Expeditionary Sensor Grid
Wayne Perras
20 June 2001
Meeting Objectives
• To describe the concept of Expeditionary Sensor Grid
(ESG) and status of efforts.
• To describe how Web Enabled Navy (WEN),
Expeditionary C4 Grid (EC5G), and ESG are
proceeding along a common path to achieving the
vision of FORCEnet.
• To agree on building a common terminology for the
elements of FORCEnet.
• To agree on building an experiment plan for WEN,
EC5G, and ESG.
FORCENET
The Vision
FORCEnet is the architecture
that integrates sensors,
networks, decision aids,
weapons, warriors and
supporting systems into a
highly adaptive human-centric,
comprehensive maritime
system that operates from the
sea bed to space and from sea
to land.
Expeditionary Sensor Grid
New expeditionary sensors, processing, and the
supporting networks that when combined with
the emerging information infrastructure of our
programmed forces (Joint, Coalition, and
National) will provide the tactical and
operational warfighters with the necessary
situational awareness to maintain battlespace
dominance while rapidly dismantling any
potential adversary’s anti-access capabilities.
Expeditionary Sensor Grid (ESG) Drivers
Proliferation of Technologies & Systems
3rd & 4th Generation ASCMs
Conceptual & Technological
Opportunities
Fast Patrol Boats
Net Centric Op’s
AIP-Equipped Sub’s
Modern RSTA
Advanced
Ballistic
Missiles
Effects-based
Op’s
Modern Air Defenses
Invasive Sensing
with MEMS
Adv Torpedoes & Mines
Massively Distributed
Info Systems
SAP programs
Unmanned
Platforms
CNS / CNA
New IT technologies
The Motivation
We have a 5 - 10 year
window of opportunity to
improve…
•
Do We Retain Our Dominant Position ?
Effective
Combat
Power
Knowledge of where, when & how to
maneuver & strike in order to
(1) achieve battlespace dominance
(2) dismantle anti-access defenses
(3) achieve operational effects for
decisive termination
Access for maritime forces and the
Joint Force
•
Durability to provide a tactically
stable force
’91
’00
ESG
Contribution
’05
’10
’10
’15
Blueprint For Post 2010 Naval Force
Rapid
Access
& Info
Superiority
Force
Blueprint For Post 2010 Naval Force
Rapid
Access
& Info
Superiority
Force
+
Deterrence
&
Power
Projection
Force
Blueprint For Post 2010 Naval Force
Rapid
Access
& Info
Superiority
Force
+
Deterrence
&
Power
Projection
Force
+
Support
Force
ESG / FORCEnet FY01Thrusts
• Operational Requirements
– Information Needs
– Existing Sensor Capabilities / Sensor Opportunities
• Current Technical Solutions
– Web Enabled Navy at the Tactical & Operational
level of decision making
– High-payoff/Low-risk technologies
• Future Technical Solutions
– Research in labs/industry
– Understand opportunities and challenges
DESIRED CAPABILITY
• Continuous, real-time situational awareness of
the littoral battlespace
–
–
–
–
–
Space
Sea
Air
Land
Information
• Information to support operational and tactical
level military actions in the littoral
NWDC / ONI / OPNAV / SPAWAR / ONR Partnership:
Analysis to Understand What Is ...
Assess the Baseline
Needed
Crisis
Peace
Conventional
Conflict
Strategic
Deterrence
Prioritize Gaps & Opportunities
• Strategy-to-Task and Functional Decomposition Analysis
• Quantitative Forecast of Naval Combat Power “From the Sea”
Tier 1
Tier 2
Derive CONOPs,
CONOPs, Signatures & Needs
Tier 3
Achievable
Potential U.S.CONOPs
Signatures Analysis
Analysis
Signatures
(to Avoid, Deceive or Defeat)
•
Identify, track and kill long-range threat
–
–
•
IR and RF cue or identification
Optional confirmation via imagery
Signature Utility
Garrison
–
Pervasive, deep-look tracker
–
Dynamic battle mgmt of “on-deck”
wpn’s
–
–
EW and cyber
Geolocate
Deploy
Move
Hide
Stop /
Surveill
Configure Track / ID
Fire
(Rcv)
Cue
xxxxxxx
DoS vs . network
xxxxxxx
Decoy & cyber-manipulation of passive
elements to expose active radars & SAMs
–
Train
xxxxxxx
Degrade, manipulate & destroy
)
?
