Unidad 1 Etapa 3
By:
Lauren MacKrell, Danielle Carlson, Gabrielle
Ambrosanio, and Allison Pulley
Vocabulario de Unidad 1 Etapa 3
Conectar- to connect
Desarmar- to take apart
Desconectar- to disconnect, turn off
Desenchufar- to unplug
Desyerbar- to weed
Encender- to turn on
Enchufar- to plug in
Esconderse- to hide
Regar- to water
Reparar- to repair
Vaciar- to empty
Contarse Chismes- to tell gossip
El basurero- trash can
La bombilla- lightbulb
El cortacesped- lawnmower
Desorganizado- disorganized
El desvan- attic
El gabinete- cabinet
Las malas hierbas- weeds
El sotano- basement
Animarse- to get encouraged, interested
Dedicarse a- to apply oneself to something
Entusiasmarse- to get excited
Oponerse a- to oppose
Ponerse nervioso- to get nervous
Sentirse Frustrado- to feel frustrated
Armar- to assemble
Organizado- organized
El televisor- television set
Apoyarse- to support eahcother
Ayudarse- to help eachother
Conocerse bien/mal- to know eachother well/not well
Contarse secretos- to tell secrets
Llevarse bien/mal con- to get along well/badly
Odiarse- to hate each other
Pelearse/no pelearse frecuentemente- to fight/ not to fight often
Perdonarse- to forgive eachother
Quejarse- to complain
Saludarse- to greet, say hello
telefonarse- to phone each other
Vocabulary Practice
1.3 Vocab
Tu usar (la/el) ________ en la jardin
Cortacésped
c. Desvan
Bombilla
d. Desarmar
______ la computadora de la pared (wall)
Desyerbar
c. Esconderse
Vaciar
d. Desconectar
_______ la rompió (broken) televisor
desorganizado
c. regar
reparar
d. vaciar
Es importante ______ las plantas o ellos morirá
Enchufar
c. Regar
Desarmar
d. Conectar
________ la bombilla en el desvan
Encender
c. Malashierbas
Gabinete
d. Contarse chismes
Reflexive Verbs:
Reflexive Verbs are used to describe something that involves
himself/herself
 Reflexive verbs are made through the use of reflexive pronouns
(me, te, se, nos, os) to refer to the person doing the action. This
pronoun goes before the verb.
 Reflexive verbs refer to emotions, feelings and reactions
–Examples:
 Andrés se lastimó (Andrés hurt himself)
 Lucía se despertó
(Lucía woke up)
 When using the infinitive the pronoun can either com before the
verb or attach
–Examples:
 No te debes preocupar
(you shouldn’t worry)

Or…
 No debes preocuparte(you shouldn’t worry)
Reflexive Verbs Practice:
1.) Mama entro a la casa.
Al ver la casa tan sucia. (desanimarse)
2.) Mi hermana no nos ayudo. Papa
con ella. (enojarse)
3.) Yo desenchufe la computadora. Mama
funcionaba. (Ponerse nervosa)
cuando vio que la computadora no
Reflexive Verbs used Reciprocally:
 Reflexive Verbs can also be used to express the idea of
each other
–Examples:
 Alicia y yo nos conocemos muy bien
–(Alicia and I know each other very well)
 Mis hermanitos se pelean mucho
– (My little brothers fight with each other a lot)
 “El/la uno al otra” can be used, but is not necessary
to emphasize the reciprocal meaning
–Examples:
 Mauricio y Sara se saludaron
– (Mauricio and Sara said hello)
Or…
 Mauricio y Sara se saludaron el uno al otro
– (Mauricio and Sara said hello to each other)
Reflexive Verbs used Reciprocally:
con todo. (Ayudarse)
muy bien. (entenderse)
Impersonal Constructions with se:
 “Se” can be used to specify the person doing the action of the
verb
 “Se” can be used in all tenses
 “Se” will always be used in the third person and the verb
following will be in the el/ella or ellos ellas form
 When the noun following the verb is singular then the verb will be
in the el/ella form
–Example:
–Aquí se habla español  español is singular
 (Spanish is spoken here)
 When the noun following the verb is plural then the verb will be
in the ellos/ellas form
–Example:
–Aquí se reparan carros  carros is plural
 (Cars are repaired here)
Impersonal Constructions with
“Se”:
Classes de baile. (ofrecer)
personas bilingues. (Necesitar)
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Vocabulario de Unidad 1 Etapa 3