El Pertérito
Charlie, Evelyn, Noelia, Tahjae, y
Kalei
What is the preterite?
•
•
Expressing a past action
or state.
The preterit tense (el
pretérito) is one of
several past tenses in
Spanish and it is used to
describe actions
completed at one point in
the past or that lasted a
specific amount of time
in the past and are now
completed.
EXAMPLES:
•
Ben y Cristina se casaron. (Ben and Cristina got married.)
•
Regresé anoche a la medianoche. (I returned last night at
midnight.)
When is past tense used?
The past tense is used when you need to distinguish actions that were done
in the past and stuff that happened in the past. Past tense in spanish is
used when you want to talk about and describe actions that occurred in the
past. h
Ex: (in english) I called at 1:00.
(in spanish) Llame a la una.
Cómo Se Forma
To conjugate regular -ar verbs in
the preterite, simply drop the
ending (-ar) and add one of the
following:
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
é
aste
ó
amos
asteis
aron
To conjugate regular -er and -ir
verbs in the preterite, simply drop
the ending (-er or -ir) and add one
of the following:
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
í
iste
ió
imos
isteis
ieron
Ejemplos por ar : Cocinar- to cook
• Cocine
• Cocinaste
• Cocino
•
Cocinamos
• Cocinasteis
• Cocinaron
•
Ejemplo por er/ir
Beber - to drink
Bebi
Bebiste
Bebio
bebimos
bebisteis
bebieron
•
•
•
•
•
•
Partir - to leave
Parti
Partiste
Partio
Partimos
Partisteis
Partieron
•
•
•
•
•
•
Irregular verbs use different endings
Andar- to be/ to walk
Anduve
Anduviste
Anduvo
Anduvimos
Anduvisteis
Anduvieron
•
•
•
•
•
•
Poder - to be able
Pude
Pudiste
Pudo
Pudimos
Pudisteis
Pudieron
•
•
•
•
•
•
Examen
1. Conjugate the verb dormir in past tense
2. Translate into spanish: She went to the
mall
3. Change the following sentences to past
tense
•
•
•
Sorrell está comiendo el perro
Sorrell está durmiendo en la clase
Sorrell es estúpido
Las Referencias
• http://www.studyspanish.com/verbs/lesso
ns/pretreg.htm
• http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/pret
1.htm
• http://www.spanishdict.com/topics/show/6
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El Pertérito