slothful, and
indolent. They can be inspired to rise above their brutish existence only by fear of impending death or
The covert rule of the philosophers is facilitated by the overwhelming credulity of the gentlemen. For all his
nobility, the gentleman is gullible and unworldly. And the more gullible and unperceptive he is, the
easier it is for the wise to control and manipulate him. The philosopher must impart to him the harsh
truths about the word and about his inferiors without destroying his ideals. The message is this. You are
noble and honest; and the world is bound to be a better place if noble men such as yourself reign
supreme. But virtue is bound to be defeated if she is naïve enough to play by the rules. If you want
political power and success, you have to rely on deception, guile, and fraud. Besides, you know what the
ordinary masses are like; they are content to live and die like beasts—eating, drinking, gambling, and
fornicating. If you wish to move them to acts or courage and self-sacrifice, you must make them believe
that their very existence is under threat. Anyone who thinks that politics is possible without guile and
fraud is a fool. In this way, the wise provides the gentlemen with a brutalizing education. George W.
Bush may well have been the perfect gentleman.”
Shadia B. Drury, The Political Ideas of Leo Strauss, Updated Edition with a New Introduction by the Author, New York: Palgrave Macmilla,
2005, pages xv-xvi.
President Bush’s
academic credentials
• President Bush received a bachelor’s
degree in history from Yale University
in 1968 and a Master of Business
Administration from Harvard Business
School in 1975. He began a career in the
energy business.
Source: The White House, “Biography of President George W. Bush,”
“This crusade, this war on terrorism, is
going to take awhile.” ---President Bush
• Immediately after the terrorist attacks of
Sep 11, 2001, US Pres George W. Bush
referred to America's war on terrorism as
a “crusade.”
Vern L Bullough, “Set a place for Islam,” Free Inquiry, Buffalo: Spring 2002, Vol. 22, Iss. 2; pg.
20, 2 pgs
Anonymous, “Crusade in Iraq?” The Christian Century, Chicago: April 5, 2005, Vol. 122, Iss. 7;
pg. 60, 2 pgs
Gary Leupp, “Is the war on terrorism really a Crusade?” The Arab American News, Dearborn,
Mich.: June 4-June 10, 2005, Vol. 21, Iss. 1008; pg. 13
“The war was about weapons of
mass destruction”
• No weapons of mass destruction were found in Iraq
• No ties between Iraq and AlQaeda existed
• No threats to US security existed in Iraq
How Zionists Corrupt Knowledge
Those who induced the U.S. to war in the Middle East deployed knowledge like a weapon. With
lengthy pre-staging, a narrative emerged that made it appear plausible—even desirable—to
invade Iraq in response to the provocation of 911.
In retrospect, we now know that the knowledge on which the U.S. relied was false. All of it.
Iraqi WMD. Iraqi ties to Al Qaeda. Iraqi meetings in Prague with Al Qaeda. Iraqi yellowcake
uranium from Niger. Iraqi mobile biological laboratories. All false, all traceable to proIsraelis and all portrayed as true by media outlets dominated by pro-Israelis.
“The war was about
spreading democracy”
US closest friends and allies in the Middle East are eight Arab
monarchies (Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Oman, Qatar,
Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates) and one Jewish ethnocracy
(The State of Israel).
The Iraqi resistance movements question the legitimacy of the Iraqi
Constitution because it was written under foreign occupation. The
same could be said about the Iraqi elections.
The democratically elected Palestinian government (2006) was
greeted by sanctions and blockade because it was led by Hamas
(Arabic acronym of Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya, or Islamic
Resistance Movement), which does not recognize Israel very much
as Israel does not recognize Hamas.
“The war was about oil”
There is no public record of the big oil companies supporting the war in Iraq
or the current confrontation with Iran. ---James Petras, Professor (Emeritus) of
Sociology at Binghamton University, New York
President Bush repeatedly promised to replace more than 75% of US oil
imports from the Middle East by 2025.
Third, President Obama’s ENERGY POLICY states explicitly that its central goal
is to “end our addiction to foreign oil” and eliminate our current imports from the
Middle East and Venezuela within 10 Years.”
The American Jewish Committee’s top ENERGY POLICY is focused on
ending US oil imports from the Middle East as a strategy to weaken Arab
dominated OPEC
NB: oil prices increased from around $22 a barrel in 2002 (before the Iraq
war) to $147 in July 2008
The Iraq Study Group Report concludes that the United States “will not be able to achieve its goals in the
Middle East unless the United States deals directly with the Arab-Israeli conflict.” p. 39.
Population: 33.6 million (2009 est.)
Ethnic groups: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%,
Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%,
Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
Religions: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia
Muslim 19%, other 1%
Languages: Afghan Persian or Dari
(official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%,
Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and
Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages
(primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much
GDP per capita (OER): $390 (2008 est.)
(US: $47,000)
Border countries: China 76 km, Iran 936
km, Pakistan 2,430 km, Tajikistan 1,206
km, Turkmenistan 744 km, Uzbekistan 137
Geography of
The Khyber Pass
links Afghanistan
and Pakistan
Afghanistan’s distinctive relief
and ethnic makeup
The Soviet-Afghan War, 1979-89
• When Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan in
1979, the CIA (under President Carter and his
NSA Brzezinski, and under Reagan and Bush
administrations) and its associates elsewhere in
Afghanistan, Pakistan, Britain, France, Saudi
Arabia, Egypt, and China organized and
trained a mujahedeen army of Afghani, Arab,
and Pakistani Muslims to fight and defeat the
Soviets in Afghanistan
The Soviet-Afghan War, 1979-89
• The Soviet-Afghan War (1979-1989) ended
with the defeat of the Soviet Union and the
destruction of Afghanistan.
• The war killed between 700,000 and 1.3
million Afghans and threw another 4.5
million into refugee camps in Pakistan and
Iran, while about 15,000 Soviet troops were
killed and 37,000 wounded in Afghanistan
Movements of CIA-trained guerillas and drugs outwards from
Afghanistan after the 1979-89 Afghanistan war. Cooley’s Unholy Wars, page vii.
Defining Terrorism
“Premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated
against noncombatant [including military personnel who at
the time of the incident are unarmed or not on duty] targets
by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually
intended to influence an audience”---Title 22 of the United
States Code, Section 2656f(d),
Does Terrorism Work?
Following Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait, Israel accepted to negotiate with the Palestinians in 1993
Following Hezbollah’s attacks, Israel accepted to withdraw from southern Lebanon in 2000
Following Al-Qaida’s 9/11 attacks, the US accepted the principle of a Palestinian state in 20002
Following Hamas’ suicide bombing campaigns, Israel accepted to withdraw from Gaza in 2005
Senate study:
Bin Laden was within our reach
• WASHINGTON (AP) — Osama bin Laden was unquestionably within reach of
U.S. troops in the mountains of Tora Bora when American military leaders made the
crucial and costly decision not to pursue the terrorist leader with massive force, a
Senate report says.
• The report asserts that the failure to kill or capture bin Laden at his most vulnerable
in December 2001 has had lasting consequences beyond the fate of one man. Bin
Laden's escape laid the foundation for today's reinvigorated Afghan insurgency and
inflamed the internal strife now endangering Pakistan, it says.
• Staff members for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee's Democratic majority
prepared the report at the request of the chairman, Sen. John Kerry, as President
Obama prepares to boost U.S. troops in Afghanistan.
• Kerry, the 2004 Democratic presidential candidate, has long argued the Bush
administration missed a chance to get the al-Qaeda leader and top deputies when
they were holed up in the forbidding mountainous area of eastern Afghanistan only
three months after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.
• USA Today, 11/29/2009,
Excerpts: Bin Laden video
BBC, 29 October, 2004
“I will speak to you about the reasons behind these incidents
[9/11 attacks]. I will honestly tell you about the minutes in
which the decision was made so that you will consider.
…The events that influenced me directly trace back to 1982
and subsequent events when the United States gave
permission to the Israelis to invade Lebanon, with the aid of
the sixth US fleet. ... While I was looking at those destroyed
towers in Lebanon, it occurred to me to punish the unjust
one in a similar manner by destroying towers in the United
States so that it would feel some of what we felt and to be
deterred from killing our children and women...”
“By his own account, KSM [Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the principal architect of the 9/11
attacks]'s animus toward the United States stemmed not from his experience there as a
student, but rather from his violent disagreement with U.S. policy favoring Israel.” p. 147
Report claims CIA used 'torture'
BBC, 3/16/2009
• CIA interrogation 'INTERROGATION
techniques used METHODS'
• Waterboarding
on al-Qaeda
• Beatings
• Sleep deprivation
• Prolonged stress
according to a • Prolonged nudity
• Confinement in a box
leaked report by
• Denial of solid food
the international • Source: ICRC Report
Red Cross.
“I was told that
they would not
allow me to die
but that I would
be brought to the
'verge of death
and back again”--Khalid Sheikh
CIA director:
Tapes of
The tapes were made in 2002 and
destroyed in 2005, CIA Director
Michael Hayden said in a letter to
CIA employees obtained by CNN.
CNN, 12/7/2007
President Bush: “I cannot
describe the specific methods
used [against Abu Zubaida]”
BBC News , 9/6/2006
David Rose, a Vanity Fair
contributing editor, wrote:
I ask [F.B.I. director Robert]
Mueller: So far as he is aware, have
any attacks on America been
disrupted thanks to intelligence
obtained through what the
administration still calls “enhanced
“I’m really reluctant to
answer that,” Mueller says.
He pauses, looks at an aide,
and then says quietly,
declining to elaborate: “I
don’t believe that has been
the case.”
David Rose, “Tortured Reasoning,”
Vanity Fair, December 16, 2008,
After reports
of Abu
torture, F.B.I.
pictured here
before the
Committee in
that the
bureau should
play no part in
future C.I.A.
that use
techniques. By
Terre Haute soldier killed in Afghanistan
U.S. Army Sgt. Dale Griffin — a TH South
graduate — killed by roadside bomb
The Tribune Star, 10/28/2009
By Arthur E. Foulkes
The Tribune-Star
TERRE HAUTE — A Terre Haute serviceman was among several U.S. military service personnel killed Tuesday in Afghanistan.
