VERBOS DOBLES HOW TO USE TWO VERBS IN A SENTENCE VERBOS DOBLES • There are 4 ways to make sentences that use multiple verbs. • We will mostly be using three of them • 1. conjugated verb followed by infinitive verb. • 2. tener (conj.) + que + infinitive verb • 3. Ir (conj.) + a + infinitive. • Sentences using dependent and independent clauses WHAT’S AN INFINITIVE? Conjugated verb Infinitive verb • Conjugated verbs combine a person with an action. • Yo como = I eat • Tú vas = you go • Estudiamos = we study • An action all by itself. • An unconjugated verb. • A verb at it’s starting point. • Always ends with either –ar, -er, -ir. • Comer = to eat • Ir = to go • Estudiar =to study VERBOS DOBLES • CONJUGATED VERB + INFINITIVE VERB. Necesito comer la cena. I need to eat diner. Debes hacer la tarea. You ought to do the homework. Preferimos correr a la escuela We prefer to run to school PAUSA • Discuss with a partner 3 important details we have learned so far. • Come up with a question for each of the details to write in your notes. TENER + QUE + INFINITIVE. • Used to express obligation or need to do something • Tener is conjugated. • Tengo que estudiar = I have to study. • ¿Qué tienes que hacer? = what do you have to do? • Ella tiene que prestar atención. = she has to pay attention. • ¡Tenemos que bailar! = we have to dance! *note there is no stem-change in nosotros IR + A + INFINITIVE • Used to express actions in the immediate future. • Used to express what is “going to happen” • Voy a comprar un libro = I’m going to buy a book • Vamos a nadar en la piscina. = We are going to swim in the pool. Ellos van a mirar una película. = they are going to watch a movie. *note the ‘a’ doesn’t show up in the English translation, but it is necessary in Spanish DEPENDENT/INDEPENDENT CLAUSES • You can use two conjugated verbs in a sentence, but they must be used in dependent and independent clauses. • Cuando voy a mi casa yo hablo con mi hermano. When I go to my house I speak with my brother. Cuando voy a mi casa = dependent clause Yo hablo con mi hermano = independent clause • Cuando mi amiga habla, yo escucho. When my friend speaks, I listen. *note that the subject does not have to be the same when conjugating verbs for dependent and independent clauses. PAUSA • Discuss with a partner 3 important details we have learned so far. • Come up with a question for each of the details to write in your notes. PRACTICAR • • • • • • • He is going to have a party. We have to eat the vegetables. I need to drink the milk. When she goes to school, he goes home. You all have to do the homework. You need to buy a new backpack. Where are you going to live? PRACTICAR • He is going to have a party. El va a tener una fiesta. • We have to eat the vegetables. Tenemos que comer las vegetales. • I need to drink the milk. Necesito beber la leche. • When she goes to school, he goes home. • Cuando ella va a la escuela, el va a su casa. • You all have to do the homework. • Ustedes tienen que hacer la tarea. • You need to buy a new backpack. • Necesitas comprar una mochila nueva. • Where are you going to live? • ¿Dónde vas a vivir?