?
xxxxxxx
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
, image & attack VHF radars
xxxxxxx
•
Deter launch and negate in-flight
–
Develop & Execute
ESG Evolution Strategy
?
xxxxxxx
On-board designation of launch
xxxxxxx
personnel + attack by companion aircraft
•
–
DIRCM, HPM or ASAM
–
Identify and avoid hot zones
vs . SAM
xxxxxxx
?
Low / No
Potential future responses
–
Degrade surveillance & guidance
–
Self-protection using DEW and HPM
–
See missile defense +
Capability
2010
2015
Joint / National / Allied (“Free” to DoN)
Joint / National
• Open sources
• Commercial imagery
• FIA+, ASA+, ...
•
•
•
•
•
2020
Mission
Effectiveness
• RJ and GH JASF
• CNS / CNA
• Non-coop. XMT / IO
•
•
•
Programmed DoN
Mod’ed Pgm’s
• Ship active sonar
• ASW helo
•
•
•
Evaluate Cost
& Effectiveness
Affordable
High
Utility
(? Indicates Uncertain Availability)
• Quantity
• Quality
• Timeliness
Develop Integrated Solution Options
Deployment
Packages
2005
Good
Key Information Needs
Type of
Information
2000
Useful, but
Insuff
.
(as above)
counter-measure terminal seekers
Potential Off-board Options
Distributed
• MGH Radar … or EO/IR … or MSI/LADAR
… and JSAF … and ESM … and EW
• ESM on UCAVs and UAVs
•
•
•
•
•
•
Potential On-board Options
Organic to
Platforms
• Optical … or mm-wave terminal BMD sensor
• Enhanced Aegis Radar ... or ship-based GBR … or GBR
• SHF Radar Payload on E-2C … or EP-3E ( prolif. HB)
• Sea Lance deception pkg’s
•
•
•
Life-cycle Cost
Possible
Executive Summary
Identified
Viable
Concepts to
Meet
Challenges
Threat and
Defense Strategy
Demand
Info Superiority
2000
• Maritime
Global Hawk
Radar
• CM Barrier
• Seabot In-Port
Protection
• Deploy and integrate
classified
• Classified
• Integration foundation for
advanced rapid tasking,
correlation & fusion
• Advanced comm’s grid
• Concept Development
and R&D
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Space-Based Radar
Classified
Classified
Massive Sensor Fields
Analysis Cell vs. Red RSTA
Classified
Adv. Tasking & Correlation
Concept Development
and R&D
• Sophisticated fusion of
multiple, massively
distributed sensor
networks
• Adv. analysis and
modeling techniques +
classified vs. adversary
C2/BM and leadership
• Rapid, Decisive OMFTS/STOM
- Counter Static Mines
- Counter Low-Altitude
Air Defenses
- Unconventional Forces
in Urban & Foliated
• Sophisticated Understanding
of Enemy Values, COAs,
and Plans
• Counter More Advanced Threats
- Precision Ballistic Missiles
- Mobile Mines
- Wake-homing Torpedoes
• Maintain US Offensive Dominance
- Rapid JSEAD
• Counter ASCMs & Adv. SAMs
- Robust Strike vs. Difficult Targets
• Counter Terrorism
- Pervasive Sea Control
• Enhance Strike, Info Op’s/ EW
& Effects-Based Op’s
2005
2010
2015
2020
Top-Level Mission-Oriented Architecture
(For integration with Mission Capability Packages)
Missions
ESG
Elements
AAW
BMD
ASW
MIW
ASuW
JSEAD
Strike
CV/CG/DD
SSN
TACAIR
Strike
Missiles
CV/CG/DD
SSN
TACAIR
Strike
Missiles
NFS
Amphib
& JVAA
Spec.
Ops
Counter
Terror.
Mng.
TTW
SSN / Boat
Helo
DD / LHA
CV/CG/DD
LPD/LHA
USMC Co.