U.S. Army Sgt. Dale Russel Griffin, a 1999 Terre Haute South Vigo
High School graduate, died after the vehicle in which he was traveling
with several other soldiers was struck by a roadside bomb in southern
wGriffin, who was a part of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan, joined the Army immediately after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, according to his mother, Dona Griffin, who was interviewed by the Tribune-Star earlier this month. At the time of that interview, Dona Griffin and husband Gene were leading volunteers at the Terre Haute Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints making about 40 blankets for U.S. servicemen and women serving in Iraq and Afghanistan.
While a senior at Terre Haute South, Dale Griffin was the state runner-up in wrestling in the 189-pound weight class. The following year, he won his weight class to help lead the Virginia Military Institute to a fourth-place finish in the All-Academy Wrestling Championship in 2000 at the U.S. Air Force Academy. He was named that tournament’s Most Outstanding Wrestler.
News reports from Afghanistan state that roadside bombs — also known as improvised explosive devices or IEDs — claimed the lives of eight American soldiers in southern Afghanistan on Tuesday.
Seven military service members and an Afghan civilian were killed in one attack hen an IED struck the vehicle in which they were riding while on patrol. An eighth soldier was killed in a separate attack, also by a roadside bomb blast.
According to an unnamed U.S. defense official quoted by the
Associated Press, at least one of Tuesday’s blasts was followed by an
intense exchange of gunfire with insurgents. A total of 55 U.S. troops
have been killed in Afghanistan this month.
Funeral arrangements for Dale Griffin are pending.
Arthur Foulkes can be reached at (812) 231-4232 or
Idea Exchange
U.S. Marines speak with elders during a meeting in Helmand
province, Afghanistan, Sept. 1, 2009. The Marines, assigned
to the 3rd Battalion, 11th Marine Regiment, are meeting with
residents to determine ways they can better serve one
another. U.S. Marine Corps photo by Sgt. Christopher R.
Rye---US Department of Defense Official Website, 9/7/2009,
91,000 secret U.S.
military documents
on Afghanistan
25th July 2010 5:00 PM EST
WikiLeaks has released a document set called
the Afghan War Diary, an extraordinary
compendium of over 91,000 reports covering
the war in Afghanistan from 2004 to 2010.
The reports, while written by soldiers and
intelligence officers, and mainly describing
lethal military actions involving the United
States military, also include intelligence
information, reports of meetings with political
figures, and related details.
The document collection is available on a
dedicated webpage
The reports cover most units from the US Army
with the exception of most US Special Forces'
activities. The reports do not generally cover
top secret operations or European and other
ISAF Forces operations.
We have delayed the release of some 15,000
reports from the total archive as part of a harm
minimization process demanded by our source.
After further review, these reports will be
released, with occasional redactions, and
eventually in full, as the security situation in
Afghanistan permits.” -,_2004-2010
Similarity between the two Afghan wars
• “On the twentieth anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall [1989], it is now
the US that is losing a war in Afghanistan, a war unlike the one that
indirectly contributed to the breakup of the USSR. Where coalition forces
today battle the Taliban and al-Qaeda, the Soviets in the 1980s fought the
mujahideen, a Muslim army of volunteers that Moscow called terrorists. The
anti-Soviet jihad, a brutal war funded by the US Central Intelligence Agency
(CIA) and the Saudis, became too costly for Moscow, almost bankrupting
the Soviet state. In a painful and humiliating withdrawal, the last Soviet
troops left Afghanistan in February 1989, just a few months before the
implosion of the Soviet system… The similarities between the two Afghan
wars are countless. The Soviet generals kept requesting more men in order
to gain control of this vast land because its high-tech war machinery did not
work against such evasive enemies… Perhaps the most remarkable
similarity between the two wars resides in their final objective: to transform
Afghanistan into a friendly country by turning its political status into a
replica of the invading superpower’s”
Loretta Napoleoni, Terrorism and the economy: how the war on terror is bankrupting the world
(Seven Stories Press, New York, 2009), page xvii
Population: 176 million (2009 est.)
Ethnic groups: Punjabi 44.68%, Pashtun
(Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki
8.38%, Muhagirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%,
other 6.28%
Religions: Muslim 95% (Sunni 75%, Shia
20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu)
Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%,
Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%,
Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko
2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua
franca of Pakistani elite and most
government ministries), Burushaski and
other 8%
GDP per capita (OER): $914 (2008 est.)
(US: $47,000)
Border countries: Afghanistan 2,430 km,
China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909
km --CIA
Geography of
millions displaced
Camp life for over 2 million
Pakistanis displaced by conflict
in the north-west region
United Nations Photo series
“America wanted to be here [in
Afghanistan] to denuclearize,
deislamise and delink
Pakistan from China; a
Zionist dream” --Raja Mujtaba,
Managing Editor of Opinion Maker,
[Israel Defense Force Chief of Staff Lt.-Gen.
Gabi] Ashkenazi's India trip marks strong ties
Jerusalem Post, 12/7/2009
“Amid a blossoming of Indian-Israeli defense relations, IDF Chief of Staff Lt.-Gen. Gabi
Ashkenazi embarked on five-day visit to the Far East on Sunday, touching down in the Indian
capital of New Delhi, where he will meet with his Indian counterpart, Gen. Deepak Kapoor.
The IDF Spokesman said the visit was part of the deepening of relations between the two
countries and their armed forces. Kapoor was here for a working visit a month ago.
"In the past year, Israel has overtaken Russia as its main defense equipment supplier, and
about 30 percent of India's defense imports come from Israel, and that number is growing,"
said Col. (Ret.) Behram A. Sahukar, a former fellow in India's Terrorism and Security Studies
at the Institute of Defense Studies and Analyses….
Israeli defense officials say India can obtain solutions to the threat of terrorism from Israel
that cannot be obtained from other countries.
"In the light of the Mumbai attacks of November 2008 and the murder of all six Jewish/Israeli
hostages at the Chabad House, India-Israeli multifaceted counter-terrorism cooperation has
become even more urgently needed," Sahukar said.
At the same time, "the Indian experience in counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency differs
from Israel's in some ways, though the threat might be similar," he added.”
Population: 66 million (2009 est.)
Ethnic groups: Persian 51%, Azeri 24%,
Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%,
Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen
2%, other 1%
Religions: Muslim 98% (Shia 89%, Sunni
9%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish,
Christian, and Baha'i) 2%
Languages: Persian and Persian dialects
58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%,
Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic
1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
GDP per capita (OER): $5,800 (2008
est.) (US: $47,000)
Border countries: Afghanistan 936 km,
Armenia 35 km, Azerbaijan-proper 432
km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 179 km,
Iraq 1,458 km, Pakistan 909 km, Turkey
499 km, Turkmenistan 992 km
Geography of
WikiLeaks, Iran, and
the Peace Process
“WikiLeaks successfully
removed peace talks from
the news and restored talk
of war with Iran.”—Jeff Gates,
“There is no space between the
United States and Israel when it
comes to Israel’s security, and for
that reason and many others
addressing Iran’s nuclear
program has been one of our
administration’s priorities” –Vice
President Joseph Biden, 3/9/2010,
Population: 4 million (2009 est.)
Ethnic groups: Arab 95%, Armenian 4%,
other 1%
note: many Christian Lebanese do not identify
themselves as Arab but rather as descendents
of the ancient Canaanites and prefer to be
called Phoenicians
Religions: Muslim 59.7% (Shia, Sunni, Druze,
Isma'ilite, Alawite or Nusayri), Christian 39%
(Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Melkite
Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian
Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syrian
Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean,
Assyrian, Copt, Protestant), other 1.3%
note: 17 religious sects recognized
Languages: Arabic (official), French, English,
GDP per capita (OER): $7,000 (2008 est.)
(US: $47,000)
Border countries: Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km
Geography of
In Any Future War, Only Israelis Fleeing
From Occupied Palestine May Be Safe
Al-Manar TV, 5/25/2010,
“25/05/2010 Hezbollah marked the tenth anniversary of the Resistance and Liberation Day Tuesday at
the Sayyed Al-Shouhada compound in Beirut’s southern suburb. Official, religious, military, and popular
figures attended the ceremony in which Hezbollah Secretary General Sayyed Hasan Nasrallah delivered a
speech for the occasion and tackled recent developments in Lebanon and the region.
The Hezbollah chief set a new formula that will be adopted in any new war with Israel saying that
Hezbollah will attack Israel-bound ships if the Zionist entity imposed a sea blockade on Lebanon. "When
the world will witness how these ships will be destroyed in Palestine's regional water nobody will dare to
go there just as they will block (others) from coming to our coasts," his eminence told thousands of
Sayyed Nasrallah's comments came amid a five-day drill in Israel- dubbed "Turning Point 4"- which was
launched on Sunday to test the home front preparedness against possible missile strikes in any future
Israeli vessels used to deploy in Lebanese waters and besiege our shore; so today we add the sea to the
terrain. I am not announcing that we possess a new weapon, but in 2006 we destroyed the Saar 5 vessel.
What I am saying is that if you besiege our shore and our ports in any coming war, all of your military
and commercial ships heading to Palestine will be under the fire of the Islamic Resistance across the
Mediterranean. We are talking about the Mediterranean but we have not mentioned the Red Sea yet. We
are determined to enter this new domain God willing. No one will dare sail to any port in occupied
Palestine. However, if a ship with Israelis on board was leaving occupied Palestine, we might let it pass.”
Gulf Cooperation Council
External Security Challenges
“Iran—and Iraq under Saddam Hussein—opposes the inclination of the
GCC states to seek assistance from international powers to balance the
region’s security equation, arguing that Gulf security affairs should be
restricted to the states of the Gulf. We might recall that the GCC
countries have been at the forefront of those calling for this, as was
mentioned in the statement of their first summit in 1981. However,
Iran and Iraq did not propose a viable alternative regional security
vision, and their words were contradicted by their actions. The actions
of these two countries over the past decades espoused the opposite of
what they had called for; this led to complications and to a
strengthening of the international component of Gulf security.”
HE Abdulrahman Al Attiyah, “Security in the Gulf Region,” in Arabian
Gulf Security: Internal and External Challenges, The Emirates Center
for Strategic Studies and Research, 2008, pp. 13-18.
