University of Milano-Bicocca, Doctoral School of Science
PhD Program in Computer Science, Cycle XXIV
Department of Informatics, Systems and Communication
PhD research status
Diego Bernini
Tutor: Prof. C. Simone
May 20th 2009
• Performed research activities
• PhD courses & other activities
• Proposal for the PhD thesis
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
“Integrated System for Emergency” project
• Studying and experimenting innovative methodologies
and tools for the realization of integrated systems for the
prevention and management of emergencies
– InSyEme, FIRB, Italian Ministry of Research
– October 2007-October 2010
• Four work packages (WP), various italian universities
• WP1 - “Reference scenario”, Leader: Prof. M. Listanti, University of
Roma-La Sapienza
• WP2 - “Communication Infrastructure”, Leader: Prof. R. Fantacci,
University of Firenze
• WP3 - “Mobile Grid”, Leader: Prof. M. Vanneschi, University of Pisa
• WP4 - “Domain Abstractions”, Leader: Prof. F. Tisato, University of
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
InSyEme & my goals
• Goal 1: distribution & execution of specific forecasting
– E.g. models for flood forecasting on fireman’s PDA
Local Parameters
e.g. a=3 b=4
i-th river section
Local Flood Out
e.g. y=6
e.g. y=ax+b
Past Local
Flood Levels
e.g. x=3,x=4,…
i-th river section
• Goal 2: dynamic reconfiguration of InSyEme applications
– Reconfigure the application without completely stop it
• To enable adaptivity w.r.t resource availability, network connectivity,
power saving and so on
– Reconfiguration: change
• some elements of the application
• the allocation among elements and computational nodes
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
Approaches & studies
• Software Engineering
– (Ghezzi et al 2004), (Heineman and Council 2001)
• Software Architecture
– (Shaw-Garlan, 1996), (Mellor et al 2004)
• Dynamic system reconfiguration
– (Hillman-Warren, 2004), (Oreizy et al 2008)
• Architectures for dynamical reconfigurable systems
– (Cazzola et al, 1998), (Caflisch et al., 2005)
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
InSyEme & my results
• Preliminary definition of a specific design approach
– Inspired by Model Driven Architecture & proposed by Prof. F.
– oriented to the information flows, user-oriented perspective
• Two distinguished but related software architectures
– Base-architecture: “Component & connector” architecture
– Meta-architecture: observes & controls the Base-architecture
• Preliminary definition in (Bernini 2008)
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
InSyEme & recent activities (1)
• October 2008 – now:
– evolution and refinement of the previous architectures
• Quality of Service aspects, collaboration with InSyEme WP3 –
“Mobile Grid” (Prof. M. Vanneschi)
– papers
• D. Bernini, D. Toscani and M. Frigerio. “A Software Architecture for
the Deployment of Executable Tranformation Models”
• D. Toscani, M. Frigerio and D. Bernini. “Dynamic Update of Data
Analysis Models in Emergency Systems”
• Accepted and to be presented at “International Workshop on
Advanced Topics in Mobile Computing for Emergency Management:
Communication and Computing Platforms” (MCEM 2009), colocated with “5th International Wireless Communications and
Mobile Computing Conference” (IWCMC 2009), Leipzig, 21-24 June
2009 (technically sponsored by ACM)
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
InSyEme & recent activities (2)
• Refinements of the design approach
– Core: better explanation of the roles of non-functional aspects
• Ongoing technical report
– Application to a specific emergency scenario
• Flood forecasting
• Presented at the first 2nd InSyEme workshop project
– 2009/04/03, University of Roma - La Sapienza
– Case study of the course "Monitoring and Control Systems"
("Sistemi Integrati di Controllo e Supervisione"), Master's degree
in, second year (where I am assistant lecturer)
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
• Performed research activities
• PhD courses & other activities
• Proposal for the PhD thesis
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
PhD DISCo courses
• Attended/ongoing
– “Knowledge Management: conoscenza, condivisione, tecnologia”,
Prof. C. Simone
– “Interaction Design”, Prof. G. DeMichelis
– English course
• Planned DISCo
– “Aspetti epistemologici dell’informatica”, Prof. S. Bandini
• Other planned courses & schools to be discussed
according to my PhD thesis proposal
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
Other courses
• Doctorate School of Science ongoing courses
– “Comunicazione della Scienza”
– “Gestione dei progetti di ricerca”
– “Il rapporto di lavoro”
• Others
– “Laboratorio di Comunicazione” (from QUASI_SI PhD Program)
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
Teaching support activities
