POETRY FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Poems are divided into LINES and then are grouped into STANZAS. Stanzas: verses in poetry Figurative Language Writing or speech not meant to be taken literally Poets use figures of speech to state ideas in vivid and imaginative ways Metaphors Describe one thing as if it were something else Do NOT use the word “like” or “as” The house was a zoo this morning. Turn to page 536 Similes Use “like” or “as” to compare two apparently unlike things He stormed into the meeting like a tornado. The boy was as hungry as a horse. Turn to page 544. Personification Gives human qualities to something that is not human The cars growled in the traffic. The trees danced slowly in the wind. Pg. 538 Symbol Anything (an object, person, animal, place, image) that represents something else The dove is a common symbol for peace. A heart is a symbol for love. Turn to page 543 HYPERBOLE An exaggeration or overstatement. Example: “I’m so angry, I could spit nails.” “I’m so hungry, I could eat a horse.” ALLUSION When authors refer to familiar people, places, things, or events to give their readers points of reference. Example: Instead of saying, “You know how Noel is– clean, organized, and studious.” You could simply say to someone who know Noel “You know how Noel is. We have nothing to worry about.” Without all of the shared details, the person you are talking to will know what you are talking about. OR: She is such a Scrooge, she never spends a dime. IMAGERY The art of using words to create an experience you might otherwise perceive through your sense of sight, hearing, smell, touch—even taste. By describing the things you might see or hear, for example, authors bring their writing to life– and make the writing itself an experience. MOOD The feelings created by the poem in the reader. HYPERBOLE An extreme exaggeration It is so hot outside, I feel as if I am going to melt.