Report of the National Commission on
Terrorism (Submitted June 7, 2000)
“An astute American foreign
policy must take into account
the reasons people turn to
terror and, where appropriate
and feasible, address them.”
From the Forward by Ambassador L. Paul Bremer III and
Maurice Sonnenberg, Chairman and Vice Chairman,
respectively, of the National Commission on Terrorism. The
report was submitted to the President of the United States, the
U.S. Senate, the U.S. House, and the Republican and
Democratic parties leaders on June 7, 2000, that is six months
after the National Commission on Terrorism began its
Congressionally mandated evaluation of America's laws,
policies, and practices for preventing and punishing terrorism
directed at American citizens. The report was titled
National Commission on Terrorism. Pursuant to Public Law
277, 105th Congress.
U.S. announces new airport security measures
By the CNN Wires Staff, April 2, 2010 3:39 p.m. EDT,
Washington (CNN) -- All flights entering the United States now will be subjected to increased levels of
security screening, the federal government announced Friday.
A senior administration official said racial or religious characteristics could be used to identify
passengers requiring a more thorough review, though the official insisted the system would not constitute
racial profiling.
Race or religion could be part of "fragmentary information" being used to select passengers but will be
used "only when we have reliable intelligence that suggests that someone with that characteristic is a
potential terrorist," the official said.
Among other things, passengers entering the U.S. from international destinations "may notice enhanced
security and random screening measures throughout the passenger check-in and boarding process,
including the use of explosives trace detection, advanced imaging technology, canine teams, or pat
downs, among other security measures," according to a statement from the Department of Homeland
The new security measures are the result of a review President Obama ordered after a Nigerian man
allegedly tried to blow up a Northwest Airlines flight from Amsterdam, Netherlands, to Detroit,
Michigan, on December 25.
Andrew Gamble, The Spectre at the Feast, 2009, page 14
Osama bin Laden cost
the U.S. “trillions”
CNN's Richard Quest says the estimated $2.5
trillion that Osama bin Laden cost the U.S.
economy is only the beginning. CNN, 5/3/2011,
Since Bin Laden has attacked the United
States because of its support for the State of
Israel, one can argue that the State of Israel
has cost the United States much more than
$2.5 trillion since 2001
Omar bin Laden had asked [his father Osama] why
not attack Israel before America, given that Israel
was a “small country near to us,” while America
was a “huge country far away from our shores.”
My father paused before explaining it this way. “Omar, try to imagine a two-wheeled
bicycle. One wheel is made of steel. The other wheel is made of wood. Now, my son, if
you wanted to destroy the bicycle, would you destroy the wooded or the steel wheel?
“The wooded wheel of course,” I replied. “You are correct my son. Remember this:
America and Israel are one bicycle with two wheels. The wooden wheel represents the
United States. The steel wheel represents Israel. Omar, Israel is the stronger power of
the two. Does a general attack the strongest line when in battle? No, he concentrates on
the weakest part of the line. The Americans are weak. It is best to attack the weakest
point first. Once we take out the weak wooden wheel, the steel wheel will automatically
fail. Who can ride a bicycle with only one wheel? He patted my knee with his hand.
“First we obliterate America. By that I don’t mean militarily. We can destroy America
from within by making it economically weak, until its markets collapse. When that
happens, they will have no interest in supplying Israel with arms, for they will not have
extra funds to do so. At that time, the steel wheel will corrode and be destroyed by lack
of attention.” Michael Scheuer, Osama Bin Laden, Oxford University Press, 2011, p.
111-112. [Michael Scheuer was the chief of the CIA’s bin Laden unit]
Statement from President
Obama on death of Osama
bin Laden
CNN, May 2, 2011 6:44 a.m. EDT
East Room, 11:35 P.M. EDT
THE PRESIDENT: Good evening. Tonight, I can report to the American
people and to the world that the United States has conducted an
operation that killed Osama bin Laden, the leader of al Qaeda, and a
terrorist who's responsible for the murder of thousands of innocent men,
women, and children.
Bin Laden caught in 'trap'
says Pakistani High
Pakistan's High Commissioner in the
UK Wajid Shamsul Hasan believes the
al-Qaeda founder and leader was led to
the compound where he was found in
an intelligence "trap".
BBC, 5/2/2011,
Al Qaeda, in Web message,
confirms bin Laden's death
Al Qaeda released a statement on jihadist forums Friday confirming the death of its leader,
Osama bin Laden, according to SITE Intelligence Group, which monitors Islamist websites.
The development comes days after U.S. troops killed bin Laden in a raid on a compound in the
Pakistani city of Abbottabad.
The statement, translated by SITE, lauded the late militant, threatened to take action against the
United States, and urged Pakistanis to "rise up and revolt."
Bin Laden's death will serve as a "curse that chases the Americans and their agents, and goes
after them inside and outside their countries," the message said.
"Soon -- with help from Allah -- their happiness will turn into sorrow, and their blood will be
mixed with their tears," it said.
The statement said al Qaeda will "continue on the path of jihad, the path walked upon by our
leaders ... without hesitation or reluctance."
"We will not deviate from that or change until Allah judges between us and between our enemy
with truth. Indeed, He is the best of all judges. Nothing will harm us after that, until we see either
victory and success and conquest and empowerment, or we die trying."
It said that Americans “will never enjoy security until our people in Palestine enjoy it.”, 5/6/2011,
Phone call tipped off U.S. to bin
Laden compound, source says
“(CNN) -- A single phone call by Osama bin Laden's trusted courier tipped off U.S. officials to
his Pakistan compound, ultimately leading to the raid that killed the al Qaeda leader, a senior
Pakistani intelligence official told CNN Saturday.
The telephone call the courier made was "not the final one -- it was the initial piece of evidence"
that sparked the focus on the compound in Abbottabad, the official said.
Four years ago, U.S. officials uncovered the identity of a trusted bin Laden courier -- later
identified as a Kuwaiti named Abu Ahmad -- whom they believed was living with and protecting
the al Qaeda leader.
The Washington Post, citing U.S. intelligence officials, reported Friday that Americans had
intercepted a "catch-up phone call" Ahmad took from an old friend.
"This is where you start the movie about the hunt for bin Laden," one U.S. official briefed on the
intelligence-gathering leading up to the early Monday raid on the compound told the Washington
The Pakistani official told CNN the phone call was made by the courier, though he didn't know
Questions remain over why and how Pakistani intelligence officials could not have known bin
Laden was hiding out in the city, which is home to a military academy and has a strong military
presence.”, 5/7/2011,
The Arab Revolt
Petras, James, The Arab revolt and the imperialist
counterattack, Atlanta, GA : Clarity Press, Edition: 2nd ed., 2012,
ISBN: 9780985271008
-- Washington faces the Arab revolts: sacrificing dictators to save the
-- Egypt's social movements, the CIA and Mossad
-- Roots of the Arab revolts and premature celebrations
-- The Euro-US war on Libya: official lies and misconceptions of
-- Libya and Obama's defense of the "rebel uprising"
-- Contextualizing the "Arab spring": networks of empire and
realignments of world power
-- NATO's war crimes in Libya: who grieves for the fallen heroes?
-- The assassination of Osama bin Laden: its uses and abuses
-- The assassination of Anwar al-Awlaki by fiat
-- The Obama doctrine: making a virtue of necessity
-- What future for the Washington-"Moderate Islamist" alliance?
-- Appendix: indicators of social well being in pre-invasion Libya.
Gaddafi apologizes for Arab slave traders
Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi has apologized to African leaders on behalf of Arab nations for
their involvement in the African slave trade.
"I regret the behavior of the Arabs… They brought African children to North Africa, they made
them slaves, they sold them like animals, and they took them as slaves and traded them in a
shameful way. I regret and I am ashamed when we remember these practices. I apologize for
this," Gaddafi said on Sunday at the Second Afro-Arab summit in Sirte, Libya, Reuters reported.
European Union-Africa Summit, 2930 November 2010, Tripoli, Libya
Gaddafi: Africa's
‘king of kings’
A meeting of more than 200 African kings and
traditional rulers has bestowed the title "king
of kings" on Libyan leader Muammar
The rulers, wearing gold crowns, sequined capes and colourful
robes met in the Libyan town of Benghazi in what was billed
as a first of its kind.
Col Gaddafi urged the royals to join his campaign for African
Africa's political leaders are lukewarm about his vision of
merging their powers to create a single government.
"We want an African military to defend Africa, we want a
single African currency, we want one African passport to travel
within Africa," Col Gaddafi told the assembled dignitaries,
who come from countries such as Mozambique, South Africa,
Ivory Coast and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The BBC's Rana Jawad in the Mediterranean town of Benghazi
says Libya's leader wants them to create a grass-roots
movement to press Africa's political leaders to sign up to his
Sheikh Abdilmajid from Tanzania told the BBC that the
traditional rulers could play an important role.
"The people believe in the chiefs and kings more than they
believe in their governments," he said.
BBC, 29 August 2008,
The Real Reason for NATO Attacking Libya
Putin: Who gave NATO right to kill Gaddafi?
