Lección 6: Segunda parte
Today you will learn:
• How to use indirect object pronouns
to discuss shopping and gift giving
Indirect Objects & Indirect Object Pronouns
The indirect object answers the question "To whom?", "For whom?" or "From
whom?"
Yo le di el suéter a Paula.
I gave the sweater to Paula.
To whom did I give the sweater? Paula!!!
Paula is the indirect object!
¡OJO! Indirect objects most often refer to people and are joined to the verb by
the preposition "A".
Miguel le compró unos aretes a Maru.
Yo le pedí ayuda al dependiente.
Miguel bought earrings for Maru.
I asked for help from the salesman.
Indirect Objects & Indirect Object Pronouns
Just like with direct objects, we can take out the indirect object of the sentence
and replace it with an indirect object pronoun.
The indirect object pronouns are the equivalent of the English words "ME",
"YOU", "HIM", "HER", "US" and "THEM".
Indirect Object Pronouns
me
me
nos
us
te
you
os
you (pl., fam.)
les
them
you (pl., form.)
le
him/her
you (formal)
¡OJO! The pronouns LE and LES are often used together with the indirect
object noun.
Yo le compré los guantes a Silvia.
Complete the sentences with the correct INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN
(ME, TE, LE, NOS, OS, LES).
1. María _______ regaló estos libros a Ximena y a mí.
2. La vendedora ________ vendió un vestido morado. (a mí)
3. Mis padres ________ dieron unos videojuegos a mi hermano.
Look at the
sentences
again. What
4. ¿Qué _________ compraron tus padres para la Navidad? (a ti)
do you
notice about
the location
of the IO
5. El dependiente __________ vendió unas blusas a las clientas.pronouns?
Indirect Objects & Indirect Object Pronouns
Indirect object pronouns, just like direct object pronouns, typically go directly
before the conjugated verb.
Me compró el regalo.
IOP
V
Yo no les compré nada a ellos.
IOP
However…
He bought me the gift.
V
I didn’t buy anything for them.
Indirect Objects & Indirect Object Pronouns
Some sentences have verb phrases—two verbs working together as a unit.
Yo quiero comprar aquella blusa.
Nosotras vamos a pagar en efectivo.
Necesito vender estos libros.
In these sentences, the indirect object pronoun can either go before the
conjugated verb, or it can be attached to the end of the infinitive.
Yo te quiero comprar un regalo.
I want to buy a gift for you.
Yo quiero comprarte un regalo.
verbos
Nosotras le vamos a pagar en efectivo.
Nosotras vamos a pagarle en efectivo.
pronombres
We’re going to pay him in cash.
Usar la información para formar oraciones. Es necesario usar un pronombre
Complemento directo (IOP) y el pretérito.
Modelo: El vendedor / vender / la blusa / (a mí)
El vendedor me vendió la blusa.
1. Mi madre / comprar / unas camisetas / (a mis hermanitos)
__________________________________________________________
2. Yo / pagar / la cena / (a ti)
__________________________________________________________
3. Nina / decidir / regalar / unos libros / (a Carmen y a mí)
___________________________________________________________
4. Tú / dar / un regalo / (a tus padres)
___________________________________________________________
¡Vamos a hablar!
DAR
¿Recuerdas las formas de VER en el pretérito?
…las formas de DAR (to give) son muy similares…
DAR – to give
yo
di
nosotros
dimos
tú
diste
vosotros
disteis
él/ella/Ud.
dio
[email protected]/Uds.
dieron
Descargar

For whom?