La guerra civil española
La Guerra Civil Española
Los años de la Guerra Civil son 1936 a 1939
Francisco Franco era el líder cruel después de la
Él era un fascista.
En 1939, los nacionalistas ganaron La Guerra Civil
hasta los republicanos.
Muchas personas huyeron de España.
La Guerra Civil Española
El período de 1939 – 1975 fue
Las personas no tuvieron muchos
Franco murió en 1975 y Juan Carlos
se puso el rey.
La Guerra Civil Española
Dos obras importantes de este período
“Self-Construction with Boiled Beans” por
También conocido: “Premonition of Civil
“Guernica” por Picasso.
 expresses the destruction during the Spanish Civil War.
 The monster in this painting is self destructive just as a Civil War is
 There are many boiled beans in this painting.
 "one could not imagine swallowing all that unconscious meat without the
presence of some mealy and melancholy vegetable.”
 he meant that there were many hardships in the war so the Spanish
citizens had to do their best to deal with their problems.
 With its flair for detail as gruesome as it is meticulous, Salvador Dalí's
Surrealist painting style might well have been invented for the
depiction of the unique horrors of the Spanish Civil War. This painting,
however, is one of only a handful in which Dalí turned his attention to
the tragedy that beset his homeland on July 17, 1936, when General
Francisco Franco led a military coup d'état against the democratically
elected Popular Front government. The artist's savage vision of his
country as a decomposing figure tearing itself apart preceded the
outbreak of the Spanish Civil War and thus prophetically foretold the
atrocities committed during this bloody conflict
The Town of Guernica
 It’s a small town in northern Spain, in Basque Country.
 The bombing was a way for Hitler to test some of his new
 Franco gave Hitler permission to bomb the town because the
Basque country was already a source of problems for Franco
 The bombing occurred on a Market day which is what
magnifies the horror of it because the majority of those killed
were women and children.
 Guernica shows suffering people, animals, and buildings
wrenched by violence and chaos.
 bull stands over a woman grieving over a dead child in her arms.
 horse falling in agony as it had just been run through by a spear (large
gaping wound in the horse's side is a major focus of the painting)
 Two "hidden" images formed by the horse appear in Guernica:
 A human skull overlays the horse's body.
 A bull appears to gore the horse from underneath. The bull's head is formed
mainly by the horse's entire front leg which has the knee on the ground. The
leg's knee cap forms the head's nose. A horn appears within the horse's
 Under the horse is a dead soldier
 A light bulb: Picasso's symbolism is related to the Spanish
word for light bulb; "bombilla", which makes us think
"bomb" and signifies the destructive effect technology can
have on society.
 The arm of the female in the upper right carries a flame-lit
lamp. The lamp is very close to the bulb, and is a symbol of
 Daggers that suggest screaming replace the tongues.
When made to explain the symbols in Guernica, Picasso said:
 ...this bull is a bull and this horse is a horse... If you give a meaning
to certain things in my paintings it may be very true, but it is not
my idea to give this meaning. What ideas and conclusions you
have got I obtained too, but instinctively, unconsciously. I make the
painting for the painting. I paint the objects for what they are
Guillermo del Toro
Información biográfica
Nació el 9 de octubre de 1964.
Nació en Guadalajara Jalisco, México.
Sus padres eran católicos.
Aprendió de la maquillaje y los efectos
Tiene una memoria fotográfica
Se casó.
Su esposa, él y sus niños viven en Los
Información de su carrera
 Pasó 10 años como jefe de maquillaje.
 Formó su propia compañía, Necropia, en los años 80.
 Trabajó con la televisión mexicana.
 Primera película de fama – Cronos en 1993
 Ganó 9 premios de academia en México
Información de su carrerra
En 1997, ganó fama en los EEUU con la película
Tenía problemas con el estudio en Hollywood y
por eso regresó a México para formar su propio
estudio, The Tequila Gang
Sus Películas
Le gusta usar imágenes de insectos.
Le gusta usar el color “amber”
(es obvio en Hellboy)
Usa, con frecuencia, los símbolos
religiosos…especialmente los del catolicismo.
Sus Películas
Peliculas de Del Toro:
 The Devil’s Backbone (2001)
 Blade II (2002)
 Hellboy (2004)
 Pan’s Labyrinth (2006)
 Hellboy II (2008)
Perdió 45 libras durante la película, El laberinto del
Sus Películas
 Dijo “no” a la oportunidad de producir las películas
Blade: Trinity, Alien vs. Predator and Harry Potter and the
Prisoner of Azkaban para que pudiera trabajar en la
película Hellboy (2004).
 Dijo “no” a la oportunidad de producir las películas I am
Legend, One Missed Call and Harry Potter and the Half
Blood Prince para que pudiera trabajar en la película
Hellboy II: The Golden Army (2004).
El laberinto del Fauno
 In 1944 fascist Spain, a girl, fascinated with fairy-tales, is sent
along with her pregnant mother to live with her new stepfather,
a ruthless captain of the Spanish army. During the night, she
meets a fairy who takes her to an old faun in the center of the
labyrinth. He tells her she's a princess, but must prove her
royalty by surviving three gruesome tasks. If she fails, she will
never prove herself to be the true princess and will never see
her real father, the king, again.
Otro Resumen
 This 2006 Spanish-language fantasy film won 3 Oscar awards. It
was written and directed by Guillermo del Toro. Sometimes called
“Faun’s Labyrinth”, it is the story of 10-year-old Ofelia, who is living
with her tyrannical stepfather in a new home with her pregnant
mother. Ofelia feels alone until she explores a decaying labyrinth,
guarded by the mysterious Pan, an ancient being who claims to
know her destiny. If Ofelia wishes to return to her real father, she
must complete three terrifying tasks. The movie is set in Spain in
May-June 1944 (five years after the Spanish Civil War ended),
during the early era of Francisco Franco. The film weaves fantasy
and reality.
to hide
to wilt
los cuentos de hadas
fairy tales
las herramientas
la nana
la bodega
store room
to fail
el sastre
el sapo
el reloj de arena
el mocoso
brat, snot
el fauno
el candado
el alma
to blind

La Guerra Civil Española