Gaddafi and Africa’s First
Communications Satellite
“It was Gaddafi’s Libya that offered all of Africa its first revolution in
modern times – connecting the entire continent by telephone, television,
radio broadcasting and several other technological applications such as
telemedicine and distance teaching. And thanks to the WMAX radio
bridge, a low-cost connection was made available across the continent,
including in rural areas. It began in 1992, when 45 African nations
established RASCOM (the Regional African Satellite Communication
Organisation) so that Africa would have its own satellite an slash
communication costs in the continent. This was a time when phone calls to
and from Africa were the most expensive in the world because of the
annual $500 million fee pocketed by Europe for the use of its satellites for
phone conversations, including those within the same country. An African
satellite only costs a one-time payment of $400 million and the continent
would no longer have to pay $500 million annual lease. Which banker
would not finance such a project? … Not surprisingly, the World Bank, the
International Monetary Fund, the US and Europe made only vague
promises for 14 years. Gaddafi put an end to these futile pleas to Western
‘benefactors’ with their exorbitant interest rates. The Libyans put $300
million on the table; the African Development Bank added $50 million
more and the West African Development Bank a further $27 million – and
that is how Africa got its first communications satellite on 26 December
2007” p. 170-171
Gaddafi, the
opponent of
“For most Africans, Gaddafi is a generous man, a humanist,
known for his unselfish support for the struggle against the racist
regime in South Africa. If he had been an egoist, he would not
have risked the wrath of West to help the African National
Congress (ANC) both militarily and financially in the fight against
apartheid. This was why Mandela, soon after his release from 27
years in jail, decided to break the UN embargo and travel to Libya
on 23 October 1997. For five long years, no plane could touch
down in Libya because of the embargo. One needed to take a plane
to the Tunisian city of Jerba and continue by road for five hours to
reach Ben Gardane, cross the border and continue on a desert road
for three hours before reaching Tripoli. The other solution was to
go through Malta, and take a night ferry on ill-maintained boats to
the Libyan coast. A hellish journey for a whole people, simply to
punish one man” p. 173
Excerpt from “The Arab Revolt”
NATO's War and the Phony "Rebel Uprising” Nothing is more obvious than the
fact that the entire war against Libya was in every strategic and material fashion
NATO's war. The casting of the rag-tag collection of monarchists, Islamist
fundamentalists, London and Washington-based ex-pats and disaffected Gaddafi
officials as "rebels” is a pure case of mass media propaganda. From the
beginning the 'rebels' depended completely on the military, political, diplomatic
and media power of NATO, without which the de facto mercenaries would not
have lasted a month, holed up in Benghazi. A detailed analysis of the main
features of the conquest of Libya confirms this assault as a NATO war. NATO
launched brutal air and sea attacks destroying the Libyan air force, ships, energy
depots, tanks, artillery and armories and killed and wounded thousands of
soldiers, police and civilian militia fighters. Until NATO's invasion the
mercenary 'rebel' ground forces had not advanced beyond Benghazi and could
barely 'hold' territory afterwards. The 'rebel' mercenaries 'advanced' only behind
the withering round-the-clock air attacks of the NATO offensive. NATO air
strikes were responsible for the massive destruction of Libyan civilian and
defensive military infrastructure, bombing ports, highways, warehouses,
airports, hospitals, electrical and water plants and neighborhood housing, in a
war of 'terror' designed to 'turn' the loyalist mass base against the Gaddafi
government. The mercenaries did not have popular backing among Libyan
civilians, but NATO brutality weakened active opposition against the 'rebel'
mercenaries. NATO won key diplomatic support for the invasion by securing
UN resolutions, mobilizing their client rulers in the Arab League, procuring US
mercenary trained 'legionnaires' from Qatar and the financial backing of the rich
rabble in the Gulf. NATO forced 'cohesion' among the feuding clans of selfappointed 'rebel' mercenary leaders via its )"freezing”( seizure of overseas
Libyan government assets amounting to billions of dollars. Thus the financing,
arming, training and advising by "Special Forces” were all under NATO
control. NATO imposed economic sanctions, cutting off Libya's income from
oil sales.. NATO ran an intensive propaganda campaign parading the imperial
offensive as a "rebel uprising”; disguising the blistering bombardment [over
30,000 air and missile assault on Libyan civil and military institutions] of a
defenseless anti-colonial army as 'humanitarian intervention' in defense of 'prodemocracy civilians‘—p. 76-78
Excerpt from “The Arab Revolt”
US and European rulers are neither ‘pro nor anti’ Islam, it all depends on their
national and class position. Islamists who collaborate with Empire are “moderate”
allies and if they attack an anti-imperialist regime, they become ‘freedom
fighters’. On the other hand, they become “terrorists” or “fundamentalists” when
they oppose imperial occupation, pillage or colonial settlements—p. 115
During President Carter’s administration, at the instigation of Brzezinski and
Bernard Lewis, the CIA joined with Saudi Arabia’s ruling royalty in providing
billions of dollars in arms and military supplies to Afghan Muslim fundamentalists
in their brutal but successful Jihad overthrowing a modern, secular nationalist
regime backed by the USSR—p. 116
The same ‘coalition’ of Islamists and the Empire has been glaringly obvious
during NATO assault on Libya and continues in Syria. The Muslims provide the
shock troops on the ground; NATO provides the aerial bombing, funds, arms,
sanctions, embargoes and propaganda—p. 116
Emblematic of the “moderate Islamist” collaboration with US-UE imperialism is
the role of Qatar, home to the ‘respectable’ Arabic media giant, Al-Jazeera, and the
demagogic Qatari “spiritual guide” Sheikh Youssef al-Qaradawi. Sheikh Youssef
quotes the Qur’an and Islamic moral principles in defense of NATO’s 8-month
aerial bombing of Libya, which killed over 50,000 pro-regime Libyans
(themselves Muslims)—p. 119
In Palestine, Washington, under the overweening control of Israel’s Zionist fifth
column, has armed and financed Israel’s war against the popularly elected Islamist
Hamas government in Gaza. Washington’s total commitment to the Jewish state
and its colonial expansion and usurpation of Palestinian (Muslim and Christian)
lands and property in Jerusalem and elsewhere reflects the profound and pervasive
influence of the Zionist power configuration throughout the US political system. It
regularly secure 90% votes in Congress, pledges of allegiance from the White
House, and senior appointments in Treasury, State Department and the Pentagon
—p. 117-118
Excerpt from “The Arab Revolt”
According to ‘rebel’ mercenary technocrats, NATO’s policy of
systematic destruction will cost Libya at least a ‘lost decade’. This is
an optimistic assessment of how long ‘reconstruction’ will take for
Libya to regain the economic levels of February 2011. The major
petroleum companies have already lost hundreds of millions in
profits and over the decade are expected to lose billions more due to
the flight, assassination and jailing of thousands of experienced
Libyan and foreign experts, skilled immigrant workers and technical
specialists in all fields, especially in view of the destruction of
Libyan infrastructure and telecommunication systems. Sub-Sahara
Africa will suffer a huge set-back with the cancellation of the
proposed ‘Bank of Africa’, which Gaddafi was developing as an
alternative source of investment finance and the destruction of his
alternative communications system for Africa. The process of recolonization involving imperial rule via NATO and UN mercenary
‘peace keepers’ will be chaotic, given the inevitable strife among
hostile armed Islamist fundamentalists, monarchists, neo-colonial
technocrats, tribal warlords and clans as they carve up their private
fiefdoms. Intra-imperial rivalries and local political claimants to the
oil wealth will further enhance the ‘chaos’ and degrade civilian life
in a nation which had once boasted the highest per capita income
and standard of living in Africa. Complex irrigation and petroleum
networks, developed under Gaddafi and destroyed by NATO, will
remain in shambles. As the example of Iraq has vividly proved,
NATO is better at destroying than at constructing a modern secular
state rooted in a modern civil bureaucracy, with universal free public
education, a secular judicial system and modern health service—as
enjoyed by Iraq before “shock and awe”—p. 78-79
Excerpt from “The Arab Revolt”
The following are only a few of the indicators of social well-being that speak to the
efforts of the Gaddafi government to improve the lot of the Libyan people:
* Libya’s GDP per capita is $ 14,192.
See further
* For each family member the state pays a $ 1,000 yearly subsidy.
* Unemployed are paid 730 $ monthly.
* The salary of a hospital nurse is $ 1,000.
* For every newborn $ 7,000 is paid .
* Newly weds are donated $ 64,000 to buy an apartment.
* To open a private business one gets a one-time financial aid of 20 000 $.
* Large taxes and duties are prohibited.
* Education and medicine are free.
* Education and Internships abroad are at government expense.
* There are chain stores for large families with symbolic prices for basic foodstuffs.
* For the sale of products past their expiry date large fines are levied, in some cases detention by the police is foreseen.
* A number of pharmacies have free dispensing.
* Counterfeiting medication is considered a major crime.
* No rental payments.
* No payment for electricity for the population.
* The sale and use of alcohol is prohibited, "prohibition" is a law.
* Loans for buying a car and an apartment are given at no interest.
* Real estate services are prohibited.
* If an individual decides to buy a car up to 50% of the price is paid by the state, to militia guards it donates 65% of the
* Gasoline is cheaper than water. A liter of gasoline costs $ 0.14. The profits from oil sale were spent on the population
welfare and rising life standards.
* In Libya, much money is spent on irrigation by the country's groundwater, the amount of which is about 100 annual
runoffs of the Nile. By its scale, this water project has earned itself the name of “the Eighth Wonder of the World." It
provides 5-million cubic meters of water a day across the desert, greatly increasing the irrigated area. 4,000 kilometers of
pipes are buried deep into the ground to secure them from the heat. All that was needed for the project was carried out
mostly by Libya herself. Nothing was bought in the First World, which has never helped developing countries to rise from
a supine position, and if it does, then with the further enslavement of the receiving country. With this water project, Libya
was able to start a real "green revolution", in the literal sense, that would solve a lot of problems with food in Africa. And
most importantly, it would ensure stability and economic independence. At one time, Gaddafi said that Libya's water
project would be "the strongest response to America, which accuses Libya of supporting terrorism." p. 124-125
“when Gaddafi
was caught, his
treatment at the
hands of the
rabble who
found him
suggested that
Libya had
turned a page
for the better.
After being
tortured and
sodomized with
a stick, he was
executed in cold
blood. A few
days later,
Libya’s interim
leader declared
annulment of all
laws that
sharia.”– John
Bradley, After the
Arab Spring: How
Islamists Hijacked
the Middle East
Revolts, Palgrave,
New York, 2012,
page 133
U.S. deployment and Israel’s regional security framework
“The reviewed literature indicates that the question of Arab normalization with Israel tends to set the thermostat of the U.S.
deployment in the Maghreb and makes it distinguishable from the wider U.S. deployment in the global South. Therefore let
us point out the Israeli regional security concept that appears to have inspired political and security initiatives such as the
Mediterranean Dialogue and the Barcelona Process. A couple of years before the November 1995 Barcelona Conference,
Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres published a book entitled The New Middle East, in which he presented the Israeli
strategic vision of a “regional framework” for solving the “problems of the region.”