All
Classified
Classified
Classified
Classified
Classified
Classified
Classified
Classified
Classified
Classified
Classified
Key
Forces
CV/CG/DD
SSN
CV/CG/DD
USMC Div CV/CG/DD TACAIR
TACAIR
AntiSAM / ABM
torpedo
SOF
DD
LPD/LHA
Strike
Missiles
LPD/LHA
AAAV
MV-22 / Helo
TACAIR
Underlying Network is Essential
Software & Legacy Radios
(JTRS, JTIDS/MIDS, TADILs, …)
Space Based
IP
Regional
Airborne Relays
(ACR, E-2C &
Airborne C3/BM)
Local / Regional
Acoustic Net
Networ
k
Federal Gov’t + Commercial
Convergence
Conver
gence
Extra-Regional
ESG Sources
Processing
Analysis
Dissemination
Mgmt
Deep Littoral (BLOS)
Regional Maritime
Submerged
ESG Sources
ESG Sources
Processing
Analysis
Dissemination Mgmt
ESG Sources
A fully connected, “virtual mesh” with
universal accessibility at the network layer
Layer
ESG / FORCEnet FY01 Thrusts
• Operational Requirements
– Information Needs
– Existing Sensor Capabilities / Sensor Opportunities
• Current Technical Solutions
– Web Enabled Navy at the Tactical & Operational
level of decision making
– High-payoff/Low-risk technologies
• Future Technical Solutions
– Research in labs/industry
– Understand opportunities and challenges
The Prototype CoABS Grid a FY01 First Down
Master
Battle
Planner
Theater
Picture
Plans/ATOs
Theater
Picture
Grid Service Helper
Grid Service Helper
Discover,
Join,
Lookup
CAMPS
TBMCS
Grid Service Helper
Coalition
Partners
Grid Service Helper
Search
CoABS Grid Core Services
Grid Service Helper
Sensor
Data
Logging
Admin
Visualization
Events
Grid Service Helper
GCCS-M
Target
List
Tactical
Picture
Search
Subscribe Instrumentation
Search
Publish
Security
Publish
Subscribe
Register
Capabilities
Grid Service Helper
Tactical
Picture
GCCS-A
BOTTOM LINE: Prototype CoABS Grid allows heterogeneous agent and
legacy systems to:
 Register themselves
 Advertise their capabilities & needs
 Find available resources
 Communicate among themselves
 Form task-based teams
 Encrypt conversations
ESG Experimentation Roadmap
JINI/CoABS/P2P
Web-Enabled
Navy FY01
P2P/Sensors/Agent
Based Computing
Heterogeneous
Integrated
Network (FY01-02)
XML/RDF/DAML
Sensors
Expeditionary
Sensor Grid
(FY03…)
Semantic Web
(FY02-03)
ESG Execution FY01-02`
Coevolve Technology and Operations
IA Tools
JBI
DARPA
DARPA
Sensors/Systems
CoABS
Grid
FCS
IMMACCS
ESG
Baseline
NWDC
ESG+
DARPA
Lab Operational
Experimentation
ONR
Partnership
Labs
FY02/03
FBE-J
LOEs
Wargames
MC02
FBEs/Wargames
Lab
Operator
ESG / FORCEnet FY01 Thrusts
• Operational Requirements
– Information Needs
– Existing Sensor Capabilities / Sensor Opportunities
• Current Technical Solutions
– Web Enabled Navy at the Tactical & Operational
level of decision making
– High-payoff/Low-risk technologies
• Future Technical Imperatives
– Research in labs/industry
– Understand opportunities and challenges
FY 02+: A Reach…but Very Important to
Get Started Now
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Coalition Operations (CoAX)
DARPA Agent markup Language (DAML)
Smaller and more capable sensors of all types
Dynamic Data Base (DDB)
Dynamic Tactical Targeting (DTT)
Fusion
Future Combat System
Information Assurance
Information Operations
Additional Agents (as they mature)
Fault-tolerant tactical Networks
Plug-and-Play coalition environment
ESG / FORCEnet FY 01/02 Thrusts
•
•
•
Operational Requirements
– Information Needs
– Existing Sensor Capabilities / Sensor Opportunities
Operational Experimentation
– Realistic Fleet Prototype Environment
– Evaluate High-payoff/Low-risk technologies
Analytical Studies
– Leverage research in labs/industry
– Understand opportunities and challenges
• Develop Roadmaps (Fleet, SSG, N6C, N70,
N81, N091, ONR, SYSCOMS)
– Legacy System Paths
– New Technology Paths
– Develop and Maintain Rule Book
TF
Architectural Framework
Business
and
Operations
IT21
Marine Corps Tactical Network
Navy Marine Corps Intranet
Industry
Partners
Extranet
Navy
Research
Learning
Network
Network
“.edu”
Defense Information
Replicated
Data Bases
Per Mission
Requirements
System Network (DISN)/
Global Information Grid
(GIG)
SYSCOM
Training
Center
Pier
Connections
HQ
Clinic
Fleet & USMC
Deployed Forces
TELEPORT
Network Operations Center
(DISN Interface)
Authoritative
Data Sources
Consolidated
Data Bases
Common
Access
Afloat and AShore
Expeditionary C5 Grid (EC5G)
The Vision
• The Automated Network
Infrastructure for FORCEnet
• Builds on today’s IT-21 afloat
and ashore infrastructure
• Goal is a force level capability
fielded by FY-06 (IT-21 Blk 3).
