El subjuntivo
con
cláusulas
adverbiales y
adjetivales
Español 4 y 5
El Paraguas de Incertidumbre
La incertidumbre = el subjuntivo
El uso de estas conjunciones
siempre requiere el
subjuntivo
A
fin de que
 A menos que
 Antes (de) que
 Con tal (de) que
 En caso (de) que
 Para que
 Sin que
 in
order that, so that
 unless
 before
 provided that
 in case
 so that
 without
Ejemplos:
 Saldré
antes de que vuelvan.
 I’ll leave before they get back.
 Salí antes de que volvieran.
 I left before they got back.
 Escondemos el regalo sin que Olga sepa dónde.
 We’re hiding the gift without Olga knowing
where.
 Escondimos el regalo sin que Olga supiera
dónde.
 We hid the gift without Olga knowing where.
A menos que and con tal (de)
que
 They
are followed by the present subjunctive
if the action of the dependent clause occurs
AT THE SAME TIME as the action of the
main clause.
 The present perfect subjunctive is used in the
dependent clause if that action occurs
BEFORE the action of the main clause.
Ejemplos:
 Estudiará
matemáticas con tal que le
devuelvas su libro.
 He’ll study math provided that you return his
book to him. (At the same time)
 Estudiará matemáticas con tal que le hayas
devuelto su libro.
 He’ll study math provided that you’ve
returned his book to him. (Before)
Adverbial clauses
introduced by conjunction of
time.
 Después
(de) que
 Cuando
 Hasta
que
 Tan pronto (como)
 En cuanto
 Luego que
 Así que
After
When
Until
As soon as
As soon as
As soon as
As soon as
Conjunctions of time:
 Adverb
clauses that are introduced by
conjunctions of time are followed by the
subjunctive when the main clause refers to the
future or a command.
 Me quedaré hasta que terminemos.
 I’ll stay until we finish.
 Díselo cuando lleguen.
 Tell it to them when they arrive.
Las cláusulas adjetivales
 An
adjective clause modifies a noun the way
an adjective does.
 All relative clauses are adjective clauses.
 The noun modified by and adjective clause is
called the antecedent.
Ejemplo:
Una obra que se titula Don Quijote,
“que se titula Don Quijote” modifies obra the
same way an adjective modifies a noun.
The noun modified by an adjective clause is
called the antecedent.
Los antecedentes: 2 tipos
 Definite or
exists
 Ejemplo:
Tenemos un profesor
que habla chino.
 The antecedent, “un
profesor” is a definite
person who can be
identified by name,
hence the use of habla
(indicative)
 Indefinite
exist.
or doesn’t
 Ejemplo:
Buscamos un
profesor que hable
chino.
 The antecedent is
indefinite, hence hable
(subjunctive) is used.
Verbos especiales
 These
 Buscar
 Querer
 Necesitar
verbs may have
direct objects that are
definite.
 Use the indicative
 Ejemplo:
Buscamos al
profesor que habla
chino.
By using the definite
article with profesor,
this makes the sentence
require the use of the
subjunctive in the
dependent clause.
La concordancia del tiempo
 The
sequence of tenses rules apply with
adjective clauses
Main clause
Present
Future
Command
Preterite
Imperfect
Conditional
Dependent clause
Present Subjunctive
Present Subjunctive
Present Subjunctive
Imperfect Subjunctive
Imperfect Subjunctive
Imperfect Subjunctive
Otras palabras relativas:
 These
words can also introduce adjective
clauses.
 Dónde – Dónde Ud. quiera …
 Cuándo -- Cuándo Ud. pueda…
 Quién -- Quién quiera hablar, hágalo.
 Qué -- ¡Qué pasen un buen fin de semana!
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Subjunctive with Adverbial clauses