First, he argued that Israel’s ultimate goal was the creation of a “systematized regional structure” to provide security for
Israel and regional stability against Islamic fundamentalism and terrorism. Second, he linked the success of the regional
framework with the success of the “Arab-Israeli peace process.” Third, he recommended that individual members of the
regional structure be bonded by both bilateral (nation-to-nation) and multilateral (nation-to-region) obligations. Fourth, he
suggested that the regional structure should implement a system of data collection on military activities via the use of space
satellites “in collaboration with the superpowers.” To sound the alarm and give more credibility and urgency to his proposed
plan, Peres sent an extortionate warning against what he called the “astonishing Western shortsightedness” and the “naiveté”
of “Western nations” after the First World War when they “failed miserably” because they “had no means of collecting
information or of guarding peace” and lacked the support of friendly countries “outside” Europe. Finally, he concluded his
scheme by citing the Roman proverb: “let him who desires peace, prepare for war” (Peres, 1993).
One can reasonably argue without sounding conspiratorial that Peres’ proposal served as the blueprint that partly guided
some of the political goals and operational mechanisms within regional structures such as the Euro-Mediterranean
Partnership, the NATO’s Mediterranean Dialogue, the NATO’s Istanbul Cooperation Initiative, and U.S. European
Command’s (USEUCOM) Trans-Saharan Counter-Terrorism Initiative. These regional structures became a de facto
crucible for normalization between Israel and the Arab world. For example, Arab joint chiefs of staff and/or defense ministers
or their representatives meet now routinely with their Israeli counterparts within the framework of the NATO’s
Mediterranean Dialogue, something unthinkable before these regional structures suggested first in the book The New
Middle East. These brainstorming ideas put “normalization with Israel” at the center of the Mediterranean Dialogue
because joining the Dialogue means dealing with the Israelis one way or another.” Pages 236-238.
Mohameden Ould-Mey, "U.S.-Mauritania Relations and the Coriolis Force of Normalization with Israel," In Les Etats-Unis et le Maghreb; regain d’intérêt? sous la direction
de Abdennour Benantar, Alger: Centre de Recherche en Economie Appliquée au Développement (CREAD), pp. 227-263,
‘Common Solutions to Common Problems’:
[NATO] Secretary General visits Israel
Addressing ways to increase dialogue and
cooperation between NATO and the
Mediterranean Dialogue partners, NATO
Secretary General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, visited
Israel on 9 February. NATO, February 9, 2011,
During his visit, the
Secretary General met Prime
Minister Benjamin
Gaddafi attacks Sarkozy plan for Union of the Med
Netanyahu and the Deputy
Nicolas Sarkozy's plans for a Mediterranean Union will fuel Islamist terrorism and will be
regarded as "imperialism" by many in Africa and the Arab world, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi
Prime Minister and Minister
warned yesterday.
of Foreign Affairs Avigdor
The comments by the Libyan leader are a major setback to the French President's Mediterranean Liberman. Following his
project, his highest-profile initiative during France's turn at the European Union's six-month
meeting with the Prime
rotating presidency which began last week. Mr Sarkozy has invited all the EU's 27 leaders plus
premiers from 17 Mediterranean countries to a summit launching the new "Union" in Paris next Minister, Rasmussen
highlighted that “I am here
But Libya, which will boycott the meeting, has accused the EU of trying to divide Africa and
because Israel is a highly
the broader Arab world by drawing a Mediterranean Union map that echoes old colonialist
valued member of one of our
designs for the region. "We shall have another Roman empire and imperialist design," Col
partnerships, the so-called
Gaddafi said in Tripoli, the Libyan capital, yesterday. "There are imperialist maps and
Mediterranean Dialogue.
designs that we have already rolled up. We should not have them again."
The Telegraph, July 8, 2011,
Dan Gertler earns billions as mine deals fail to enrich Congo
...Gertler has stakes in companies that control 9.6 percent of world cobalt production.
That’s just the beginning of his influence in Congo, the largest country of sub-Saharan
Africa, with the world’s richest deposits of cobalt and major reserves of copper, diamonds,
gold, tin and coltan, an ore containing the metal tantalum that is used in consumer
electronics. His Gibraltar-registered Fleurette Properties owns stakes in various Congolese
mines through at least 60 holding companies in offshore tax havens such as the British
Virgin Islands. Gertler, whose grandfather co-founded Israel’s diamond exchange in 1947,
arrived in Congo in 1997 seeking rough diamonds. The 23-year-old trader struck a
friendship with Joseph Kabila, who then headed the Congolese army and today is the
nation’s president. Since those early days, Gertler has invested in iron ore, gold, cobalt and
copper as well as agriculture, oil and banking. In the process, he’s built a net worth of at
least $2.5 billion, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index... “Dan Gertler is
essentially looting Congo at the expense of its people,” said Jean Pierre Muteba, the head
of a group of nongovernmental organizations that monitor the mining sector in Katanga
province, with most of Congo’s copper. “He has political connections, so state companies
sell him mines for low prices and he sells them on for huge profits. That’s how he’s
become a billionaire.”... As a youth, Gertler got up at 5 a.m. to learn how to polish gems
before heading to school. He joined his grandfather, Romanian emigre Moshe Schnitzer, at
business meetings to watch him negotiate diamond deals. When Schnitzer died in 2007,
Benjamin Netanyahu, now Israel’s prime minister, gave a eulogy. Gertler recalled a
business lesson his grandfather imparted: “He told me: ‘Dan, you meet your bankers and
you ask for credit only when you don’t need it. Just to secure it. Because when you need it,
it is too late.’... Gertler flew between war-torn nations such as Liberia and Angola and the
major diamond centers in the United States, India and Israel, buying and selling gems, he
17 Israelis make 'Forbes' 2013 billionaires list
Simon Dawson/BLOOMBERG –
Israeli billionaire Dan
Gertler talks on his
smartphone while walking
past mining rubble during a
visit to Comide SPRL's
Mashitu copper mine in the
Katanga province of
Israel's ambassador to
Senegal, Eli Ben-Tura, and
Senegalese government
minister Mamadou Talla
speaking at an Israel
Independence Day
celebration at Dakar's grand
theater, April 30, 2013.
(Cnaan Liphshiz/JTA),
Moroccan king funding preservation of Cape
Verde Jewish heritage — but to what end?
The Cape Verde Jewish Heritage Project has a board stuffed with prominent Jewish
Washingtonians, but its funding comes largely from one man — King Mohammed VI of
Morocco. According to the group’s U.S. tax filings, the king was the organization’s sole
listed donor in 2011, giving $100,000. Smaller donors make up about a quarter of the
project’s funding, the CVJHP said… Unlike many Arab countries with once sizable
Jewish communities, Morocco has taken wide-ranging steps to preserve its Jewish history.
The Casablanca Jewish museum was restored, the small but colorful 17th century
synagogue in Fez was renovated, and dozens of former Jewish schools and more than 100
synagogues were rehabilitated with funding from the crown.
Abdellah Boutadghart, right, of the
Moroccan embassy in Senegal, and
Rabbi Eliezer Di Martino from
Lisbon on May 2 [2013] at Praia’s
main cemetery. (Cnaan Liphshiz)
HM the King [of
Morocco] chairs
in Casablanca
reception on
occasion of
Throne Day,
30 July 2013
In 2011, in a move that [Andre] Azoulay [a senior Jewish adviser to the king and a member of the project’s advisory board] calls unprecedented in the modern Middle East, the Moroccan constitution
was changed to note that the country has been “nourished and enriched … [by] Hebraic influences,” among others… The king’s restoration activity already has brought benefits in the form of
increased Jewish tourism. More than 19,000 Israelis entered Morocco in 2010, a 42 percent leap from the previous year, according to Israel’s Tourism Ministry. The World Federation of Moroccan
Jewry says the kingdom receives another 30,000 non-Israeli Jews annually. Among them was Joel Rubinfeld, the Brussels-based co-chair of the European Jewish Parliament, who spent 12 days in
Morocco in March meeting with government officials and visiting his mother’s hometown. Rubinfeld believes the government’s intention to honor the country’s Jewish past is sincere, but he said
other considerations are at work as well.
“There may certainly be pragmatic incentives: attracting tourism and investments down
the line,” Rubinfeld said. “For some, it is a political calculation to improve Morocco’s
international standing.”
A Moroccan diplomat, who spoke to JTA on condition of anonymity, said
the restoration project could bring political dividends for Morocco, which
has been accused of human rights abuses in Western Sahara, a disputed
territory to which the kingdom lays partial claim.
“To Morocco’s great consternation, the U.S. last month proposed the U.N.
peacekeeping mission in Western Sahara help monitor human rights,” the
diplomat said. “It’s very useful for us to have someone — a strong lobby
group, perhaps — to help talk the State Department out of this idea. The
Jewish lobby is a very strong one.”
The board of the Cape Verde Jewish Heritage Project includes Howard Berman, a former
California congressman who chaired the House Foreign Affairs Committee until his defeat
last year; Daniel Mariaschin, the executive director of B’nai B’rith International; Herman
Cohen, a former U.S. assistant secretary of state; and Toby Dershowitz, who heads a
Washington public affairs consultancy.
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 13, 2013,
Malcolm Hoenlein receives award
from King of Morocco
The sovereign gave the Alawite
wissam of top officer rank to
Malcolm Hoenlein, Executive Vice
President of the Conference of
Major American Jewish
Mohammed VI, King of Morocco
presented Malcolm Hoenlein,
Executive Vice Chairman/CEO,
Conference of Presidents with the
highest award given to a foreigner,
reflecting the many years of
friendship between the Conference
of Presidents and Morocco during
the tenure of his late father, King
Hassan II at the Thrown Day
“The sovereign
gave the Alawite
wissam of top
officer rank to
executive vice
president of the
Conference of
Major American
Agence Marocaine de
Meet Houda Ezra Ebrahim Nonoo,
Bahrain's Jewish U.S. ambassador
One of Bahrain’s 36 Jews, Nonoo says she has never been discriminated against in her
country, where woman are allowed to vote, choose to wear a headscarf and even drive.
The appointment of Houda Ezra Ebrahim Nonoo (46), the first female
Ambassador from Bahrain and the first Jewish Ambassador of an Arab
country in Washington, was praised by U.S. diplomats when it was revealed
recently in one of the Wikileaks cables.