Expeditionary Sensor Grid
Time Deployed
Sensor Coverage
Numbers
Characteristics
When Committed
Cost
Real Time
Network
High Interest Areas
Stability
Many (100’s – 1,000’s)
Low
Fully Netted
Endurance – Hours to Months
Limited Vulnerability
Counters CCD
Expeditionary Framework
WEN + EC4G + ESG
Navy Marine Corps Intranet
Industry
Partners
Extranet
ESG/EC5G
Navy
Research
Learning
Network
Network
“.edu”
Defense Information
System Network (DISN)/
Global Information Grid
(GIG)
SYSCOM
Training
Center
HQ
TELEPORT
Pier
Connections Network Operations Center
Clinic
(DISN Interface)
Technology
Development Roadmap
ShortTerm
MiddleTerm
LongTerm
NetworkCentric
Legacy
Integration
Application
Program
Interface
Data
ClientInterchange/ Server
Metadata
(IDL, XML)
C / CORBA
WebEnabled
Warfare
ServiceBased
Middleware
Web-Service
Description
Languages
(WSDL)
Peer-to-Peer
(P2P)
JAVA / JINI
FORCEnet /
Joint
Battlespace
Infosphere
Agent-Based Semantic
computing
Web
Languages
FullyDistributed
Peer-to-Peer
(not yet
known)
WEN Technology
Development Roadmap
ShortTerm
MiddleTerm
LongTerm
NetworkCentric
Legacy
Integration
Application
Program
Interface
Data
ClientInterchange/ Server
Metadata
(IDL, XML)
C / CORBA
WebEnabled
Warfare
ServiceBased
Middleware
Web-Service
Description
Languages
(WSDL)
Peer-to-Peer
(P2P)
JAVA / JINI
FORCEnet /
Joint
Battlespace
Infosphere
Agent-Based Semantic
computing
Web
Languages
FullyDistributed
Peer-to-Peer
(not yet
known)
EC4G Technology
Development Roadmap
ShortTerm
MiddleTerm
LongTerm
NetworkCentric
Legacy
Integration
Application
Program
Interface
Data
ClientInterchange/ Server
Metadata
(IDL, XML)
C / CORBA
WebEnabled
Warfare
ServiceBased
Middleware
Jini
Web-Service
Description
Languages
(WSDL)
Peer-to-Peer
(P2P)
JAVA / JINI
FORCEnet /
Joint
Battlespace
Infosphere
Agent-Based Semantic
computing
Web
Languages
FullyDistributed
Peer-to-Peer
(not yet
known)
ESG Technology
Development Roadmap
ShortTerm
MiddleTerm
LongTerm
NetworkCentric
Legacy
Integration
Application
Program
Interface
Data
ClientInterchange/ Server
Metadata
(IDL, XML)
C / CORBA
WebEnabled
Warfare
ServiceBased
Middleware
CoABS
Web-Service
Description
Languages
(WSDL)
Peer-to-Peer
(P2P)
JAVA / JINI
FORCEnet /
Joint
Battlespace
Infosphere
Agent-Based Semantic
computing
Web
Languages
FullyDistributed
Peer-to-Peer
(not yet
known)
The Semantic Web Layers
Trust
Rules
Self
Desc.
Data
Struc.
Data
Logic
Ontology Vocabulary
Digital Signature
Check
and
Deduc.
Proof
ESG
RDF +rdfschema
XML+NS+xmlschema
TFWeb
UNICODE
URI
JBI Emerging
Technology Investments
Commercial Tech:
DoD S&T:
• E-commerce
Solutions
• Information
Assurance &
Survivability
JBI-2
• Web Technology:
XML, XSL, XQL
JBI-1
• Advanced Data/Sensor
Fusion
• Enterprise
YJBI-1
Application
Integration (EAI)
Middleware
• Intelligent Agents
• Distributed Storage,
Indexing, & Retrieval
• Digital Libraries
• Auto Data Capture &
Info Extraction
• Data Warehousing
• Immersive Virtual
Environments
2001
Today
2005
2010
Near-Term
Long-Term
• Warfighter
Connectivity
LEVERAGE E-BUSINESS SOLUTIONS WITH ROBUST DOD S&T INVESTMENTS
Decision
• Common Terminology for elements of
FORCEnet
– NWDC will take lead in developing terminology
with support from N6 and N09W – NWDC will
coordinate with SSG
• Experiment Plan for ESG, EC5G & WEN
– NWDC will take lead in coordinating plan for
integrated laboratory, limited objective, and Fleet
Battle experiments with support from N6 and N09W
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A Path to Network Centric Warfare Capability WEN