European Commission Health and Consumers Working for healthier, safer and more confident citizens Michael Hübel European Commission DG Health and Consumers The European Union 28 Member States 24 official languages Population: +500 million Budget 2014: €142,6 billion EU role in health Exclusive competence - customs union - competition rules - monetary policy for eurocountries - conservation of marine biological resources under the common fisheries policy - common commercial policy - concluding international agreements Shared competence - internal market - social policy limited to the aspects defined in the TFEU - economic, social and territorial cohesion - agriculture and fisheries - consumer protection - transport - trans-European networks - energy - area of freedom, security and justice - common safety concerns in public health matters -research - technological development and space -development cooperation and humanitarian aid Principle of conferral Principle of proportionality Principle of subsidiarity Supporting competence -human health -industry -culture - tourism - education, vocational training, youth and sport - civil protection - administrative cooperation Article 168 of the EU Treaty “A high level of human health protection shall be ensured in the definition and implementation of all Union policies and activities. Union action, which shall complement national policies, shall be directed towards improving public health, preventing physical and mental illness and diseases, and obviating sources of danger to physical and mental health. Such action shall cover the fight against the major health scourges, by promoting research into their causes, their transmission and their prevention, as well as health information and education, and monitoring, early warning of and combating serious cross-border threats to health. The Union shall complement the Member States' action in reducing drugsrelated health damage, including information and prevention.” The European Commission PRESIDENT OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION José Manuel BARROSO PROPOSALS CONTROL AUSTRIA BELGIUM BULGARIA CROATIA CYPRUS CZECH REP. DENMARK ESTONIA FINLAND FRANCE GERMANY GREECE HUNGARY IRELAND COLLEGE OF COMMISSIONERS 28 Members, nominated by the Member States for 5 years DIRECTORATES-GENERAL ITALY LATVIA LITHUANIA LUXEMBOURG MALTA NETHERLANDS POLAND PORTUGAL ROMANIA SLOVAKIA SLOVENIA SPAIN SWEDEN U.K ADMINISTRATION REPRESENTATION Commissioners DG Health and Consumers Commissioner for Health Tonio Borg, Malta Commissioner for Consumer Policy Neven Mimica, Croatia DG Health and Consumers DG Health and Consumers is working to… • …make Europe a healthier and safer place, • where consumers can be confident that their interests are protected EMPOWER CONSUMERS PROTECT AND IMPROVE PUBLIC HEALTH ENSURE EUROPE'S FOOD IS SAFE PROTECT THE HEALTH AND WELFARE OF FARM ANIMALS PROTECT THE HEALTH OF CROPS AND FORESTS ©www.istockphoto.com DG SANCO Brussels DG SANCO Grange FVO ‘Food & Veterinary Office’ London EMEA ‘European Medicines Agency’ Stockholm ECDC ‘European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control’ DG SANCO Luxembourg EMCDDA ‘European Lisbon Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction’ Angers CPVO ‘Community Plant Variety Office’ Bilbao OSHA ‘European Agency for Safety & Health at Work’ Luxembourg CHAFEA 'Consumers, Health and Food Executive Agency’ Parma EFSA ‘European Food Safety Authority’ Staff – DG Health and Consumers Luxembourg 95 Total number of staff: 1060 Grange, 176 Brussels, 781 34 nationalities Average age: 44 years Directorate Public Health – Luxembourg Directorate Health Systems and Products - Brussels Men 43% Women 57% Delegation s (China, USA, Thailand, Switzerlan d, Russia 7 EU action on public health ©www.istockphoto.com P R O M O T E P R E V E N T P R O T E C T EU public health- Luxembourg • Address health determinants and risk factors Promote healthier lifestyles • Respond to disease outbreaks and health threats • Chronic diseases prevention and management, notably cancer • Address rare diseases • Invest to tackle health inequalities • Provide accurate health information and data • Provide scientific advice and evidence • Provide financial support – EU health programme Challenges Increase in chronic diseases prevalence Fragile economic recovery Ageing population Pandemic and Bioterrorism Threats Expanding EU – Growing health gaps Globalisation Migration and Cross-border Healthcare Lifestyle Related Diseases Rapid development of health technologies Healthy life years are not increasing with rise in life expectancy EU action on health determinants - Tobacco - Nutrition and physical activity - Alcohol and drugs - Mental health - Environment and health - Social determinants and health inequalities The Strategy for Europe on Nutrition, Overweight and Obesity-related Health issues (2007) Nutrition and Physical Activity in all policies External Evaluation of the Strategy: - Efficiency proved - Need to boost the work High Level Group on Nutrition and Physical Activity European Commission Member States Monitoring system and evidence base Private/public Stakeholders WHO EC Programmes/fundings (Health programme, Research programme) EU Platform for Action on Diet, Physical Activity and Health 18 EU Strategy on alcohol: Objectives EU action against tobacco Ex-smokers are unstoppable Disease Group Specific Actions • CVD: The EC supported the European Society of Cardiology and the European Heart Network, to develop the first European Heart Health Charter designed to prevent CVD) • Cancer: Guidelines on screening, European Partnership for Action Against Cancer • Mental health: European Pact for Mental Health and Well-being • HIV/AIDS: EC Communication on HIV/AIDS (2009) and accompanying action plan • Health workforce: Joint action for the EU workforce for health • European initiative on Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias 21 EU Summit on Chronic Diseases 3-4 April 2014 • Conference conclusions: • A. Strengthen political leadership to address chronic diseases • B. Target key societal challenges • C. More efficient use of available resources • D. Strengthen the role and the involvement of citizens, patients and the health and social sector in policy development and implementation • E. Strengthen evidence and information • Coalition on chronic diseases Health threats: Events coordinated in Luxembourg Pandemic influenza H1N1 (2009) Icelandic volcano ash cloud (2010) Fukushima nuclear accident (2011) Germany E. coli O104:H4 outbreak (2011) Breast implants – France (2011/2012) Disease outbreaks – MERS (2013), Polio (2014) etc 3 Scientific Committees • Consumer safety Health and environmental risks Emerging health risks Composition: Independent scientists giving advice on different issues related to the field of their Committee "Customers": EU policy areas, e.g. in Health and Consumers, Environment, Enterprise, Energy, etc Health Programme 2014-2020: scope and objectives Promoting health Encouraging innovation in health Support MS to improve the health of EU citizens and reduce health Increasing inequalities the sustainability of health systems Protecting citizens from serious crossborder health threats Budget for 2014-2020: €449.4 million 1) Promote health, prevent disease and foster supportive environments for healthy lifestyles 2) Protect citizens from serious cross-border health threats 3) Contribute to innovative, efficient and sustainable health systems 4) Facilitate access to better and safer healthcare for Union citizens Find out more about public health Subscribe to the Health-EU newsletter! 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