TAXONOMY:
- classification of living
organisms
ARISTOTLE • Greek Philosopher
• 384-322 BC
• first one to attempt universal classification
system
Classified Animals
• By their habitat
– (where they live)
• LAND
• SEA
• AIR
CLASSIFIED PLANTS
• By their size
– small
• herb
– medium
• shrub
– large
• tree
JOHN RAY •British scientist
•came up with the idea of a
species
–organisms that will freely
interbreed
–cross will produce fertile young
CAROLUS
LINNAEUS
- Father of Taxonomy
- Swedish Botanist
Classified using ….
HOMOLOGIES similar structures
BINOMIAL
NOMENCLATURE
- two name naming
system
TAXONOMIC HIERARCHY
• KINGDOM
– PHYLUM
• CLASS
–ORDER
» FAMILY
» GENUS
»
SPECIES
SCIENTIFIC NAME
• Just made up of the Genus
and the species name
–always in italics
• genus name is always
capitalized and species lower
case
Linnaeus chose Latin in his
universal taxonomic
system. Why?
• Basis for many languages
• DEAD language
– not spoken and will not change over time
Descargar

TAXONOMY: - West Morris Regional High School District