It’s not rare to hear in diplomatic circles in Washington about the “smart
move” the Bahrainis made, sending to the U.S. a Western-educated woman
who represents a tiny minority of the kingdom's population…
She was credited with organizing the meeting between King Hamad and
Bahraini Jewish immigrants in the U.S. and arranged a dinner at the home
of Rabbi Levi Shemtov, director of the Washington office of American
Friends of Lubavitch, with the Bahraini foreign minister and representatives
of U.S. Jewish organizations.
Haaretz, March 14, 2011,
“While the nation [Jordan] cheered for Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein during the [1991] Gulf War, its king was
protecting Israel through its eastern frontier with Iraq.”
King Hussein of Jordan lights [Israeli] P.M.Yitzhak
Rabin's cigarette at royal residence in Aqaba. Photo: GPO,
The Jerusalem Post, July 25, 2013,
Israel and Libya: Preparing Africa for the “Clash of Civilizations”
Introduction by Cynthia McKinney, former U.S. Congresswoman
“In fact, my own personal experiences with the pro-Israel Lobby inside the United States demonstrate Israel’s intense interest
in Africa. I have written about my experience with “the pledge” to support Israel that is forced on every candidate for the
U.S. Congress; refusal to sign it, as I did, means not one dollar of the millions expended each election cycle in campaign
contributions and can ensure the most vicious media demonization as the major descriptor of the un-cooperating candidate.
The demonization of Alabama’s first Black Member of Congress since Reconstruction, Earl Hilliard, in his 2002 re-election
campaign, with specific regard to his visits to Libya, immediately come to mind…
In fact, I was invited to lease my “Black” face to these very interests and get arrested in front of the Sudan Embassy to sow
the very “Black versus Arab” narrative being tragically created in Libya which Nazemroaya describes so thoroughly in this
current text. I note here that some Blacks inside and outside of the U.S. Congress did choose to accept this particular
invitation and get arrested… While in Libya, I met many Africans who said that they chose to live there because of the panAfricanism of the policies of the Libyan Jamahirya. In fact, while at an “Africans in the Diaspora Conference” there in
January/February of 2011, I personally witnessed, along with a delegation of others from the United States, Muammar
Qaddafi pledge $90 billion to a “United States of Africa” that would work together to build the Continent and counter the
efforts to penetrate and recolonize it… Continental Africans attending these Tour-stops reminded audiences of Muammar
Qaddafi’s support for Nelson Mandela and Africans struggling to rid the Continent of Apartheid at a time when Israel shared
an alliance with that government. They also noted the Jamahirya government’s current support for many development
projects throughout the Continent and for the budget of the African Union, itself. Therefore, many alarmed observers have
pointed out that the U.S./NATO attack on Libya is actually an attack on all of Africa.”
Cynthia McKinney, 10 October 2011,
U.S. Secretary of State Clinton told the African Union: "I know it’s true that over many years Mr. Qadhafi
played a major role in providing financial support for many African nations and institutions, including the
African Union... But... I urge all African states... to call for Qadhafi to step aside. I also urge you to suspend
the operations of Qadhafi’s embassies in your countries, to expel pro-Qadhafi diplomats, and to increase
contact and support for the Transitional National Council”—June 13, 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Libya: Barack Obama, David
Cameron and Nicolas Sarkozy
pledge to fight until Gaddafi goes
— The Telegraph, 4/15/2011,
The New York Times (April 1, 2011), often considered
the leading Zionist newspaper in the world, noted that
the "One Man [who] Made Libya a French Cause" was
Jewish Bernard-Henry Levy who “managed to get a
fledgling Libyan opposition group a hearing from the
president of France and the American secretary of
state, a process that has led both countries and NATO
into waging war against the forces of the Libyan
leader, Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi.”
“At least 30,000 people were killed and 50,000 wounded in
Libya's six-month civil war” –The Guardian, 9/8/2011,
At the same time, Qatar-based Egyptian Sheikh Yusuf al
Qaradawi, Head of the International Union of Muslim
and Osama Bin Laden Deputy Egyptian Ayman al.
Zawahiri incited Libyans to overthrow Gaddafi and kill him.
Qaradawi Zawahiri
Barack Obama, David Cameron
and Nicolas Sarkozy:
“…Together with our Nato allies and coalition partners, the
United States, France and Britain have been united at the
UN Security Council, as well as the following Paris
Conference, in building a broad-based coalition to respond
to the crisis in Libya. We are equally united on what needs
to happen to end it… so long as Gaddafi is in power, Nato
and its coalition partners must maintain their
operations…Today Nato and its coalition partners are
acting in the name of the United Nations with an
unprecedented international legal mandate…Britain,
France and the United States will not rest until the United
Nations Security Council resolutions have been
implemented…”-The Times, The Washington Post and Le
Figaro. The Telegraph, 4/15/2011,
America's secret plan
to arm Libya's rebels
Obama asks Saudis to airlift weapons into Benghazi
Washington's request is in line with other US military co-operation with the
Saudis. The royal family in Jeddah, which was deeply involved in the Contra
scandal during the Reagan administration, gave immediate support to American
efforts to arm guerrillas fighting the Soviet army in Afghanistan in 1980 and
later – to America's chagrin – also funded and armed the Taliban.
But the Saudis remain the only US Arab ally strategically placed and capable of
furnishing weapons to the guerrillas of Libya. Their assistance would allow
Washington to disclaim any military involvement in the supply chain – even
though the arms would be American and paid for by the Saudis.
The Independent, March 7, 2011,
Qatar's decision to send planes to
Libya is part of a high-stakes game
For a country the size of Belgium with a population of 1.7 million, Qatar
has been playing an extraordinarily high-profile role. This weekend four
Qatari fighter jets are set to join the allied forces already off the Libyan
coastline. The combat deployment is the first by an Arab or Muslimmajority country and thus of critical diplomatic significance.
Then there is the key role played in the "Arab spring" by al-Jazeera, the
satellite TV channel set up by the emir in 199…
Qatari diplomacy is wide-ranging. Successfully bidding for the 2022
World Cup attracted global attention, as it was meant to. Qatar has good
relations with the US, hosting its vast airbase at al-Udeid, and, relative to
the rest of the region, with Israel too.
The Guardian, 24 March 2011,
U.A.E. Draws Praise From
U.S. for Participation in Libya
U.S. officials announced Thursday that the United Arab Emirates followed through on
its promise to provide warplanes to defend the U.N.-sanctioned no-fly zone over Libya.
This was welcome news to many coalition forces, who hoped to show the world that
this is not another Western-only intervention in the Arab world.
“The U.A.E. further underscores the broad, international support for the protection of
the Libyan people," the White House said in a statement.
The White House thanked the U.A.E. and called its participation in Libya “critical”….
The U.A.E. is the second Arab country to send fighter jets to the region. Qatar had sent
two fighters and two military transport planes, Reuters reported. The U.A.E has now
made the largest Arab commitment to the effort by sending 12 fighter jets., March 24, 2011,
Syrian rebels get influx of
arms with gulf neighbors’
money, U.S. coordination
Syrian rebels battling the regime of President
Bashar al-Assad have begun receiving significantly
more and better weapons in recent weeks, an effort
paid for by Persian Gulf nations and coordinated in
part by the United States, according to opposition
activists and U.S. and foreign officials.
The Washington Post, May 15, 2012,
U.N. says 93,000 killed
in Syrian conflict (6/13/2013)
Saudi mufti: Clerics should unite in fatwa on Assad --Saudi
religious leader Sheikh Ayed al-Qarni called this week for all
Muslim scholars to issue a joint fatwa (religious ruling) against
Syrian President Bashar Assad and his government... and even said
that assassinating Assad would be justified. Jerusalem Post, 14 march
France and Britain said they were
prepared to arm Syrian rebels even
without unanimous EU support,
French Foreign Minister Laurent
Fabius said Thursday. Al-Arabiya,
14 March 2013,
WAR IN THE GULF: Muslims; Saudis Decree Holy War on
Hussein--Saudi Arabia's highest religious authority has issued a
decree sanctioning a holy war against Saddam Hussein by all
Muslims and "those assisting them" to evict his forces from Kuwait.
The "fatwa," or religious decree, authorizing the "jihad," or holy war,
was issued by Sheik Abdulaziz bin Abdulla bin Baz, the head of the
Council of Ulema, Saudi Arabia's most senior Islamic authority. It
was written at the beginning of the coalition's offensive against Iraq,
and published on Friday in a special edition of al-Muslimoon, the
most popular Islamic weekly newspaper. Copies of the decree were
posted today in several mosques across Riyadh…. "The fatwa
removes any doubt about the religious justification for asking nonMuslims to help this country attack another Muslim country," said a
religious scholar, who spoke on condition that he not be identified….
The New York Times, January 20, 1991,
US and its European, Turkish, and Arab allies discuss
with Syrian rebels ways to topple the Syrian
government (Istanbul, Turkey, April 20, 2013),,cOUWfO6GmAFdXDA
of State
Israeli Rabbi Ovadia Yosef said: “The sole purpose of non-Jews is to serve Jews.”
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, October 7, 2013
Former Mossad head Dagan: Israel should do whatever it can to bring down Syria’s Assad
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, April 29, 2013,
Saudi preacher calls for ‘joint fatwa’ against [Syrian President] Assad
Alarabiya, March 12, 2013,
Saudi Arabia’s Grand Mufti Abdul Aziz al-Asheikh hailed on Thursday senior Muslim cleric Sheikh
Youssef al-Qaradawi’s stance against Iran and Hezbollah, Al Arabiya television reported .
Alarabiya, June 6, 2013
Arab ministers agree
with France to
‘strengthen’ Syrian
French President Francois Hollande agreed on
Friday with three Arab foreign ministers to
strengthen the Syrian opposition in its battle
against Bashar al-Assad’s regime, AFP reported.
The ministers of Saudi Arabia, Jordan and the
United Arab Emirates “agreed on the need to
strengthen international support for the
democratic opposition to allow it to face attacks
by the regime,” the Elysee said in a statement.
France and the United States are the main
countries calling for military action over the
alleged use of chemical weapons by Syrian
President Bashar al-Assad. Al-Arabiya,
French President Francois
Hollande welcomes Saudi
Foreign Minister Saud al Faisal
(L), United Arab Emirates
Foreign Minister Abdullah bin
Zayed Al Nahyan (2ndR) and
Jordan's Foreign Minister
Nasser Judeh (R) at the Elysee
Palace in Paris, Sept. 13, 2013.
