Sra. Renard
El 9 de septiembre de 2013

Con tu tarea, haz (do):
 Numera los frases (sentences) 1-10
 Circula los verbos ser y encaja los verbos estar
 Subraya las palabras de vocabulario
Hazlo ahora: Chequear la tarea
Objetivos:
1. Saber el uso correcto de artículos y adjetivos y el concepto
de concordancia
2. Repasar la conjugación de los verbos
Deberes: Completar el WS de clase
ADJETIVOS ABURRIDOS

simpático

inteligente

bueno

malo

grande
ADJETIVOS INTERESANTES

http://www.elmundo.es/dic
cionarios/

¿Dónde pone el adjetivo?

Concordancia = agreement

El artista bella

Los perros pequeños

El primer piso verde

Las mochilas grande

El libro inglés científico

La mujer ansioso

Una ciudad grande o una gran ciudad

El hombre pobre o el pobre hombre

Una amiga vieja o una vieja amiga

El único problema o un problema único

El mismo presidente o el presidente mismo
MASCULINO

FEMENINO
Son masculinos o femeninos
Palabras que terminan en:
• -o
Palabras que terminan en:
• -a
• -a
• -a
• -e
• -eo-a
• -or
• - ora
• - án, ón, - és
• - ana, - ona, - esa
• - ma
• - ción
Regular –ar, –er, and –ir verbs

The present tense (el presente) of regular verbs is
formed by dropping the infinitive ending (–ar, –er,
or –ir) and adding personal endings.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
1.1–10


Present tense is used for actions/situations that are
going on in the present and for general truths.
¿Te mantienes en contacto con
tus primos?
Sí, los llamo cada semana
Do you stay in touch with
your cousins?
Yes, I call them every week.
Present tense is also used to express habitual actions
or actions that will take place in the near future.
Mis padres me escriben con
frecuencia.
Mañana les mando una
carta larga.
My parents write to me often.
Tomorrow I’m sending
them a long letter.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
1.1–11

Subject pronouns are normally omitted in Spanish. They are used
to emphasize or clarify the subject.
¿Viven en California?
Sí, ella vive en Los Ángeles y él vive
en San Francisco.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
1.1–12
Stem-changing verbs

Some verbs have stem changes in the present tense.
In many –ar and –er verbs, e changes to ie and o changes
to ue. In some –ir verbs, e changes to i.
The nosotros/as and vosotros/as forms never have a stem
change in the present tense.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
1.1–13

Jugar changes its stem vowel from u to ue. As with other stemchanging verbs, the nosotros/as and vosotros/as forms do not
change.
jugar
juego, juegas, juega,
jugamos, jugáis, juegan
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
1.1–14
(continued)

Construir, destruir, incluir, and influir have a spelling change and
add a y before the personal endings (except the nosotros/as and
vosotros/as forms).
incluir
incluyo, incluyes, incluye,
incluimos, incluís, incluyen
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
1.1–15
Irregular yo forms

Many –er and –ir verbs have irregular yo forms in the present
tense. Verbs ending in –cer or –cir change to –zco in the yo form;
those ending in –ger or –gir change to –jo. Several verbs have
irregular –go endings, and a few have individual irregularities.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
1.1–16
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
1.1–17

Verbs with prefixes follow these same patterns.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
1.1–18
Irregular verbs

Other commonly used verbs in Spanish are irregular in the
present tense or combine a stem change with an irregular
yo form or other spelling change.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
1.1–19

Some verbs with irregular yo forms have stem changes as well.
conseguir (e:i) → consigo
to obtain
seguir (e:i) → sigo
to follow
corregir (e:i) → corrijo
to correct
torcer (o:ue) → tuerzo
to twist
elegir (e:i) → elijo
to choose
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
1.1–20

Completar el WS de clase
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Español II Honores Unidad 1, Lección 1