Introducción al subjuntivo
 Present
 Past
 Future
 Yo
voy a la
escuela.
 Él fue a la boda.
 Nosotros iremos a
tu fiesta.
 Indicative
(Almost everything you’ve
learned up to now in
Spanish. Straight-forward.)
 Yo
tengo tres
hermanos.
 Imperative
(Commands)
 No
 Subjunctive
(Expresses subjectivity,
doubt, or unlikelihood.)
 Yo
comas tantas
papas fritas.
dudo que ella
hable catorce
idiomas.



The indicative mood is
used to talk about
actions, events, or
states that are believed
to be facts or true. It is
very typical in speech
to make factual
statements or describe
obvious qualities of a
person or situation.
Indicates fact.
If the indicative were a
man, he would be…
 Los
chicos son altos.
 Mi
profesora es muy comprensiva.
 El
año pasado, yo fui a Europa.
 ¡Tú
comiste mi bocadillo!
 Nosotros
 Mónica
meses.
vamos al trabajo a las ocho.
y Memo van a la universidad en unos
The subjunctive mood
in Spanish often
expresses the
opposite of the
straightforward
indicative. The
subjunctive is used to
express desires,
doubts, the unknown,
the abstract, and
emotions.
 If the subjunctive
were a man, he’d
be…

 Yo
quiero que tú estudies español.
 Señor
Hippy sugiere (suggests) que ustedes
hagan yoga.
 Mi
madre quiere que yo evite las comidas
basuras.
 Tu
novia espera que tú le compres algo para
su cumpleaños.
 The
following sentence in English:
I want you to call me.
 The
same sentence would have this structure
in Spanish:
I want that you call me.
(que)
Yo quiero que tú me llames.
 The
following sentence in English:
I suggest you study.
 The
same sentence would have this structure
in Spanish:
I suggest that you study.
(que)
Yo sugiero que tú estudies.
Yo quiero que tú estudies español.
{Independent clause}
{Dependent clause}
1. Independent clause in the indicative
2. Dependent clause in the subjunctive
(Always comes after “que”: Think Hippy
Dude)
3. Preceded by “que”
Señor Hippy sugiere (suggests) que ustedes
hagan yoga.
{Independent clause}
{Dependent clause}
1. Two subordinate clauses: the independent
clause and the dependent clause introduced
by “que”.
2. Two different subjects

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
Label each introductory phrase: would you use the
“subjunctive” or “indicative” in the dependent clause that
follows it?
Example: Duda que -> subjunctive
Quiero que
Es urgente que
Recomienda que
Creo que
Es posible que
Es cierto que
Estoy segura que
Es verdad que
Es importante que
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
subjunctive
subjunctive
subjunctive
indicative
subjunctive
indicative
indicative
indicative
subjunctive
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dependent clause