EL SUBJUNTIVO
EL SUBJUNTIVO- desires, wishes, emotions
Deseo que ___IR(tu)___ a la fiesta
Deseo que vayas a la fiesta
Quiero que ____comer(ellos)__ la cena
Quiero que coman la cena
Ojala que ____ganar (nosotros)__ el partido
Ojalá que ganemos el partido
Temo que ___venir (ella)___ tarde
Temo que venga tarde
We never use the subjunctive when we are certain
!! If you know something for a fact, do not make
it subjunctive.
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Creo que…..
I believe that….
Pienso que…
I think that…
Estoy seguro que…
I am sure that….
No dudo que….
I do not doubt that…
Hay….
There are..
The subjunctive with commands (except tú
and vosotros forms)
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Dígame la verdad!
Tell me the truth
Bailemos!
Lets dance!
Hábleme!
Speak to me!
JUST BECAUSE WE COMMAND SOMEONE
TO DO SOMETHING DOESN’T MEAN THEY
WILL !!!
Subjective reactions always take
the subjunctive
 Es bueno que comamos los guisantes
 Es importante que estudien mucho
 Es imposible que escales la montana
 You may feel that way but others might not!
Anticipated events with adverbial
clauses
 If the event is dependant on something it
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must take the subjunctive
Voy a ir al mercado cuando llegue mi madre
If it occurs in the future
Cuando termines la tarea iremos al cine.
If you have to rely on someone or
something to get it done, it is subjunctive!
THE NONEXISTANT- if the noun is negated,
denied, non-existant or undefined, it
takes the subjunctive
 Buscamos una criada que hable español.
 We are looking for a maid that speaks Spanish, but she
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might not exist.
No necesito ningún amigo que me insulte así.
I don’t need any friend who insults me like this.
No hay ningun hombre que valga la pena.
There is no man who is worth it. He may not exist.
IMPORTANT REMINDERS ABOUT THE SUBJUNCTIVE
USE IT IN THESE CIRCUMSTANCES
If it is unclear or unsure
If it is in the future
If it relies on someone else to occur
If it doesn't exist
If you are expressing emotion
If you are expressing your feelings
If it is a subjective opinion
ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
 Hay algo aquí que me gusta. There is
something here which I like. (Indicative)
 No hay nada aquí que me guste. There is
nothing here I like. (subjunctive)
 Quiero leer un libro que explique todo eso.
I want to read a book which explains all that.
(subjunctive)
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El SUbjuntivo