Gustar with an
Infinitive &
Emphasis/
Clarification
Avancemos 1 – Unidad 1
Lección 1
Gustar with Emphasis &
Clarification
– What does “Le gusta estudiar” mean in English? Are
there multiple meanings?
– Yes. Le gusta can mean “he/she/you (form) likes
– When you want to add emphasis to a phrase or identify
the person that you are talking about, you can add
clarification to the sentence. Use the chart to help you
form the sentences.
Gustar with Emphasis &
Clarification
Emphasis/Clarification
Optional but necessary with
person
IOP
3rd
Indirect Object
Pronoun
Gusta
What you like
(infinitive verb)
A subject pronoun/name
(A mí)
me
(A ti)
te
(A él/A ella/A Ud.)
le
gusta
(A nosotros)
nos
(A vosotros)
os
(A ellos/A ellas/A Uds.)
les
********Please note that we can also use names in step 1, as long as they are preceded by “A”
nadar
leer
dibujar
etc.
Gustar with Emphasis &
Clarification
A mí me gusta dibujar. I like to draw.
A ti te gusta dibujar. You like to draw.
A él le gusta dibujar. He likes to draw.
A ella le gusta dibujar. She likes to draw.
A usted le gusta dibujar. You (form) like to draw.
A nosotros nos gusta dibujar. We like to draw.
A ellos les gusta dibujar. They like to draw.
A ustedes les gusta dibujar. You all like to draw.
Gustar with Emphasis &
Clarification
– This first step is optional in most cases and is used to emphasize (A
mí me gusta chocolate emphasizes that you really like chocolate).
– It is also used to clarify who is being spoken about. (Le gusta or les
gusta do not tell us exactly who we are talking about)
– It is generally necessary to use “A….” when using 3rd person
sentences because you need clariifcation on who le and les are.
– When using the 1st step, please note that it ALWAYS BEGINS WITH
– A…..
Práctica – Write the following
sentences using the 4 step system
1. She likes to run.
2. We like to eat.
3. They like to rest.
1. A ella le gusta correr.
2. A nosotros nos gusta
comer.
3. A ellos les gusta
descansar.
Más Práctica – Write the following sentences using the 4 step
system
1.
I like to drink water.
1.
A mí me gusta beber agua.
2.
You (fam) like to rent a DVD.
2.
A ti te gusta alquilar un DVD.
3.
They don’t like to study.
3.
A ellos no les gusta estudiar.
4.
We like to take a walk.
4.
A nosotros nos gusta pasear.
5.
The students like to write emails.
5.
6.
María likes to play soccer.
A los estudiantes les gusta escribir correos
electrónicos.
7.
Juan doesn’t like to eat pizza.
6.
A María le gusta jugar al fútbol.
8.
You (form) don’t like to draw.
7.
A Juan no le gusta comer pizza.
9.
The girl likes to skateboard.
8.
A usted no le gusta dibujar.
10. María and I like to buy ice cream.
9.
A la chica le gusta andar en patineta.
10. A María y a mí nos gusta comprar el helado.
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Gustar with an Infinitive & Emphasis/ Clarification