Estructura I: Simplifying expressions: indirect
object pronouns
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Ana y Cristina van a la agencia de
viajes porque quieren viajar a
Quito, Ecuador. El agente les
recomienda un vuelo con dos
escalas. Ana le hace muchas
preguntas al agente y él le da
mucha información.
Sentence structure: Review
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All sentences
 have a subject and a verb
Silvia está hablando.
Many sentences
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•
 have a direct object
Yo compré el boleto.
Some sentences
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•
 have an indirect object*
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Yo compré el boleto a Julieta.
* indirect objects cannot exist without direct objects
Direct objects: Review
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Direct object
 noun or pronoun that directly receives the action
of the verb
 answers the question whom? or what? in relation to
the sentence’s subject and verb
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•
Manny compró un boleto.
Lo compró hace dos días.
The concept of indirect objects
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Observe the indirect object in the following
sentence
Manny le compró un boleto a su esposa.
Subject
Verb
Indirect
Object
Pronoun
Direct Object
Indirect
Object
Simplifying expressions: indirect object
pronouns
•
•
•
•
•
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me
te
le
nos
os
les
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•
•
•
•
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to/for me
to/for you (informal)
to/for you (formal); to/for him, her
to/for us
to/for you (informal, plural)
to/for you (formal, plural); to/for them
Simplifying expressions: indirect object
pronouns
•
Indirect Object
 noun or pronoun that indirectly receives the action of
a verb
 indirect object tells to whom? or for whom? the action of
the verb is performed
•
•
Manny compró un boleto a ella. (for whom?)
Le compró un boleto hace dos días.
Simplifying expressions: indirect object
pronouns
•
Placement of indirect object pronouns
 identical to placement of direct object pronouns
 in front of conjugated verb
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•
I gave the jacket to her.
Yo le di la chaqueta.
 in negative statements, place the no in front of the
pronoun
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They did not buy the present for us.
No nos compraron el regalo.
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Simplifying expressions: indirect object
pronouns
Placement of indirect object pronouns
 With an infinitive or a present participle
1. before the conjugated verb
2. attached to the infinitive or participle*
*
only if an infinitive or participle is present
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I’m going to give the ticket to her.
Voy a darle el boleto.
or
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Le voy a dar el boleto.
Indirect object pronouns: Puntos especiales
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le and les
 can have different meanings
 clarified with a él, a ella, a usted, a ellos, a
ellas, or a ustedes
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-¿Le prometiste el viaje a él o a ella?
-Le prometí el viaje a ella.
Estructura II: Simplifying expressions: double
object pronouns
El agente de viajes le explica a
Ana el horario del vuelo. Sí, se lo
explica a Ana. No se lo explica a
Cristina y Cristina está enojada.
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Simplifying expressions: Double object
pronouns
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Double object pronouns
 use of both the direct and indirect object pronouns
>>¿Te dio Marcos el regalo de Cuba?
>>¡Sí, me lo dio anoche!
>>Did Marcos give you the gift from Cuba?
>>Yes, he gave it to me last night!
Simplifying expressions: double object
pronouns
•
I.O.P
me
te
le (se)
nos
os
les (se)
•
+
D.O.P
lo
la
los
las
Simplifying expressions: double object
pronouns
Order of pronouns
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 indirect object pronouns always precede
direct object pronouns
*le and les become se when followed by lo,
la, los, and las
le
les
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•
•
}
se
•
+
•
•
lo, la
los, las
Simplifying expressions: double object
pronouns
Placement of double object pronouns
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1. before the conjugated verb
2. attached to the infinitive or participle*
* only if an infinitive or participle is present
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He bought the gift for my
brother.
He bought it for him in the
airport.
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•
Él compró el regalo a mi
hermano.
(Le) Se lo compró en el
aeropuerto.
Double object pronouns: Puntos especiales
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Double object pronouns
 attach double object pronouns to an infinitive
or present participle
 it is always optional to place object pronouns
before the conjugated verb
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I’m going to buy it (the ticket) for her.
Voy a comprárselo.
or
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Se lo voy a comprar.
Actividad 9-14: ¿Qué hicieron Manny y
Teri en Cuba?
1.
Subraya el objeto directo y haz un círculo alrededor
del objeto indirecto. Después, sustitúyelos con los
pronombres de objeto directo e indirecto.
MODELO
>>¿Venden los agentes de viajes
los boletos a los turistas?
>>Sí, _____
venden.
se _______
los
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¡Termínalo en el texto!
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Indirect Object