Journey to European Countries
Virtual Field Trip
Europe
Physical Characteristics
The Volga River is the longest river in
Europe
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The Strait of Gibraltar is a narrow body of water
that connects the Mediterranean Sea and the
Atlantic Ocean. It is one of the world's most
important sea lanes.
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The English Channel is a body of water
between England and France that connects
the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea.
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Economic Characteristics
Chernozem is a very black
topsoil, rich in humus,
typical of cool to temperate
semiarid regions, such as
the grasslands of European
Russia.
Europe is known for its
advanced farming
techniques, high crop
yields, fertile soils, black
earth, and well-developed
infrastructure.
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The "Chunnel" links the United Kingdom and
France. It opened in 1994. The Channel Tunnel lies
beneath the English Channel. It consists of three
parallel tubes, two of which carry trains between
the United Kingdom and France. The third tube is
a service tunnel. This tube supplies fresh air and
maintenance access to the rail tubes, and could be NEXT
used for emergency evacuation.
The differences in Western and Eastern European
industrial development is due to differing
economic systems in prior years.
Trade is important, especially to island nations;
interdependence
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European Union (EU) is an
organization of 27 European
countries that promotes
cooperation among its members.
The members cooperate in many
areas, including politics and
economics.
The union's members are Austria,
Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the
Czech Republic, Denmark,
Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, the
Netherlands, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Spain, Sweden, and the United
Kingdom.
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Cultural Characteristics
• Europe has many ethnic groups--languages, religions, customs
• Sporadic conflict among groups (wars and
revolutions)
• Spread of European culture to many other
parts of the world (exploration,
colonization, imperialism)
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Europe is highly urbanized
Europe is one of the world’s most densely
populated areas
Windmills and castles are among the sights
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Western Europe
United Kingdom (Great Britain)
Click to hear the
national anthem
Physical Characteristics
Economic Characteristics
Cultural Characteristics
Thames River is the most famous and most
important river in England. The Thames is
also one of the longest rivers in England
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Grampian
Mountains, also
Grampian Hills,
mountain
system, central
Scotland,
forming the
natural division
between the
Lowlands and
Highlands.
HOME
The Industrial Revolution began in Britain (a
country now known as the United Kingdom)
during the late 1700's. Great Britain is a major
industrial and trade country.
HOME
London is the center of culture and trade. It
is home to the 2nd most people of all
European countries.
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Westminster Abbey is
a major landmark
in London, and the
site of coronation
for the English
monarchy.
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Big Ben is the name given to the bell, clock,
and clock tower of the Houses of
Parliament in the Palace of Westminster in
London.
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Capital City
London
Language
Religion
English
Christian
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FRANCE
Western Europe
France
Click to hear the
national anthem
Physical Characteristics
Economic Characteristics
Cultural Characteristics
The Seine River and its branches form the
chief commercial waterway of France. The
Seine River flows around the Ile de la Cite
(Island of the City).
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The Rhine River is an important inland
waterway in Europe. It is about 820 miles
(1,320 kilometers) long and drains an area of
about 86,700 square miles (224,600 square
kilometers).
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The Rhone River
is an important
commercial
waterway of
France. It is
famous for the
beauty of its
valley.
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The Alps are the largest mountain system in
Europe. The snow-capped peaks and
sheltered, peaceful valleys of the Alps are
among Europe's most spectacular sights.
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Pyrenees is a mountain chain that forms a
natural barrier between France and Spain.
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Massif Central, great mountainous
plateau (S. Central France)
covering almost a sixth of the
surface of the country.
HOME
The Rhine River and the Seine River have
both been threatened by air and water
pollution.
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Capital City
Paris
Language
French
Religion
Catholic
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Paris is the center of culture and trade. It is
home to the 3rd most people of all European
countries.
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The Cathedral of
Notre Dame,
is a famous
cathedral in
Paris. It stands
on the Ile de la
Cite, a small
island in the
Seine River, in
the center of
Paris.
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The Arc de Triomphe, in Paris is the largest
triumphal arch in the world. It is known as the
Arch of Triumph in English.
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The Louvre is one of
the largest and most
famous art museums
in the world. The
Louvre covers more
than 40 acres (16
hectares) on the
north bank of the
Seine River in Paris.
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GERMANY
Western Europe
Germany
Click to hear the
national anthem
Physical Characteristics
Economic Characteristics
Cultural Characteristics
The Danube River is the second longest river
in Europe. The Danube flows 1,770 miles
from southern Germany to eastern Europe.
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The Black Forest is a mountain district in
southwestern Germany, covered with forests
of dark fir and spruce trees.
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The North European
Plain
extends across the
northern reaches of
the country; this
flat, lowland terrain
is dissected by
numerous bogs,
rivers and streams,
and is mostly used
as farmland.
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The Black Forest and the Danube River are
both threatened by air and water pollution.
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Ruhr Valley is famous for
its industrial history,
originally based on coal
mining and steel
production and now
benefiting from its
industrial mix of energy
production,
environmental
technologies and
modern service
industries.
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Country
Language
Religion
German
Protestant (34%)
Catholic (34%)
Muslim (4%)
unaffiliated/others (28%)
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Berlin is the center of culture and trade.
Berlin is home to the most people of all
European countries. Berlin is Germany's
capital and largest city. It has a population
of about 3 1/2 million and is one of Europe's
great cultural, political, and economic
centers.
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SWITZERLAND
Western Europe
Switzerland
Click to hear the
national anthem
Physical Characteristics
Economic Characteristics
Cultural Characteristics
The Rhine River is an important inland waterway
in Europe. The river rises in eastern Switzerland. It
forms part of the borders of Switzerland,
Liechtenstein, Austria, France, and Germany.
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The Alps are the
largest mountain
system in Europe.
The snow-capped
peaks and
sheltered,
peaceful valleys
of the Alps are
among Europe's
most spectacular
sights.
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The Rhine River is threatened by air and water
pollution.
Switzerland has a well-educated workforce
Industrial and technological societies
Banking
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Capital City
Language
Religion
Bern
German, French, Italian, Romansch
Catholic, Protestant
Switzerland is home to
many different ethnic
groups and religions.
Four (4) national
languages are
spoken in
Switzerland.
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Luxembourg
Western Europe
Luxembourg
Click to hear the
national anthem
Physical Characteristics
Economic Characteristics
Cultural Characteristics
Luxembourg is smaller than the state of
Rhode Island. (Rhode Island is the smallest state in the US)
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Luxembourg is very prosperous. Many businesses
have headquarters there. Luxembourg is home to
the 2nd largest steel producing company in
Europe.
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Capital City
Luxembourg
Language
Letzeburgish, German, French
Religion
Catholic
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Next Stop…
Southern Europe
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Journey to European Countries