• Support on various courses of the Bachelor’s and Master’s
degree in Computer Science
– Assistant lecturer for "Monitoring and Control Systems" ("Sistemi
Integrati di Controllo e Supervisione"), Master's degree, second
– Assistant lecturer for "Laboratory of Knowledge Representation"
("Laboratorio di Rappresentazione della Conoscenza"), Master's
degree, second year
– Tutor for "Laboratory of Operating Systems" ("Laboratorio di
Sistemi operativi"), Bachelor's degree, second year;
– Assistant Lecturer for "Base Mathematics" ("Matematica di
base"), University of Milano-Bicocca, Bachelor's degree, first year
– Tutor for "Laboratory of Programming Languages" ("Laboratorio
di Linguaggi di Programmazione"), University of Milano-Bicocca,
Bachelor's degree, second year
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
• Performed research activities
• PhD courses & other activities
• Proposal for the PhD thesis
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
Area: Interactive-Art Systems
• Interactive-Art
– “a general classification of any type of art mainly interactive,
where the viewer turns out to be an active player dialoguing with
the artifact, possibly changing it” (Marcos et al 2009)
– “the attempt is to try to make communication between the
work of art and the observer a sustained two-way experience”
(Burnham 1968)
– Origins: Dada Movement, Performance Art, Kinetic Art
• Interactive-Art systems
– Interactive artworks as interactive systems
– Importance of understanding artworks in their environmental
context (Edmonds et al 2004)
– All things “which processes art data,…are components of the
work of art” (Burnham 1968)
– Origins: Jack Burhnam, Roy Ascott
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
My focus: ICT-supported interactive art-systems
• Artworks or installations where some interactions are
achieved by ICT
– For itself: the interactions are integrant part of the
– For the exhibition: valorization of traditional
• Museums and galleries
(Iamascope, see Fels 1997)
May 20th 2009
(Utterback’s works
(Studio Azzurro installations
D. Bernini, PhD research status
Needs and whishes (1)
• Tools to design ICT-supported interactive art-systems
more oriented to the artist perspective
– Different visual programming tools..…but too specific
• E.g. MAX/MSP: audio/video processing
• Technology oriented
– From (Edmonds 2004):
• “We need computing resources and software to enable the kind of
guided or playful exploration of possibilities in which artists
• “One solution might be the creation of more software tools that
allow the artist access to deeper levels of the computer’s
programming system, rather than software applications that have
been developed for specific tasks such as image manipulation.”
• “Such tools could provide a bridge between the use of an
environment that requires programming knowledge and the
‘closed’ application, which does not provide sufficient flexibility.”
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
Needs and whishes (2)
• Suitable software abstractions
– From (Edmonds et al 2005)
• “Major aesthetic decisions may be embodied in fairly deep
programming decisions and they need to be open for full debate in
the team. This seems to come down to finding representations of
the code that can be used to facilitate such debates ”
• They should acts as shared languages/representations, they have
to enable multiple points of views and to facilitate the discussion
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
Key intrinsic aspects
• Real-time
– The interactive artwork may require interactions with strong time
• Multi-modal
– Multiple input sources and output effects
• E.g. input: sensors and devices for movement, sound recognition
• E.g. output: actuators and devices for audio-video generation, light
– “the integration potential of digital technology is vital to
innovative creative systems.” (Edmonds et al 2005)
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
A possible answer
• A model for interactive art-systems
– Two views
• “Conceptual view”: metaphors which meet artist needs
– How artists would like to conceive the interactivity, the audience
participation, independently from available technologies?
• “Concrete view”: an effective reification of the metaphors
in terms of software elements which enable the
fulfillment of the intrinsic system requirements
– Beyond ad-hoc approaches
– It must allow the reification of the conceptual view in an
effective, robust, scalable way
• real-time and multimodal requirements
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
“Architectures for Interactive-Art Systems”
• Bottom-up path
• First (thesis’ core): studying effective software
architectures for these systems
– Goal: to abstract from the specific technologies (sensors,
actuators and other devices)
– Reuse/rethink/enhance my experience on critical systems..
