Monaco is a country that is not well known, but very beautiful. It boarders
France and Italy. It also boarders the Mediterranean Sea and the French
Alps. Second smallest country in the world, after Vatican City. It is
divided in three parts(districts); Monaco Ville, La Condamine, Fontvielle,
Moneghetti, and Monte Carlo. Monaco has a Mediterranean climate, dry
hot summers and mild winters. The average summers temperature is 79F
and the average winter temperature is 49F. The temperature relay falls
below freezing. There is about 30 inches of rain each year. It is a small
country, but great people.
Casino in Monte Carlo
The government of Monaco is a
Constitutional Monarch. The
head of the country is Prince
Albert II. The constitution
says that the prince dose not
have all the power. These
people have almost as equal
power that the Prince, which
are:
Prince Albert II
Executive Branch-Prince Albert
____________________________
Minster of state- Jean Proust - Cabinet
_______________________________
Government Council
_______________________________
Communal Council- National Councilcrown council
Many languages are spoken in Monaco, but only four are well
known; French(official),
Monegasques(native), Italian, and English. French is known by
everyone that lives in Monaco. Monegasques is only spoken by
about 1/5th of the people. Monegasques is a mixture of Italian and
French. English is thought in primary schools.
ETHNIC GROUPS
French-47%
Italian- 16%
Monegasque-16%
Other- 21%
The official religion of Monaco is Roman Catholic. Many people in Monaco
only attend Church once or twice a year. Roman Catholic instruction is
required through out elementary school because most children are
Roman Catholics. Many churches are responsibly for several primary
schools. There are two other religions that are common in Monaco;
Protestant, and Jewish. There are only about three Jewish and Protestant
temples in all of Monaco.
RELIGION
Roman Catholic 90%
Protestant 3%
Jewish 2%
Other 1%
Church in Monaco Ville
Education is very important to Monaco. Students have to attend school from
the ages of six to sixteen, but most start at the age three. There are 10
public schools in Monaco. Seven are kindergarten and primary. There is
one for junior high school for students up to the age up to fifteen. One
general and technical senior high school for students over fifteen. And one
professional and hotel technical school. About 4,400 students attend
school each year. Three other schools are private that serve around 1,500
from kindergarten to senior high school. The churches are responsible for
several primary schools. The state of education department employs
about 740 people, but only 408 are teachers. About all the students in
Monaco know how to read and write.
One of the many churches
That is part of the primary
Schools.
Like many families there are two parents and children. Most families
are organized and kids are always in school and parents are at
work. Most parents don’t work at home they work outside and no
one is home. Grandparents don’t usually live with
children(parents.) They live in their own house or in a retirement
home. Children don’t work full time jobs until after the age
sixteen.
Princess Caroline with her daughter
Charlotte.
On a normal day Monegasques wear regular clothing a shirt and
bottoms. It is unacceptable to walk around with no shirt and in a
bathing suits. On traditional holidays woman and girls wear a full
skirt with a dark apron with a white blouse. Men and boys wear
knee pants, with a color full sashes wrapped around their waist
and strings tied around their necks.
Sashes that are wore
On national day with
The colors of the flags
You will rarely find a fat person in Monaco. The foods in Monaco is
very healthy because they like to watch their diets. They like to eat
a lot of fruits, vegetables, wheat, dairy, and proteins. Many tourist
like to eat the homemade chocolates in Monaco. They like to come
up with new flavors. They most popular drink in Monaco is Wine
that is drunk a lot. One of the well known chefs in Monaco is Rino
Baglio has an award winning restaurant. He is the chef for
Princess Caroline. He originally from Como, Italy, but well know
in Monaco. He travels a lot and not only known on Monaco, but all
around the world.
Rino Baglio in his restaurant
Monaco is very active country with dancing, singing, sports, and for kids circus.
Singing is very big in Monaco like opera houses in Monte Carlo. Great singer
and poet Leo Albert C.A. Ferre which is known as Monaco's native singer. The
last song he wrote before his death is “The Old Buddies” in 1990. He died in
1993 at the age of 77 after a long illness in Italy. Monaco hosts the “Jazz on
the Rock” awards in September. Dancing is also big. Princess Caroline is a big
part because she formed in Monte Carlo in 1985. One of the well known
dancer in the world and Monaco is Naslav Nijinsky. She is originally from
Poland. She mostly danced Russian Ballet and she did a lot choreographer.
She lived from March 12, 1889 to April 18,1956 (61.) Monaco is very big on
entertaining people using circus festival every January. It is mostly a
competition for performance. Many sports are also played in Monaco. Soccer
is big in Monaco like many European countries. Most soccer matches are held
in Monaco’s Louis II Stadium that holds 20,000 people. Tennis is not well
known, but played in Monaco. It is mostly played in Monaco’s Monte Carlo
Country Club. They like to race cars that started in1929 that is called Grand
Pix. Monaco’s national sport is Boules, but in Monaco they call it Petangue.
Naslav Nijinsky dancing
a Russian nature dance
Monaco is not a good place to live because it is very expansive. Many people
from France and Italy come to find jobs because many are opened.
Monaco’s became a tourist in the 1860’s because of the beautiful scenery,
casinos, and mild weather.also in the1860’s wealthy Europeans arrived to
see all the new casinos. 13% of the overall economy is on tourist economy.
Like many European they use the euro(Monaco euro.) for a small country
Monaco has a big economy. Most people that live in are very rich because
of the high prices.
Euro with Prince Albert’s
face.
The biggest tradition that Monaco
has is La Fata de Prince(national
Day) on Nov. 19. The festival
marks the thirtieth ruling
Princes of Monaco. Most festivals
are religious like:
They have many customs we have
like, shaking your hand when
you say hello(Bonjor.)on these
holidays women and men wear
traditional clothing.
Fireworks during La
Fata de Prince
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Feast of Saint Devote-Jan 27
Easter Sunday and MondayMarch or April
Feast of Ascension- May 9
Feast of Saint John-June 24
Feast of Saint Roman- Aug 9
Feast of Assumption- Aug 15
All Saints day-Nov 1
Feast of Immaculate ConceptionDec 8
Christmas- Dec 25
Monaco has a very high technology for a small country and even if it
wasn’t small it still has a good technology rate. It has very heavy
traffic, especially during rush hour. A lot of people don’t like to use
cars so they use bikes or scooters. There only two primary routes to get
in to Monaco. Many tourist from France and Italy travel by bus or
train. To talk to communicate with people they have internet, and cell
ph ones. There are many radio stations in Monaco like ours. If I would
compare the technology of Monaco I would say the same.
The city of Monaco at
Night
Population-32,671 (July 2007)
Words in FrenchHello-Bonjor
How are you?-allez vous?
Thank you- merci
Square miles- 0.76 miles
Citizens names- Monegasques
Ruler- Prince Albert II
Official name- Principality of
Monaco
Flag colors- They colors are the coat of
arm colors. The heraldic colors of the
ruling Grimaldi Family.
Capital- Monaco
A picture of Monaco's five districts
Bibliography
Sources:
Books:
Hintz, Martin, Monaco, 2004
Culture Gram 2008, Monaco
Internet:
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worldfactbook/print/mn.html
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