“A Veteran Saudi Power Player Works
To Build Support to Topple Assad
Officials inside the Central Intelligence Agency knew that Saudi Arabia was serious about
toppling Syrian President Bashar al-Assad when the Saudi king named Prince Bandar bin Sultan
al-Saud to lead the effort.
They believed that Prince Bandar, a veteran of the diplomatic intrigues of Washington and the
Arab world, could deliver what the CIA couldn't: planeloads of money and arms, and, as one U.S.
diplomat put it, wasta, Arabic for under-the-table clout….
For decades, wasta has been Prince Bandar's calling card. The prince also wins U.S. officials'
trust in part because his background is, in its own way, so American. Though his father was a
Saudi crown prince, his mother was a commoner, and he rose through the crowded royal ranks by
force of will…
Saudi King Abdullah, whose mother and two of whose wives hail from a cross-border tribe
influential in Syria, tried for a decade to woo Mr. Assad away from Iran's sway. He failed…
Prince Bandar flew to Paris soon after for talks with French officials. In July he was in Moscow
to meet with one of Mr. Assad's prime supporters, President Vladimir Putin.
A generation ago, Prince Bandar, in a role foreshadowing his current one on behalf of Syrian
opposition, helped the CIA arm the Afghan rebels who were resisting occupation by Soviet
The Wall Street Journal, 8/25/2013,
A narrative chronicle of World War
I's Arab Revolt explores the pivotal
roles of a small group of adventurers
and low-level officers who
orchestrated a secret effort to control
the Middle East, demonstrating how
they instigated jihad against British
forces, built an elaborate intelligence
ring and forged ties to gain valuable
oil concessions.
2013 First Edition
Anderson wrote, this was a time
when the seed was planted for the
Arab world “to define itself less by
what it aspires to become than what it
is opposed to: colonialism, Zionism,
Western imperialism in its many
forms.” New York Times, Books of
The Times, September 8, 2013.
Watch this video clip: Former US Secretary Hillary Clinton explains how the US government
created the Al Qada jihad in Afghanistan in the 1980s but she did not explain that the reason was
to force the Soviet Union to lift a ban on the emigration of Soviet Jews to Palestine,
Jackson-Vanik [sanctions imposed the US government against the Soviet Union and its successor
states in order to allow the emigration of Soviet Jews] has been an extraordinary success in
securing freedom of emigration in the Soviet Union and its successor states. Since 1975, 573,000
refugees -- many of them Jews, evangelical Christians and Catholics -- from areas of the former
Soviet Union have been resettled in the United States. The Russian Jewish community in the
United States today numbers between 750,000 and 1 million, though some estimates are twice as
high. An estimated 1 million more Jews have immigrated to Israel during that time. For fiscal
year 2001, 3,875 refugees from Russia were resettled, The White House,
See the next four slides from topic 4:
On September 12, 1991,
President George Bush
complained on television
about the Israel Lobby
• the “powerful political forces” lined up against “the lonely little guy”
in the White House who wanted no more than a four-month delay of
$10 billion loan guarantees requested by Israel to resettle Soviet Jewry
in Israel following the disintegration of the Soviet Union.
Source: Jonathan Jeremy Goldberg, Jewish power: inside the American Jewish power
establishment, New York: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc., 1996, pages xvi-xvii.
The Soviet Jewry migration movement claimed that
“the Soviet Jewish community was suffering a
slow death of assimilation” Gal Beckerman, “Soviet Jewry: The
Struggle to Lift the Iron Curtain,” JTA Archive,
Sen. Edward Kennedy –
‘A great friend of Israel’
Jerusalem Post, 08/27/2009
<<Senator Edward M. Kennedy... will be remembered as "a great friend of Israel," Prime
Minister Binyamin Netanyahu said on Wednesday.... "Senator Kennedy broke down the iron
curtain that separated Soviet Jews from official US politicians," Jewish Agency Chairman
Natan Sharansky told The Jerusalem Post on Wednesday.... "Kennedy was clearly a friend of
Israel all the way, and in every place that he could help us he did," said President Shimon
Peres... Kennedy consistently supported US aid to Israel. He battled for arms shipments to
Israel during the Yom Kippur war, and in the 1980s, he fought proposed arms sales to Jordan
and Saudi Arabia... Under Kennedy's chairmanship, the Senate Subcommittee on
Immigration and Refugee Affairs published a report citing the humanitarian needs of Russian
Jews resettling in Israel. In 1992, when president George H.W. Bush opposed loan guarantees
for the resettlement of Soviet Jews in Israel because of settlements, Kennedy publicly rebuked
the administration... Kennedy was also a major force in fighting the Arab League boycott and
criticized the UN's anti-Israel tone. He was a strong advocate for recognizing Jerusalem as the
undivided capital of Israel. "During his more than four decades in the US Senate, Kennedy
consistently supported American assistance to Israel, particularly during the Jewish state's
most trying times," the American Israel Public Affairs Committee said in a statement. His
leadership in the Soviet Jewry movement, among other things, "are hallmarks of his historic
career... Longtime associates recalled that Kennedy embraced a pro-Israel stance during his
failed 1980 presidential run against Jimmy Carter. Though he ultimately dropped out of the
race, the Jewish community came out solidly for Kennedy during the Democratic primary,
said Morris Amitay, who served as president of AIPAC from 1974 to 1980... That year,
Kennedy also spoke to the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish
Organizations, calling Israel a "tried, trusted, and true" friend... "We must never barter the
freedom and future of Israel for a barrel of oil - or foolishly try to align the Arab world with
us, no matter what cost." ....>>
NB: On the eve
of the
assassination of
President JF
Kennedy in
1963, his
was battling to
(1) register the
Israel lobby as a
foreign lobby
and (2) reverse
Dimona nuclear
through U.S.
Grant F. Smith, Spy Trade:
How Israel’s Lobby
Undermines America’s
Economy, Institute for
Research: Middle Eastern
Policy, Inc., Washington,
DC, 2008, page 29.
Israel clashed with the Soviet
Union over Jewish emigration
“The main objective of Zionism was to bring about mass immigration into Israel of Jews from the countries to which
they had been ‘dispersed,’ with particular attention focused on the Soviet Union… Stalin might have permitted a small
stream of emigration, as an investment in Israel’s socialist beginnings, but what the Israeli leadership had set in progress
was a mass exodus, which could only be seen as a damaging brain drain. Israel staged a series of political propaganda
events to further this end, some of them on Soviet territory. For example, Stalin himself was aware that Golda Meir, then
Israel’s ambassador to Moscow, was very active among Soviet Jews; her sphere of influence included several highranking figures and their family members. The Soviet foreign ministry was irritated by Israel’s repeated demands for
permission to hold ‘cultural and educational events’ on Soviet territory, events that would involve Soviet Jews… This
gave rise to the Doctors’ Plot, an alleged attempts to poison Stalin; a campaign was also launched to combat the socalled cosmopolitans, and restrictions were placed on the number of Jews hired to work for the government apparatus or
admitted to higher education and training for state institutions. Matters came to a head in February 1953 when a bomb
was detonated outside the Soviet embassy in Tel Aviv, wounding three embassy staff. Although the Israeli government
was quick to apologize and vowed to find the perpetrators, the Kremlin announced that it was breaking off diplomatic
relations. Within four months of Stalin’s death, however, diplomatic relations with Israel had been restored. This came
after a crackdown by the new Soviet leadership on the organizers or perpetrators of any blatantly anti-Semitic activity...
During the Six-Day War, Israel ignored Soviet demands for an immediate cease-fire. After the Golan Heights were
captured, the USSR severed its diplomatic relations.” Source: [former head of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service]
Yevgeny Primakov, Russia and the Arabs: Behind the Scenes in the Middle East from the Cold War to the Present,
Translated from the Russian by Paul Gould, New York: Basic Books, 2009, pages 255-259
President Nixon was reported saying (in the Nixon-era Oval Office tapes released by the
Nixon Library) that the United States “can’t blow up the world because of it [the
emigration of Jews from the Soviet Union].”---JTA, 12/13/2010,
The Jackson-Vanik Amendment
[“the United States shall not conclude any commercial agreement with any such country, during the period beginning with the date on
which the President determines that such country— (1) denies its citizens the right or opportunity to emigrate”]
“During the Cold War, the United States and the West used the issue of human rights as a platform to question the policies
and ultimately the legitimacy of the Soviet Union. One aspect of that strategy was the Jackson-Vanik amendment to the
1974 Trade Act, which denied normal trading relations to non-market economies that restricted emigration rights. The
amendment was particularly targeted to the Soviet Union’s practice at the time to deny Jews permission to
emigrate.” The Legacy and Consequences of Jackson-Vanik: Reassessing Human Rights in 21st Century Russia , When: February 4, 2010; Where: Woodrow Wilson Center, 1300
Pennsylvania Ave., NW, Washington, DC,
According to some, former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger’s duplicity regarding Jackson-Vanik “would come to
involve hiding a secret letter in which the Soviets backed off from a deal under which they would be waived from
Jackson-Vanik in exchange for allowing 60,000 Jews to emigrate. (The jig was up only when the Soviets angrily printed
the letter in one of their newspapers.)” JTA, 12/13/2010,
The Administration has begun consultations with Congress and interested groups on the possibility of graduating Russia and other countries of the former Soviet Union from the provisions of the Jackson-Vanik amendment.
“The Jackson-Vanik Amendment is contained in Title IV of the 1974 Trade Act. It effectively denies unconditional normal
trade relations to certain countries
, including Russia, that had non-market economies and that restricted emigration rights. Normal trade relations may be extended, on a conditional basis, to a country subject to the law only if the President determines that it complies with the freedom of emigration requirements of the amendment. Semi-annual reports on continued compliance of that country must be submitted to Congress. The President may also waive the emigration requirements.
Since 1994, Russia has been found in compliance with the Amendment's freedom of emigration requirements. It continues to be subject to semi-annual compliance reviews. Ending the application of the Jackson-Vanik provisions to Russia requires legislation by Congress. This is a prerequisite to the extending unconditional or permanent normal trade relations to Russia.