– plus Interaction Design/Human-Computer Interaction approaches
– Results applicable to various class of systems
• E.g. Video-surveillance systems
• Second: identifying some artist metaphors to conceive
interactive-art systems
– From collaborations with artists/studios
– Interactive artworks as composition of…?
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
PhD courses
• Fundamental: collaborations/interactions with some
– Interactive art projects
– Technological possibilities & case studies
– Studio Azzurro? (DeMichelis)
• PhD formation
– PhD course to this aim
– Courses on art & technology, art & design..
• Domus Academy?
• Course of some Fine Arts Academy?
– Abroad period on a specific centre/lab?
• Ars Electronica
• Berlin centers
• etc
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
References 1a
• Bernini, D. 2008. A Software Architecture for Emergency
Management Systems: the deployment of the computational
components. Master’s Thesis. University of Milano-Bicocca.
• Caflisch, L., Savigni, A., Schettini, R., and Tisato, F. 2005. A software
architecture for real-time, embedded monitoring systems. Advanced
Video and Signal Based Surveillance, 2005. AVSS 2005. IEEE
Conference on, 540-545.
• Cazzola, W., Savigni, A., Sosio, A., and Tisato, F. 1998. Architectural
Reflection: Bridging the Gap Between a Running System and its
Architectural Specification. In proceedings of 6th Reengineering
Forum (REF'98, 8--11.
• Dearle A. 2007. Software Deployment, Past, Present and Future.
Washington, DC, USA, 2007, IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC,
USA, 269―284.
• Ghezzi, C., Jazayeri, M., and Mandrioli, D. 2002 Fundamentals of
Software Engineering. 2nd. Prentice Hall PTR.
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
References 1b
• Heineman, G.T. and Councill, W.T. 2001. Component-based software
engineering: putting the pieces together. Addison-Wesley Longman
Publishing Co., Inc., Boston, MA, USA.
• Hillman, J. and Warren, I. 2004. An Open Framework for Dynamic
Reconfiguration. Washington, DC, USA, 2004, IEEE Computer Society,
Washington, DC, USA, 594―603.
• Mellor, S.J., Kendall, S., Uhl, A., and Weise, D. 2004. MDA Distilled.
Addison Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc.
• Oreizy, P., Medvidovic, N., and Taylor, R. N. 2008. Runtime software
adaptation: framework, approaches, and styles. In Companion of the
30th international Conference on Software Engineering (Leipzig,
Germany, May 10 - 18, 2008). ICSE Companion '08. ACM, New York,
NY, 899-910.
• Shaw, M. and Garlan, D. 1996. Software architecture: perspectives on
an emerging discipline. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ,
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status
References 2
• Burnham, J. 1968. Beyond Modern Sculpture, Penguin, The Allen Lane
Press, London.
• Edmonds, E. A., Weakley, A., Candy, L., Fell, M., Knott, R., and
Pauletto, S. 2005. The studio as laboratory: combining creative
practice and digital technology research. Int. J. Hum.-Comput. Stud.
63, 4-5 (Oct. 2005), 452-481.
• Edmonds, E., Turner, G., E Candy, L. 2004. Approaches to interactive
art systems. Singapore, 2004, ACM, Singapore, 113-117.
• Fels, S. 1997. Iamascope: an interactive kaleidoscope. In ACM
SIGGRAPH 97 Visual Proceedings: the Art and interdisciplinary
Programs of SIGGRAPH '97 (Los Angeles, California, United States,
August 03 - 08, 1997). L. Pocock, R. Hopkins, D. Ebert, and J. Crow,
Eds. SIGGRAPH '97. ACM, New York, NY, 76-77.
• Marcos, A. F, Branco, P. and Carvalho, J. A. 2009. The Computer
Medium in Digital Art’s Creative Process, in Handbook of Research on
Computational Arts and Creative Informatics. Information Science
May 20th 2009
D. Bernini, PhD research status

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