El Nombre en Español
The Culture of Spanish Names
So many names!
 Most people in Spanish-speaking countries have 4
names:
 Nombres – Given names
 1) First given name
 2) Second given name
 Apellidos – Family names (surnames)
 3) Father’s first surname
 4) Mother’s first surname
 In Spanish, you call people by both of their surnames or
their first surname only. For example, famous author
Gabriel García Márquez’s would be Señor García
Márquez or Señor García, but NEVER “Señor Márquez.”
Marriage
 In most countries, women keep their same last name
when they get married.
 A woman may also keep her full name and add “de” and
her husband’s name
 Diego José García Reyes marries Carla María Rodriguez
Calderón. Carla could become Carla María Rodríguez
Calderón de García.
So what would my name be?
 A child’s last name would is the father’s first surname
followed by the mother’s first surname.
 Father: Diego José García Reyes
 Mother: Carla María Rodriguez Calderón
 Son: Manuel Ramón García Rodríguez
 So your last name would be your father’s last name followed
by your mother’s last name (maiden name).
 Heather Lynn VanWagner Comperiati
 When you get married, you might add your husband’s last
name.
 Heather Lynn VanWagner Comperiati de Sherrow
Most Common Names
 First names:
 Girls: María (after Mary, mother of Jesus), Laura, Cristina,
Marta, Paula, Sara, Ana, Raquel, Mónica
 Boys: José (after Joseph, father of Jesus), David,
Alejandro, Daniel, Pablo, Javier, Carlos, Jorge
 Last names:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
García
Rodríguez
Martínez
López
Hernández
Common Nicknames (Boys)
 Alejandro = Ale, Álex, Alejo, Jandro, Jano, Sandro
 Antonio = Antón, Tonio, Toni, Tono, Tonino, Toño, Toñin,
Antoñito, Antuco, Antuquito
 Carlos = Car, Carlito, Carlitos, Carlo, Calín, Carlines, Litos,
Charli, Chepe
 Francisco = Fran, Paco, Sisco, Cisco, Chisco, Curro, Quico,
Kiko, Frasco, Frascuelo, Pacho, Pancho, Panchito
 Jesús = Jesu, Chus, Chucho, Chuchi, Chuy, Suso, Chuyito
 Juan Carlos = Juanca, Juancar, Juanqui
 Manuel = Manu, Manolo, Lolo, Manolito, Meño, Manuelito,
Manolillo, Lito, Lillo, Mani, Manué, Manolín, Manel, Mel,
NelRamón = Mon, Moncho, Monchi, Ramoncito, Pocholo
Common Nicknames (Girls)
 Guadalupe = Lupe (female & male), Guada, Pupe, Lupita,
Lupilla (female) & Lupito, Lupillo (male), Pita (female)
 Alejandra = Sandra, Ale, Álex, Aleja, Jandra, Jana
 Gabriela = Gaba, Gabi, Gaby
 Isabel = Bela, Chabela, Chavela, Chavelita, Chabelita, Isa
 María del Carmen = Maricarmen, Mamen, Mai, Maica, Mayca,
Mayka, Mari
 Alicia = Ali, LichaFrancisca = Fran, Paqui, Paquita, Sisca,
Cisca, Pancha, Curra, Paca, Quica, Panchita, Panchi
Full Names of Famous Hispanics
 Shakira = Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll
 J.Lo = Jennifer Lynn Muñiz López
 Ricky Martin = Enrique Martín Morales
 Enrique Iglesias = Enrique Miguel Iglesias Preysler
 Manny Ramírez = Manuel Arístides Ramírez Onelcida
 David Ortíz = David Américo Ortiz Arias
 Sofía Vergara = Sofía Margarita Vergara Vergara
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