Jackson-Vanik has been an extraordinary success in securing freedom of emigration in the Soviet Union and its successor
states. Since 1975, 573,000 refugees -- many of them Jews, evangelical Christians and Catholics -- from areas of the
former Soviet Union have been resettled in the United States. The Russian Jewish community in the United States today
numbers between 750,000 and 1 million, though some estimates are twice as high. An estimated 1 million more Jews
have immigrated to Israel during that time. For fiscal year 2001, 3,875 refugees from Russia were resettled.”–The
White House,
“That [Jewish] emigration [from the Soviet Union] existed at all was due to the actions of "realists" in the White House… In
1969, we introduced it into the presidential channel as a humanitarian issue because we judged that a foreign policy
confrontation would lead to rejection and an increase of tensions with the Soviets. As a result, Jewish emigration rose
from 700 a year in 1969 to near 40,000 in 1972. The total in Nixon's first term was more than 100,000. We also
submitted, with some success, several hundred hardship cases at regular intervals. To maintain this flow by quiet
diplomacy, we never used these figures for political purposes.” Henry Kissing, Washington Post, 12/26/2010,
Iraq: Ten Years, a Million
Lives and Trillions Of
Dollars Later
Iraqis inspect the site of a car bomb in central Baghdad’s Karrada district,
Sept. 30, 2012. Nine car bombs and a shooting occurred that day in six Iraqi
cities and towns, killing at least 15 people and wounding 42, officials said.
(W.G. Dunlop/AFP/GettyImages)
More than 1,000 killed
in Iraq violence in
May 2013—Reuters,
Iraqi security personnel inspect the
site of a bomb attack in Baghdad,
May 30, 2013. Credit:
Reuters/Thaier al-Sudani
Ten years ago today the debate over the Iraq
war came to Congress in the form of a
resolution promoted by the Bush
administration. The war in Iraq will cost the
United States as much as $5 trillion. It
played a role in spurring the global financial
crisis. Four thousand, four hundred and
eighty eight Americans were killed. More
than 33,000 were injured.
As many as 1,000,000 innocent Iraqi
civilians were killed. The monetary cost of
the war to Iraq is incalculable. A sectarian
civil war has ravaged Iraq for nearly a
decade. Iraq has become home to al-Qaeda.
The war in Iraq was sold to Congress and
the American people with easily disproved
lies. We must learn from this dark period in
American history to ensure that we do not
repeat the same mistakes. And we must hold
accountable those who misled the American
public. --Former presidential candidate Rep. Dennis Kucinich,
Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, November/December
2012, Page 11,
U.S. and Gulf Allies Pursue a Missile
Shield Against Iranian Attack
WASHINGTON — The United States and its Arab allies are knitting together a regional missile
defense system across the Persian Gulf to protect cities, oil refineries, pipelines and military
bases from an Iranian attack, according to government officials and public documents…
Three weeks ago the Pentagon announced the newest addition to Persian Gulf missile defense
systems, informing Congress of a plan to sell Kuwait $4.2 billion in weaponry, including 60
Patriot Advanced Capability missiles, 20 launching platforms and 4 radars. This will be in
addition to Kuwait’s arsenal of 350 Patriot missiles bought between 2007 and 2010.
The United Arab Emirates acquired more than $12 billion in missile defense systems in the past
four years, documents show. In December, the Pentagon announced a contract to provide the
Emirates with two advanced missile defense launchers for a system called the Terminal High
Altitude Area Defense, valued at about $2 billion, including radars and command systems. An
accompanying contract to supply an arsenal of interceptor missiles for the system was valued at
another $2 billion, according to Pentagon documents.
Saudi Arabia also has bought a significant arsenal of Patriot systems, the latest being $1.7 billion
in upgrades last year.
Thom Shanker, “U.S. and Gulf Allies Pursue a Missile Shield Against Iranian Attack”, New York Times August 8, 2012,
Special Report: Inside
the West's economic
war with Iran
“Obama warned allies that
oil sanctions were the only
way to avert a new war
between Israel and Iran.
U.S. envoys pressed Iraqi,
Libyan and, above all, Saudi
officials to pump up their
own crude supplies.”
U.S. President Barack Obama talks
with Deputy National Security
Advisor for Strategic
Communication Ben Rhodes (C)
and Senior Advisor David Axelrod
(R) in the Oval Office, in this White
House handout photograph taken on
May 21, 2010 and released on June
7, 2010.
Reuters, 12/28/2012,
Credit: Reuters/Pete Souza/The House/Files
CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup
Washington, D.C., August 19,
2013– Marking the sixtieth
anniversary of the overthrow of
Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad
Mosaddeq, the National Security
Archive is today posting recently
declassified CIA documents on the
United States' role in the
controversial operation. American
and British involvement in
Mosaddeq's ouster has long been
public knowledge, but today's
posting includes what is believed
to be the CIA's first formal
acknowledgement that the agency
helped to plan and execute the
The National Security Archive,
August 19, 2013,
chief of CIA's
Near East
division, and
manager of the
coup plan.
Donald N. Wilber, an
archeologist and
authority on ancient
Persia, served as lead
U.S. planner of
TPAJAX (along with
British SIS officer
Norman Darbyshire).
He wrote the first
CIA history of the
operation (Document
After the
overthrow, an
uneasy alliance
between the
Shah (right)
and his new
prime minister.
The Iranian Revolution (1/1978-2/1979)
and the Palestine-Israel Divide
•Under the Shah monarchy, Iran had close ties with Israel. Iran was the
second Muslim-majority country to recognize Israel after Turkey.
•January 1979: The Shah was forced out of Iran
•February 1979: Khomeini returned from exile to Iran
•Iran ended its alliance with Israel, severed all diplomatic and commercial
ties with Israel, expelled the Israelis from Iran, and considered Israel an
illegitimate state.
•Iran began its support for the Palestinians by turning over the Israeli
embassy in Tehran to the Palestine Liberation Organization
From the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of
Iran, Adopted on 24 October 1979:
Article 16: Since the language of the Qur'an and Islamic texts and
teachings is Arabic, and since Persian literature is thoroughly permeated by
this language, it must be taught after elementary level, in all classes of
secondary school and in all areas of study
Article 152: The foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran is based
upon the rejection of all forms of domination, both the exertion of it and
submission to it, the preservation of the independence of the country in all
respects and its territorial integrity, the defence of the rights of all Muslims,
non-alignment with respect to the hegemonist superpowers, and the
maintenance of mutually peaceful relations with all non-belligerent States.
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini,
left, smiles with Yasser Arafat in
Tehran in February 1979. The
Ayatollah’s son has his hand on
Arafat’s shoulder. The popular
revolt against the shah raised
alarm bells in the West, which
saw the shah as a trusted ally and
counterweight to hardline Arab
regimes and Palestinian radicals.
of Iraq
of Syria
Lebanese leader
of Hezbollah
leader of Hamas
Seyyed Ali
Supreme Leader
of Iran
of China
of Russia
The “Arab Spring” divide represents a “spillover infection” of the Palestine-Israel
divide which continues to breed racism, sectarianism, & terrorism throughout the
Middle East region
Think critically about what really divides the two camps as well as what unites each camp.
According to US diplomatic cables )2007(, leaked by Wikileaks: “Some [Saudi] princes, most notably
National Security Advisor Bandar Bin Sultan bin Abdulaziz, are reportedly pushing for more contact
with Israel. Bandar now sees Iran as a greater threat than Israel.” In 2012, King Abdullah appointed
Bandar as Director General of the Saudi Intelligence Agency.
‘Israel opens diplomatic mission in unnamed Gulf state’, Times of Israel, May 12, 2013,
Abdullah bin
Abdulaziz Al
Saud, King of
Saudi Arabia
Hamad bin
Khalifa Al
Thani, Emir
of the State
of Qatar
Lebanese leader
of the March 14
of Turkey
Prime Minister
of the State of
President of
Prime Minister
of the United
President of
the United
Syrian Arab Republic
Area: 185,180 sq km (slightly larger than North Dakota)
Border countries: Iraq 605 km, Israel 76 km, Jordan 375 km, Lebanon
375 km, Turkey 822 km. Coastline: 193 km
Population: 22,457,336 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure: 0-24 years: 54.7%
Ethnic groups: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
Languages: Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian
Religions: Sunni Muslim (Islam - official) 74%, other Muslim
(includes Alawite, Druze) 16%, Christian (various denominations)
10%, Jewish (tiny communities in Damascus, Al Qamishli, and
Life expectancy at birth: 75.14 years
GDP (official exchange rate): $64.7 billion (2011 est.)
Agriculture - products: wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas,
olives, sugar beets; beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, milk
Military service age and obligation: 18 years of age Manpower fit for
military service: males age 16-49: 5,055,510; females age 16-49:
4,884,151 (2010 est.)
Nearly half of the 100,000 rebel fighters in Syria are jihadists or hardline Islamists
But after more than two years of fighting they are fragmented into as many as 1,000 bands
Federal Republic of Somalia
Area: 637,657 sq km (slightly smaller than Texas)
Border countries: Djibouti 58 km, Ethiopia 1,600 km, Kenya 682 km. Coastline:
3,025 km. Geography note: strategic location on Horn of Africa along southern
approaches to Bab el Mandeb and route through Red Sea and Suez Canal
Population: 10,251,568 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure: 0-24 years: 63.2%
Ethnic groups: Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including 30,000
Languages: Somali (official), Arabic (official, according to the Transitional
Federal Charter), Italian, English
Religions: Sunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the Transitional Federal
Life expectancy at birth: 51.19 years
GDP (official exchange rate): $2.372 billion (2010 est.)
Agriculture - products: bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane,
mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; cattle, sheep, goats; fish
Military service age and obligation: 18 is the legal minimum age for compulsory
and voluntary military service (2012)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 1,331,894; females age 1649: 1,357,051 (2010 est.)
Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 to allow its protectorate to join with
Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia. In 1969, a coup headed by
Mohamed SIAD Barre ushered in an authoritarian socialist rule characterized by the
persecution, jailing, and torture of political opponents and dissidents. After the regime's
collapse early in 1991, Somalia descended into turmoil, factional fighting, and anarchy.

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